Phyllis A. Kravitch
Phyllis Adele Kravitch (August 23, 1920 – June 15, 2017) was a United States Circuit Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit and later the United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit in Atlanta, Georgia.
Phyllis Adele Kravitch
|Senior Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit|
December 31, 1996 – June 15, 2017
|Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit|
October 1, 1981 – December 31, 1996
|Appointed by||operation of law|
|Preceded by||Seat established|
|Succeeded by||Frank M. Hull|
|Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit|
March 23, 1979 – October 1, 1981
|Appointed by||Jimmy Carter|
|Preceded by||Lewis Render Morgan|
|Succeeded by||Seat abolished|
Phyllis Adele Kravitch
August 23, 1920
|Died||June 15, 2017 (aged 96)|
|Education||Armstrong State University (A.A.)|
Goucher College (B.A.)
University of Pennsylvania Law School (LL.B.)
Education and careerEdit
Kravitch was born in Savannah, Georgia, one of four daughters of Aaron Kravitch, an attorney, and Ella B. Wiseman. She attended Armstrong Junior College in Savannah receiving an Associate of Arts degree in 1939. She later obtained her Bachelor of Arts degree from Goucher College in 1941. She graduated with a Bachelor of Laws from the University of Pennsylvania Law School in 1943, her father Aaron's alma mater (Law 1917). At the University of Pennsylvania she served on the Law Review Board of Editors. She was in private practice from 1944 to 1976 and then served from 1977 to 1979 as a judge of the Superior Court of the Eastern Judicial Circuit of Georgia.
Federal judicial serviceEdit
Kravitch was nominated by President Jimmy Carter on January 19, 1979, to a seat on the United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit vacated by Judge Lewis Render Morgan. She was confirmed by the United States Senate on March 21, 1979, and received her commission on March 23, 1979, becoming the third woman to serve as a United States Circuit Judge. Her service terminated on October 1, 1981, due to reassignment.
Kravitch was reassigned by operation of law on October 1, 1981, to the United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit, to a new seat authorized by 94 Stat. 1994. She assumed senior status on December 31, 1996. Her service terminated on June 15, 2017, due to her death at the Piedmont Hospital in Atlanta.
Later years and deathEdit
- "Our Newest Acquisition" (PDF). The Law Alumni Journal, University of Pennsylvania Law School. XII (2): 4. Spring 1977. Retrieved July 3, 2017.
- Averitt, Jack N. (2009). Families of Southeastern Georgia. Genealogical Publishing. p. 177. ISBN 0806350997. Retrieved June 15, 2017.
- "Entry for Kravitch, Phyllis A." Women's Legal History. Stanford Law School. Retrieved June 15, 2017.
- Bonett, Jennifer Baldino. "A Women's Place is on the Bench". University of Pennsylvania. Retrieved June 14, 2017.
- Entry for Phyllis Kravitch, Findlaw Attorney Directory. Retrieved June 15, 2017.
- "Kravitch, Phyllis A. - Federal Judicial Center". www.fjc.gov.
- Weatherford, Doris (2012). Women in American Politics: History and Milestones. Sage Publishing. p. 373. ISBN 1608710076. Retrieved June 15, 2017.
- Poole, Sheila M. (June 14, 2012). "Carter honored for appointing women, African Americans to the federal bench". Atlanta Journal-Constitution. Retrieved June 15, 2017.
- Poole, Sheila (March 20, 2017). "Jewish women honor John Lewis, Hillary Clinton in Atlanta". Atlanta Journal-Constitution. Retrieved June 15, 2017.
- "United States Courts" (PDF).
- Rankin, Bill (December 1, 2011). "Court appears ready to hand legal victory to transgender woman". Atlanta Journal-Constitution. Retrieved June 15, 2017.
- "Judge Phyllis Kravitch dies, recalled as small in stature with giant reputation". Savannah Now.com, June 15, 2017. Retrieved June 15, 2017.
- "Phyllis Kravitch, Judge Who Opened Doors for Herself, Dies at 96". The New York Times. Retrieved 2018-09-14.
- Oral History of Phyllis A. Kravitch, conducted by Anne Emanuel, Laurie Kotz, July-August 2013. Senior Lawyers Division, American Bar Association.
- Biography of Judge Kravitch at Federal Judicial Center.
|Wikisource has original works written by or about:|
Phyllis A. Kravitch
Lewis Render Morgan
| Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit
| Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit
Frank M. Hull