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Judicial appointment history for United States federal courts

The appointment of federal judges for United States federal courts has come to be viewed as a political process in the last several decades.[1][2] The tables below provide the composition of the Supreme and the Courts of Appeals at the end of each four year presidential term, as well as the compositions of the District Courts and the United States Court of International Trade at the current time, categorizing the judges by the presidential term during which they were first appointed to their seats.

As of October 6, 2018, of the 9 judges on the Supreme Court, 5 were appointed by a Republican president, and 4 were appointed by a Democratic president.[3][4][5] As of November 20, 2019, of the 13 federal appeals courts, Republican appointees have a majority on 7 courts, while Democrat appointees have a majority on 6 courts.[6][7][8][9] As of November 10, 2019, Democratic appointees have a majority of district court seats in 7 circuit jurisdictions, while Republican appointees have a majority of district court seats in 5 circuit jurisdictions.[10][11] Finally, as of August 1, 2019, the United States Court of International Trade has more Democratic appointees than Republican appointees. However, the party of the president who appointed a judge is not always a good indicator of that judge's judicial philosophy and place on the political spectrum.[12]

Supreme CourtEdit

The Supreme Court of the United States was established by the Constitution of the United States. Originally, the Judiciary Act of 1789 set the number of justices at six. Subsequently, the United States Congress increased the number of justices to seven in 1807, nine in 1837, and ten in 1863. The Judiciary Act of 1869 reduced the number to nine once again.

As of October 6, 2018:[13]

Year Total Appointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
Vacant DJT BHO
2
BHO
1
GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
GHWB RWR
2
RWR
1
JEC RMN
/GRF
RMN
1
LBJ
2
JFK
/LBJ
DDE
2
DDE
1
Current 9 5 4 - 2 - 2 2 - - 2 1 - - - - - - - - -
2016 9 4 4 1 - - 2 2 - - 2 1 1 - - - - - - - -
2012 9 5 4 - - - 2 2 - - 2 1 2 - - - - - - - -
2008 9 7 2 - - - - 2 - - 2 2 2 - - 1 - - - - -
2004 9 7 2 - - - - - - - 2 2 3 1 - 1 - - - - -
2000 9 7 2 - - - - - - - 2 2 3 1 - 1 - - - - -
1996 9 7 2 - - - - - - - 2 2 3 1 - 1 - - - - -
1992 9 8 1 - - - - - - - - 2 3 1 - 1 1 - 1 - -
1988 9 7 2 - - - - - - - - - 3 1 - 1 1 1 1 - 1
1984 9 7 2 - - - - - - - - - - 1 - 1 4 1 1 - 1
1980 9 7 2 - - - - - - - - - - - - 1 4 1 1 1 1
Year Total Appointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
Vacant RMN
/GRF
RMN
1
LBJ
2
JFK
/LBJ
DDE
2
DDE
1
HST
2
FDR
/HST
FDR
3
FDR
2
FDR
1
HCH JCC
2
WGH
/JCC
TWW
2
TWW
1
WHT
1976 9 7 2 - 1 4 1 1 1 1 - - - - - - - - - - -
1972 9 6 3 - - 4 1 1 1 1 - - - 1 - - - - - - -
1968 9 4 5 - - - 2 1 1 3 - - - 2 - - - - - - -
1964 9 4 5 - - - - 2 - 1 3 1 - - 2 - - - - - -
1960 9 5 4 - - - - - 2 3 1 - - 3 - - - - - - -
1956 9 3 6 - - - - - - 3 1 1 - 4 - - - - - - -
1952 9 0 9 - - - - - - - 2 2 1 4 - - - - - - -
1948 9 0 9 - - - - - - - - 2 2 5 - - - - - - -
1944 9 2 7 - - - - - - - - - 3 5 - 1 - - - - -
1940 9 3 6 - - - - - - - - - - 5 - 2 1 - - 1 -
1936 9 7 2 - - - - - - - - - - - - 3 1 2 - 2 1
1932 9 7 2 - - - - - - - - - - - - 3 1 2 - 2 1

Courts of appealsEdit

The United States Courts of Appeals were established by the Judiciary Act of 1891 as "United States circuit courts of appeals" (the name was changed to its current form in 1948). The act authorized 19 appellate judgeships in 9 circuits. Since then, the number of authorized appellate judgeships has increased to 179.[14]

Summary of 13 circuits combinedEdit

As of November 20, 2019:[13]

Year Total Appointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
Vacant DJT BHO
2
BHO
1
GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
GHWB RWR
2
RWR
1
JEC RMN
/GRF
RMN
1
LBJ
2
JFK
/LBJ
DDE
2
DDE
1
Current 179 97 81 1 48 24 26 18 17 17 14 6 4 4 - - - - - - -
2016 179 72 90 17 - 25 28 23 26 22 14 9 7 6 1 1 - - - - -
2012 179 84 78 17 - - 30 24 30 26 17 12 10 7 5 1 - - - - -
2008* 178 100 66 12 - - - 24 32 34 25 21 15 7 7 1 - - - - -
2004 179 94 69 16 - - - - 35 35 25 29 20 8 9 1 1 - - - -
2000 179 76 78 25 - - - - - 35 29 35 28 11 14 1 1 - - - -
1996 179 105 53 21 - - - - - - 29 40 45 14 22 3 2 1 1 1 -
1992 179 119 42 18 - - - - - - - 40 50 20 40 5 3 1 1 1 -
1988 168 96 62 10 - - - - - - - - 50 26 53 9 10 8 1 1 -
1984 168 66 76 26 - - - - - - - - - 33 57 15 17 14 5 1 -
1980 140 50 86 4 - - - - - - - - - - 59 16 30 19 8 2 1
  • There were temporarily 178 existing appellate federal judgeships, due to the elimination of a 12th seat on the D.C. Circuit by Section 509 of the Court Security Improvement Act of 2007.[15] The Act also provided for the creation of a 29th seat on the Ninth Circuit in January 2009 which increased the number of authorized appellate judgeships to 179 again.

As of November 20, 2019:

Year Total Appointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
Vacant DJT BHO
2
BHO
1
GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
GHWB RWR
2
RWR
1
JEC RMN
/GRF
RMN
1
LBJ
2
JFK
/LBJ
DDE
2
DDE
1
Current 100% 54% 46% 1% 27% 13% 15% 10% 9% 9% 8% 3% 2% 2% - - - - - - -
2016 100% 40% 50% 9% - 14% 16% 13% 15% 12% 8% 5% 4% 3% 1% 1% - - - - -
2012 100% 47% 44% 9% - - 17% 13% 17% 15% 9% 7% 6% 4% 3% 1% - - - - -
2008 100% 56% 37% 7% - - - 13% 18% 19% 14% 12% 8% 4% 4% 1% - - - - -
2004 100% 53% 39% 9% - - - - 20% 20% 14% 16% 11% 4% 5% 1% 1% - - - -
2000 100% 42% 44% 14% - - - - - 20% 16% 20% 16% 6% 8% 1% 1% - - - -
1996 100% 59% 30% 12% - - - - - - 16% 22% 25% 8% 12% 2% 1% 1% 1% 1% -
1992 100% 67% 23% 10% - - - - - - - 22% 28% 11% 22% 3% 2% 1% 1% 1% -
1988 100% 57% 37% 6% - - - - - - - - 30% 16% 32% 5% 6% 5% 1% 1% -
1984 100% 39% 45% 16% - - - - - - - - - 20% 34% 9% 10% 8% 3% 1% -
1980 100% 36% 61% 3% - - - - - - - - - - 42% 11% 21% 14% 6% 1% 1%

Partisan mix of the circuit courtsEdit

As of November 20, 2019:

Appeals Court
(in numerical order)
Percentage
of occupied seats
appointed
by
Republicans
Percentage
of occupied seats
appointed
by
Democrats
Republican/
Democrat/
vacant
Percentage
of total seats
appointed
by
Republicans
Percentage
of total seats
appointed
by
Democrats
Percentage
of total seats
currently
vacant
1st 33% 67% 2 / 4 / 0 33% 67% 0%
2nd 54% 46% 7 / 6 / 0 54% 46% 0%
3rd 57% 43% 8 / 6 / 0 57% 43% 0%
4th 40% 60% 6 / 9 / 0 40% 60% 0%
5th 69% 31% 11 / 5 / 1 65% 29% 6%
6th 69% 31% 11 / 5 / 0 69% 31% 0%
7th 82% 18% 9 / 2 / 0 82% 18% 0%
8th 91% 9% 10 / 1 / 0 91% 9% 0%
9th 45% 55% 13 / 16 / 0 45% 55% 0%
10th 42% 58% 5 / 7 / 0 42% 58% 0%
11th 58% 42% 7 / 5 / 0 58% 42% 0%
D.C. 36% 64% 4 / 7 / 0 36% 64% 0%
Federal 33% 67% 4 / 8 / 0 33% 67% 0%
Total of 13 circuits 54% 46% 97 / 81 / 1 54% 45% 1%

First CircuitEdit

As of May 23, 2014:

Year Total Appointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
Vacant DJT BHO
2
BHO
1
GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
GHWB RWR
2
RWR
1
JEC RMN
/GRF
RMN
1
LBJ
2
Current 6 2 4 - - 2 1 - 1 - 1 - - 1 - - - -
2016 6 2 4 - - 2 1 - 1 - 1 - - 1 - - - -
2012 6 3 2 1 - - 1 - 1 - 1 1 - 1 - - - -
2008 6 3 2 1 - - - - 1 1 1 1 - 1 - - - -
2004 6 4 2 - - - - - 1 1 1 1 1 1 - - - -
2000 6 4 2 - - - - - - 1 1 2 1 1 - - - -
1996 6 5 1 - - - - - - - 1 3 1 1 - - - -
1992 6 5 1 - - - - - - - - 3 1 1 1 - - -
1988 6 3 3 - - - - - - - - - 1 1 2 - 1 1
1984 6 2 3 1 - - - - - - - - - 1 2 - 1 1
1980 4 1 3 - - - - - - - - - - - 2 - 1 1

Second CircuitEdit

As of November 14, 2019:

Year Total Appointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
Vacant DJT BHO
2
BHO
1
GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
GHWB RWR
2
RWR
1
JEC RMN
/GRF
RMN
1
LBJ
2
JFK
/LBJ
Current 13 7 6 - 5 - 3 1 1 2 1 - - - - - - - -
2016 13 4 7 2 - - 4 1 2 2 1 1 - - - - - - -
2012 13 5 8 - - - 5 1 3 2 1 1 - - - - - - -
2008 13 6 6 1 - - - 1 4 4 2 1 - - - - - - -
2004 13 6 7 - - - - - 4 5 2 2 - - - - - - -
2000 13 2 10 1 - - - - - 5 4 2 - - 1 - - - -
1996 13 5 6 2 - - - - - - 4 3 1 1 2 - - - -
1992 13 10 2 1 - - - - - - - 3 3 3 2 1 - - -
1988 13 9 3 1 - - - - - - - - 3 4 2 1 1 1 -
1984 13 7 4 2 - - - - - - - - - 4 2 2 1 1 1
1980 11 6 4 1 - - - - - - - - - - 2 2 4 1 1

Third CircuitEdit

As of July 17, 2019:

Year Total Appointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
Vacant DJT BHO
2
BHO
1
GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
GHWB RWR
2
RWR
1
JEC RMN
/GRF
RMN
1
LBJ
2
Current 14 8 6 - 4 3 1 3 1 1 1 - - - - - - -
2016 14 5 7 2 - 3 2 3 2 1 1 - - - - - - -
2012 14 6 7 1 - - 2 3 2 3 1 - 1 - 1 - - -
2008 14 6 6 2 - - - 3 2 4 1 - 1 - 1 - - -
2004 14 7 6 1 - - - - 4 4 1 2 1 - 1 - - -
2000 14 6 6 2 - - - - - 4 1 2 3 1 1 - - -
1996 14 11 2 1 - - - - - - 1 3 7 1 1 - - -
1992 14 11 1 2 - - - - - - - 3 7 1 1 - - -
1988 12 9 3 - - - - - - - - - 7 1 2 - 1 1
1984 12 6 4 2 - - - - - - - - - 1 2 1 4 2
1980 10 6 4 - - - - - - - - - - - 2 1 5 2

Fourth CircuitEdit

As of March 21, 2019:

Year Total Appointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
Vacant DJT BHO
2
BHO
1
GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
GHWB RWR
2
RWR
1
JEC RMN
/GRF
RMN
1
LBJ
2
JFK
/LBJ
DDE
2
Current 15 6 9 - 3 1 5 1 - 2 1 1 - 1 - - - - - -
2016 15 5 10 - - 1 5 1 2 3 1 1 - 1 - - - - - -
2012 15 5 10 - - - 6 1 2 3 1 1 - 1 - - - - - -
2008 15 6 5 4 - - - 1 2 3 2 2 - 1 - - - - - -
2004 15 8 5 2 - - - - 2 3 2 3 1 1 - - 1 - - -
2000 15 6 5 4 - - - - - 3 2 3 1 1 - - 1 - - -
1996 15 9 4 2 - - - - - - 2 4 1 1 2 1 2 - - -
1992 15 9 3 3 - - - - - - - 4 1 1 3 1 2 - - -
1988 11 6 5 - - - - - - - - - 1 2 4 1 2 1 - -
1984 11 6 5 - - - - - - - - - - 3 4 1 2 1 - -
1980 10 4 6 - - - - - - - - - - - 4 1 2 2 - 1
  • Roger Gregory, who joined the 4th Circuit for a 1-year recess appointment in Bill Clinton's second term and was subsequently given a lifetime appointment in George W. Bush's first term, is counted as a Clinton appointee on this page.

Fifth CircuitEdit

As of July 19, 2018:

Year Total Appointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
Vacant DJT BHO
2
BHO
1
GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
GHWB RWR
2
RWR
1
JEC RMN
/GRF
RMN
1
LBJ
2
JFK
/LBJ
DDE
2
DDE
1
Current 17 11 5 1 5 1 2 4 - - 2 - 2 - - - - - - - -
2016 17 9 5 3 - 1 2 4 2 - 2 - 2 1 - - - - - - -
2012 17 10 5 2 - - 2 4 2 - 2 - 2 2 1 - - - - - -
2008 17 13 4 - - - - 4 2 - 3 3 2 2 1 - - - - - -
2004 17 11 4 2 - - - - 2 - 3 4 2 3 1 - - - - - -
2000 17 9 5 3 - - - - - - 4 4 2 3 1 - - - - - -
1996 17 11 6 - - - - - - - 4 4 3 4 2 - - - - - -
1992 17 11 2 4 - - - - - - - 4 3 4 2 - - - - - -
1988 16 9 6 1 - - - - - - - - 3 4 6 1 1 - - - -
1984 16 7 7 2 - - - - - - - - - 5 7 1 1 - - - -
1980 14 3 10 1 - - - - - - - - - - 8 1 1 2 - - 1
  • The 5th Circuit judges who were transferred to the 11th Circuit in 1981 are not included in the 5th Circuit numbers for 1980 for trend comparison purposes.

Sixth CircuitEdit

As of March 11, 2019:

Year Total Appointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
Vacant DJT BHO
2
BHO
1
GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
GHWB RWR
2
RWR
1
JEC RMN
/GRF
RMN
1
LBJ
2
JFK
/LBJ
DDE
2
Current 16 11 5 - 6 - 2 3 2 1 2 - - - - - - - - -
2016 16 10 5 1 - - 2 4 4 1 2 1 1 - - - - - - -
2012 16 10 6 - - - 2 4 4 1 2 1 1 - 1 - - - - -
2008 16 10 6 - - - - 4 4 2 3 1 1 - 1 - - - - -
2004 16 6 6 4 - - - - 4 2 3 1 1 - 1 - - - - -
2000 16 5 7 4 - - - - - 2 3 3 2 - 2 - - - - -
1996 16 7 6 3 - - - - - - 3 3 4 - 3 - - - - -
1992 16 9 5 2 - - - - - - - 3 5 1 5 - - - - -
1988 16 10 5 1 - - - - - - - - 5 3 5 1 1 - - -
1984 16 6 6 4 - - - - - - - - - 4 5 1 1 - 1 -
1980 11 3 7 1 - - - - - - - - - - 6 1 1 - 1 1

Seventh CircuitEdit

As of May 23, 2018:

Year Total Appointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
Vacant DJT BHO
2
BHO
1
GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
GHWB RWR
2
RWR
1
JEC RMN
/GRF
RMN
1
LBJ
2
JFK
/LBJ
Current 11 9 2 - 4 - 1 - 1 - 1 1 2 1 - - - - -
2016 11 6 3 2 - - 1 - 1 1 1 1 2 2 - - - - -
2012 11 7 3 1 - - 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 - - - - -
2008 11 7 3 1 - - - 1 1 1 2 1 2 2 - - - - -
2004 11 8 3 - - - - - 1 1 2 1 4 2 - - - - -
2000 11 8 3 - - - - - - 1 2 1 4 3 - - - - -
1996 11 8 3 - - - - - - - 2 1 4 3 - - - 1 -
1992 11 9 2 - - - - - - - - 1 4 3 1 1 - 1 -
1988 11 9 2 - - - - - - - - - 4 3 1 2 - 1 -
1984 11 6 2 3 - - - - - - - - - 4 1 2 - 1 -
1980 9 4 4 1 - - - - - - - - - - 1 2 2 2 1

Eighth CircuitEdit

As of December 12, 2018:

Year Total Appointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
Vacant DJT BHO
2
BHO
1
GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
GHWB RWR
2
RWR
1
JEC RMN
/GRF
RMN
1
LBJ
2
Current 11 10 1 - 4 1 - 1 4 - - 1 - - - - - -
2016 11 8 1 2 - 1 - 1 5 - - 1 1 - - - - -
2012 11 9 2 - - - - 1 6 1 1 1 1 - - - - -
2008 11 9 2 - - - - 1 6 1 1 1 1 - - - - -
2004 11 9 2 - - - - - 6 1 1 2 1 - - - - -
2000 11 6 4 1 - - - - - 1 1 3 2 1 2 - - -
1996 11 8 3 - - - - - - - 1 3 3 2 2 - - -
1992 11 9 2 - - - - - - - - 3 3 3 2 - - -
1988 10 6 3 1 - - - - - - - - 3 3 2 - - 1
1984 10 4 5 1 - - - - - - - - - 3 2 - 1 3
1980 9 3 5 1 - - - - - - - - - - 2 1 2 3

Ninth CircuitEdit

As of November 6, 2019:

Year Total Appointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
Vacant DJT BHO
2
BHO
1
GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
GHWB RWR
2
RWR
1
JEC RMN
/GRF
RMN
1
LBJ
2
JFK
/LBJ
Current[16] 29 13 16 - 8 2 5 2 3 8 1 - - - - - - - -
2016 29 7 18 4 - 2 5 3 3 9 1 - 1 - 1 - - - -
2012 29 9 19 1 - - 5 3 4 11 1 - 2 - 2 - - - -
2008 28 11 16 1 - - - 3 4 11 2 2 2 - 3 - - - -
2004 28 8 16 4 - - - - 4 11 2 2 2 - 3 - - - -
2000 28 7 18 3 - - - - - 11 3 4 3 - 4 - - - -
1996 28 11 9 8 - - - - - - 3 4 7 - 5 - - - 1
1992 28 15 12 1 - - - - - - - 4 7 3 11 - 1 - 1
1988 28 12 13 3 - - - - - - - - 7 3 12 - 2 - 1
1984 28 8 16 4 - - - - - - - - - 3 15 3 2 - 1
1980 23 7 16 - - - - - - - - - - - 15 3 4 - 1
  • SEC. 509. of the Court Security Improvement Act of 2007[15] provided for the creation of a 29th seat on the Ninth Circuit in January 2009.

Tenth CircuitEdit

As of May 17, 2018:

Year Total Appointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
Vacant DJT BHO
2
BHO
1
GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
GHWB RWR
2
RWR
1
JEC RMN
/GRF
RMN
1
LBJ
2
JFK
/LBJ
Current 12 5 7 - 2 4 1 1 2 - 2 - - - - - - - -
2016 12 5 7 - - 4 1 2 2 - 2 1 - - - - - - -
2012 12 6 3 3 - - 1 2 3 - 2 1 - - - - - - -
2008 12 8 4 - - - - 2 4 - 4 1 1 - - - - - -
2004 12 7 5 - - - - - 4 - 4 1 2 - 1 - - - -
2000 12 5 5 2 - - - - - - 4 1 4 - 1 - - - -
1996 12 7 5 - - - - - - - 4 1 6 - 1 - - - -
1992 12 7 3 2 - - - - - - - 1 6 - 3 - - - -
1988 10 6 4 - - - - - - - - - 6 - 3 - - 1 -
1984 10 1 4 5 - - - - - - - - - - 3 - 1 1 -
1980 8 3 5 - - - - - - - - - - - 3 - 3 1 1

Eleventh CircuitEdit

As of November 20, 2019:

Year Total Appointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
Vacant DJT BHO
2
BHO
1
GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
GHWB RWR
2
RWR
1
JEC RMN
/GRF
RMN
1
LBJ
2
Current 12 7 5 - 5 2 2 - 1 1 - 1 - - - - - -
2016 12 3 8 1 - 3 2 - 1 3 - 1 - - - 1 - -
2012 12 4 6 2 - - 2 - 1 3 1 2 - - - 1 - -
2008 12 7 5 - - - - - 1 3 1 4 1 - 1 1 - -
2004 12 7 5 - - - - - 1 3 1 4 1 - 1 1 - -
2000 12 6 5 1 - - - - - 3 1 4 1 - 1 1 - -
1996 12 8 2 2 - - - - - - 1 4 2 - 1 2 - -
1992 12 8 3 1 - - - - - - - 4 2 - 3 2 - -
1988 12 6 6 - - - - - - - - - 2 - 6 3 1 -
1984 12 4 8 - - - - - - - - - - - 7 3 1 1
1980 12 4 8 - - - - - - - - - - - 7 3 1 1
  • The 11th Circuit was created in 1981. The judges that were transferred from the 5th Circuit to the 11th Circuit are shown in 1980 for trend comparison purposes.

D.C. CircuitEdit

As of March 18, 2019:

Year Total Appointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
Vacant DJT BHO
2
BHO
1
GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
GHWB RWR
2
RWR
1
JEC RMN
/GRF
RMN
1
LBJ
2
JFK
/LBJ
Current 11 4 7 - 2 4 - 1 - 1 2 1 - - - - - - -
2016 11 4 7 - - 4 - 3 - 1 2 1 - - - - - - -
2012 11 5 3 3 - - - 3 - 1 2 1 1 - - - - - -
2008* 11 6 3 2 - - - 3 - 1 2 1 2 - - - - - -
2004 12 5 4 3 - - - - 1 1 2 2 2 - 1 - - - -
2000 12 5 4 3 - - - - - 1 2 2 3 - 1 - - - -
1996 12 6 4 2 - - - - - - 2 2 4 - 2 - - - -
1992 12 7 4 1 - - - - - - - 2 5 - 4 - - - -
1988 12 6 5 1 - - - - - - - - 5 1 4 - - 1 -
1984 12 3 7 2 - - - - - - - - - 3 4 - - 2 1
1980 11 3 8 - - - - - - - - - - - 4 - 3 2 2
  • SEC. 509. of the Court Security Improvement Act of 2007[15] eliminated the 12th seat on the D.C. Circuit.

Federal CircuitEdit

As of July 8, 2015:

Year Total Appointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
Vacant DJT BHO
2
BHO
1
GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
GHWB RWR
2
RWR
1
JEC RMN
/GRF
RMN
1
LBJ
2
JFK
/LBJ
DDE
2
Current 12 4 8 - - 4 3 1 1 1 - 1 - 1 - - - - - -
2016 12 4 8 - - 4 3 1 1 1 - 1 - 1 - - - - - -
2012 12 5 4 3 - - 3 1 1 1 - 2 - 1 - - - - - -
2008 12 8 4 - - - - 1 1 3 1 3 2 1 - - - - - -
2004 12 8 4 - - - - - 1 3 1 4 2 1 - - - - - -
2000 12 7 4 1 - - - - - 3 1 4 2 1 - - - - - -
1996 12 10 1 1 - - - - - - 1 5 3 1 - - - - - 1
1992 12 10 1 1 - - - - - - - 5 3 1 1 - - - - 1
1988 12 7 3 2 - - - - - - - - 3 2 3 - 1 - - 1
1984 12 7 5 - - - - - - - - - - 2 3 1 3 1 1 1
1980 11 6 5 - - - - - - - - - - - 3 1 4 1 1 1
  • The Federal Circuit was created in 1982. The judges from the courts that were combined into the Federal Circuit are shown in 1980 for trend comparison purposes.

District CourtsEdit

Summary of 91 District CourtsEdit

As of November 10, 2019:[13]

Year Total Appointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
Vacant DJT BHO
2
BHO
1
GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
GHWB RWR
2
RWR
1
JEC
Current 679 270 319 89 111 125 136 71 70 35 22 8 6 4 1
  • Current (10-Nov-2019) vacancies are 89 judgeships or 87 judges. 112 judges (113 judgeships) have been nominated by President Trump and confirmed, of which 110 judges (111 judgeships) are still serving while 2 judges have been subsequently confirmed to Circuit Courts. Judge Claria Horn Boom serves in two districts (Eastern & Western District of Kentucky).
  • Congress has authorized 677 district judgeships, including 667 permanent and 10 temporary judgeships.[17] However, the number of active judgeships is currently (2019) higher (679) because one Oklahoma vacancy is for three Oklahoma judgeships. John F. Heil is the nominee to fill those three vacant judgeships.

Partisan mix of the District CourtsEdit

As of November 10, 2019:

District Courts
under the
Appeals Court
Percentage
of occupied seats
appointed
by
Republicans
Percentage
of occupied seats
appointed
by
Democrats
Republican/
Democrat/
vacant
Percentage
of total seats
appointed
by
Republicans
Percentage
of total seats
appointed
by
Democrats
Percentage
of total seats
currently
vacant
1st 46% 54% 12 / 14 / 3 41% 48% 10%
2nd 22% 78% 11 / 38 / 13 18% 61% 21%
3rd 51% 49% 24 / 23 / 12 41% 39% 20%
4th 45% 55% 23 / 28 / 5 41% 50% 9%
5th 63% 37% 50 / 29 / 4 59% 35% 6%
6th 51% 49% 29 / 28 / 6 46% 44% 10%
7th 35% 65% 14 / 27 / 6 30% 55% 15%
8th 32% 68% 13 / 28 / 3 30% 64% 7%
9th 36% 64% 31 / 56 / 23 28% 51% 21%
10th 59% 41% 18 / 13 / 10 46% 32% 22%
11th 63% 37% 41 / 24 / 4 59% 35% 6%
D.C. 27% 73% 4 / 11 / 0 27% 73% 0%
Total of 91 District Courts 46% 54% 270/ 319 / 89 40% 47% 13%

District Courts in the First CircuitEdit

As of September 11, 2019:

District Total Appointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
Vacant DJT BHO
2
BHO
1
GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
GHWB RWR
2
RWR
1
JEC
D. of Maine 3 1 2 - 1 1 1 - - - - - - - -
D. of Massachusetts 13 3 8 2 - 4 2 - 1 - 2 1 1 - -
D. of New Hampshire 3 2 1 - - 1 - 1 - - - 1 - - -
D. of Puerto Rico 7 4 2 1 1 1 - 3 - - - - - - 1
D. of Rhode Island 3 2 1 - 1 - 1 - 1 - - - - - -
Total 29 12 14 3 3 7 4 4 2 - 2 2 1 - 1

District Courts in the Second CircuitEdit

As of October 16, 2019:

District Total Appointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
Vacant DJT BHO
2
BHO
1
GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
D. of Connecticut 8 2 5 1 1 2 1 1 - 2 -
E.D. of New York 15 5 6 4 1 4 2 3 1 - -
N.D. of New York 5 1 3 1 - 1 1 1 - 1 -
S.D. of New York 28 3 19 6 - 6 9 2 1 3 1
W.D. of New York 4 - 3 1 - 3 - - - - -
D. of Vermont 2 - 2 - - 1 1 - - - -
Total 62 11 38 13 2 17 14 7 2 6 1

District Courts in the Third CircuitEdit

As of September 11, 2019:

District Total Appointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
Vacant DJT BHO
2
BHO
1
GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
D. of Delaware 4 2 2 - 2 - 2 - - -
D. of New Jersey 17 4 7 6 - 3 4 3 1 -
E.D. of Pennsylvania 22 10 9 3 3 8 - 2 5 1
M.D. of Pennsylvania 6 3 3 - 1 - 3 - 2 -
W.D. of Pennsylvania 10 5 2 3 5 - 2 - - -
Total 59 24 23 12 11 11 11 5 8 1

District Courts in the Fourth CircuitEdit

As of October 16, 2019:

District Total Appointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
Vacant DJT BHO
2
BHO
1
GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
GHWB RWR
2
RWR
1
D. of Maryland 10 2 8 - 1 3 4 - 1 - 1 - - -
E.D. of North Carolina 4 3 - 1 - - - 1 1 - - - - 1
M.D. of North Carolina 4 2 2 - - 1 1 2 - - - - - -
W.D. of North Carolina 5 4 1 - 1 - 1 3 - - - - - -
D. of South Carolina 10 3 5 2 1 1 4 - 1 - - 1 - -
E.D. of Virginia 11 5 5 1 2 1 2 3 - - 2 - - -
W.D. of Virginia 4 - 3 1 - 1 1 - - - 1 - - -
N.D. of West Virginia 3 2 1 - 1 - 1 1 - - - - - -
S.D. of West Virginia 5 2 3 - 1 - 1 1 - 1 1 - - -
Total 56 23 28 5 7 7 15 11 3 1 5 1 - 1

District Courts in the Fifth CircuitEdit

As of October 16, 2019:

District Total Appointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
Vacant DJT BHO
2
BHO
1
GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
GHWB RWR
2
RWR
1
E.D. of Louisiana 12 6 6 - 3 - 3 - 2 1 2 - - 1
M.D. of Louisiana 3 - 3 - - 2 1 - - - - - - -
W.D. of Louisiana 7 5 1 1 4 - 1 - 1 - - - - -
N.D. of Mississippi 3 2 1 - - 1 - 1 1 - - - - -
S.D. of Mississippi 6 3 1 2 - - 1 2 - - - - 1 -
E.D. of Texas 8 5 3 - 4 2 1 - 1 - - - - -
N.D. of Texas 12 10 2 - 6 - - 1 3 2 - - - -
S.D. of Texas 19 10 8 1 4 3 3 - 3 1 1 1 1 1
W.D. of Texas 13 9 4 - 3 1 1 - 6 - 2 - - -
Total 83 50 29 4 23 9 11 4 17 4 5 1 2 2

District Courts in the Sixth CircuitEdit

As of October 24, 2019:

District Total Appointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
Vacant DJT BHO
2
BHO
1
GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
E.D. of Kentucky 6 6 - - 2 - - 1 3 - -
W.D. of Kentucky 5 3 2 - 3 2 - - - - -
E.D. of Michigan 15 3 11 1 - 4 3 3 - 2 2
W.D. of Michigan 4 3 - 1 - - - 3 - - -
N.D. of Ohio 11 4 6 1 1 - 2 2 1 2 2
S.D. of Ohio 8 2 3 3 1 - 1 - 1 1 1
E.D. of Tennessee 5 3 2 - 1 2 - 1 1 - -
M.D. of Tennessee 4 2 2 - 2 1 - - - 1 -
W.D. of Tennessee 5 3 2 - 2 1 1 1 - - -
Total 63 29 28 6 12 10 7 11 6 6 5

District Courts in the Seventh CircuitEdit

As of September 27, 2019:

District Total Appointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
Vacant DJT BHO
2
BHO
1
GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
GHWB RWR
2
RWR
1
C.D. of Illinois 4 - 4 - - 1 3 - - - - - - -
N.D. of Illinois 22 6 13 3 3 5 6 2 - 2 - - - 1
S.D. of Illinois 4 - 2 2 - 2 - - - - - - - -
N.D. of Indiana 5 4 1 - 2 - 1 - 2 - - - - -
S.D. of Indiana 5 2 3 - 2 - 2 - - 1 - - - -
E.D. of Wisconsin 5 2 2 1 - 1 - - 1 1 - - 1 -
W.D. of Wisconsin 2 - 2 - - 1 1 - - - - - - -
Total 47 14 27 6 7 10 13 2 3 4 - - 1 1

District Courts in the Eighth CircuitEdit

As of November 10, 2019:

District Total Appointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
Vacant DJT BHO
2
BHO
1
GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
E.D. of Arkansas 5 2 3 - 1 1 2 1 - - -
W.D. of Arkansas 3 - 3 - - 1 2 - - - -
N.D. of Iowa 2 1 1 - 1 1 - - - - -
S.D. of Iowa 3 1 2 - - 1 1 1 - - -
D. Minnesota 7 3 3 1 2 1 1 1 - - 1
E.D. of Missouri 9 3 5 1 1 1 3 1 1 1 -
W.D. of Missouri 7 1 6 - - 3 2 1 - 1 -
D. of Nebraska 3 1 2 - 1 1 1 - - - -
D. of North Dakota 2 1 - 1 1 - - - - - -
D. of South Dakota 3 - 3 - - - 2 - - 1 -
Total 44 13 28 3 7 10 14 5 1 3 1

District Courts in the Ninth CircuitEdit

As of July 31, 2019:

District Total Appointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
Vacant DJT BHO
2
BHO
1
GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
GHWB RWR
2
D. of Alaska 3 1 1 1 - - 1 1 - - - - -
D. of Arizona 13 4 7 2 3 6 1 1 - - - - -
C.D. of California 28 10 9 9 - 2 5 3 6 2 - - 1
E.D. of California 6 3 3 - - 2 1 2 1 - - - -
N.D. of California 14 1 13 - - 6 5 - 1 2 - - -
S.D. of California 13 4 4 5 - 1 3 1 3 - - - -
D. of Hawaii 4 2 2 - 1 1 1 1 - - - - -
D. of Idaho 2 1 1 - 1 - - - - - 1 - -
D. of Montana 3 - 3 - - 2 1 - - - - - -
D. of Nevada 7 - 5 2 - 3 2 - - - - - -
D. of Oregon 6 2 4 - 1 1 2 - 1 1 - - -
E.D. of Washington 4 - 4 - - 2 2 - - - - - -
W.D. of Washington 7 3 - 4 - - - 2 1 - - - -
Total 110 31 56 23 6 26 24 11 13 5 1 - 1

District Courts in the Tenth CircuitEdit

As of July 1, 2019:

District Total Appointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
Vacant DJT BHO
2
BHO
1
GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
GHWB RWR
2
D. of Colorado 7 3 3 1 1 1 2 2 - - - - -
D. of Kansas 6 4 2 - 2 1 - 1 1 1 - - -
D. of New Mexico 7 2 2 3 - 1 - - 2 - 1 - -
E.D. of Oklahoma 2 1 - 1 - - - - 1 - - - -
N.D. of Oklahoma 4 2 1 1 - - 1 1 1 - - - -
W.D. of Oklahoma 7 4 - 3 3 - - 1 - - - - -
D. of Utah 5 1 3 1 1 1 2 - - - - - -
D. of Wyoming 3 1 2 - - - 2 - - - - - 1
Total 41 18 13 10 7 4 7 5 5 1 1 - 1

Note: Three vacancies (OK-N, OK-E and OK-W) were previously filled by one Judge (James Payne) so USCourts.gov lists just one vacancy (in OK-E) for three judgeships. John F. Neil III is the nominee for the three vacancies. Thus as of 19 November, 2019 there currently are 8 vacancies for 10 District Court judgeships in the 10th Circuit.

District Courts in the Eleventh CircuitEdit

As of September 11, 2019:

District Total Appointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
Vacant DJT BHO
2
BHO
1
GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
GHWB
M.D. of Alabama 3 2 - 1 2 - - - - - - -
N.D. of Alabama 8 6 2 - 3 1 1 - 3 - - -
S.D. of Alabama 3 3 - - 2 - - 1 - - - -
M.D. of Florida 15 8 6 1 3 4 2 2 2 - - 1
N.D. of Florida 4 3 1 - 2 - 1 - 1 - - -
S.D. of Florida 18 9 7 2 3 3 2 - 3 2 - 3
M.D. of Georgia 4 2 2 - 1 1 1 - 1 - - -
N.D. of Georgia 11 5 6 - 4 3 2 1 - 1 - -
S.D. of Georgia 3 3 - - 1 - - 2 - - - -
Total 69 41 24 4 21 12 9 6 10 3 - 4

District Court in the D.C. CircuitEdit

As of May 22, 2019:

District Total Appointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
Vacant DJT BHO
2
BHO
1
GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
D. of Columbia 15 4 11 - 4 5 4 - - 1 1
Total 15 4 11 - 4 5 4 - - 1 1

United States Court of International TradeEdit

The United States Court of International Trade is an Article III court, with full powers in law and equity, established by the Customs Court Act of 1980 to replace the old United States Customs Court. As of August 1, 2019:[13]

Year Total Appointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
Vacant DJT BHO
2
BHO
1
GWB
2
GWB
1
Current 9 3 4 2 2 4 - - 1

Acronym keyEdit

Acronym President Term Date range
DJT Donald Trump current January 20, 2017 – present
BHO 2 Barack Obama second January 20, 2013 – January 20, 2017
BHO 1 Barack Obama first January 20, 2009 – January 20, 2013
GWB 2 George W. Bush second January 20, 2005 – January 20, 2009
GWB 1 George W. Bush first January 20, 2001 – January 20, 2005
WJC 2 Bill Clinton second January 20, 1997 – January 20, 2001
WJC 1 Bill Clinton first January 20, 1993 – January 20, 1997
GHWB George H. W. Bush only January 20, 1989 – January 20, 1993
RWR 2 Ronald Reagan second January 20, 1985 – January 20, 1989
RWR 1 Ronald Reagan first January 20, 1981 – January 20, 1985
JEC Jimmy Carter only January 20, 1977 – January 20, 1981
RMN/GRF Richard Nixon and Gerald Ford split January 20, 1973 – January 20, 1977
RMN 1 Richard Nixon first January 20, 1969 – January 20, 1973
LBJ 2 Lyndon Johnson second January 20, 1965 – January 20, 1969
JFK/LBJ John F. Kennedy and Lyndon Johnson split January 20, 1961 – January 20, 1965
DDE 2 Dwight Eisenhower second January 20, 1957 – January 20, 1961
DDE 1 Dwight Eisenhower first January 20, 1953 – January 20, 1957
HST 2 Harry Truman second January 20, 1949 – January 20, 1953
FDR/HST Franklin Roosevelt and Harry Truman split January 20, 1945 – January 20, 1949
FDR 3 Franklin Roosevelt third January 20, 1941 – January 20, 1945
FDR 2 Franklin Roosevelt second January 20, 1937 – January 20, 1941
FDR 1 Franklin Roosevelt first March 4, 1933 – January 20, 1937
HCH Herbert Hoover only March 4, 1929 – March 4, 1933
JCC 2 Calvin Coolidge second March 4, 1925 – March 4, 1929
WGH/JCC Warren G. Harding and Calvin Coolidge split March 4, 1921 – March 4, 1925
TWW 2 Woodrow Wilson second March 4, 1917 – March 4, 1921
TWW 1 Woodrow Wilson first March 4, 1913 – March 4, 1917
WHT William Howard Taft only March 4, 1909 – March 4, 1913

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "The Supreme Court Was Never Meant to Be Political". www.wsj.com. Retrieved 12 June 2019.
  2. ^ "The Unfortunate Politicization of Judicial Confirmation Hearings". www.theatlantic.com. Retrieved 12 June 2019.
  3. ^ "Brett Kavanaugh and the Supreme Court's drastic shift to the right, cartoonsplained". www.vox.com. Retrieved 12 June 2019.
  4. ^ "It took conservatives 50 years to get a reliable majority on the Supreme Court. Here are 3 reasons why". www.washingtonpost.com. Retrieved 12 June 2019.
  5. ^ "Kavanaugh Confirmation Solidifies Supreme Court Tilt to the Right". www.rollcall.com. Retrieved 12 June 2019.
  6. ^ "With Lagoa Confirmed to 11th Circuit, Trump Flips a Third Appeals Court to GOP Majority". www.law.com. Retrieved 20 November 2019.
  7. ^ "Trump and Senate Republicans Celebrate Making the Courts More Conservative". www.nytimes.com. Retrieved 14 November 2019.
  8. ^ "Senate Confirms Controversial Judicial Nominee, Flipping Court That Will Decide Trump Subpoena Cases". www.slate.com. Retrieved 14 November 2019.
  9. ^ "Majority of U.S. Appeals Courts Now Have GOP-Appointed Edge". news.bloomberglaw.com. Retrieved 20 November 2019.
  10. ^ "How Trump is shifting the most important courts in the country". www.washingtonpost.com. Retrieved 12 June 2019.
  11. ^ "With another Supreme Court pick, Trump is leaving his mark on higher federal courts". www.pewresearch.org. Retrieved 12 June 2019.
  12. ^ "Justices tend to agree with presidents that pick them — but stray later". www.washingtonpost.com. Retrieved 12 June 2019.
  13. ^ a b c d "Judgeship Appointments By President". United States Courts. Retrieved June 19, 2019.
  14. ^ 28 U.S.C. § 44(a)
  15. ^ a b c "Text of H.R. 660 (110th): Court Security Improvement Act of 2007 (Passed Congress/Enrolled Bill version) - GovTrack.us". GovTrack.us.
  16. ^ "Senate confirms Trump's appointment to Ninth Circuit appeals court". San Francisco Chronicle. July 9, 2019. Retrieved July 9, 2019.
  17. ^ Federal Judgeships, United States Courts.

External linksEdit