Philippe of Belgium

Philippe or Filip (Dutch: Filip Leopold Lodewijk Maria [ˈfilɪp ˈleːjoːpɔlt ˈloːdəʋɛik maːˈrijaː]; French: Philippe Léopold Louis Marie [filip leɔpɔld lwi maʁi]; born 15 April 1960) is King of the Belgians. He is the eldest child of King Albert II and Queen Paola. He succeeded his father upon the latter's abdication for health reasons on 21 July 2013. He married Mathilde d'Udekem d'Acoz in 1999, with whom he has four children. Their eldest child, Princess Elisabeth, is first in the line of succession.

Philippe
Philippe of Belgium in 2019.jpg
King Philippe during a June 2019 WTO meeting
King of the Belgians
Reign21 July 2013 – present
PredecessorAlbert II
Heiress apparentElisabeth
Prime MinistersElio Di Rupo
Charles Michel
Sophie Wilmès
Alexander De Croo
Born (1960-04-15) 15 April 1960 (age 61)
Belvédère Castle, Laeken, Brussels, Belgium
Spouse
Issue
Detail
Names
Dutch: Filip Leopold Lodewijk Maria
French: Philippe Léopold Louis Marie
German: Philipp Leopold Ludwig Maria
HouseBelgium
FatherAlbert II of Belgium
MotherPaola Ruffo di Calabria
ReligionRoman Catholicism

Early lifeEdit

Philippe was born on 15 April 1960 at the Belvédère Castle in Laeken north of Brussels. His father, Prince Albert, Prince of Liège (later King Albert II) was the second son of King Leopold III of Belgium and a younger brother of Baudouin. His mother, Paola, Princess of Liège (later Queen Paola), is a daughter of Italian aristocrat Fulco VIII, Prince Ruffo di Calabria, 6th Duke of Guardia Lombarda. His mother descends from the French House of La Fayette, and the king is a descendant of Gilbert du Motier, marquis de Lafayette and Marie Adrienne Françoise de Noailles[citation needed].

Philippe was baptised one month later at the church of Saint Jacques-sur-Coudenberg in Brussels on 17 May,[1] and named Philippe after his great-great-grandfather Prince Philippe, Count of Flanders. His godparents were his paternal grandfather, King Leopold III, and his maternal grandmother, Donna Luisa, Princess Ruffo di Calabria.[2]

EducationEdit

From 1978 to 1981, Philippe was educated at the Belgian Royal Military Academy in the 118th "Promotion Toutes Armes". On 26 September 1980, he was appointed second lieutenant and took the officer's oath.[3]

Philippe continued his education at Trinity College, Oxford and he attended graduate school at Stanford University, California, where he graduated in 1985 with an MA degree in political science.[3] He obtained his fighter pilot's wings and his certificates as a parachutist and a commando. In 1989, he attended a series of special sessions at the Royal Higher Defence Institute. The same year, he was promoted to colonel.

In 1993, King Baudouin died in Spain, Albert became the new king, and Philippe became the new heir apparent, titled Duke of Brabant[citation needed].

On 25 March 2001, Philippe was appointed to the rank of major-general in the Land Component and the Air Component and to the rank of rear-admiral in the Naval Component.[3]

MarriageEdit

 
King Philippe and Queen Mathilde wave to crowds in Brussels after his swearing in as the new Belgian monarch.

Philippe married Mathilde d'Udekem d'Acoz, daughter of a Walloon count of a Belgian noble family and female line descendant of Polish noble families such as the princes Sapieha and counts Komorowski, on 4 December 1999 in Brussels, in a civil ceremony at the Brussels Town Hall and a religious ceremony at the Cathedral of Saint Michel and Saint Gudule in Brussels. They have four children: Princess Elisabeth, Prince Gabriel, Prince Emmanuel, and Princess Eléonore.

Foreign tradeEdit

On 6 August 1993, the government named Philippe as honorary chairman of the Belgian Foreign Trade Board (BFTB). He succeeded his father, who had been honorary chairman of the BFTB since 1962. On 3 May 2003, he was appointed honorary chairman of the board of the Foreign Trade Agency, replacing the BFTB.[4]

In this capacity, Philippe has headed more than 60 economic missions.[5][6] Upon his accession as seventh King of the Belgians, this role was taken over by his sister Princess Astrid.

AccessionEdit

 
Philippe in Antwerp, 2013

King Albert II announced on 3 July 2013 that he would abdicate in favour of Philippe on 21 July 2013.[7] Approximately one hour after King Albert II's abdication, Prince Philippe was sworn in as King of the Belgians.[8] His eldest child, Princess Elisabeth became his heir apparent and is expected to become Belgium's first queen regnant.

ReignEdit

Philippe played a role in forming a coalition government after the 2014 Belgian federal election.[9] Political meetings with the King were moved from the Palace of Laeken to the Royal Palace of Brussels.[9] In May 2019, Philippe met with Vlaams Belang President Tom Van Grieken, the first time the party had received a royal audience.[9][10]

In 2020, Philippe announced regret for the "acts of violence and cruelty" committed in Belgian Congo.[9]

Honours and armsEdit

 
Personal Standard of Philippe, King of the Belgians

National honoursEdit

Ribbon bar Honour Date
  Grand Master of the Order of Leopold 21 July 2013
  Grand Master of the Order of the African Star 21 July 2013
  Grand Master of the Royal Order of the Lion 21 July 2013
  Grand Master of the Order of the Crown 21 July 2013
  Grand Master of the Order of Leopold II 21 July 2013

Foreign honoursEdit

Ribbon bar Country Honour Date
  Austria Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece 29 November 2008[11]
  Argentina Grand Cross of the Order of the Liberator General San Martín 6 May 1994[11]
  Bolivia Grand Cross of the Order of the Condor of the Andes 9 September 1996[11]
  Denmark Knight of the Order of the Elephant 28 May 2002[11][12]
  Finland Grand Cross of the Order of the White Rose 30 March 2004[11]
  France Grand Cross of the Order of the Legion of Honour 6 February 2014
  Germany Grand Cross Special Class of the Order of Merit of Germany 6 March 2016
  Greece Grand Cross of the Order of Honour 1 February 2005[11]
  Hungary Grand Cross of the Order of Merit of the Republic of Hungary 18 April 2008[11]
  Japan Grand Cordon with Collar of the Order of the Chrysanthemum 9 October 2016
  Jordan Grand Cordon with Collar of the Order of al-Hussein bin Ali 18 May 2016
  Luxembourg Knight of the Order of the Gold Lion of the House of Nassau 15 March 1999[11]
  Netherlands Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Netherlands Lion 28 November 2016
  Netherlands Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Orange-Nassau 6 May 1993[11]
  Netherlands Recipient of the King Willem-Alexander Inauguration Medal 30 April 2013
  Norway Grand Cross of the Order of St. Olav 20 May 2003[11]
  Poland Knight of the Order of the White Eagle 13 October 2015
  Poland Grand Cross of the Order of Merit of the Republic of Poland 18 October 2004[11]
  Portugal Grand Cross of the Order of Christ 18 October 2005[11]
  Portugal Grand Cross of the Order of Aviz 18 September 1997
  Portugal Grand Collar of the Order of Prince Henry 22 October 2018
  Spain Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Isabella the Catholic 16 May 2000[11]
  Sweden Knight of the Royal Order of the Seraphim 7 May 2001[11]
  Sweden Recipient of the 50th Birthday Badge Medal of King Carl XVI Gustaf 30 April 1996
  Sweden Recipient of the 70th Birthday Badge Medal of King Carl XVI Gustaf 30 April 2016
  Turkey Member of the Order of the State of Republic of Turkey 4 October 2015
  Vatican City Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Holy Sepulchre 19 October 1995[11]

ArmsEdit

Coat of arms of Philippe of Belgium
 
Notes
In 2019 the king codified the coats of arms of himself and those of his family through a Royal Decree. The arms of the reigning monarch was modified to include the Saxonian escutcheon. The arms of other members of the royal family was similarly modified.[13][14] The reinstatement of the shield of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha into the royal arms occurred shortly after the visit of the king and queen to the ancestral Friedenstein Castle. The latest royal decree therefore reverses previous changes made to the Royal versions of the coat arms which removed the armorial bearings of Saxony during the First World War.[15] By including the three official languages in the motto it reflects his wish "to be the King of the whole Kingdom and of all Belgians".[16]
Adopted
12 July 2019
Coronet
Royal crown of Belgium
Helm
A golden royal helm with the visor open
Escutcheon
Sable, a lion rampant or, armed and langued gules (Belgium), on the shoulder an escutcheon barry of ten sable and or, a crancelin vert (Wettin), with two crossed sceptres (a hand of justice and a lion) or behind a shield.
Supporters
Two lions guardant proper each supporting a lance or with two National Flags of Belgium (Tierced per pale Sable, Or and Gules).
Motto
French: L'union fait la force
Dutch: Eendracht maakt macht
German: Einigkeit macht stark
Orders
Order of Leopold
Other elements
The whole is placed on a mantle purpure with ermine lining, fringes and tassels or and ensigned with the Royal crown of Belgium.
Previous versions
Previously as monarch, Philippe used the royal coat of arms of Belgium undifferenced.

AncestryEdit

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ J.M. (8 May 2001). "Le baptême en l'église royale..." dh.be (in French). Retrieved 11 December 2015.
  2. ^ "Prince Philippe : la ligne du temps d'une vie passée devant les caméras". RTBF.be (in French). Retrieved 11 December 2015.
  3. ^ a b c "The Belgian Monarchy". Retrieved 22 July 2016.
  4. ^ "The Belgian Monarchy". Retrieved 22 July 2016.
  5. ^ Agence pour le Commerce extérieur, Missions antérieures Archived 10 February 2015 at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ "Official Royal Website Archives". Monarchie.be. Archived from the original on 18 July 2013. Retrieved 22 July 2013.
  7. ^ Price, Matthew (3 July 2013). "Belgium's King Albert II announces abdication". BBC News. Retrieved 3 July 2013.
  8. ^ "Belgium's King Albert II gives up throne to son". CNN. 21 July 2013. Retrieved 21 July 2013.
  9. ^ a b c d Moens, Barbara; Gijs, Camille (6 July 2020). "Of race and royalty: How the king surprised Belgium". Politico.
  10. ^ "Belgian far-right leader in landmark audience with the king". The Public's Radio. Associated Press. 29 May 2019.
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o "Biographies of Members of the Belgian Senate" (PDF). Belgian Senate. Retrieved 20 November 2018.
  12. ^ "Modtagere af danske dekorationer". kongehuset.dk (in Danish). Retrieved 5 May 2019.
  13. ^ "Le Moniteur belge". www.ejustice.just.fgov.be. Retrieved 23 July 2019.
  14. ^ "Royal Decree of July 12, 2019". Moniteur Belge. 19 July 2019. Retrieved 23 July 2019.
  15. ^ Philippe, Koning der Belgen (12 July 2019). "Koninklijk besluit houdende vaststelling van het wapen van het Koninklijk Huis en van zijn leden" (PDF). Belgisch Staatsblad. Retrieved 24 July 2019.
  16. ^ "Belgian royal coat of arms gets a 'modern' update". Brussel Times. 1 August 2019. Retrieved 2 August 2019.

External linksEdit

Philippe of Belgium
Born: 15 April 1960
Belgian royalty
Vacant
Title last held by
Baudouin
Duke of Brabant
1993–2013
Succeeded by
Regnal titles
Preceded by
King of the Belgians
2013–present
Incumbent
Heir apparent:
Elisabeth