The Pittsburgh Press (formerly known as The Pittsburg Press), published from 1884 to 1992, was a major afternoon daily newspaper in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, US. It was one of many competing city newspapers published prior to the First World War including The Hearst Corporation-owned Pittsburgh Sun-Telegraph, the Pittsburgh Dispatch, and the Block Communications-owned Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. At one time, the Press was the second largest newspaper in Pennsylvania, behind only the Philadelphia Inquirer. For four years starting in 2011, the brand was revived and applied to an afternoon online edition of the Post-Gazette.
|Type||Afternoon Daily newspaper (historical)|
Afternoon Daily online newspaper
|Owner(s)||E. W. Scripps Company (1923–1992)|
Block Communications (2011–2015)
|Founded||June 23, 1884|
|Ceased publication||July 28, 1992 (in print)|
|Relaunched||November 14, 2011–September 25, 2015|
|Headquarters||Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States|
The paper was started in 1884 by a group including Thomas J. Keenan Jr., who first planned the venture, and U.S. Representative Thomas M. Bayne, the publisher and principal stockholder. In 1901 Keenan, who had by then gained financial and editorial control of the paper, sold out to Oliver S. Hershman. The Scripps-Howard syndicate bought the paper from Hershman in 1923.
Originally The Evening Penny Press, the title changed to The Pittsburg Press in 1887. The paper referred to the city and its sports teams as "Pittsburg" until August 1921, when the letter H was added.
Joint operating agreementEdit
In 1961, the Press entered into a Joint Operating Agreement (JOA) with the competing Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. The Post-Gazette had previously purchased and merged with the Hearst Corporation's Pittsburgh Sun-Telegraph leaving just itself and the much larger Pittsburgh Press.
The JOA was to be managed by the Pittsburgh Press owners (E. W. Scripps Company) as the Press had the larger circulation and was the stronger of the two papers.
Under the JOA, the Post-Gazette became a 6-day morning paper, and the Pittsburgh Press became a 6-day afternoon paper in addition to publishing the sole Sunday paper.
The Sunday edition was popular with readers because of its two comics sections, which included Prince Valiant, Peanuts, Dick Tracy, Blondie, Gordo, Priscilla's Pop, and Jest in Pun, among many others, and because of the four inserted magazines: Press TV Guide, Family, Roto, and Weekly.
1992 strike, sale to the Post-GazetteEdit
On October 22, 1991, Press management announced major changes, designed to modernize its distribution system, at the initial bargaining with the Teamsters Local 211 union, as well as eight other unions. The unions' contracts with the Press were set to expire on December 31. Negotiations continued into 1992 with no agreement on a new contract The Teamsters employees finally walked off the job on May 17, effectively putting a halt to the publication of the Press and the Post-Gazette.
An attempt by both papers to resume distribution, with replacement drivers, began with the July 27 issues of both papers, and lasted two days, until they halted publication again due to resistance from the public and civic leaders. The second day, July 28, marked the final edition of the Press.
After months of failed negotiations, Scripps put the Pittsburgh Press up for sale on October 2, 1992. Block Communications, the owners of the much smaller JOA paper, the Post-Gazette, agreed to purchase the paper, effective November 30, upon the settlement of the strike. The first issue of the newly combined Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, the first in nearly six months, was published on January 18, 1993, as a single combined newspaper incorporating many features and personnel from the Press, which would no longer be published.
In return for the sale of the Press, Scripps received The Monterey County Herald. The sale required a ruling by the U.S. Department of Justice as the JOA was regulated by the Newspaper Preservation Act of 1970.
Block Communications announced on November 14, 2011 that it was bringing back the Press in an online-only edition for the afternoon, effective immediately. David Shribman, executive editor of the Post-Gazette, explained his paper's motivation for reviving the Press name, citing the fact that his newspaper still received letters to the editor addressed to the Press instead of the Post-Gazette, and that despite nearly 20 years since its last publication Pittsburgh natives still talked about the Press on a regular basis. Although published electronically, the new Press was formatted with a fixed layout replicating that of a traditional printed newspaper. The experiment ended with the issue of September 25, 2015.
- List of defunct newspapers of the United States
- Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, current owner of the "Press" name and present-day heir to its archives.
- Pittsburgh Press Co. v. Pittsburgh Commission on Human Relations
- Gigler, Rich (June 24, 1984). "Did we ever have a century!". The Pittsburgh Press. pp. A16–A17.
- Schooley, Tim (November 14, 2011). "Block brings back Pittsburgh Press in e-version". Pittsburgh Business Times. Retrieved April 29, 2016.
- "The Press bids farewell". The Pittsburgh Press. September 25, 2015. p. 1. Retrieved November 27, 2015.