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Hartford Courant

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The Hartford Courant is the largest daily newspaper in the U.S. state of Connecticut, and is often recognized as the oldest continuously published newspaper in the United States. A morning newspaper serving most of the state north of New Haven and east of Waterbury, its headquarters on Broad Street are a short walk from the state capitol. It reports regional news with a chain of bureaus in smaller cities and a series of local editions. It also operates CTNow, a Connecticut entertainment, dining and events website.

Hartford Courant
Logo of the Hartford Courant.jpg
Hartford Courant March 24 2008.jpg
TypeDaily newspaper
FormatBroadsheet
Owner(s)Tribune Publishing
PublisherAndrew Julien
Founded1764; 254 years ago (1764)
(as the Connecticut Courant)
Headquarters285 Broad Street
Hartford, CT 06105-3719
CountryUnited States
Circulation107,410 Weekday
171,592 Sunday/Weekend [1]
ISSN1047-4153
OCLC number8807834
Websitewww.courant.com

Beginning in 2000, it was owned by Tribune Company, which later combined the paper's management and facilities with those of Tribune-owned WTIC-TV in Hartford. In 2014, the newspapers were spun off to corporate parent Tribune Publishing.

Contents

HistoryEdit

 
Courant building on State Street (about 1900)

The Connecticut Courant began as a weekly on October 29, 1764, started by Thomas Green.[2][3][4] The word "courant", borrowed from the French (possibly by way of Dutch krant), was a popular name for English-language newspapers.[citation needed] The daily Hartford Courant traces its existence back to the weekly, thereby claiming the title "America's oldest continuously published newspaper", and adopting as its slogan, "Older than the nation." (The New Hampshire Gazette, which started publication in 1756 and all but disappeared into other publications for most of a century, trademarked the title of oldest paper in the nation after being revived as a small biweekly in 1989. See also the New York Post as oldest daily, and Time magazine's view of "oldest" claims.[5])

Joseph Roswell Hawley, a leading Republican politician and former governor of the state, in 1867 bought the newspaper, which he combined with the Press. Under his editorship, this became the most influential newspaper in Connecticut and one of the leading Republican papers in the country.

Emile Gauvereau became a reporter in 1916, and the managing editor in 1919. His energetic and often sensational news policies affronted Charles Clark, the owner and editor. Clark fired him when he refused to stop a series of stories about the exploitation of fake medical diplomas.

Herbert Brucker was the most prominent editor in the 20th century.[6]

Recent historyEdit

The Courant was purchased in 1979 by Times Mirror, the Los Angeles Times' parent company. The first years of out-of-town ownership are described by a former Courant reporter in a book titled Spiked: How Chain Management Corrupted America's Oldest Newspaper. [7] One criticism was that the new owners were more interested in awards, and less interested in traditional Courant devotion to exhaustive coverage of local news.

The Courant won a 1992 Pulitzer Prize for inquiring into problems with the Hubble Space Telescope (a Connecticut company was involved in the construction), and it won a 1999 Pulitzer Prize in the Breaking News category for coverage of a 1998 murder-suicide that took five lives at Connecticut Lottery headquarters. A series of articles about sexual abuse by the head of a worldwide Catholic order, published since February 1997, constituted the first denunciation of Marciel Maciel known to a wider audience.[8][9]

 
The current building of the Hartford Courant Co.

In 2000, Times Mirror and the Courant became part of the Tribune Company, one of the world's largest multimedia companies. Ironically, along the way, the Courant also acquired the Valley Advocate group of "alternative" weeklies started by two disgruntled Courant staff members in 1973. Under new ownership, it is co-owned with two local television stations: Fox affiliate WTIC-TV and The CW affiliate WCCT-TV.

The Courant is the most recent American newspaper to win the Society for News Design's World's Best Designed Newspaper award (awarded in 2005).[10] In 2006, the paper's investigation into mental health and suicides among Americans serving in the Iraq war was featured in the PBS documentary series Exposé: America's Investigative Reports in an episode entitled "Question 7".

In late June 2006, the Tribune Co. announced that Courant publisher Jack W. Davis Jr. would by replaced by Stephen D. Carver, vice president and general manager of Atlanta, Ga., TV station WATL. In March 2009, Tribune replaced Carver with Richard Graziano, who was given a dual role as Courant publisher and general manager of Tribune's two Hartford television stations.[citation needed] In May of the same year, Tribune announced that Jeff Levine, a newspaper executive with a background in marketing, would become "director of content" and that the editor or "print platform manager" of the Courant would report to Levine as would the news director of WTIC-TV. Shortly after that, the Courant's two highest ranking editors were let go.[11][12]

After 2010, Courant has offered early retirement and buyout packages to reduce staff as it continues to experience declines in advertising revenue. There have also been layoffs and reduction in pages. Newsroom staff peaked in 1994 at close to 400 staff, down to 175 staff by 2008, and 135 staff in 2009.[13]

On Nov. 18, 2013 Tribune Company announced the appointment of Nancy Meyer as Publisher, succeeding Rich Graziano who left to become President/General Manager of WPIX-TV (PIX11) in New York City. In 2014, the Courant purchased the ReminderNews chain of weekly newspapers.[14]

On October 10, 2014 Tribune Company announced the appointment of Rick Daniels as publisher of the Hartford Courant, succeeding Nancy Meyer who was promoted to Publisher and CEO of the Orlando Sentinel.[15]

Andrew Julien was named the combined publisher and editor in March 2016[16].

In 2018, the Hartford Courant joined more than 300 newspapers in releasing editorials in response to President's Trump's anti-media rhetoric, a show of solidarity initiated by The Boston Globe. "The Hartford Courant joins newspapers from around the country today to reaffirm that the press is not the enemy of the American people." [17][18]

News & Editorial [19]Edit

  • Editor-in-Chief: Andrew Julien
  • Towns Editor: Alaine Griffin
  • Investigative/Politics Editor: John Ferraro
  • Business & Politics Editor: Rick Green
  • Entertainment & Features Editor: Cindy Kuse
  • Sports Editor: Dan Brechlin
  • Breaking News Editor: Rick Green
  • CTNOW Editor: Cindy Kuse

AwardsEdit

Pulitzer PrizeEdit

Nancy Tracy of the Hartford Courant was a 1984 Pulitzer Prize Finalist in Feature Writing for her moving depiction of Meg Casey, a victim of premature aging.[20]

Robert S. Capers and Eric Lipton of the Hartford Courant won the 1992 Pulitzer Prize in Explanatory Journalism for their series on how a flawed mirror built at Connecticut's Perkin-Elmer Corporation immobilized the Hubble Space Telescope. [21] [22]

The Hartford Courant Staff won the 1999 Pulitzer Prize in Breaking News Reporting for its coverage of a shooting rampage in which a state lottery employee killed four supervisors then himself.[23] [24]

Reporters Mike McIntire and Jack Dolan of the Hartford Courant were 2001 Pulitzer Prize Finalists in Investigative Reporting for their work in revealing the mistakes of practicing doctors who have faced disciplinary action.[25]

Photojournalist Brad Clift was a 2003 Pulitzer Prize Finalist in Feature Photography for his photo series "Heroin Town", which depicted heroin use in Willimantic. [26]

Lisa Chedekel and Matthew Kauffman of the Hartford Courant were 2007 Pulitzer Prize Finalists in Investigative Reporting for their in-depth reporting on suicide rates among American soldiers in Iraq which led to congressional and military action addressing the issues raised in the series. [27]

The Hartford Courant Staff was a 2013 Pulitzer Prize Finalist for its comprehensive and compassionate coverage of the 2012 shooting massacre at Sandy Hook Elementary School. [28][29]

PoliticsEdit

The Courant weighed in on the contentious and antagonistic 2016 Presidential Election, endorsing Hilary Clinton over controversial contender Donald Trump.[30]

In the 2012 Presidential Election, the Courant endorsed President Barack Obama for a second term over Republican Mitt Romney.[citation needed]

In August 2018 the Courant endorsed Ned Lamont in the Democratic primary as the only "credible" choice compared to rival Joe Ganim.[31] The Courant went on to endorse independent candidate Oz Griebel in the general election.[32]

ControversiesEdit

Sleepy'sEdit

In August 2009, the Courant attracted some controversy over its firing of George Gombossy, a 40-year veteran of the paper and its consumer advocate at the time. Gombossy charged that the Courant had spiked an article he had written about an ongoing investigation by the Connecticut attorney general accusing Sleepy's (a major advertiser in the paper) of selling used and bedbug-infested mattresses as new.[33][34][35]

Gombossy's lawsuit against the Courant was thrown out by a Connecticut Superior Court judge in July 2010. In his decision, Judge Marshall K. Berger, Jr. remarked that newspaper owners and editors have a "paramount" right to "control [the] content of their papers," further observing that in his role at the Courant, Gombossy had "no constitutional right to publish anything."[36]

However, Gombossy's attorneys filed a second complaint, and Judge Berger reinstated the complaint. The case headed to trial in the fall of 2011.

PlagiarismEdit

In September 2009 the Courant's publisher, Richard Graziano, publicly apologized as the newspaper accepted a plagiarism charge. Competitors had accused the Courant of taking its content without permission and refusing to give proper credit.[37][38]

CommunityEdit

Camp CourantEdit

For over 123 years Camp Courant has been a centerpiece in the Hartford community and a welcomed signifier of summer for the city's youth. The camp was founded in 1894 by a group of Hartford Courant employees who wanted to make a difference and today the camp now now serves over 1,000 of Hartford's children, ages five to 12, generally between 500 - 600 children per day for six weeks each summer. Camp Courant is the largest free summer day camp in the country and is the only summer camp servicing Hartford's inner-city youth. The program provides transportation, preventive and acute health and social work services, two meals a day, and recreational, educational and developmental activities, all at no cost to the camper or their family. The camp totes programming that helps campers develop into healthy, responsible adults. Camp Courant is located on a 36-acre site in Farmington, which is leased from the City of Hartford.[39]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Hartford Courant Media Kit" (PDF).
  2. ^ "The Oldest Continuously Published Newspaper – Today in History". ConnecticutHistory.org. Retrieved 2014-01-15.
  3. ^ Shapiro, Bruce (December 19, 1987). "Spiked: how chain management corrupted America's oldest newspaper". The Nation. Retrieved January 15, 2014 – via HighBeam Research. (subscription required)
  4. ^ Negri, Gloria (September 26, 1990). "First Colonial Newspaper Now on Exhibit in Boston". The Boston Globe. Affiliated Publications. Retrieved January 15, 2014 – via HighBeam Research. (subscription required)
  5. ^ "Newspapers: Who's the Oldest What?" (subscription required). Time. Time Inc. May 1, 1964. Retrieved January 15, 2014.
  6. ^ Herbert Brucker, Journalist, eyewitness to history (Macmillan, 1962)
  7. ^ Andrew Kreig (1987). Spiked: How Chain Management Corrupted America's Oldest Newspaper. Old Saybrook, Connecticut: Peregrine Press. ISBN 978-0-933614-27-7.
  8. ^ "Courant Coverage of the Rev. Marciel Maciel Degollado". Hartford Courant. Retrieved 2014-01-15. [self-published source]
  9. ^ Rodríguez, Jesús (2011-04-29). "El aliado oscuro de Juan Pablo II". El País. Retrieved 2014-01-15.
  10. ^ "'Die Zeit': World's Best Designed Newspaper 2004 Auszeichnung erhalten"[permanent dead link] March 2, 2005 medienhandbuch.de accessed May 4, 2010
  11. ^ Staff, "Check Out The New 'Mr. Content'" New Haven Independent May 17, 2009
  12. ^ http://www.hartfordadvocate.com/article.cfm?aid=13039 Archived May 23, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.
  13. ^ Gosselin, Kenneth R. (July 7, 2011). "Courant Trims Newsroom Jobs". Hartford Courant. Tribune Publishing.
  14. ^ "Hartford (CT) Courant to Acquire ReminderNews Publications – Editor & Publisher". Editorandpublisher.com. Retrieved 9 December 2017.
  15. ^ GOSSELIN, KENNETH R. "Rick Daniels Named Courant Publisher; Nancy Meyer Leaving For Florida Media Group". Hartford Courant. Tribune Publishing. Retrieved December 9, 2017.
  16. ^ Gosselin, Ken (March 2, 2016). "Julien Named Courant Publisher And Editor-in-Chief In Tribune Shake-Up". The Hartford Courant. Retrieved 20 September 2018.
  17. ^ "Editorial: The President Wants You To Think We're The Enemy. Here's What We Really Do".
  18. ^ "'We are not the enemy': 16 must-read editorials that capture the spirit of a free press".
  19. ^ "News & Editorial Staff".
  20. ^ "1984 Pulitzer Prize Finalist in Feature Writing". www.pulitzer.org. Retrieved 2018-09-24.
  21. ^ Writer, ROBERT S. CAPERS; Courant Staff. "REPAIR OF BLURRY HUBBLE TELESCOPE IS CRITICAL TIME FOR NASA, SCIENCE". courant.com. Retrieved 2018-09-24.
  22. ^ "1992 Pulitzer Prize in Explanatory Journalism Winner". www.pulitzer.org. Retrieved 2018-09-24.
  23. ^ "Pulitzer Winner". www.pulitzer.org. Retrieved 2018-09-24.
  24. ^ "CNN - Lottery gunman's parents: 'We love you Matt -- but why?' - Mar. 8, 1998". www.cnn.com. Retrieved 2018-09-24.
  25. ^ Finalists. "Finalists Mike McIntire and Jack Dolan". www.pulitzer.org. Retrieved 2018-09-24.
  26. ^ "Finalist: Brad Clift of Hartford Courant". pulitzer.org.
  27. ^ "Finalist: Lisa Chedekel and Matthew Kauffman of Hartford Courant".
  28. ^ "Gunman Kills 26 At Sandy Hook School In Newtown".
  29. ^ "2013 Finalist: Staff of The Hartford Courant".
  30. ^ "ICYMI Editorial: The Courant Endorses Hillary Clinton".
  31. ^ "Editorial: Our Nod For Democratic Nominee Goes To (The Old) Ned Lamont".
  32. ^ "Editorial: The Courant Endorses Oz Griebel For Governor".
  33. ^ Hartford Courant losing its watchdog Archived 2009-08-13 at the Wayback Machine., The Laurel newspaperman's blog, retrieved August 17, 2009.
  34. ^ Hartford Courant Consumer Columnist Fired For Pissing Off Advertiser, Consumerist blog, retrieved August 17, 2009.
  35. ^ Hartford Courant lays off consumer columnist, The New York Times, retrieved August 24, 2009
  36. ^ Judge Dismisses Former Columnist's Lawsuit Against The Courant, The Hartford Courant, retrieved July 6, 2010.
  37. ^ Richard J. Graziano (2009). "Courant Apologizes For Plagiarism". Courant.com. Archived from the original on 2009-09-05. Retrieved 2009-09-03.
  38. ^ [1][dead link]
  39. ^ "About Camp Courant".


Further readingEdit

  • McNulty, J. Bard. Older than the Nation: The Story of the Hartford Courant (1964)
  • Smith, J. Eugene. 100 Years of Hartford's Courant: From Colonial Times through the Civil War (1949)

External linksEdit