List of leaders of Communist Tuva

The following is a list of leaders of Communist Tuva, encompassing leaders of the Tuvan People's Republic, the Tuvan Autonomous Oblast (the Tuvan AO) and the Tuvan Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (the Tuvan ASSR).

Leaders of Communist Tuva
Coat of arms of the Tuvan ASSR (1978-1992).svg
AppointerPolitburo, Central Committee or any party apparatus (de facto)
Parliamentary vote (de jure)
Formation14/15 August 1921
First holderMongush Buyan-Badyrgy (as Chairman of the All-Tuva Constituent Khural)
Sodnam Balkhyr (as Chairman of the Central Bureau)
Final holderKaadyr-ool Bicheldey (as Chairman of the Supreme Soviet)
Sherig-ool Oorzhak (as Chairman of the Council of Ministers)
Abolished25 December 1991

It lists heads of state, heads of government, heads of the Tuvan People's Revolutionary Party and of the local branch of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.

The Tuvan People's Republic was nominally a sovereign state[1] in 1921–44, but it was considered a satellite state of the Soviet Union (the Soviet Union and the Mongolian People's Republic were the only countries to recognize its independence[2][3]).

In 1944, at the request of Tuva's Small People's Khural (parliament), the Tuvan People's Republic became a part of the Soviet Union as an autonomous oblast (the Tuvan AO) of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (the Russian SFSR) by the decision of Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

In 1961, the Tuvan AO became an autonomous soviet socialist republic (the Tuvan ASSR) of the Russian SFSR.

Tuvan People's RepublicEdit

Heads of stateEdit

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of Office Political Party
Took Office Left Office
Chairman of the All-Tuva Constituent Khural
(1921)
1   Mongush Buyan-Badyrgy
(1892–1932)
14 August 1921 15 August 1921 People's Revolutionary Party
Chairmen of the Presidium of the Little Khural
(1924–1944)
2   Mongush Nimachap
(Nimazhap)
(1879–1932)
18 September 1924 4 February 1929 People's Revolutionary Party
3   Adyg Tyulyush Chulydum
(1900–1933)
5 February 1929 5 October 1933 People's Revolutionary Party
4   Adyg-Tulush Khemchik-ool
(1893–1938)
1933 February 1938 People's Revolutionary Party
5   Polat Oyun
(1906–1992)
2 March 1938 4 April 1940 People's Revolutionary Party
6 Khertek Anchimaa-Toka
(1912–2008)
6 April 1940 10 October 1944 People's Revolutionary Party

Heads of governmentEdit

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of Office Political Party
Took Office Left Office
Chairmen of the Central Bureau
(1921–1923)
1   Sodnam Balkhyr
(?–1924)
15 August 1921 28 February 1922 People's Revolutionary Party
2   Maady Lopsan-Osur
(1876–1934?)
1 March 1922 15 August 1922 People's Revolutionary Party
3   Salchak Idam-Syuryun 15 August 1922 19 September 1923 People's Revolutionary Party
4   Mongush Buyan-Badyrgy
(1892–1932)
20 September 1923 1 October 1923 People's Revolutionary Party
Chairmen of the Council of Ministers
(1923–1944)
(4)   Mongush Buyan-Badyrgy
(1892–1932)
1 October 1923 18 September 1924 People's Revolutionary Party
5   Soyan Oruygu
(1876–?)
18 September 1924 1925 People's Revolutionary Party
6   Donduk Kuular
(1888–1932)
1925 January 1929 People's Revolutionary Party
7   Adyg-Tulush Khemchik-ool
(1893–1938)
January 1929 1929 People's Revolutionary Party
8   Sat Churmet-Dazhi
(1894–1938)
1929 February 1938 People's Revolutionary Party
9   Ondar Bayyr
(Aleksey Bair)
(1904–1986)
1938 May 1940 People's Revolutionary Party
Post abolished (May 1940 – 22 June 1941)
10   Saryg-Donggak Chymba
(Aleksandr Chimba)
(1906–1985)
22 June 1941 10 October 1944 People's Revolutionary Party

Heads of partyEdit

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of Office Political Party
Took Office Left Office
Chairman of the Organizing Bureau of the Tuvan People's Revolutionary Party
(1921–1922)
1   Mongush Nimachap
(Nimazhap)
(1879–1932)
29 October 1921 March 1922 People's Revolutionary Party
Chairmen of the Central Committee of the Tuvan People's Revolutionary Party
(1922–1924)
2   Maady Lopsan-Osur
(1876–1934?)
March 1922 9 July 1923 People's Revolutionary Party
3   Oyun Kyursedi
(Kursedi)
(1884–1924)
9 July 1923 15 March 1924 People's Revolutionary Party
General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Tuvan People's Revolutionary Party
(1924–1926)
4   Shagdyr April 1924 January 1926 People's Revolutionary Party
First Secretaries of the Central Committee of the Tuvan People's Revolutionary Party
(1926–1932)
5   Mongush Buyan-Badyrgy
(1892–1932)
January 1926 February 1927 People's Revolutionary Party
6   Sodnam Balchir Ambyn-noyon
(1901–?)
February 1927 January 1929 People's Revolutionary Party
7   Irgit Shagdyrzhap
(1899–1959)
January 1929 March 1932 People's Revolutionary Party
General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Tuvan People's Revolutionary Party
(1932–1944)
8   Salchak Toka
(1901–1973)
6 March 1932 10 October 1944 People's Revolutionary Party

Heads of finance ministryEdit

Tuvan Autonomous Oblast / Tuvan Autonomous Soviet Socialist RepublicEdit

Heads of stateEdit

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of Office Political Party
Took Office Left Office
Chairmen of the Executive Committee of the Autonomous Oblast Soviet
(1944–1962)
1   Saryg-Donggak Chymba
(Aleksandr Chimba)
(1906–1985)
13 October 1944 February 1961 Communist Party
2   Mikhail Mendume
(1922–2001)
February 1961 10 January 1962 Communist Party
Chairmen of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet
(1962–1990)
3   Bay-Kara Dolchanmaa
(1916–2002)
10 January 1962 22 June 1977 Communist Party
(2)   Mikhail Mendume
(1922–2001)
22 June 1977 December 1984 Communist Party
4   Chimit-Dorzhu Ondar
(1932–)
December 1984 27 April 1990 Communist Party
Chairmen of the Supreme Soviet
(1990–1991)
(4)   Chimit-Dorzhu Ondar
(1932–)
27 April 1990 2 October 1991 Communist Party
5   Kaadyr-ool Bicheldey
(1950–)
2 October 1991 25 December 1991 Independent

Heads of governmentEdit

No. Portrait Name
(Born-Died)
Term Political Party
Took office Left office Time in office
Chairmen of the Council of Ministers
(1944–1991)
Post abolished (10 October 1944 – 10 January 1962)
1Mikhail Mendume
(1922–2001)
10 January 196222 June 197715 years, 163 daysCPSU
2Chimit-Dorzhu Ondar
(born 1932)
22 June 1977December 19847 years, 5 monthsCPSU
3Vladimir Seryakov
(1934–2016)
December 1984April 19905 years, 4 monthsCPSU
4Sherig-ool Oorzhak
(born 1942)
28 April 199025 December 19911 year, 241 daysCPSU

Heads of partyEdit

No. Portrait Name
(Born-Died)
Term Political Party
Took office Left office Time in office
First Secretary of the Oblast Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
(1944–1961)
1Salchak Toka
(1901–1973)
13 October 194410 October 196116 years, 362 daysCPSU
First Secretaries of the Republican Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
(1961–1991)
(1)Salchak Toka
(1901–1973)
11 October 196111 May 197311 years, 213 daysCPSU
2Grigoriy Shirshin
(born 1934)
6 June 197323 August 199118 years, 78 daysCPSU

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Toomas Alatalu (1992). "Tuva: a State Reawakens". Soviet Studies. 44 (5): 881–895. doi:10.1080/09668139208412051. JSTOR 152275.
  2. ^ Dallin, David J. Soviet Russia and the Far East, Yale University Press, 1948, p. 87
  3. ^ Paine, S.C.M. Imperial Rivals: China, Russia, and Their Disputed Frontier, M.E. Sharpe, 1996, p. 329.
  4. ^ a b c d e f "К 95-летию Тувинской Народной Республики".

SourcesEdit

  • [1] World Statesmen.org (for the Tuvan Socialist Republic)
  • [2] World Statesmen.org (for the Tuvan AO and the Tuvan ASSR)