Democratic National Committee
The Democratic National Committee (DNC) is the formal governing body for the United States Democratic Party. The committee coordinates strategy to support Democratic Party candidates throughout the country for local, state, and national office. It organizes the Democratic National Convention held every four years to nominate and confirm a candidate for president, and to formulate the party platform. While it provides support for party candidates, it does not have direct authority over elected officials.
430 South Capitol St SE,,
Washington, D.C. 20003
The DNC is composed of the chairs and vice-chairs of each state Democratic Party committee and more than 200 members elected by Democrats in all 50 states and the territories. Its chair is elected by the committee. It conducts fundraising to support its activities.
The DNC is responsible for articulating and promoting the Democratic platform and coordinating party organizational activity. When the president is a Democrat, the party generally works closely with the president. In presidential elections it supervises the national convention and, both independently and in coordination with the presidential candidate, raises funds, commissions polls, and coordinates campaign strategy. Following the selection of a party nominee, the public funding laws permit the national party to coordinate certain expenditures with the nominee, but additional funds are spent on general, party-building activities. There are state committees in every state, as well as local committees in most cities, wards, and towns (and, in most states, counties).
The chairperson of the DNC is elected by vote of members of the Democratic National Committee.:5 The DNC is composed of the chairs and vice-chairs of each state Democratic Party's central committee, two hundred members apportioned among the states based on population and generally elected either on the ballot by primary voters or by the state Democratic Party committee, a number of elected officials serving in an ex officio capacity, and a variety of representatives of major Democratic Party constituencies.
The DNC establishes rules for the caucuses and primaries which choose delegates to the Democratic National Convention, but the caucuses and primaries themselves are most often run not by the DNC but instead by each individual state. Primary elections, in particular, are invariably conducted by state governments according to their own laws. Political parties may choose to participate or not participate in a state's primary election, but no political party executives have any jurisdiction over the dates of primary elections, or how they are conducted.
Outside of the process of nominating a presidential candidate, the DNC's role in actually selecting candidates to run on the party ticket is minimal.
All DNC members are superdelegates to the Democratic National Convention whose role can influence a close primary race. These delegates, officially described as "unpledged party leader and elected official delegates," fall into three categories based on other positions they hold:
- elected members of the Democratic National Committee,
- sitting Democratic governors and members of Congress, and
- distinguished party leaders, consisting of current and former presidents, vice presidents, congressional leaders, and DNC chairs, are all superdelegates for life.
In the 2002 election cycle, the DNC and its affiliated committees (which include numerous local committees and committees formed to coordinate expenditures for specific districts or races) raised a total of US$162,062,084, 42% of which was hard money. The largest contributor, with US$7,297,937 was the Saban Capital Group, founded in 2001 by Haim Saban. Fred Eychaner, the owner of Newsweb Corporation, gave the second highest amount of money to the DNC and its affiliates, US$5,175,000. The third largest contributor was Steve Bing of Shangri-La Entertainment, who gave US$4,758,000.
In the 2006 election cycle, the DNC raised a total of US$37,939,887. The three largest contributors were investment bank Goldman Sachs (US$225,600). University of California (US$121,980) and Pond North LLP (US$109,296).
The DNC introduced a small-donor fund raising campaign, the Democracy Bonds program, set up by Howard Dean in the summer of 2005. There were only 31,000 Democracy Bond donors by May 2006, off-pace from the goal of 1 million donors by 2008. The program no longer is in place.
In the 2016 election cycle, the DNC raised a total of US$75,945,536 as of July 21, 2016. The three largest contributors were hedge fund Renaissance Technologies (US$677,850), Newsweb Corp (US$334,000) and Total Wine (US$298,100).
In June 2008, after Senator Barack Obama became the presumptive Democratic presidential nominee, Dean announced that the DNC, emulating the Obama campaign, would no longer accept donations from federal lobbyists. In July 2015, during the 2016 election cycle, the DNC, led by Debbie Wasserman Schultz, reversed this policy.
- Chair: Tom Perez, former U.S. Secretary of Labor under Barack Obama
- Vice Chair of Civic Engagement and Voter Participation: Karen Carter Peterson
- Vice Chairs:
- Michael Blake, New York Assemblyman
- Jaime Harrison, Associate Chair and former South Carolina Democratic Party Chairman
- Maria Elena Durazo, Executive Secretary–Treasurer of the AFL-CIO
- Ken Martin, Chair of the Minnesota Democratic-Farmer-Labor Party
- Grace Meng, U.S. Representative from New York's 6th congressional district
- Treasurer: William "Bill" Derrough
- Secretary: Jason Rae
- Finance Chair: Chris Korge II
List of DNC ChairsEdit
List of DNC Deputy ChairsEdit
|Susan W. Turnbull||2003–2005||Maryland|
Refusal To Give Climate Crisis Appropriate AttentionEdit
This section does not cite any sources. (July 2019) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
Tom Perez has said there will be no debate dedicated to the climate crisis. Moreover, any candidate who participates in a debate not sponsored by the DNC will be barred from all future official DNC debates. Some critics see these rules as clear signs the DNC is in the pockets of the fossil fuel industry. Others see it as a sign that the DNC is afraid giving the climate crisis attention will only feed right wing anti-socialist propaganda.[neutrality is disputed] Critics of the DNC note that the U.S. military has identified the climate crisis as their greatest national security threat, and has prepared for water wars, growing climate refugees, and resulting social upheaval due to drought, such as those seen during the Arab Spring, and in Syria, Yemen, and Central America. Thus, critics of the DNC have reason to believe they must be corrupt to downplay the climate crisis, and point to the corruption of the 2016 election as reason not to trust them in 2019 and 2020.[neutrality is disputed]
The Chinagate was an alleged effort by the People's Republic of China to influence domestic American politics prior to and during the Clinton administration and also involved the fund-raising practices of the administration itself.
Illegal fund raisingEdit
- According to committee officials and security experts, two competing Russian intelligence services were discovered on DNC computer networks sometime in May 2016. One intelligence service achieved infiltration beginning in the summer of 2015 and the other service breached and roamed the network beginning in April 2016. The two groups accessed emails, chats, and research on an opposing presidential candidate. They were expelled from the DNC system in June 2016.
- The hacker Guccifer 2.0 claimed that he hacked into the Democratic National Committee computer network and then leaked its emails to both the newspaper The Hill and the whistleblowing website WikiLeaks. "Hillary Clinton’s campaign manager, Robby Mook, cited experts saying that the DNC emails were leaked by the Russians." The press and cybersecurity firms discredited the Guccifer 2.0 claim, as investigators now believe Guccifer 2.0 was an agent of the G.R.U., Russia's military intelligence service."
Alleged coordination with Clinton primary campaignEdit
On July 22, 2016, WikiLeaks released approximately 20,000 DNC emails. Critics claimed that the Committee unequally favored Hillary Clinton and acted in support of her nomination while opposing the candidacy of her primary challenger Bernie Sanders. Donna Brazile corroborated these allegations in an excerpt of her book published by Politico in November 2017, and also claimed that the Clinton campaign bought control of the DNC. The leaked emails spanned sixteen months, terminating in May 2016. The hack was claimed by Guccifer 2.0, but several cybersecurity firms believe this assertion is false, instead alleging that the hacks were perpetrated by Russia, as mentioned above.
The WikiLeaks releases led to the resignations of Chairperson Debbie Wasserman Schultz, Communications Director Luis Miranda, Chief Financial Officer Brad Marshall and Chief Executive Amy Dacey.
The Democratic Party's national committee has existed since 1848. During the 1848 Democratic National Convention, a resolution was passed creating the Democratic National Committee, composed of thirty members, one person per state, chosen by the states' delegations, and chaired by Benjamin F. Hallett.
- Party History. Retrieved February 17, 2007. Archived November 4, 2006, at the Wayback Machine
- Smith, Melissa M.; Williams, Glenda C.; Powell, Larry; Copeland, Gary A. (2010). Campaign Finance Reform: The Political Shell Game. Lexington Books. p. 14. ISBN 9780739145678. Retrieved October 26, 2017.
- "Democrats.org". DNC.
- "Public Funding of Presidential Elections". Federal Election Commission. February 2005. Retrieved October 29, 2006.
- DNC 2018 Charter
- "Delegate Selection Materials For the 2016 Democratic National Convention" (PDF). December 15, 2014. Retrieved May 19, 2016.
- "Top Contributors 2002 Election Cycle DNC: OpenSecrets". www.opensecrets.org. Retrieved August 3, 2016.
- "Top Contributors DNC 2006 Cycle". www.opensecrets.org. Center for Responsive Politics. June 17, 2013. Retrieved August 3, 2016.
- 2006 Democracy Bonds. Retrieved on August 2, 2007. Archived August 13, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
- "Top Contributors DNC 2016 Election". OpenSecrets.org. Center for Responsive Politics. July 21, 2016. Retrieved August 3, 2016.
- Rhee, Foon (June 5, 2008). "DNC bars Washington lobbyist money". The Boston Globe. Archived from the original on July 15, 2008.
- Smilowitz, Elliot (July 24, 2015). "DNC to allow lobbyist money to fund conventions". The Hill. Retrieved August 2, 2016.
- David Weigel (February 25, 2017). "Thomas Perez elected the first Latino leader of Democratic Party". The Washington Post. Retrieved February 25, 2017.
- Tani, Maxwell (April 19, 2017). "DNC rolls out new jobs for top brass, including Keith Ellison's newly created position". Business Insider. Retrieved March 27, 2019.
- Democratic National Committee (January 22, 2013). "Democratic National Committee Elects New Officers at Meeting in Washington Today". Democrats.org. Archived from the original on February 2, 2013. Retrieved January 25, 2013.
- "Democratic Party on Twitter". Twitter. Retrieved February 27, 2017.
- "Rep. Grace Meng Elected DNC Vice Chairwoman". Roll Call. July 29, 2016. Retrieved July 29, 2016.
- "Democratic Party on Twitter". Twitter. Retrieved February 26, 2017.
- "Democratic Party on Twitter". Twitter. Retrieved February 26, 2017.
- Lawrence Kestenbaum. "A Database of Historic Cemeteries". The Political Graveyard web site. Retrieved December 29, 2010.
- Cohen, Joshua (May 4, 2011). "Breaking News: Debbie Wasserman Schultz Elected DNC Chair". Democrats.org. Archived from the original on August 2, 2013. Retrieved August 20, 2013.
- "Ben Johnson | The HistoryMakers". The History Makers. Retrieved March 20, 2017.
- "DNC's second in command steps down after winning attorney general race in Minnesota". USA Today. Retrieved December 14, 2018.
- "Fund-raiser Charlie Trie pleads guilty under plea agreement". CNN. May 21, 1999. Archived from the original on August 5, 2006.
- "New Clinton Scandal Mirrors 'Chinagate,' Say Analysts". CNS News. July 7, 2008.
- "Chinagate and the Clintons". The American Spectator. October 6, 2016.
- "DNC fined for illegal 1996 fund raising". CNN. September 23, 2002. Archived from the original on May 14, 2008.
- Nakashima, Ellem (June 14, 2016). "Russian government hackers penetrated DNC, stole opposition research on Trump". The Washington Post. Washington, D.C. Retrieved July 22, 2016.
- "'Lone Hacker' Claims Responsibility for Cyber Attack on Democrats". NBC News. June 16, 2016. Retrieved July 27, 2016.
- Sanger, David E.; Corasaniti, Rick (June 14, 2016). "D.N.C. Says Russian Hackers Penetrated Its Files, Including Dossier on Donald Trump". The New York Times. New York City. Retrieved July 24, 2016.
- Uchill, Joe (July 13, 2016). "Guccifer 2.0 releases new DNC docs". The Hill. Retrieved July 27, 2016.
- Joe, Uchill (July 18, 2016). "New Guccifer 2.0 dump highlights 'wobbly Dems' on Iran deal". The Hill. Retrieved July 27, 2016.
- Ross, Chuck (July 22, 2016). "Wikileaks Releases Nearly 20,000 Hacked DNC Emails". The Daily Caller. Retrieved July 27, 2016.
- Mackey, Robert (July 26, 2016). "If Russian Intelligence Did Hack the DNC, the NSA Would Know, Snowden Says". The Intercept. Retrieved July 27, 2016.
- "EXCLUSIVE: WikiLeaks' Julian Assange on Releasing DNC Emails That Ousted Debbie Wasserman Schultz". Democracy Now!. July 25, 2016. Retrieved July 27, 2016.
- Alperovitch, Dmitri (June 15, 2016). "Bears in the Midst: Intrusion into the Democratic National Committee". From The Front Lines. CrowdStrike, Inc. Retrieved July 22, 2016.
- Sanger, David E.; Schmitt, Eric (July 26, 2016). "Spy Agency Consensus Grows That Russia Hacked D.N.C." The New York Times. Retrieved July 27, 2016.
- "WikiLeaks - Search the DNC email database". WikiLeaks. July 22, 2016. Retrieved August 3, 2016.
- Brazile, Donna (November 2, 2017). "Inside Hillary Clinton's Secret Takeover of the DNC". Politico. Retrieved November 4, 2017.
- Uchill, Joe (July 22, 2016). "WikiLeaks posts 20,000 DNC emails". The Hill. Retrieved July 23, 2016.
- "Guccifer 2.0 Claims Responsibility for WikiLeaks DNC Email Dump". Motherboard Vice. Retrieved August 2, 2016.
- Phillip, Abby; Zezima, Katie (August 2, 2016). "Top Democratic National Committee officials resign in wake of email breach". The Washington Post. Retrieved August 4, 2016.
- Hamburger, Tom; Helderman, Rosalind S.; Nakashima, Ellen (April 20, 2017). "Democratic Party sues Russia, Trump campaign and WikiLeaks alleging 2016 campaign conspiracy". The Washington Post.
- Macy, Jesse (1914). "Committees, Party". In McLaughlin, Andrew Cunningham; Bushnell Hart, Albert (eds.). Cyclopedia of American Government. 1. pp. 361–363.
- Edwin Howe, Joseph (1919). The Democratic National Committee, 1830–1876 (Master's thesis). University of Wisconsin–Madison – via Google Books.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Democratic National Committee.|
- Official website
- The Charter & The Bylaws of the Democratic Party of the United States (PDF) as amended by the DNC; December 3, 2005
- Democratic National Committee – 2016 (members)