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Charles Yves Jean Ghislaine Michel (French pronunciation: ​[ʃaʁl miʃɛl]; born 21 December 1975) is a Belgian politician who has been Prime Minister of Belgium since 2014 and is the President-elect of the European Council.

Charles Michel
Charles Michel - 2019 (48669595088) (cropped).jpg
Michel in 2019
President-elect of the European Council
Assuming office
1 December 2019
SucceedingDonald Tusk
Prime Minister of Belgium
Assumed office
11 October 2014
MonarchPhilippe
Preceded byElio Di Rupo
President of the Reformist Movement
Assumed office
18 February 2019
Preceded byOlivier Chastel
In office
14 February 2011 – 10 October 2014
Preceded byDidier Reynders
Succeeded byOlivier Chastel
Minister of Development Cooperation
In office
21 December 2007 – 14 February 2011
Prime MinisterGuy Verhofstadt
Yves Leterme
Herman Van Rompuy
Preceded byArmand De Decker
Succeeded byOlivier Chastel
Personal details
Born
Charles Yves Jean Ghislaine Michel

(1975-12-21) 21 December 1975 (age 43)
Namur, Belgium
Political partyReformist Movement
Other political
affiliations
Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe
Domestic partnerAmélie Derbaudrenghien
Children3
EducationUniversité Libre de Bruxelles
University of Amsterdam

The son of Louis Michel, also a prominent Belgian politician, Michel became Minister of Development Cooperation in 2007, and remained in this position until elected the leader of the Francophone liberal Reformist Movement (MR) in February 2011. He led MR to the 2014 federal election, where they emerged as the third-largest party in the Chamber of Representatives. After coalition negotiations, Michel was confirmed as Prime Minister of a MR-NVA-OVLD-CDV government. He was sworn in on 11 October 2014, becoming the youngest Belgian Prime Minister since 1845.

In December 2018, the government collapsed following internal disagreements over the handling of the Global Compact for Migration, with the NVA withdrawing from the cabinet. Michel subsequently tendered his resignation and remained in office in a caretaker capacity.[1] At the 2019 federal election shortly afterwards, MR lost a number of seats, although Michel remained in office during coalition negotiations. Weeks after the federal election, on 2 July 2019, the European Council voted to appoint Michel as its new President. He will assume the office on 1 December 2019.[2]

Early life and educationEdit

Charles Michel was born in Namur, Wallonia, on 21 December 1975. His father, Louis Michel, is a Reformist Movement (MR) politician who was mayor of Jodoigne and subsequently a European Commissioner and Member of the European Parliament (MEP). His mother is Martine Pierre.

Charles Michel began his political career at the age of 16 when he joined the Young Liberal Reformers of Jodoigne (Jeunes Réformateurs Libéraux de Jodoigne), affiliated to the MR. In 1994, at the age of 18, Charles Michel was elected provincial councilor in Walloon Brabant. He graduated in law at the Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB) and the University of Amsterdam in 1998, after which he became lawyer at the Brussels Bar. He is fluent in Dutch and English in addition to his native French.

Early political careerEdit

Michel was elected to the federal Chamber of Representatives in 1999, representing Walloon Brabant, a stronghold of the liberal MR.

In 2000, he became Minister of Home Affairs in the Walloon Government aged 25, making him the youngest regional minister in Belgian history.[3] At the local level, he was elected city councillor in Wavre in 2000, and in 2006 became mayor of the city.

In December 2007, Michel became the Minister of Development Cooperation in the Verhofstadt III Government and subsequently in the Leterme I, Van Rompuy I and Leterme II governments.[4]

After poor results in the 2009 regional elections, Michel was part of a group demanding the MR leader Didier Reynders resign. After the party suffered further losses in the 2010 federal election, Reynders did resign, and Michel announced his candidacy to replace him. In January 2011, he was elected President of MR, and resigned from the cabinet.[5]

Prime Minister of BelgiumEdit

 
Michel and Russian President Vladimir Putin, 31 January 2018

After the 2014 federal election, Michel became co-formateur in the ensuing coalition negotiations. Initially, CDV Leader Kris Peeters was expected to be Prime Minister. However, CDV also insisted on Marianne Thyssen being appointed as European Commissioner, and Michel's MR refused to allow the two most important political posts to be held by a single party.

Ultimately, the parties agreed to appoint Thyssen as European Commissioner, with an understanding that the prime ministership would go to either MR or OVLD. As Michel was serving as co-formateur, he quickly won internal support from other parties to lead the next government. On 7 October 2014, an overall agreement was reached between the four parties to form a new government, with Michel proposed as Prime Minister, and Peeters as one of four Deputy Prime Ministers. Michel became the youngest Belgian Prime Minister, and was only the second Francophone liberal to become Prime Minister.[6][7]

In December 2018, a political crisis emerged over whether to sign the Global Compact for Migration. Michel's coalition partner NVA, which originally supported the Compact, reversed course to oppose it whereas the other three parties continued to support it. Michel subsequently announced the formation of a minority government, with CDV, MR and OVLD backing the compact.[8][9][10] On 18 December, he presented his government's resignation to the King. The King accepted Michel's resignation on 21 December after consulting party leaders.[11] He remained in office as caretaker Prime Minister during the 2019 federal election, and the ensuing coalition negotiations.

President of the European CouncilEdit

On 2 July 2019, Michel was elected President of the European Council, one of the most prominent leadership positions of the European Union.[12]

HonoursEdit

AncestryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ https://www.politico.eu/article/michel-takes-belgium-lead-of-belgian-caretaker-government/
  2. ^ European Council appoints new EU leaders
  3. ^ "Charles Michel officiellement candidat à la présidence du MR". Le Vif. 13 December 2010.
  4. ^ "20 March 2008 – Royal Orders. Government – Dismissals – Appointments" (PDF) (in Dutch and French). The Belgian Official Journal. 21 March 2008. pp. 3–4. Retrieved 30 March 2008.
  5. ^ "Michel vs. Reynders: waarom de MR elke keer wat anders zegt". De Morgen. 27 June 2014.
  6. ^ "Dit waren de jongste en de oudste eerste ministers van ons land". Het Belang van Limburg. 8 October 2014
  7. ^ "BIOGRAFIE. Charles Michel wordt jongste premier uit Belgische geschiedenis". De Standaard. 7 October 2014
  8. ^ "Charles Michel confirme qu'il ira à Marrakech: "Je prends acte que la N-VA quitte la majorité suédoise"". Le Soir (in French). Retrieved 8 December 2018.
  9. ^ "Michel zet minderheidsregering zonder N-VA in de steigers". De Tijd (in Dutch). 8 December 2018. Retrieved 8 December 2018.
  10. ^ News, Flanders (8 December 2018). ""Road to minority government being paved"". vrtnws.be. Retrieved 8 December 2018.
  11. ^ "Koning zet consultaties ook morgen nog verder: geen gesprek met Vlaams Belang". Het Laatste Nieuws (in Dutch). 20 December 2018. Retrieved 23 December 2018.
  12. ^ Europese knoop ontward: Charles Michel wordt voorzitter van de Europese Raad
  13. ^ arrêtés royaux du 21 mai 2014
  14. ^ Michiels, Alix; Van Hecke, Robert (2016). "Un enfant trouvé dans la généalogie de notre premier ministre à Anvers en 1834". GéniWal (69): 8–17. Retrieved 11 February 2017.[permanent dead link]

External linksEdit

Political offices
Preceded by
Armand De Decker
Minister of Development Cooperation
2007–2011
Succeeded by
Olivier Chastel
Preceded by
Elio Di Rupo
Prime Minister of Belgium
2014–present
Incumbent
Preceded by
Donald Tusk
President of the European Council
Taking office 2019
Party political offices
Preceded by
Didier Reynders
President of the Reformist Movement
2011–2014
Succeeded by
Olivier Chastel
Preceded by
Olivier Chastel
President of the Reformist Movement
2019–present
Incumbent