Dalia Itzik (Hebrew: דליה איציק Dalya Itsik; born 20 October 1952) is a former Israeli politician who last served as a member of the Knesset for Kadima. She has previously served in several ministerial positions, and on 4 May 2006 became the first female speaker of the Knesset, and served as President of Israel in an interim capacity from January to July 2007.
|Date of birth||20 October 1952|
|Place of birth||Jerusalem, Israel|
|Knessets||13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18|
|Faction represented in Knesset|
|1999–2001||Minister of the Environment|
|2001–2002||Minister of Industry and Trade|
|2005||Minister of Communications|
|2003||Leader of the Opposition|
|2006–2009||Speaker of the Knesset|
Itzik was born in Jerusalem. Her parents were Iraqi Jews who had immigrated to Israel. Her family was poor; her father was an alcoholic and at times her mother had to steal food for the family to survive. She attended a religious high school, and afterwards, avoided conscription to the Israel Defense Forces by declaring herself religious. She then attended a teacher training course, and went on to obtain a BA in Literature and History from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem and a BA in Law from IDC Herzliya. She worked as a teacher, during which she headed the teacher's union in Jerusalem, worked as a deputy to Jerusalem mayor Teddy Kollek, and served as a member of the executive committee of the Israel Broadcasting Authority.
On 26 October 1988, she was involved in a car accident that killed Knesset member Michael Reisser, who was driving to Jerusalem, when Reisser's car crashed into hers. Reisser was fatally wounded and died the following day, while Itzik was seriously injured.
Before being elected to the 13th Knesset in 1992, Itzik served as the deputy mayor of Jerusalem.
After being re-elected in 1996 and 1999, she was appointed Minister of the Environment in Ehud Barak's government, serving from 1999 until 2001. In 2001 she became Minister of Industry and Trade, before leaving the cabinet in 2002.
Following the 2006 elections she became Knesset speaker. On 25 January 2007, Israeli President Moshe Katzav took a three-month leave of absence, and on 1 July of that year, resigned the office in a plea bargain. The speaker of the Knesset stands first in the line of succession, making Itzik acting President. She served as the official head of State until Shimon Peres formally took over on 15 July 2007.
After winning third place on the party's list, Itzik retained her seat in the 2009 elections and later became the chairperson of the party. On 5 December 2012, in the days leading up to the 2013 elections while polls showed Kadima either barely getting into the Knesset or not even passing the threshold, Itzik announced she was taking a break from politics and dropping out of the race.
Itzik contested in the 2014 Israeli presidential election, coming third with 28 votes. Her supporters came from across the political spectrum.
- Dalia Itzik becomes acting president The Jerusalem Post, 25 January 2007
- Skard, Torild (2014) "Dalia Itzik" in Women of power - half a century of female presidents and prime ministers worldwide, Bristol: Policy Press, ISBN 978-1-44731-578-0, p. 37
- Naama Lanski (13 September 2007). "The Quality of Dalia". Haaretz. Retrieved 14 January 2014.
- Weisman, Leilach (5 December 2012). בחירות 2013: דליה איציק פורשת מהחיים הפוליטיים [Elections 2013: Dalia Itzik resigns from the political arena] (in Hebrew). Globes. Retrieved 5 December 2012.
- Dalia Itzik on the Knesset website