United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit
- Middle District of Alabama
- Northern District of Alabama
- Southern District of Alabama
- Middle District of Florida
- Northern District of Florida
- Southern District of Florida
- Middle District of Georgia
- Northern District of Georgia
- Southern District of Georgia
|United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit|
|Location||Elbert P. Tuttle U.S. Court of Appeals Building, Atlanta, Georgia|
|Established||October 1, 1981|
|Chief Judge||Edward Earl Carnes|
|Circuit justice||Clarence Thomas|
These districts were originally part of the Fifth Circuit, but were split off to form the Eleventh Circuit effective October 1, 1981. For this reason, Fifth Circuit decisions from before this split are considered binding precedent in the Eleventh Circuit.
The court is based at the Elbert P. Tuttle U.S. Court of Appeals Building in Atlanta, Georgia, named for Elbert Tuttle who served as Chief Judge of the Fifth Circuit in the 1960s and was known for issuing decisions which advanced the civil rights of African-Americans.
Eleventh Circuit Judge Gerald Bard Tjoflat is currently the longest-serving federal appeals court judge still in active service, having served since 1975.
The Eleventh Circuit is one of the thirteen United States courts of appeals.
Current composition of the courtEdit
|#||Title||Judge||Duty station||Born||Term of service||Appointed by|
|24||Chief Judge||Edward Earl Carnes||Montgomery, AL||1950||1992–present||2013–present||—||G.H.W. Bush|
|9||Circuit Judge||Gerald Bard Tjoflat||Jacksonville, FL||1929||1981–present||1989–1996||—||Ford|
|26||Circuit Judge||Frank M. Hull||Atlanta, GA||1948||1997–present||—||—||Clinton|
|27||Circuit Judge||Stanley Marcus||Miami, FL||1946||1997–present||—||—||Clinton|
|28||Circuit Judge||Charles R. Wilson||Tampa, FL||1954||1999–present||—||—||Clinton|
|29||Circuit Judge||William H. Pryor Jr.||Birmingham, AL||1962||2004–present||—||—||G.W. Bush|
|30||Circuit Judge||Beverly B. Martin||Atlanta, GA||1955||2010–present||—||—||Obama|
|31||Circuit Judge||Adalberto Jordan||Miami, FL||1961||2012–present||—||—||Obama|
|32||Circuit Judge||Robin S. Rosenbaum||Fort Lauderdale, FL||1966||2014–present||—||—||Obama|
|33||Circuit Judge||Julie E. Carnes||Atlanta, GA||1950||2014–present||—||—||Obama|
|34||Circuit Judge||Jill A. Pryor||Atlanta, GA||1963||2014–present||—||—||Obama|
|35||Circuit Judge||Kevin Newsom||Birmingham, AL||1972||2017–present||—||—||Trump|
|11||Senior Circuit Judge||Peter T. Fay||Miami, FL||1929||1981–1994||—||1994–present||Ford|
|15||Senior Circuit Judge||R. Lanier Anderson III||Macon, GA||1936||1981–2009||1999–2002||2009–present||Carter|
|19||Senior Circuit Judge||James Larry Edmondson||Jasper, GA||1947||1986–2012||2002–2009||2012–present||Reagan|
|20||Senior Circuit Judge||Emmett Ripley Cox||Mobile, AL||1935||1988–2000||—||2000–present||Reagan|
|22||Senior Circuit Judge||Joel Fredrick Dubina||Montgomery, AL||1947||1990–2013||2009–2013||2013–present||G.H.W. Bush|
|23||Senior Circuit Judge||Susan Harrell Black||Jacksonville, FL||1943||1992–2011||—||2011–present||G.H.W. Bush|
Vacancies and pending nominationsEdit
|Seat||Seat Last Held By||Vacancy Reason||Date of Vacancy||Nominee||Date of Nomination|
|3||Frank M. Hull||Senior Status||TBD||Elizabeth L. Branch||September 7, 2017|
List of former judgesEdit
|#||Judge||State||Born–died||Active service||Chief Judge||Senior status||Appointed by||Reason for
|1||Rives, RichardRichard Rives||AL||1895–1982||—||—||1981–1982||Truman, Truman||death|
|2||Tuttle, ElbertElbert Tuttle||GA||1897–1996||—||—||1981–1996||Eisenhower, Eisenhower||death|
|3||Jones, Warren LeroyWarren Leroy Jones||FL||1895–1993||—||—||1981–1993||Eisenhower, Eisenhower||death|
|4||Godbold, John CooperJohn Cooper Godbold||AL||1920–2009||1981–1987||1981–1986||1987–2009||Johnson, L.L. Johnson||death|
|5||Dyer, David WilliamDavid William Dyer||FL||1910–1998||—||—||1981–1998||Johnson, L.L. Johnson||death|
|6||Simpson, John Milton BryanJohn Milton Bryan Simpson||FL||1903–1987||—||—||1981–1987||Johnson, L.L. Johnson||death|
|7||Morgan, Lewis RenderLewis Render Morgan||GA||1913–2001||—||—||1981–2001||Johnson, L.L. Johnson||death|
|8||Roney, Paul HitchPaul Hitch Roney||FL||1921–2006||1981–1989||1986–1989||1989–2006||Nixon, Nixon||death|
|10||Hill, James ClinkscalesJames Clinkscales Hill||FL||1924–2017||1981–1989||—||1989–2017||Ford||death|
|12||Vance, Robert SmithRobert Smith Vance||AL||1931–1989||1981–1989||—||—||Carter, Carter||death|
|13||Kravitch, Phyllis A.Phyllis A. Kravitch||GA||1920–2017||1981–1996||—||1996–2017||Carter, Carter||death|
|14||Johnson, Frank MinisFrank Minis Johnson||AL||1918–1999||1981–1991||—||1991–1999||Carter, Carter||death|
|16||Hatchett, Joseph W.Joseph W. Hatchett||FL||1932–present||1981–1999||1996–1999||—||Carter, Carter||retirement|
|17||Henderson, Albert JohnAlbert John Henderson||GA||1920–1999||1981–1986||—||1986–1999||Carter, Carter||death|
|18||Clark, Thomas AlonzoThomas Alonzo Clark||GA||1920–2005||1981–1991||—||1991–2005||Carter, Carter||death|
|21||Birch Jr., Stanley F.Stanley F. Birch Jr.||GA||1945–present||1990–2010||—||—||G.H.W. Bush, G.H.W. Bush||retirement|
|25||Barkett, RosemaryRosemary Barkett||FL||1939–present||1994–2013||—||—||Clinton, Clinton||retirement|
Chief judges have administrative responsibilities with respect to their circuits, and preside over any panel on which they serve unless the circuit justice (i.e., the Supreme Court justice responsible for the circuit) is also on the panel. Unlike the Supreme Court, where one justice is specifically nominated to be chief, the office of chief judge rotates among the circuit judges. To be chief, a judge must have been in active service on the court for at least one year, be under the age of 65, and have not previously served as chief judge. A vacancy is filled by the judge highest in seniority among the group of qualified judges. The chief judge serves for a term of seven years or until age 70, whichever occurs first. The age restrictions are waived if no members of the court would otherwise be qualified for the position.
When the office was created in 1948, the chief judge was the longest-serving judge who had not elected to retire on what has since 1958 been known as senior status or declined to serve as chief judge. After August 6, 1959, judges could not become chief after turning 70 years old. The current rules have been in operation since October 1, 1982.
Succession of seatsEdit
The court has twelve seats for active judges, numbered in the order in which they were filled. Judges who retire into senior status remain on the bench but leave their seat vacant. That seat is filled by the next circuit judge appointed by the president.
- Fifth Circuit Court of Appeals Reorganization Act of 1980, Pub.L. 96–452, 94 Stat. 1994, enacted October 14, 1980
- Bonner v. City of Prichard, 661 F.2d 1206 (11th Cir. 1981).
- Stein v. Reynolds Secs., Inc., 667 F.2d 33 (11th Cir. 1982).
- Reassigned from the United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit pursuant to 94 Stat. 1994.
- Recess appointment, confirmed by the United States Senate at a later date.
- Future Judicial Vacancies
- "Standard Search". Federal Law Clerk Information System. Retrieved June 20, 2005.
- primary but incomplete source for the duty stations
- "Instructions for Judicial Directory". Website of the University of Texas Law School. Archived from the original on November 11, 2005. Retrieved July 4, 2005.
- secondary source for the duty stations
- data is current to 2002
- "U. S. Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit". Official website of the Federal Judicial Center. Archived from the original on April 24, 2005. Retrieved June 20, 2005.
- source for the state, lifetime, term of active judgeship, term of chief judgeship, term of senior judgeship, appointer, termination reason, and seat information
|Wikisource has original works on the topic: United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit|
- United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit
- Recent opinions from FindLaw
- Courthouse map links: