List of Presidential Medal of Freedom recipients

This is a partial list of recipients of the Presidential Medal of Freedom, listed chronologically within the aspect of life in which each recipient is or was renowned.

The Presidential Medal of Freedom is awarded by the president of the United States "for especially meritorious contribution to (1) the security or national interests of the United States, or (2) world peace, or (3) cultural or other significant public or private endeavors". Honorees are selected by the president or recommended to them by the Distinguished Civilian Service Awards Board.[1]

  • Typically the medal is bestowed upon the recipient by the sitting president who has chosen them. However, the first recipients selected by President John F. Kennedy before his assassination were formally awarded by his successor in office, Lyndon B. Johnson.[2]
  • President Barack Obama awarded 123 medals, the most ever, followed by President Ronald Reagan with 102 medal recipients.[3][4][5]
  • Two people, Ellsworth Bunker and Colin Powell, are two-time recipients of the Presidential Medal of Freedom. Colin Powell received his second award with Distinction,[6] while Ellsworth Bunker was given both of his awards with distinction.

This list does not include those awarded the similarly named but very distinct Medal of Freedom, an antecedent award issued prior to 1963.

ListEdit

  • † - awarded posthumously
  • WD - awarded with distinction
Recipient Year President Notes Ref.
Marian Anderson 1963 John F. Kennedy [7]
Ralph Bunche 1963 John F. Kennedy WD [2]
Ellsworth Bunker 1963 John F. Kennedy WD [2]
Pablo Casals 1963 John F. Kennedy [8]
Genevieve Caulfield 1963 John F. Kennedy
James B. Conant 1963 John F. Kennedy WD
John Franklin Enders 1963 John F. Kennedy
Felix Frankfurter 1963 John F. Kennedy WD [2]
Robert J. H. Kiphuth 1963 John F. Kennedy
Edwin H. Land 1963 John F. Kennedy
Herbert H. Lehman 1963 John F. Kennedy [a] [9]
Robert A. Lovett 1963 John F. Kennedy WD
J. Clifford MacDonald 1963 John F. Kennedy
John J. McCloy 1963 John F. Kennedy WD
George Meany 1963 John F. Kennedy [10]
Alexander Meiklejohn 1963 John F. Kennedy
Ludwig Mies van der Rohe 1963 John F. Kennedy [2]
Jean Monnet 1963 John F. Kennedy WD
Luis Muñoz Marín 1963 John F. Kennedy WD
Clarence B. Randall 1963 John F. Kennedy [11]
Rudolf Serkin 1963 John F. Kennedy
Edward Steichen 1963 John F. Kennedy
George W. Taylor 1963 John F. Kennedy
Alan Tower Waterman 1963 John F. Kennedy
Annie Dodge Wauneka 1963 John F. Kennedy [12]
E. B. White 1963 John F. Kennedy
Thornton Wilder 1963 John F. Kennedy
Edmund Wilson 1963 John F. Kennedy
Andrew Wyeth 1963 John F. Kennedy
Karl Holton 1963 Lyndon B. Johnson
John XXIII 1963 Lyndon B. Johnson [13]
John F. Kennedy 1963 Lyndon B. Johnson [14]
Mark S. Watson 1963 Lyndon B. Johnson
Dean Acheson 1964 Lyndon B. Johnson WD
Detlev Bronk 1964 Lyndon B. Johnson
Aaron Copland 1964 Lyndon B. Johnson
Willem de Kooning 1964 Lyndon B. Johnson [15]
Walt Disney 1964 Lyndon B. Johnson [16]
J. Frank Dobie 1964 Lyndon B. Johnson
Lena Frances Edwards 1964 Lyndon B. Johnson
T. S. Eliot 1964 Lyndon B. Johnson
Lynn Fontanne 1964 Lyndon B. Johnson [17]
John W. Gardner 1964 Lyndon B. Johnson
Theodore Hesburgh 1964 Lyndon B. Johnson
Clarence Johnson 1964 Lyndon B. Johnson
Frederick Kappel 1964 Lyndon B. Johnson
Helen Keller 1964 Lyndon B. Johnson
John L. Lewis 1964 Lyndon B. Johnson
Walter Lippmann 1964 Lyndon B. Johnson
Alfred Lunt 1964 Lyndon B. Johnson [17]
Ralph McGill 1964 Lyndon B. Johnson
Samuel Eliot Morison 1964 Lyndon B. Johnson
Lewis Mumford 1964 Lyndon B. Johnson
Edward R. Murrow 1964 Lyndon B. Johnson WD
Reinhold Niebuhr 1964 Lyndon B. Johnson
Leontyne Price 1964 Lyndon B. Johnson
A. Philip Randolph 1964 Lyndon B. Johnson
Carl Sandburg 1964 Lyndon B. Johnson
John Steinbeck 1964 Lyndon B. Johnson
Helen B. Taussig 1964 Lyndon B. Johnson
Carl Vinson 1964 Lyndon B. Johnson WD
Thomas Watson Jr. 1964 Lyndon B. Johnson
Paul Dudley White 1964 Lyndon B. Johnson
Ellsworth Bunker 1967 Lyndon B. Johnson WD [2]
Robert Komer 1967 Lyndon B. Johnson
Eugene M. Locke 1967 Lyndon B. Johnson
Robert McNamara 1968 Lyndon B. Johnson
James E. Webb 1968 Lyndon B. Johnson [18]
Clark Clifford 1969 Lyndon B. Johnson WD
Ralph Ellison 1969 Lyndon B. Johnson
Bob Hope 1969 Lyndon B. Johnson [19]
Gregory Peck 1969 Lyndon B. Johnson
Dean Rusk 1969 Lyndon B. Johnson WD
Merriman Smith 1969 Lyndon B. Johnson [20]
William S. White 1969 Lyndon B. Johnson
Roy Wilkins 1969 Lyndon B. Johnson [20]
Buzz Aldrin 1969 Richard Nixon WD [21]
Neil Armstrong 1969 Richard Nixon WD [21]
Eugene R. Black Sr. 1969 Richard Nixon
McGeorge Bundy 1969 Richard Nixon
Michael Collins 1969 Richard Nixon WD [21]
Michael DeBakey 1969 Richard Nixon
David Dubinsky 1969 Richard Nixon
Duke Ellington 1969 Richard Nixon
Henry Ford II 1969 Richard Nixon
W. Averell Harriman 1969 Richard Nixon WD
Edgar Kaiser 1969 Richard Nixon
Mary Lasker 1969 Richard Nixon
John Macy 1969 Richard Nixon
Laurance Rockefeller 1969 Richard Nixon
Walt Whitman Rostow 1969 Richard Nixon
Cyrus Vance 1969 Richard Nixon
Whitney Young 1969 Richard Nixon
Earl Charles Behrens 1970 Richard Nixon [22]
Fred Haise 1970 Richard Nixon [23]
William Henry 1970 Richard Nixon [22]
Arthur Krock 1970 Richard Nixon [22]
David Lawrence 1970 Richard Nixon [22]
G. Gould Lincoln 1970 Richard Nixon [22]
Jim Lovell 1970 Richard Nixon [23]
Mission Operations Team 1970 Richard Nixon [24]
Raymond Moley 1970 Richard Nixon [22]
Eugene Ormandy 1970 Richard Nixon
Adela Rogers St. Johns 1970 Richard Nixon [22]
Jack Swigert 1970 Richard Nixon [23]
Manlio Brosio 1971 Richard Nixon
Samuel Goldwyn 1971 Richard Nixon
William J. Hopkins 1971 Richard Nixon
John Paul Vann 1972 Richard Nixon
Lila Acheson Wallace 1972 Richard Nixon
DeWitt Wallace 1972 Richard Nixon
John Ford 1973 Richard Nixon
William P. Rogers 1973 Richard Nixon
Charles Lowman 1974 Richard Nixon [25]
Paul G. Hoffman 1974 Gerald Ford
Melvin Laird 1974 Gerald Ford
David K. E. Bruce 1976 Gerald Ford WD
Martha Graham 1976 Gerald Ford WD [26]
Jesse Owens 1976 Gerald Ford [27]
Arthur Rubinstein 1976 Gerald Ford WD [28]
Iorwith Wilbur Abel 1977 Gerald Ford
John Bardeen 1977 Gerald Ford
Irving Berlin 1977 Gerald Ford [28]
Norman Borlaug 1977 Gerald Ford
Omar Bradley 1977 Gerald Ford [28]
Arleigh Burke 1977 Gerald Ford
Alexander Calder 1977 Gerald Ford [29]
Bruce Catton 1977 Gerald Ford
Joe DiMaggio 1977 Gerald Ford [28]
Ariel Durant 1977 Gerald Ford
Will Durant 1977 Gerald Ford [29]
Arthur Fiedler 1977 Gerald Ford [28]
Henry Friendly 1977 Gerald Ford
Lady Bird Johnson 1977 Gerald Ford [30]
Henry Kissinger 1977 Gerald Ford
Archibald MacLeish 1977 Gerald Ford [29]
James A. Michener 1977 Gerald Ford [29]
Georgia O'Keeffe 1977 Gerald Ford [31]
Nelson Rockefeller 1977 Gerald Ford [29]
Norman Rockwell 1977 Gerald Ford [29]
Donald Rumsfeld 1977 Gerald Ford WD
Catherine Filene Shouse 1977 Gerald Ford
Lowell Thomas 1977 Gerald Ford [29]
James Watson 1977 Gerald Ford
Martin Luther King Jr. 1977 Jimmy Carter
Jonas Salk 1977 Jimmy Carter
Arthur Goldberg 1978 Jimmy Carter
Margaret Mead 1979 Jimmy Carter [32]
Ansel Adams 1980 Jimmy Carter
Horace M. Albright 1980 Jimmy Carter
Rachel Carson 1980 Jimmy Carter
Lucia Chase 1980 Jimmy Carter [33]
Hubert Humphrey 1980 Jimmy Carter [34]
Iakovos 1980 Jimmy Carter
Lyndon B. Johnson 1980 Jimmy Carter [35]
Clarence Mitchell Jr. 1980 Jimmy Carter
Roger Tory Peterson 1980 Jimmy Carter
Hyman G. Rickover 1980 Jimmy Carter
Beverly Sills 1980 Jimmy Carter
Robert Penn Warren 1980 Jimmy Carter
John Wayne 1980 Jimmy Carter [36]
Eudora Welty 1980 Jimmy Carter
Tennessee Williams 1980 Jimmy Carter
Roger Nash Baldwin 1981 Jimmy Carter
Walter Cronkite 1981 Jimmy Carter
Kirk Douglas 1981 Jimmy Carter
Margaret McNamara 1981 Jimmy Carter
Esther Peterson 1981 Jimmy Carter
Gerard C. Smith 1981 Jimmy Carter
Robert S. Strauss 1981 Jimmy Carter
Elbert Tuttle 1981 Jimmy Carter [37]
Andrew Young 1981 Jimmy Carter
Eubie Blake 1981 Ronald Reagan
Harold Brown 1981 Ronald Reagan
Zbigniew Brzezinski 1981 Ronald Reagan
Warren Christopher 1981 Ronald Reagan
Ella Grasso 1981 Ronald Reagan
Bryce Harlow 1981 Ronald Reagan
Walter Judd 1981 Ronald Reagan
Morris I. Leibman 1981 Ronald Reagan
Karl Menninger 1981 Ronald Reagan
Edmund Muskie 1981 Ronald Reagan
Tex Thornton 1981 Ronald Reagan
Earl Warren 1981 Ronald Reagan
Philip Habib 1982 Ronald Reagan
Eric Hoffer 1982 Ronald Reagan
Kate Smith 1982 Ronald Reagan
George Balanchine 1983 Ronald Reagan [38]
Clare Boothe Luce 1983 Ronald Reagan [28]
Bear Bryant 1983 Ronald Reagan
James Burnham 1983 Ronald Reagan [28]
James E. Cheek 1983 Ronald Reagan
Buckminster Fuller 1983 Ronald Reagan [39]
Billy Graham 1983 Ronald Reagan
Jacob Javits 1983 Ronald Reagan [28]
Dumas Malone 1983 Ronald Reagan
Mabel Mercer 1983 Ronald Reagan
Simon Ramo 1983 Ronald Reagan
Howard Baker 1984 Ronald Reagan [40]
James Cagney 1984 Ronald Reagan [40]
Whittaker Chambers 1984 Ronald Reagan [41][42]
Leo Cherne 1984 Ronald Reagan [28]
Terence Cooke 1984 Ronald Reagan
Denton Cooley 1984 Ronald Reagan [40]
Tennessee Ernie Ford 1984 Ronald Reagan [40]
Hector Garcia 1984 Ronald Reagan [40]
Andrew Goodpaster 1984 Ronald Reagan [43]
Henry M. Jackson 1984 Ronald Reagan
Lincoln Kirstein 1984 Ronald Reagan [40]
Louis L'Amour 1984 Ronald Reagan [40]
Joseph Luns 1984 Ronald Reagan
Norman Vincent Peale 1984 Ronald Reagan [40]
Jackie Robinson 1984 Ronald Reagan [40]
Carlos P. Romulo 1984 Ronald Reagan
Anwar el-Sadat 1984 Ronald Reagan [44]
Eunice Kennedy Shriver 1984 Ronald Reagan [40]
Count Basie 1985 Ronald Reagan
Albert Coady Wedemeyer 1985 Ronald Reagan
Jacques Cousteau 1985 Ronald Reagan
Jerome H. Holland 1985 Ronald Reagan
Sidney Hook 1985 Ronald Reagan [28]
Jeane Kirkpatrick 1985 Ronald Reagan
George Low 1985 Ronald Reagan
Paul Nitze 1985 Ronald Reagan
Frank Reynolds 1985 Ronald Reagan
Frank Sinatra 1985 Ronald Reagan
James Stewart 1985 Ronald Reagan
Mother Teresa 1985 Ronald Reagan
Juan Trippe 1985 Ronald Reagan
Albert Wohlstetter 1985 Ronald Reagan
Roberta Wohlstetter 1985 Ronald Reagan
Chuck Yeager 1985 Ronald Reagan
Walter Annenberg 1986 Ronald Reagan
Earl Blaik 1986 Ronald Reagan
Barry Goldwater 1986 Ronald Reagan
Helen Hayes 1986 Ronald Reagan
Vladimir Horowitz 1986 Ronald Reagan
Matthew Ridgway 1986 Ronald Reagan
Joseph Rochefort 1986 Ronald Reagan
Vermont C. Royster 1986 Ronald Reagan
Albert Sabin 1986 Ronald Reagan
An Wang 1986 Ronald Reagan
Anne Armstrong 1987 Ronald Reagan
Justin Whitlock Dart Sr. 1987 Ronald Reagan
Irving Kaufman 1987 Ronald Reagan
Danny Kaye 1987 Ronald Reagan
Lyman Lemnitzer 1987 Ronald Reagan
John A. McCone 1987 Ronald Reagan
Frederick Patterson 1987 Ronald Reagan
Mstislav Rostropovich 1987 Ronald Reagan
William B. Walsh 1987 Ronald Reagan
Caspar Weinberger 1987 Ronald Reagan WD
Meredith Willson 1987 Ronald Reagan
Pearl Bailey 1988 Ronald Reagan
Malcolm Baldrige Jr. 1988 Ronald Reagan
Irving Brown 1988 Ronald Reagan
Warren E. Burger 1988 Ronald Reagan
Peter Carington 1988 Ronald Reagan
Edward DeBartolo 1988 Ronald Reagan
Milton Friedman 1988 Ronald Reagan
Jean MacArthur 1988 Ronald Reagan
J. Willard Marriott 1988 Ronald Reagan
David Packard 1988 Ronald Reagan
Roger L. Stevens 1988 Ronald Reagan
Lucille Ball 1989 George H. W. Bush [45]
C. Douglas Dillon 1989 George H. W. Bush
Jimmy Doolittle 1989 George H. W. Bush
George F. Kennan 1989 George H. W. Bush
Mike Mansfield 1989 George H. W. Bush
Claude Pepper 1989 George H. W. Bush
George Shultz 1989 George H. W. Bush
Margaret Chase Smith 1989 George H. W. Bush
Lech Wałęsa 1989 George H. W. Bush
Walker Hancock 1990 George H. W. Bush [46]
James Baker 1991 George H. W. Bush
William F. Buckley Jr. 1991 George H. W. Bush
Dick Cheney 1991 George H. W. Bush [47]
Luis A. Ferré 1991 George H. W. Bush
Betty Ford 1991 George H. W. Bush [48]
Hanna Holborn Gray 1991 George H. W. Bush
Friedrich Hayek 1991 George H. W. Bush
Tip O'Neill 1991 George H. W. Bush
Javier Pérez de Cuéllar 1991 George H. W. Bush
Colin Powell 1991 George H. W. Bush
Norman Schwarzkopf Jr. 1991 George H. W. Bush
Brent Scowcroft 1991 George H. W. Bush
Leon Sullivan 1991 George H. W. Bush
Margaret Thatcher 1991 George H. W. Bush
Russell E. Train 1991 George H. W. Bush
Vernon A. Walters 1991 George H. W. Bush
William Webster 1991 George H. W. Bush
Ted Williams 1991 George H. W. Bush
David Brinkley 1992 George H. W. Bush
Johnny Carson 1992 George H. W. Bush
Ella Fitzgerald 1992 George H. W. Bush
Audrey Hepburn 1992 George H. W. Bush
Richard Petty 1992 George H. W. Bush
Harry W. Shlaudeman 1992 George H. W. Bush
Isaac Stern 1992 George H. W. Bush
John W. Vessey 1992 George H. W. Bush
Sam Walton 1992 George H. W. Bush
Elie Wiesel 1992 George H. W. Bush
I. M. Pei 1993 George H. W. Bush [49]
Ronald Reagan 1993 George H. W. Bush WD [50]
Strom Thurmond 1993 George H. W. Bush
Arthur Ashe 1993 Bill Clinton [51]
William J. Brennan Jr. 1993 Bill Clinton
Marjory Stoneman Douglas 1993 Bill Clinton
J. William Fulbright 1993 Bill Clinton
Thurgood Marshall 1993 Bill Clinton
Colin Powell 1993 Bill Clinton WD [6]
Joseph L. Rauh Jr. 1993 Bill Clinton
Martha Raye 1993 Bill Clinton [5]
John Minor Wisdom 1993 Bill Clinton
Herbert L. Block 1994 Bill Clinton
Cesar Chavez 1994 Bill Clinton
Arthur Sherwood Flemming 1994 Bill Clinton
James P. Grant 1994 Bill Clinton
Dorothy Height 1994 Bill Clinton
Barbara Jordan 1994 Bill Clinton
Lane Kirkland 1994 Bill Clinton
Robert H. Michel 1994 Bill Clinton
Sargent Shriver 1994 Bill Clinton
Peggy Charren 1995 Bill Clinton [5]
William T. Coleman Jr. 1995 Bill Clinton
John Hope Franklin 1995 Bill Clinton
Joan Ganz Cooney 1995 Bill Clinton [5]
A. Leon Higginbotham Jr. 1995 Bill Clinton
Frank Minis Johnson 1995 Bill Clinton
C. Everett Koop 1995 Bill Clinton
Gaylord Nelson 1995 Bill Clinton
Walter Reuther 1995 Bill Clinton
James Rouse 1995 Bill Clinton
Willie Velasquez 1995 Bill Clinton
Lew Wasserman 1995 Bill Clinton [5]
Joseph Bernardin 1996 Bill Clinton
James Brady 1996 Bill Clinton
Millard Fuller 1996 Bill Clinton
David A. Hamburg 1996 Bill Clinton
John H. Johnson 1996 Bill Clinton
Eugene Lang 1996 Bill Clinton
Jan Nowak-Jeziorański 1996 Bill Clinton
Antonia Pantoja 1996 Bill Clinton
Rosa Parks 1996 Bill Clinton
Ginetta Sagan 1996 Bill Clinton
Mo Udall 1996 Bill Clinton
Bob Dole 1997 Bill Clinton
William Perry 1997 Bill Clinton
John Shalikashvili 1997 Bill Clinton
Arnold Aronson 1998 Bill Clinton
Brooke Astor 1998 Bill Clinton
Robert Coles 1998 Bill Clinton
Justin Dart Jr. 1998 Bill Clinton
James Farmer 1998 Bill Clinton
Dante Fascell 1998 Bill Clinton
Zachary Fisher 1998 Bill Clinton
Frances Hesselbein 1998 Bill Clinton
Fred Korematsu 1998 Bill Clinton
Sol Linowitz 1998 Bill Clinton
Wilma Mankiller 1998 Bill Clinton [52]
Margaret Murie 1998 Bill Clinton
Mario G. Obledo 1998 Bill Clinton
Elliot Richardson 1998 Bill Clinton
David Rockefeller 1998 Bill Clinton
Albert Shanker 1998 Bill Clinton
Elmo Zumwalt 1998 Bill Clinton
Lloyd Bentsen 1999 Bill Clinton
Edgar Bronfman Sr. 1999 Bill Clinton
Jimmy Carter 1999 Bill Clinton [5]
Rosalynn Carter 1999 Bill Clinton [5]
Evelyn Dubrow 1999 Bill Clinton
Isolina Ferré 1999 Bill Clinton [5]
Gerald Ford 1999 Bill Clinton [5]
Oliver Hill 1999 Bill Clinton
Max Kampelman 1999 Bill Clinton
Helmut Kohl 1999 Bill Clinton
George J. Mitchell 1999 Bill Clinton
Edgar Wayburn 1999 Bill Clinton
James E. Burke 2000 Bill Clinton
John Chafee 2000 Bill Clinton
Wesley Clark 2000 Bill Clinton
William J. Crowe 2000 Bill Clinton
Marian Wright Edelman 2000 Bill Clinton [53]
John Kenneth Galbraith 2000 Bill Clinton
George G. Higgins 2000 Bill Clinton
Jesse Jackson 2000 Bill Clinton
Mildred Jeffrey 2000 Bill Clinton
Mathilde Krim 2000 Bill Clinton
George McGovern 2000 Bill Clinton
Daniel Patrick Moynihan 2000 Bill Clinton
Cruz Reynoso 2000 Bill Clinton
Aung San Suu Kyi 2000 Bill Clinton
Gardner C. Taylor 2000 Bill Clinton [5]
Simon Wiesenthal 2000 Bill Clinton
Hank Aaron 2002 George W. Bush
Bill Cosby 2002 George W. Bush [5]
Plácido Domingo 2002 George W. Bush
Peter Drucker 2002 George W. Bush
Katharine Graham 2002 George W. Bush
Donald Henderson 2002 George W. Bush
Irving Kristol 2002 George W. Bush
Nelson Mandela 2002 George W. Bush
Gordon Moore 2002 George W. Bush [54]
Nancy Reagan 2002 George W. Bush [5]
Fred Rogers 2002 George W. Bush [5]
A. M. Rosenthal 2002 George W. Bush
Robert Bartley 2003 George W. Bush
Jacques Barzun 2003 George W. Bush
Julia Child 2003 George W. Bush
Roberto Clemente 2003 George W. Bush
Van Cliburn 2003 George W. Bush
Václav Havel 2003 George W. Bush
Charlton Heston 2003 George W. Bush [5]
George Robertson 2003 George W. Bush
Edward Teller 2003 George W. Bush
Dave Thomas 2003 George W. Bush
Byron White 2003 George W. Bush [55]
James Q. Wilson 2003 George W. Bush
John Wooden 2003 George W. Bush
Paul Bremer 2004 George W. Bush
Edward Brooke 2004 George W. Bush
Doris Day 2004 George W. Bush [5]
Tommy Franks 2004 George W. Bush
Vartan Gregorian 2004 George W. Bush
Gilbert Melville Grosvenor 2004 George W. Bush
Gordon B. Hinckley 2004 George W. Bush [5]
John Paul II 2004 George W. Bush WD [5]
Estée Lauder 2004 George W. Bush
Rita Moreno 2004 George W. Bush [5]
Arnold Palmer 2004 George W. Bush
Arnall Patz 2004 George W. Bush
Norman Podhoretz 2004 George W. Bush
George Tenet 2004 George W. Bush
Walter Wriston 2004 George W. Bush
Muhammad Ali 2005 George W. Bush
Carol Burnett 2005 George W. Bush [5]
Vint Cerf 2005 George W. Bush [56]
Robert Conquest 2005 George W. Bush
Aretha Franklin 2005 George W. Bush
Alan Greenspan 2005 George W. Bush
Andy Griffith 2005 George W. Bush [5]
Paul Harvey 2005 George W. Bush [5]
Bob Kahn 2005 George W. Bush [57]
Sonny Montgomery 2005 George W. Bush
Richard Myers 2005 George W. Bush
Jack Nicklaus 2005 George W. Bush
Frank Robinson 2005 George W. Bush
Paul Rusesabagina 2005 George W. Bush
Ruth Johnson Colvin 2006 George W. Bush [58]
Norman Francis 2006 George W. Bush [58]
Paul Johnson 2006 George W. Bush [58]
B.B. King 2006 George W. Bush [58]
Joshua Lederberg 2006 George W. Bush [58]
David McCullough 2006 George W. Bush [58]
Norman Mineta 2006 George W. Bush [58]
Buck O'Neil 2006 George W. Bush [58]
William Safire 2006 George W. Bush [58]
Natan Sharansky 2006 George W. Bush [58]
Gary Becker 2007 George W. Bush
Óscar Elías Biscet 2007 George W. Bush
Francis Collins 2007 George W. Bush
Benjamin Hooks 2007 George W. Bush
Henry Hyde 2007 George W. Bush
Brian Lamb 2007 George W. Bush [5]
Harper Lee 2007 George W. Bush
Ellen Johnson Sirleaf 2007 George W. Bush
Ben Carson 2008 George W. Bush [59]
Anthony S. Fauci 2008 George W. Bush [59]
Tom Lantos 2008 George W. Bush [59]
Peter Pace 2008 George W. Bush [59]
Donna Shalala 2008 George W. Bush [59]
Laurence Silberman 2008 George W. Bush [59]
Tony Blair 2009 George W. Bush [60]
Ryan Crocker 2009 George W. Bush [61]
John Howard 2009 George W. Bush
Álvaro Uribe 2009 George W. Bush
Nancy Brinker 2009 Barack Obama [62]
Joe Medicine Crow 2009 Barack Obama [63]
Pedro José Greer 2009 Barack Obama [63]
Stephen Hawking 2009 Barack Obama [63]
Jack Kemp 2009 Barack Obama [63]
Ted Kennedy 2009 Barack Obama [63]
Billie Jean King 2009 Barack Obama [63]
Joseph Lowery 2009 Barack Obama [63]
Harvey Milk 2009 Barack Obama [63]
Sandra Day O'Connor 2009 Barack Obama [64]
Sidney Poitier 2009 Barack Obama [5]
Chita Rivera 2009 Barack Obama [63]
Mary Robinson 2009 Barack Obama [63]
Janet Rowley 2009 Barack Obama [63]
Desmond Tutu 2009 Barack Obama [63]
Muhammad Yunus 2009 Barack Obama
John H. Adams 2011 Barack Obama [4]
Maya Angelou 2011 Barack Obama [4]
Warren Buffett 2011 Barack Obama [4]
George H. W. Bush 2011 Barack Obama [4]
Robert Gates 2011 Barack Obama
Jasper Johns 2011 Barack Obama [4]
John Lewis 2011 Barack Obama [4]
Tom Little 2011 Barack Obama [4]
Yo-Yo Ma 2011 Barack Obama [4]
Sylvia Mendez 2011 Barack Obama [4]
Angela Merkel 2011 Barack Obama [4]
Stan Musial 2011 Barack Obama [4]
Bill Russell 2011 Barack Obama [4]
Jean Kennedy Smith 2011 Barack Obama [4]
John J. Sweeney 2011 Barack Obama [4]
Gerda Weissmann Klein 2011 Barack Obama [4]
Madeleine Albright 2012 Barack Obama [65]
Bob Dylan 2012 Barack Obama [65]
William Foege 2012 Barack Obama [65]
John Glenn 2012 Barack Obama [65]
Juliette Gordon Low 2012 Barack Obama [65]
Gordon Hirabayashi 2012 Barack Obama [65]
Dolores Huerta 2012 Barack Obama [65]
Jan Karski 2012 Barack Obama [65]
Toni Morrison 2012 Barack Obama [65]
Shimon Peres 2012 Barack Obama [65]
John Paul Stevens 2012 Barack Obama [65]
Pat Summitt 2012 Barack Obama [65]
Patricia Wald 2012 Barack Obama [65]
Ernie Banks 2013 Barack Obama [66]
Ben Bradlee 2013 Barack Obama [67]
Bill Clinton 2013 Barack Obama [67]
John Doar 2013 Barack Obama [67]
Daniel Inouye 2013 Barack Obama [67]
Daniel Kahneman 2013 Barack Obama [67]
Richard Lugar 2013 Barack Obama [67]
Loretta Lynn 2013 Barack Obama [67]
Mario J. Molina 2013 Barack Obama [67]
Sally Ride 2013 Barack Obama [68]
Bayard Rustin 2013 Barack Obama [67]
Arturo Sandoval 2013 Barack Obama [67]
Dean Smith 2013 Barack Obama [67]
Gloria Steinem 2013 Barack Obama [67]
C. T. Vivian 2013 Barack Obama [67]
Oprah Winfrey 2013 Barack Obama [67]
Alvin Ailey 2014 Barack Obama [69]
Isabel Allende 2014 Barack Obama [69]
Tom Brokaw 2014 Barack Obama [69]
James Chaney 2014 Barack Obama [69]
John Dingell 2014 Barack Obama
Mildred Dresselhaus 2014 Barack Obama
Andrew Goodman 2014 Barack Obama [69]
Ethel Kennedy 2014 Barack Obama [69]
Abner Mikva 2014 Barack Obama
Patsy Mink 2014 Barack Obama
Edward Roybal 2014 Barack Obama
Michael Schwerner 2014 Barack Obama [69]
Suzan Shown Harjo 2014 Barack Obama [69]
Charlie Sifford 2014 Barack Obama [69]
Robert Solow 2014 Barack Obama [70]
Meryl Streep 2014 Barack Obama [69]
Marlo Thomas 2014 Barack Obama [69]
Stevie Wonder 2014 Barack Obama [69]
Frank Gehry 2016 Barack Obama [71]
Maya Lin 2016 Barack Obama [71]
Steven Spielberg 2015 Barack Obama [72]
Robert Redford 2016 Barack Obama [71]
Robert De Niro 2016 Barack Obama [71]
Tom Hanks 2016 Barack Obama [71]
Cicely Tyson 2016 Barack Obama [71]
Emilio Estefan 2015 Barack Obama [72]
Gloria Estefan 2015 Barack Obama [72]
Itzhak Perlman 2015 Barack Obama [72]
Stephen Sondheim 2015 Barack Obama [69]
Barbra Streisand 2015 Barack Obama [72]
James Taylor 2015 Barack Obama [72]
Diana Ross 2016 Barack Obama [71]
Bruce Springsteen 2016 Barack Obama [73]
Elvis Presley 2018 Donald Trump [74]
Arthur Laffer 2019 Donald Trump [75]
Grace Hopper 2016 Barack Obama [71]
Margaret Hamilton 2016 Barack Obama [71]
Eduardo J. Padrón 2016 Barack Obama [71]
Newton N. Minow 2016 Barack Obama [71]
Alan Page 2018 Donald Trump [74]
Antonin Scalia 2018 Donald Trump [74]
Lorne Michaels 2016 Barack Obama [71]
Ellen DeGeneres 2016 Barack Obama [71]
Bill Gates 2016 Barack Obama [71]
Melinda Gates 2016 Barack Obama [71]
Miriam Adelson 2018 Donald Trump [74]
Minoru Yasui 2015 Barack Obama [72]
Billy Frank Jr. 2015 Barack Obama [72]
Elouise P. Cobell 2016 Barack Obama [71]
Edwin Meese 2019 Donald Trump [76]
Shirley Chisholm 2015 Barack Obama [72]
Lee H. Hamilton 2015 Barack Obama [72]
Barbara Mikulski 2015 Barack Obama [72]
Orrin Hatch 2018 Donald Trump [74]
Joe Biden 2017 Barack Obama WD [77][78]
William Ruckelshaus 2015 Barack Obama [72]
Richard Garwin 2016 Barack Obama [71]
Katherine Johnson 2015 Barack Obama [72]
Yogi Berra 2015 Barack Obama [72]
Bonnie Carroll 2015 Barack Obama [72]
Willie Mays 2015 Barack Obama [72]
Vin Scully 2016 Barack Obama [71]
Kareem Abdul-Jabbar 2016 Barack Obama [71]
Michael Jordan 2016 Barack Obama [71]
Babe Ruth 2018 Donald Trump [74]
Roger Staubach 2018 Donald Trump [74]
Tiger Woods 2019 Donald Trump [79]
Bob Cousy 2019 Donald Trump [80]
Jerry West 2019 Donald Trump [81]
Mariano Rivera 2019 Donald Trump [82]
Roger Penske 2019 Donald Trump [83]
Jack Keane 2020 Donald Trump [84]
Rush Limbaugh 2020 Donald Trump [b] [86]

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Lehman died the day before the ceremony.[9]
  2. ^ Awarded during 2020 State of the Union Address.[85]

BibliographyEdit

  • Wetterau, Bruce. The Presidential Medal of Freedom: Winners and Their Achievements. p. 513. ISBN 978-1-56802-128-7. – contains a list of awardees from 1963 to approximately 1995

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Executive Order 11085 The Presidential Medal of Freedom, retrieved July 30, 2009 Archived May 30, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ a b c d e f Woolley, John T; Peters, Gerhard. "Remarks With Under Secretary of State George W. Ball at the Presentation of the Medal of Freedom Awards, December 6, 1963". The American Presidency Project. University of California, Santa Barbara. Retrieved February 9, 2011.
  3. ^ "Medal of Freedom Ceremony" (August 12, 2009) Archived August 12, 2009, at the Wayback Machine, a news release, August 12, 2009, from the White House Press Secretary at whitehouse.gov, the White House's official website. Retrieved August 22, 2009.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p "President Obama Names Presidential Medal of Freedom Recipients". whitehouse.gov. The White House. November 17, 2010. Retrieved November 18, 2010.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w Secretary of the Senate, United States Congress. "Presidential Medal of Freedom Recipients". Official Website of the United States Senate. United States Senate (Government of the United States). Retrieved November 14, 2011.
  6. ^ a b Clinton, W. J. (September 30, 1993). "Remarks on the Retirement of General Colin Powell in Arlington, Virginia". University of California, Santa Barbara: The American Presidency Project. Retrieved September 18, 2016.
  7. ^ The National First Ladies Library (November 16, 2010). Heroes of the Presidential Medal of Freedom (PDF). Canton Ohio. p. 3. Retrieved February 11, 2011. Marian Anderson (1897–1993)...Presidential Medal of Freedom received December 6, 1963
  8. ^ "Distinguished Cellists in the White House". WHHA (en-US). Retrieved March 20, 2020.
  9. ^ a b Woolley, John T; Gerhard Peters. "Remarks With Under Secretary of State George W. Ball at the Presentation of the Medal of Freedom Awards, December 6, 1963". The American Presidency Project. University of California, Santa Barbara. Retrieved February 9, 2011.
  10. ^ Woolley, John T; Gerhard Peters. "Remarks With Under Secretary of State George W. Ball at the Presentation of the Medal of Freedom Awards, December 6, 1963". The American Presidency Project. University of California, Santa Barbara. Retrieved February 9, 2011.
  11. ^ "Clarence B. Randall, 76, Dies". Chicago Tribune. August 6, 1967. Retrieved January 13, 2017.
  12. ^ The National First Ladies Library (November 16, 2010). Heroes of the Presidential Medal of Freedom (PDF). Canton Ohio. p. 3. Retrieved February 11, 2011. Annie Wauneka (1910–1997)...Presidential Medal of Freedom received December 6, 1963
  13. ^ Woolley, John T; Gerhard Peters. "Remarks With Under Secretary of State George W. Ball at the Presentation of the Medal of Freedom Awards, December 6, 1963". The American Presidency Project. University of California, Santa Barbara. Retrieved February 9, 2011.
  14. ^ "Presidential Medal of Freedom – John F. Kennedy Presidential Library & Museum". Jfklibrary.org. December 6, 1963. Retrieved January 5, 2011.
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