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University of Toulouse

Coordinates: 43°36′16″N 1°26′38″E / 43.60444°N 1.44389°E / 43.60444; 1.44389

Université de Toulouse
Université de Toulouse
Logo PRES Université de Toulouse.png
Latin: Universitas Tolosatibus
Established1229
PresidentMarie-France Barthet
Academic staff
5,072[1]
Administrative staff
6,385
Students100,674
Location,
France
Websitewww.univ-toulouse.fr

The University of Toulouse (French: Université de Toulouse) is a university in France that was established by papal bull in 1229, making it one of the earliest universities to emerge in Europe. Since the closing of the university in 1793 due to the French Revolution, the University of Toulouse no longer exists as a single institution. However, there have been several independent "successor" universities inheriting the name.

The current consortium of French universities, grandes écoles and other institutions of higher education and research in Toulouse and the surrounding region is known as Université fédérale de Toulouse Midi-Pyrénées.

HistoryEdit

The formation of l'Université de Toulouse was imposed on Count Raymond VII as a part of the Treaty of Paris in 1229 ending the crusade against the Albigensians. As he was suspected of sympathizing with the heretics, Raymond VII had to finance the teaching of theology. Bishop Foulques de Toulouse was among the founders of the University. Among its first lecturers were Jean de Garlande and Roland of Cremona. Other faculties (law, medicine) were added later. Initially, the University was located in the center of the city, together with the ancestors of student residences, the colleges.

In 1969, l'Université de Toulouse split into three separate universities and numerous specialised institutions of higher education. The present-day Université de Toulouse was founded on 27 March 2007.[2] It no longer represents a single university, as it is now the collective entity which federates the universities and specialised institutions of higher education. With more than 100,000 students, Midi-Pyrénées is the fifth-largest university area in France.[3]

Members and fields of studyEdit

 
Université Toulouse 1 Capitole

It is a Research and Higher Education Cluster consisting of:

Doctoral schoolsEdit

The Doctoral Schools are all members of the Research and Doctoral Department of the Université de Toulouse : 15 Doctoral Schools representing a research potential of 4200 Scientists including 2400 Senior Scientists; 4200 PhD students and 800 Doctorate diplomas awarded per year.

In the field of experimental sciences and science and technologyEdit

  • Biology, Health & Biotechnologies[5]
  • Sciences for Ecology, Veterinary, Agronomy & Bioengineery[6]
  • Geosciences, Astrophysics & Space Sciences[7]
  • Mathematics, Informatics & Telecommunications Toulouse Doctoral School[8]
  • Electrical, Electronic Engineering & Telecommunications [9]
  • Systems [10]
  • Physics, Chemistry & Materials Sciences [11]
  • Mechanics, Energetics, Civil & Process Engineering[12]
  • Aeronautics & Astronautics [13]

In the field of Human Sciences and Social Sciences and HumanitiesEdit

Present and past faculty includeEdit

Famous alumni and former studentsEdit

  • Mustafa Kamil Pasha (August 14, 1874, Cairo, Egypt – February 10, 1908, Cairo) was an Egyptian lawyer, journalist, activist, and nationalist leader.
  • François Hussenot (22 March 1912 – 16 May 1951, graduated in 1935 from ISAE aeronautical engineer credited with the invention of one of the early forms of the flight data recorder
  • Thomas Pesquet (born in 1978, graduated in 2001 from ISAE), European Space Agency astronaut [20]
  • Marcel Dassault (22 January 1892 – 17 April 1986, graduated in 1913 from ISAE) was a French aircraft industrialist. He founded the company Dassault Aviation.
  • Selman Riza, linguist and politician.
  • Paul Sabatier (chemist) (5 November 1854 – 14 August 1941), Dean of the Faculty of Science at the University of Toulouse in 1905, Nobel Prize in Chemistry jointly with fellow Frenchman Victor Grignard in 1912
  • Henry de Puyjalon, (1841-1905) a French/Canadian pioneer in biology and ecology
  • Armand Praviel (1875–1944, Doctor of Law 1901), French writer and journalist

Sport

See alsoEdit

Notes and referencesEdit

  1. ^ Figures for 2011 See also the Key statistics for "Université de Toulouse" on the official University website Archived 2011-07-16 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ "Décret n° 2007-385 du 21 mars 2007 portant création de l'établissement public de coopération scientifique Université de Toulouse - Legifrance". Retrieved 5 July 2015.
  3. ^ [pdf] Regional atlas student population in 2008-2009
  4. ^ Although listed as a university by the Ministry of Higher Education and Research, the National Polytechnic Institute of Toulouse and the two other instituts nationaux polytechniques are really university systems, as each one groups together a number of autonomous institutes of higher education. Because it consists exclusively of grandes écoles, which have selective admissions policies, the National Polytechnic Institute of Toulouse is qualitatively different from the French public universities.
  5. ^ "ADUM - Outil de gestion et de communication pour les écoles doctorales et les établissements d'enseignement supérieurs". Retrieved 5 July 2015.
  6. ^ LAPEYRE Martial-DELRIEU Eric-CHARMANTIER Audrey. "Site de l'école doctorale SEVAB : Accueil". Retrieved 5 July 2015.
  7. ^ "Ecole Doctorale SDU2E". Archived from the original on 2015-04-04. Retrieved 5 July 2015.
  8. ^ "Ecole doctorale MITT Mathématiques Informatique Télécommunications de Toulous - ED 475 Toulouse". Retrieved 5 July 2015.
  9. ^ "Ecole doctorale GEET - ED 323 Toulouse". Retrieved 5 July 2015.
  10. ^ "ECOLE DOCTORALE SYSTEMES - ED 309". Retrieved 5 July 2015.
  11. ^ "Ecole Doctorale Sciences de la Matière - Toulouse". Retrieved 5 July 2015.
  12. ^ Mechanics, Energetics, Civil & Process Engineering Doctoral School official website
  13. ^ "ED 467 Ecole doctorale Aeronautique Astronautique - Toulouse". Archived from the original on 2008-01-23. Retrieved 5 July 2015.
  14. ^ Katia Dago. "UT2J - Ecole Doctorale CLESCO (Comportement, Langage, Education, Socialisation, Cognition) - Accueil". Retrieved 5 July 2015.
  15. ^ Katia Dago. "UT2J - Ecole Doctorale ALLPH@ (Arts, Lettres, Langues, Philosophie, Communication) - Accueil École doctorale ALLPHA". Retrieved 5 July 2015.
  16. ^ Katia Dago. "UT2J - Ecole Doctorale TESC (Temps, Espaces, Sociétés, Cultures) - Accueil". Retrieved 5 July 2015.
  17. ^ "Legal & Political Sciences Doctoral School official website". Archived from the original on 2011-07-21. Retrieved 2010-01-27.
  18. ^ Oréalys. "Ecole doctorale Sciences de Gestion Toulouse". Retrieved 5 July 2015.
  19. ^ "TSE". TSE. Retrieved 5 July 2015.
  20. ^ "Space in Images - 2009 - 05 - Thomas Pesquet". European Space Agency. Retrieved 5 July 2015.

External linksEdit