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United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit

History of the courtEdit

 
The John Minor Wisdom U.S. Courthouse, home of the Fifth Circuit, New Orleans.

This court was created by the Evarts Act on June 16, 1891, which moved the circuit judges and appellate jurisdiction from the Circuit Courts of the Fifth Circuit to this court. At the time of its creation, the Fifth Circuit covered Florida, Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, and Texas.

On June 25, 1948, the Panama Canal Zone was added to the Fifth Circuit by 62 Stat. 870.

On October 1, 1981, under Public Law 96-452, the Fifth Circuit was split: Alabama, Georgia, and Florida were moved to the new Eleventh Circuit.

On March 31, 1982, the Fifth Circuit lost jurisdiction over the Panama Canal Zone, which was transferred to Panamanian control.

The Fifth Circuit FourEdit

During the late 1950s, Chief Judge Elbert Tuttle and his three colleagues (John Minor Wisdom, John Brown, and Richard Rives) became known as the "Fifth Circuit Four", or simply "The Four", for decisions crucial in advancing the civil rights of African Americans. In this, they were usually opposed by their fellow Fifth Circuit Judge, Benjamin F. Cameron of Mississippi, until his death in 1964.[3]

Hurricane KatrinaEdit

Hurricane Katrina struck New Orleans on August 29, 2005, devastating the city and slightly damaging the John Minor Wisdom Courthouse. All deadlines concerning filings were extended. The court temporarily relocated its administrative operations to Houston, but has since returned to normal operations in New Orleans.

Current composition of the courtEdit

As of May 10, 2018, the judges on the court are as follows:[4]

# Title Judge Duty station Born Term of service Appointed by
Active Chief Senior
71 Chief Judge Carl E. Stewart Shreveport, LA 1950 1994–present 2012–present Clinton
63 Circuit Judge Edith Jones Houston, TX 1949 1985–present 2006–2012 Reagan
64 Circuit Judge Jerry Edwin Smith Houston, TX 1946 1987–present Reagan
73 Circuit Judge James L. Dennis New Orleans, LA 1936 1995–present Clinton
77 Circuit Judge Priscilla Owen Austin, TX 1954 2005–present G.W. Bush
78 Circuit Judge Jennifer Walker Elrod Houston, TX 1966 2007–present G.W. Bush
79 Circuit Judge Leslie H. Southwick Jackson, MS 1950 2007–present G.W. Bush
80 Circuit Judge Catharina Haynes Dallas, TX 1963 2008–present G.W. Bush
81 Circuit Judge James E. Graves Jr. Jackson, MS 1953 2011–present Obama
82 Circuit Judge Stephen A. Higginson New Orleans, LA 1961 2011–present Obama
83 Circuit Judge Gregg Costa Houston, TX 1972 2014–present Obama
84 Circuit Judge Don Willett Austin, TX 1966 2018–present Trump
85 Circuit Judge James C. Ho Dallas, TX 1973 2018–present Trump
86 Circuit Judge Kyle Duncan New Orleans, LA 1972 2018–present Trump
87 Circuit Judge Kurt D. Engelhardt New Orleans, LA 1960 2018–present Trump
88 Circuit Judge vacant
89 Circuit Judge vacant
51 Senior Circuit Judge Carolyn Dineen King Houston, TX 1938 1979–2013 1999–2006 2013–present Carter
53 Senior Circuit Judge Thomas Morrow Reavley Houston, TX 1921 1979–1990 1990–present Carter
59 Senior Circuit Judge Patrick Higginbotham Austin, TX 1938 1982–2006 2006–present Reagan
60 Senior Circuit Judge E. Grady Jolly Jackson, MS 1937 1982–2017 2017–present Reagan
61 Senior Circuit Judge W. Eugene Davis New Orleans, LA 1936 1983–2016 2016–present Reagan
65 Senior Circuit Judge John Malcolm Duhé Jr. inactive 1933 1988–1999 1999–present Reagan
66 Senior Circuit Judge Rhesa Hawkins Barksdale Jackson, MS 1944 1990–2009 2009–present G.H.W. Bush
67 Senior Circuit Judge Jacques L. Wiener Jr. New Orleans, LA 1934 1990–2010 2010–present G.H.W. Bush
70 Senior Circuit Judge Fortunato Benavides Austin, TX 1947 1994–2012 2012–present Clinton
74 Senior Circuit Judge Edith Brown Clement New Orleans, LA 1948 2001–2018 2018–present G.W. Bush

Vacancies and pending nominationsEdit

Seat Prior Judge's Duty Station Seat Last Held By Vacancy Reason Date of Vacancy Nominee Date of Nomination
2 Jackson, MS E. Grady Jolly Senior status October 3, 2017
23 San Antonio, TX Edward C. Prado Retirement April 2, 2018 Andy Oldham February 15, 2018

List of former judgesEdit

#
Judge
State
Born/Died
Active
Chief
Senior
Appointed by
Reason for
termination
1 Pardee, Don AlbertDon Albert Pardee LA 1837–1919 1891–1919 [5] death
2 McCormick, Andrew PhelpsAndrew Phelps McCormick TX 1832–1916 1892–1916 Harrison, B.B. Harrison death
3 Shelby, David DavieDavid Davie Shelby AL 1847–1914 1899–1914 McKinley, McKinley death
4 Walker Jr., Richard WildeRichard Wilde Walker Jr. AL 1857–1936 1914–1930 1930–1936 Wilson, Wilson death
5 Batts, Robert LynnRobert Lynn Batts TX 1864–1935 1917–1919 Wilson, Wilson resignation
6 Bryan, Nathan PhilemonNathan Philemon Bryan FL 1872–1935 1920–1935 Wilson, Wilson death
7 King, Alexander CampbellAlexander Campbell King GA 1856–1926 1920–1924 Wilson, Wilson resignation
8 Foster, Rufus EdwardRufus Edward Foster LA 1871–1942 1925–1942 Coolidge, Coolidge death
9 Sibley, Samuel HaleSamuel Hale Sibley GA 1873–1958 1931–1949 1949–1958 Hoover, Hoover death
10 Hutcheson Jr., Joseph ChappellJoseph Chappell Hutcheson Jr. TX 1879–1973 1931–1964 1948–1959 1964–1973 Hoover, Hoover death
11 Holmes, Edwin R.Edwin R. Holmes MS 1878–1961 1936–1954 1954–1961 Roosevelt, F.F. Roosevelt death
12 McCord, Leon ClarenceLeon Clarence McCord AL 1878–1952 1938–1951 1951–1952 Roosevelt, F.F. Roosevelt death
13 Waller, Curtis L.Curtis L. Waller FL 1887–1950 1943–1950 Roosevelt, F.F. Roosevelt death
14 Lee, Elmo PearceElmo Pearce Lee LA 1882–1949 1943–1949 Roosevelt, F.F. Roosevelt death
15 Borah, Wayne G.Wayne G. Borah LA 1891–1966 1949–1956 1956–1966 Truman, Truman death
16 Russell, Robert LeeRobert Lee Russell GA 1900–1955 1949–1955 Truman, Truman death
17 Strum, Louie WillardLouie Willard Strum FL 1890–1954 1950–1954 Truman, Truman death
18 Rives, RichardRichard Rives AL 1895–1982 1951–1966 1959–1960 1966–1981 Truman, Truman reassignment to 11th Cir.
19 Tuttle, ElbertElbert Tuttle GA 1897–1996 1954–1968 1960–1967 1968–1981 Eisenhower, Eisenhower reassignment to 11th Cir.
20 Cameron, Benjamin FranklinBenjamin Franklin Cameron MS 1890–1964 1955–1964 Eisenhower, Eisenhower death
21 Jones, Warren LeroyWarren Leroy Jones FL 1895–1993 1955–1966 1966–1981 Eisenhower, Eisenhower reassignment to 11th Cir.
22 Brown, John RobertJohn Robert Brown TX 1909–1984 1955–1984 1967–1979 1984–1993 Eisenhower, Eisenhower death
23 Wisdom, John MinorJohn Minor Wisdom LA 1905–1999 1957–1977 1977–1999 Eisenhower, Eisenhower death
24 Bell, GriffinGriffin Bell GA 1918–2009 1961[6]–1976 Kennedy, Kennedy resignation
25 Gewin, Walter PettusWalter Pettus Gewin AL 1908–1981 1961[6]–1976 1976–1981 Kennedy, Kennedy death
26 Thornberry, HomerHomer Thornberry TX 1909–1995 1965–1978 1978–1995 Johnson, L.L. Johnson death
27 Coleman, James P.James P. Coleman MS 1914–1991 1965–1981 1979–1981 1981–1984 Johnson, L.L. Johnson retirement
28 Ainsworth Jr., Robert AndrewRobert Andrew Ainsworth Jr. LA 1910–1981 1966–1981 Johnson, L.L. Johnson death
29 Godbold, John CooperJohn Cooper Godbold AL 1920–2009 1966–1981 1981–1981 Johnson, L.L. Johnson reassignment to 11th Cir.
30 Goldberg, Irving LoebIrving Loeb Goldberg TX 1906–1995 1966–1980 1980–1995 Johnson, L.L. Johnson death
31 Dyer, David W.David W. Dyer FL 1910–1998 1966–1976 1976–1981 Johnson, L.L. Johnson reassignment to 11th Cir.
32 Simpson, John Milton BryanJohn Milton Bryan Simpson FL 1903–1987 1966–1975 1975–1981 Johnson, L.L. Johnson reassignment to 11th Cir.
33 Clayton, Claude FeemsterClaude Feemster Clayton MS 1909–1969 1967–1969 Johnson, L.L. Johnson death
34 Morgan, Lewis RenderLewis Render Morgan GA 1913–2001 1968–1978 1978–1981 Johnson, L.L. Johnson reassignment to 11th Cir.
35 Carswell, G. HarroldG. Harrold Carswell FL 1919–1992 1969–1970 Nixon, Nixon resignation
36 Clark, CharlesCharles Clark MS 1925–2011 1969–1992 1981–1992 Nixon, Nixon retirement
37 Ingraham, Joe McDonaldJoe McDonald Ingraham TX 1903–1990 1969–1973 1973–1990 Nixon, Nixon death
38 Roney, Paul HitchPaul Hitch Roney FL 1921–2006 1970–1981 Nixon, Nixon reassignment to 11th Cir.
39 Gee, Thomas GibbsThomas Gibbs Gee TX 1925–1994 1973–1991 Nixon, Nixon retirement
40 Tjoflat, Gerald BardGerald Bard Tjoflat FL 1929–present 1975–1981 Ford, Ford reassignment to 11th Cir.
41 Hill, James ClinkscalesJames Clinkscales Hill GA 1924–2017 1976–1981 Ford, Ford reassignment to 11th Cir.
42 Fay, Peter T.Peter T. Fay FL 1929–present 1976–1981 Ford, Ford reassignment to 11th Cir.
43 Rubin, Alvin BenjaminAlvin Benjamin Rubin LA 1920–1991 1977–1989 1989–1991 Carter, Carter death
44 Vance, Robert SmithRobert Smith Vance AL 1931–1989 1977–1981 Carter, Carter reassignment to 11th Cir.
45 Kravitch, Phyllis A.Phyllis A. Kravitch GA 1920–2017 1979–1981 Carter, Carter reassignment to 11th Cir.
46 Johnson, Frank MinisFrank Minis Johnson AL 1918–1999 1979–1981 Carter, Carter reassignment to 11th Cir.
47 Anderson III, R. LanierR. Lanier Anderson III GA 1936–present 1979–1981 Carter, Carter reassignment to 11th Cir.
48 Garza, Reynaldo GuerraReynaldo Guerra Garza TX 1915–2004 1979–1982 1982–2004 Carter, Carter death
49 Hatchett, Joseph W.Joseph W. Hatchett FL 1932–present 1979–1981 Carter, Carter reassignment to 11th Cir.
50 Henderson, Albert JohnAlbert John Henderson GA 1920–1999 1979–1981 Carter, Carter reassignment to 11th Cir.
52 Politz, Henry AnthonyHenry Anthony Politz LA 1932–2002 1979–1999 1992–1999 1999–2002 Carter, Carter death
54 Johnson Jr., Samuel D.Samuel D. Johnson Jr. TX 1920–2002 1979–1991 1991–2002 Carter, Carter death
55 Tate Jr., AlbertAlbert Tate Jr. LA 1920–1986 1979–1986 Carter, Carter death
56 Clark, Thomas AlonzoThomas Alonzo Clark GA 1920–2005 1979–1981 Carter, Carter reassignment to 11th Cir.
57 Williams, Jerre StocktonJerre Stockton Williams TX 1916–1993 1980–1990 1990–1993 Carter, Carter death
58 Garwood, William LockhartWilliam Lockhart Garwood TX 1931–2011 1981–1997 1997–2011 Reagan, Reagan death
62 Hill, Robert MaddenRobert Madden Hill TX 1928–1987 1984–1987 Reagan, Reagan death
68 Garza, Emilio M.Emilio M. Garza TX 1947–present 1991–2012 2012–2015 G.H.W. Bush, G.H.W. Bush retirement
69 DeMoss Jr., Harold R.Harold R. DeMoss Jr. TX 1930–present 1991–2007 2007–2015 G.H.W. Bush, G.H.W. Bush retirement
72 Parker, Robert ManleyRobert Manley Parker TX 1937–present 1994–2002 Clinton, Clinton retirement
75 Prado, Edward C.Edward C. Prado TX 1947–present 2003–2018 Bush, G.W.G.W. Bush retirement
76 Pickering, Charles W.Charles W. Pickering MS 1937–present 2004[7] Bush, G.W.G.W. Bush retirement

Chief judgesEdit

Chief Judge
Hutcheson, Jr. 1948–1959
Rives 1959–1960
Tuttle 1960–1967
Brown 1967–1979
Coleman 1979–1981
Godbold 1981
C. Clark 1981–1992
Politz 1992–1999
C. King 1999–2006
Jones 2006–2012
Stewart 2012–present

Chief judges have administrative responsibilities with respect to their circuits, and preside over any panel on which they serve unless the circuit justice (i.e., the Supreme Court justice responsible for the circuit) is also on the panel. Unlike the Supreme Court, where one justice is specifically nominated to be chief, the office of chief judge rotates among the circuit judges. To be chief, a judge must have been in active service on the court for at least one year, be under the age of 65, and have not previously served as chief judge. A vacancy is filled by the judge highest in seniority among the group of qualified judges. The chief judge serves for a term of seven years or until age 70, whichever occurs first. The age restrictions are waived if no members of the court would otherwise be qualified for the position.

When the office was created in 1948, the chief judge was the longest-serving judge who had not elected to retire on what has since 1958 been known as senior status or declined to serve as chief judge. After August 6, 1959, judges could not become or remain chief after turning 70 years old. The current rules have been in operation since October 1, 1982.

Succession of seatsEdit

The court has had 29 seats for active judges. Twelve of these seats were reassigned to the United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit, leaving a seventeen-seat court. The seats are numbered in the order in which they were filled. Judges who retire into senior status remain on the bench but leave their seat vacant. That seat is filled by the next circuit judge appointed by the president.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ https://www.supremecourt.gov/orders/courtorders/062717zr1_5426.pdf
  2. ^ Practitioner’s Guide to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit
  3. ^ "That Fascinating and Frenetic Fifth," Time Magazine, 1964-12-04.
  4. ^ "U. S. Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit". Official website of the Federal Judicial Center. Archived from the original on March 26, 2005. Retrieved June 19, 2005. 
  5. ^ Pardee was appointed as a circuit judge for the Fifth Circuit in 1881 by James A. Garfield. The Judiciary Act of 1891 reassigned his seat to what is now the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit.
  6. ^ a b Recess appointment, confirmed by the United States Senate at a later date.
  7. ^ Recess appointment, never confirmed or rejected by the Senate.
  • Bass, Jack (1990). Unlikely Heroes. University of Alabama Press. ISBN 0-8173-0491-6. 

External linksEdit