Order of the Liberator General San Martín

The Order of the Liberator General San Martin (Spanish: Orden del Libertador General San Martín) is the highest decoration in Argentina. It is awarded to foreign politicians or military, deemed as worthy of the highest recognition from Argentina. It is granted by the sitting President of Argentina.[1]

Order of the Liberator General San Martin
Orden del Libertador General San Martín
Order san martin argentina.jpg
Awarded by
 Argentina
TypeOrder
Established1943
StatusCurrently awarded
GradesCollar
Grand Cross
Grand Officer
Commander
Officer
Member
Precedence
Next (lower)Order of May

The order is named in honour of José de San Martín. The award was established in 1943, and the design was made by Ángel Eusebio Ibarra García.

The Grades are:

RecipientsEdit

Date Recipient
8 June 1947   Spain – Caudillo Francisco Franco (1936–1975)[2]
16 August 1947   Brazil – President Eurico Gaspar Dutra (1946–1951)[3]
20 December 1948   Chile – Ex-president Arturo Alessandri (1920–1925; 1932-1938)[4]
1950   Peru – President Manuel Arturo Odría (1948–1950; 1950-1956)
12 May 1950   United States – General Dwight Eisenhower (1953–1961)
4 April 1951   Netherlands – Prince Bernhard (1948–1980)[5]
18 July 1952   Argentina – First Lady Eva Duarte de Peron (1946–1952)
19 February 1953   Chile – President Carlos Ibanez del Campo (1927–1931; 1952–1958)[6]
15 August 1954   Paraguay – President Alfredo Stroessner (1954–1989)[7]
8 May 1960   France – President Charles De Gaulle (1959–1969)
June 1960   Germany – Chancellor Konrad Adenauer (1949–1963)[8]
1 July 1960   Netherlands – Queen Juliana (1948–1980)[9]
4 July 1960   United Kingdom – Queen Elizabeth II (1952–incumbent)[10]
October 1960   Taiwan – President Chiang Kai-shek (1950–1975)
9 April 1961   Italy – President Giovanni Gronchi (1955–1962)[11]
8 July 1961   Bolivia – President Víctor Paz Estenssoro (1952–1956; 1960–1964; 1985–1989)[12]
December 1961   Thailand – King Bhumibol Adulyadej (1946–2016)[13]
22 March 1962   United Kingdom – Prince Philip (1952–incumbent)[14]
10 May 1965   Iran – Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi (1941–1979)[15]
10 May 1965   Iran – Shahbanu Farah Pahlavi (1961–1979)[16]
15 September 1965   Italy – President Giuseppe Saragat (1964–1971)[17]
29 October 1965   Chile – President Eduardo Frei Montalva (1964–1970)[18]
25 March 1966   Denmark – Prince Margrethe (1940–1972)[19]
18 September 1967   Norway – King Olav V (1957–1991)
18 April 1971   Costa Rica – President José Figueres Ferrer (1948–1949; 1953–1958; 1970–1974)
13 October 1971   Peru – President Juan Velasco Alvaro (1968–1975)
16 June 1973   Spain – President Luis Carrero Blanco (1973)[20]
5 March 1974   Romania – President Nicolae Ceausescu (1967–1989)[21]
4 March 1978   Peru – President Francisco Morales Bermúdez (1975–1980)[22]
1 December 1978   Spain – King Juan Carlos I (1975–2014)
1 December 1978   Spain – Queen Sofia (1975–2014)
8 October 1979   Japan – Emperor Hirohito (1926–1989)[23]
7 June 1985   Peru – President Fernando Belaúnde Terry (1963–1968; 1980–1985)[24]
17 July 1986   Philippines – President Corazon Aquino (1986–1992)
19 July 1986   Saudi Arabia – King Fahd (1982–2005)[25]
28 July 1986   Brazil – President José Sarney (1985–1990)[26]
5 July 1990   Brazil – President Fernando Collor de Mello (1990–1992)[27]
27 August 1990   Chile – President Patricio Aylwin (1990–1994)[28]
11 May 1992   Egypt – President Hosni Moubarak (1981–2011)[29]
27 March 1994   Spain – Infanta Elena (1963–1995)[30]
27 March 1994   Spain – Infanta Cristina (1965–1997)[31]
6 May 1994   Belgium – Prince Philippe (1993–2013)
1 December 1994   Croatia – President Franjo Tuđman (1990–1999)
21 February 1995   Poland – President Lech Wałęsa (1990–1995)
24 February 1995   South Africa – President Nelson Mandela (1994–1999)[32]
14 March 1996   Lithuania – President Algirdas Brazauskas (1992–1998)
8 April 1996   Brazil – President Fernando Henrique Cardoso (1995–2002)[33]
27 September 1996   Czech Republic – President Vaclav Havel (1993–2003)
12 November 1996   Mexico – President Ernesto Zedillo (1994–2000)[34]
3 March 1997   Finland – President Martti Ahtisaari (1994–2000)[35]
7 April 1997   Hungary – President Árpád Göncz (1990–2000)[36]
21 April 1997   Spain – President José María Aznar (1996–2004)
28 April 1997   Haiti – President René Préval (1996–2001; 2006-2011)[37]
26 May 1998   Sweden – King Carl XVI Gustav (1973–incumbent)[38]
26 May 1998   Sweden – Queen Silvia (1976–incumbent)[39]
26 May 1998   Sweden – Princess Lilian (1976–2013)[40]
10 August 1998   Nicaragua – President Arnoldo Alemán (1997–2002)[41]
29 September 1998   Japan – Prince Akishino (1990–Incumbent)[42]
2 December 1998   Japan – Emperor Akihito (1989–2019)[43]
15 May 2000   Paraguay – President Luis González Macchi (1999–2003)[44]
18 May 2000   Chile – President Ricardo Lagos (2000–2006)[45]
25 September 2000   Saudi Arabia – Prince Abdullah bin Abdul-Aziz al Saud (1982–2005)
4 October 2000   Colombia – President Andrés Pastrana Arango (1998–2002)[46]
15 March 2001   Italy – President Carlo Azeglio Ciampi (1999–2006)[47]
21 August 2001   Dominican Republic – President Hipólito Mejía (2000–2004)
15 November 2001   Portugal – President Jorge Sampaio (1996–2006)
7 April 2003   Sovereign Order of Malta – Prince and Grand Master Fra' Andrew Bertie (1988–2008)
29 April 2003   Uruguay – President Jorge Batlle (2000–2005)
7 December 2004   Morocco – King Mohammed VI (1999–incumbent)
21 April 2008   Ecuador – President Rafael Correa (2007–2017)[48]
24 November 2008   Mexico – President Felipe Calderón (2006–2012)
9 February 2009   Spain – Princess Letizia (2004–2014)[49]
16 January 2011   Kuwait – Emir Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah (2006–2020)[50]
16 January 2011   Kuwait – Prince Nawaf Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah (2006–2020)[51]
28 November 2012   Peru – President Ollanta Humala (2011–2016)[52]
8 May 2013   Venezuela – President Nicolás Maduro (2013–Incumbent) / Revoked by President Mauricio Macri.[53][54]
25 February 2016   France – President François Hollande (2012–2017)[55]
29 July 2016   Mexico – President Enrique Peña Nieto (2012–2018)[56]
9 August 2016   Australia – Governor-General Peter Cosgrove (2014–2019)[57]
22 February 2017   Spain – King Felipe VI (2014–Incumbent)[58]
27 March 2017   Netherlands – King Willem-Alexander (2013–incumbent)[59]
13 November 2017   United States – Ex-president Jimmy Carter (1977–1981)[60]
8 May 2017   Italy – President Sergio Mattarella (2015–Incumbent)[61]
6 March 2018   Norway – King Harald V (1991–incumbent)[62]
2 December 2018   China – President Xi Jingping (2013–Incumbent)[63]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

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External linksEdit