Judicial appointment history for United States federal courts

The appointment of federal judges for United States federal courts has come to be viewed as a political process in the last several decades.[1][2] The tables below provide the composition of all Article III courts which include the Supreme Court and the Courts of Appeals at the end of each four year presidential term, as well as the current compositions of the District Courts and the Court of International Trade, categorizing the judges by the presidential term during which they were first appointed to their seats.

As of October 26, 2020, of the 9 justices of the Supreme Court, 6 were appointed by a Republican president, and 3 were appointed by a Democratic president.[3][4] As of December 15, 2020, of the 13 federal appeals courts, Republican appointees have a majority on 7 courts, while Democrat appointees have a majority on 6 courts.[5][6][7] Additionally, as of December 20, 2020, Democratic appointees have a majority of district court seats in 7 circuit jurisdictions, while Republican appointees have a majority of district court seats in 5 circuit jurisdictions.[8][9] More specifically, within the 91 individual district courts, Republicans have a majority of seats in 34, Democrats have a majority of seats in 33, whilst 16 are split equally. One court (the Western District of Washington) has a majority of its seats vacant, whilst owing to vacancies Republicans have a plurality of seats in four district courts and Democrats a plurality in three. Finally, as of November 18, 2020, the United States Court of International Trade has an even number of appointees from both parties. However, the party of the president who appointed a judge is not always a good indicator of that judge's judicial philosophy and place on the political spectrum.[10]

Supreme CourtEdit

The Supreme Court of the United States was established by the Constitution of the United States. Originally, the Judiciary Act of 1789 set the number of justices at six. Subsequently, the United States Congress increased the number of justices to seven in 1807, nine in 1837, and ten in 1863. The Judicial Circuits Act of 1866 set the number at seven to be achieved gradually through retirement or death of current associate justices. The court was down to eight when the Judiciary Act of 1869 restored the number to nine.

As of October 26, 2020:[11]

Year Total Appointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
Vacant JRB DJT BHO
2
BHO
1
GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
GHWB RWR
2
RWR
1
JEC RMN
/GRF
RMN
1
LBJ
2
JFK
/LBJ
DDE
2
DDE
1
Current 9 6 3 3 2 2 1 1
2020 9 6 3 3 2 2 1 1
2016 9 4 4 1 2 2 2 1 1
2012 9 5 4 2 2 2 1 2
2008 9 7 2 2 2 2 2 1
2004 9 7 2 2 2 3 1 1
2000 9 7 2 2 2 3 1 1
1996 9 7 2 2 2 3 1 1
1992 9 8 1 2 3 1 1 1 1
1988 9 7 2 3 1 1 1 1 1 1
1984 9 7 2 1 1 4 1 1 1
1980 9 7 2 1 4 1 1 1 1
Year Total Appointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
Vacant RMN
/GRF
RMN
1
LBJ
2
JFK
/LBJ
DDE
2
DDE
1
HST
2
FDR
/HST
FDR
3
FDR
2
FDR
1
HCH JCC
2
WGH
/JCC
TWW
2
TWW
1
WHT
1976 9 7 2 1 4 1 1 1 1
1972 9 6 3 4 1 1 1 1 1
1968 9 4 5 2 1 1 3 2
1964 9 4 5 2 1 3 1 2
1960 9 5 4 2 3 1 3
1956 9 3 6 3 1 1 4
1952 9 0 9 2 2 1 4
1948 9 0 9 2 2 5
1944 9 2 7 3 5 1
1940 9 3 6 5 2 1 1
1936 9 7 2 3 1 2 2 1
1932 9 7 2 3 1 2 2 1
Year Total Appointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
Vacant JCC
2
WGH
/JCC
TWW
2
TWW
1
WHT TR
2
WMK
/TR
WMK
1
SGC
2
BH SGC
1
JAG
/CAA
RBH USG
2
USG
1
AL
/AJ
AL 1
1928 9 7 2 1 4 2 1 1
1924 9 7 2 4 2 1 1 1
1920 9 5 4 3 3 2 1
1916 9 5 4 3 3 2 1
1912 9 8 1 6 2 1
1908 9 6 3 1 2 1 2 1 1 1
1904 9 6 3 2 1 2 2 1 1
1900 9 6 3 1 2 3 1 1 1
1896 9 6 3 2 3 1 1 1 1
1892 9 7 2 4 2 2 1 1
1888 9 7 2 2 3 1 1 2
1884 9 9 0 3 2 1 1 2

Courts of appealsEdit

The United States Courts of Appeals were established by the Judiciary Act of 1891 as "United States circuit courts of appeals" (the name was changed to its current form in 1948). The act authorized 19 appellate judgeships in 9 circuits. Since then, the number of authorized appellate judgeships has increased to 179.[12]

Summary of 13 circuits combinedEdit

As of December 15, 2020:[11]

Year Total Appointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
Vacant JRB DJT BHO
2
BHO
1
GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
GHWB RWR
2
RWR
1
JEC RMN
/GRF
RMN
1
LBJ
2
JFK
/LBJ
DDE
2
DDE
1
Current 179 96 81 2 53 24 26 17 15 17 14 5 4 2
2020 179 96 81 2 53 24 26 17 15 17 14 5 4 2
2016 179 72 90 17 25 28 23 26 22 14 9 7 6 1 1
2012 179 84 78 17 30 24 30 26 17 12 10 7 5 1
2008* 178 100 66 12 24 32 34 25 21 15 7 7 1
2004 179 94 69 16 35 35 25 29 20 8 9 1 1
2000 179 76 78 25 35 29 35 28 11 14 1 1
1996 179 105 53 21 29 40 45 14 22 3 2 1 1 1
1992 179 119 42 18 40 50 20 40 5 3 1 1 1
1988 168 96 62 10 50 26 53 9 10 8 1 1
1984 168 66 76 26 33 57 15 17 14 5 1
1980 140 50 86 4 59 16 30 19 8 2 1
  • There were temporarily 178 appellate federal judgeships, due to the elimination of a 12th seat on the D.C. Circuit by Section 509 of the Court Security Improvement Act of 2007.[13] That Act also provided for the creation of a 29th seat on the Ninth Circuit in January 2009 which increased the number of authorized appellate judgeships back to 179.

As of December 15, 2020:

Year Total Appointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
Vacant JRB DJT BHO
2
BHO
1
GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
GHWB RWR
2
RWR
1
JEC RMN
/GRF
RMN
1
LBJ
2
JFK
/LBJ
DDE
2
DDE
1
Current 100% 54% 45% 1% 30% 13% 15% 9.5% 8% 9.5% 8% 3% 2% 1%
2020 100% 54% 45% 1% 30% 13% 15% 9.5% 8% 9.5% 8% 3% 2% 1%
2016 100% 40% 50% 9% 14% 16% 13% 15% 12% 8% 5% 4% 3% 1% 1%
2012 100% 47% 44% 9% 17% 13% 17% 15% 9% 7% 6% 4% 3% 1%
2008 100% 56% 37% 7% 13% 18% 19% 14% 12% 8% 4% 4% 1%
2004 100% 53% 39% 9% 20% 20% 14% 16% 11% 4% 5% 1% 1%
2000 100% 42% 44% 14% 20% 16% 20% 16% 6% 8% 1% 1%
1996 100% 59% 30% 12% 16% 22% 25% 8% 12% 2% 1% 1% 1% 1%
1992 100% 67% 23% 10% 22% 28% 11% 22% 3% 2% 1% 1% 1%
1988 100% 57% 37% 6% 30% 16% 32% 5% 6% 5% 1% 1%
1984 100% 39% 45% 16% 20% 34% 9% 10% 8% 3% 1%
1980 100% 36% 61% 3% 42% 11% 21% 14% 6% 1% 1%

Partisan mix of the circuit courtsEdit

As of December 15, 2020:

Appeals Court
(in numerical order)
Total number of seats Percentage
of occupied seats
appointed
by
Republicans
Percentage
of occupied seats
appointed
by
Democrats
Republican/
Democrat/
vacant
Percentage
of total seats
appointed
by
Republicans
Percentage
of total seats
appointed
by
Democrats
Percentage
of total seats
currently
vacant
1st 6 20% 80% 1 / 4 / 1 17% 67% 17%
2nd 13 54% 46% 7 / 6 / 0 54% 46% 0%
3rd 14 57% 43% 8 / 6 / 0 57% 43% 0%
4th 15 40% 60% 6 / 9 / 0 40% 60% 0%
5th 17 71% 29% 12 / 5 / 0 71% 29% 0%
6th 16 69% 31% 11 / 5 / 0 69% 31% 0%
7th 11 78% 22% 8 / 2 / 1 73% 18% 9%
8th 11 91% 9% 10 / 1 / 0 91% 9% 0%
9th 29 45% 55% 13 / 16 / 0 45% 55% 0%
10th 12 42% 58% 5 / 7 / 0 42% 58% 0%
11th 12 58% 42% 7 / 5 / 0 58% 42% 0%
D.C. 11 36% 64% 4 / 7 / 0 36% 64% 0%
Federal 12 33% 67% 4 / 8 / 0 33% 67% 0%
Total of 13 circuits 179 54% 46% 96 / 81 / 2 54% 45% 1%

First CircuitEdit

As of October 26, 2020:

Year Total Appointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
Vacant JRB DJT BHO
2
BHO
1
GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
GHWB RWR
2
RWR
1
JEC RMN
/GRF
RMN
1
LBJ
2
Current 6 1 4 1 2 1 1 1
2020 6 1 4 1 2 1 1 1
2016 6 2 4 2 1 1 1 1
2012 6 3 2 1 1 1 1 1 1
2008 6 3 2 1 1 1 1 1 1
2004 6 4 2 1 1 1 1 1 1
2000 6 4 2 1 1 2 1 1
1996 6 5 1 1 3 1 1
1992 6 5 1 3 1 1 1
1988 6 3 3 1 1 2 1 1
1984 6 2 3 1 1 2 1 1
1980 4 1 3 2 1 1

Second CircuitEdit

As of November 14, 2019:

Year Total Appointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
Vacant JRB DJT BHO
2
BHO
1
GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
GHWB RWR
2
RWR
1
JEC RMN
/GRF
RMN
1
LBJ
2
JFK
/LBJ
Current 13 7 6 5 3 1 1 2 1
2020 13 7 6 5 3 1 1 2 1
2016 13 4 7 2 4 1 2 2 1 1
2012 13 5 8 5 1 3 2 1 1
2008 13 6 6 1 1 4 4 2 1
2004 13 6 7 4 5 2 2
2000 13 2 10 1 5 4 2 1
1996 13 5 6 2 4 3 1 1 2
1992 13 10 2 1 3 3 3 2 1
1988 13 9 3 1 3 4 2 1 1 1
1984 13 7 4 2 4 2 2 1 1 1
1980 11 6 4 1 2 2 4 1 1

Third CircuitEdit

As of July 17, 2019:

Year Total Appointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
Vacant JRB DJT BHO
2
BHO
1
GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
GHWB RWR
2
RWR
1
JEC RMN
/GRF
RMN
1
LBJ
2
Current 14 8 6 4 3 1 3 1 1 1
2020 14 8 6 4 3 1 3 1 1 1
2016 14 5 7 2 3 2 3 2 1 1
2012 14 6 7 1 2 3 2 3 1 1 1
2008 14 6 6 2 3 2 4 1 1 1
2004 14 7 6 1 4 4 1 2 1 1
2000 14 6 6 2 4 1 2 3 1 1
1996 14 11 2 1 1 3 7 1 1
1992 14 11 1 2 3 7 1 1
1988 12 9 3 7 1 2 1 1
1984 12 6 4 2 1 2 1 4 2
1980 10 6 4 2 1 5 2

Fourth CircuitEdit

As of March 21, 2019:

Year Total Appointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
Vacant JRB DJT BHO
2
BHO
1
GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
GHWB RWR
2
RWR
1
JEC RMN
/GRF
RMN
1
LBJ
2
JFK
/LBJ
DDE
2
Current 15 6 9 3 1 5 1 2 1 1 1
2020 15 6 9 3 1 5 1 2 1 1 1
2016 15 5 10 1 5 1 2 3 1 1 1
2012 15 5 10 6 1 2 3 1 1 1
2008 15 6 5 4 1 2 3 2 2 1
2004 15 8 5 2 2 3 2 3 1 1 1
2000 15 6 5 4 3 2 3 1 1 1
1996 15 9 4 2 2 4 1 1 2 1 2
1992 15 9 3 3 4 1 1 3 1 2
1988 11 6 5 1 2 4 1 2 1
1984 11 6 5 3 4 1 2 1
1980 10 4 6 4 1 2 2 1
  • Roger Gregory, who was given a one-year recess appointment in Bill Clinton's second term and was subsequently given a lifetime appointment in George W. Bush's first term, is counted as a Clinton appointee on this page.

Fifth CircuitEdit

As of July 3, 2020:

Year Total Appointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
Vacant JRB DJT BHO
2
BHO
1
GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
GHWB RWR
2
RWR
1
JEC RMN
/GRF
RMN
1
LBJ
2
JFK
/LBJ
DDE
2
DDE
1
Current 17 12 5 6 1 2 4 2 2
2020 17 12 5 6 1 2 4 2 2
2016 17 9 5 3 1 2 4 2 2 2 1
2012 17 10 5 2 2 4 2 2 2 2 1
2008 17 13 4 4 2 3 3 2 2 1
2004 17 11 4 2 2 3 4 2 3 1
2000 17 9 5 3 4 4 2 3 1
1996 17 11 6 4 4 3 4 2
1992 17 11 2 4 4 3 4 2
1988 16 9 6 1 3 4 6 1 1
1984 16 7 7 2 5 7 1 1
1980 14 3 10 1 8 1 1 2 1
  • The 5th Circuit judges who were transferred to the 11th Circuit in 1981 are not included in the 5th Circuit numbers for 1980 for trend comparison purposes.

Sixth CircuitEdit

As of March 11, 2019:

Year Total Appointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
Vacant JRB DJT BHO
2
BHO
1
GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
GHWB RWR
2
RWR
1
JEC RMN
/GRF
RMN
1
LBJ
2
JFK
/LBJ
DDE
2
Current 16 11 5 6 2 3 2 1 2
2020 16 11 5 6 2 3 2 1 2
2016 16 10 5 1 2 4 4 1 2 1 1
2012 16 10 6 2 4 4 1 2 1 1 1
2008 16 10 6 4 4 2 3 1 1 1
2004 16 6 6 4 4 2 3 1 1 1
2000 16 5 7 4 2 3 3 2 2
1996 16 7 6 3 3 3 4 3
1992 16 9 5 2 3 5 1 5
1988 16 10 5 1 5 3 5 1 1
1984 16 6 6 4 4 5 1 1 1
1980 11 3 7 1 6 1 1 1 1

Seventh CircuitEdit

As of December 15, 2020:

Year Total Appointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
Vacant JRB DJT BHO
2
BHO
1
GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
GHWB RWR
2
RWR
1
JEC RMN
/GRF
RMN
1
LBJ
2
JFK
/LBJ
Current 11 8 2 1 4 1 1 1 1 2
2020 11 8 2 1 4 1 1 1 1 2
2016 11 6 3 2 1 1 1 1 1 2 2
2012 11 7 3 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2
2008 11 7 3 1 1 1 1 2 1 2 2
2004 11 8 3 1 1 2 1 4 2
2000 11 8 3 1 2 1 4 3
1996 11 8 3 2 1 4 3 1
1992 11 9 2 1 4 3 1 1 1
1988 11 9 2 4 3 1 2 1
1984 11 6 2 3 4 1 2 1
1980 9 4 4 1 1 2 2 2 1

Eighth CircuitEdit

As of December 12, 2018:

Year Total Appointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
Vacant JRB DJT BHO
2
BHO
1
GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
GHWB RWR
2
RWR
1
JEC RMN
/GRF
RMN
1
LBJ
2
Current 11 10 1 4 1 1 4 1
2020 11 10 1 4 1 1 4 1
2016 11 8 1 2 1 1 5 1 1
2012 11 9 2 1 6 1 1 1 1
2008 11 9 2 1 6 1 1 1 1
2004 11 9 2 6 1 1 2 1
2000 11 6 4 1 1 1 3 2 1 2
1996 11 8 3 1 3 3 2 2
1992 11 9 2 3 3 3 2
1988 10 6 3 1 3 3 2 1
1984 10 4 5 1 3 2 1 3
1980 9 3 5 1 2 1 2 3

Ninth CircuitEdit

As of December 11, 2019:

Year Total Appointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
Vacant JRB DJT BHO
2
BHO
1
GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
GHWB RWR
2
RWR
1
JEC RMN
/GRF
RMN
1
LBJ
2
JFK
/LBJ
Current 29 13 16 10 2 5 2 1 8 1
2020 29 13 16 10 2 5 2 1 8 1
2016 29 7 18 4 2 5 3 3 9 1 1 1
2012 29 9 19 1 5 3 4 11 1 2 2
2008 28 11 16 1 3 4 11 2 2 2 3
2004 28 8 16 4 4 11 2 2 2 3
2000 28 7 18 3 11 3 4 3 4
1996 28 11 9 8 3 4 7 5 1
1992 28 15 12 1 4 7 3 11 1 1
1988 28 12 13 3 7 3 12 2 1
1984 28 8 16 4 3 15 3 2 1
1980 23 7 16 15 3 4 1
  • SEC. 509. of the Court Security Improvement Act of 2007[13] provided for the creation of a 29th seat on the Ninth Circuit in January 2009.

Tenth CircuitEdit

As of May 17, 2018:

Year Total Appointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
Vacant JRB DJT BHO
2
BHO
1
GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
GHWB RWR
2
RWR
1
JEC RMN
/GRF
RMN
1
LBJ
2
JFK
/LBJ
Current 12 5 7 2 4 1 1 2 2
2020 12 5 7 2 4 1 1 2 2
2016 12 5 7 4 1 2 2 2 1
2012 12 6 3 3 1 2 3 2 1
2008 12 8 4 2 4 4 1 1
2004 12 7 5 4 4 1 2 1
2000 12 5 5 2 4 1 4 1
1996 12 7 5 4 1 6 1
1992 12 7 3 2 1 6 3
1988 10 6 4 6 3 1
1984 10 1 4 5 3 1 1
1980 8 3 5 3 3 1 1

Eleventh CircuitEdit

As of February 11, 2020:

Year Total Appointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
Vacant JRB DJT BHO
2
BHO
1
GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
GHWB RWR
2
RWR
1
JEC RMN
/GRF
RMN
1
LBJ
2
Current 12 7 5 6 2 2 1 1
2020 12 7 5 6 2 2 1 1
2016 12 3 8 1 3 2 1 3 1 1
2012 12 4 6 2 2 1 3 1 2 1
2008 12 7 5 1 3 1 4 1 1 1
2004 12 7 5 1 3 1 4 1 1 1
2000 12 6 5 1 3 1 4 1 1 1
1996 12 8 2 2 1 4 2 1 2
1992 12 8 3 1 4 2 3 2
1988 12 6 6 2 6 3 1
1984 12 4 8 7 3 1 1
1980 12 4 8 7 3 1 1
  • The 11th Circuit was created in 1981. The judges that were transferred from the 5th Circuit to the 11th Circuit are shown in 1980 for trend comparison purposes.

D.C. CircuitEdit

As of September 2, 2020:

Year Total Appointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
Vacant JRB DJT BHO
2
BHO
1
GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
GHWB RWR
2
RWR
1
JEC RMN
/GRF
RMN
1
LBJ
2
JFK
/LBJ
Current 11 4 7 3 4 1 2 1
2020 11 4 7 3 4 1 2 1
2016 11 4 7 4 3 1 2 1
2012 11 5 3 3 3 1 2 1 1
2008* 11 6 3 2 3 1 2 1 2
2004 12 5 4 3 1 1 2 2 2 1
2000 12 5 4 3 1 2 2 3 1
1996 12 6 4 2 2 2 4 2
1992 12 7 4 1 2 5 4
1988 12 6 5 1 5 1 4 1
1984 12 3 7 2 3 4 2 1
1980 11 3 8 4 3 2 2
  • SEC. 509. of the Court Security Improvement Act of 2007[13] eliminated the 12th seat on the D.C. Circuit.

Federal CircuitEdit

As of July 8, 2015:

Year Total Appointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
Vacant JRB DJT BHO
2
BHO
1
GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
GHWB RWR
2
RWR
1
JEC RMN
/GRF
RMN
1
LBJ
2
JFK
/LBJ
DDE
2
Current 12 4 8 4 3 1 1 1 1 1
2020 12 4 8 4 3 1 1 1 1 1
2016 12 4 8 4 3 1 1 1 1 1
2012 12 5 4 3 3 1 1 1 2 1
2008 12 8 4 1 1 3 1 3 2 1
2004 12 8 4 1 3 1 4 2 1
2000 12 7 4 1 3 1 4 2 1
1996 12 10 1 1 1 5 3 1 1
1992 12 10 1 1 5 3 1 1 1
1988 12 7 3 2 3 2 3 1 1
1984 12 7 5 2 3 1 3 1 1 1
1980 11 6 5 3 1 4 1 1 1
  • The Federal Circuit was created in 1982. The judges from the courts that were combined into the Federal Circuit are shown in 1980 for trend comparison purposes.

District CourtsEdit

Summary of 91 District CourtsEdit

As of December 20, 2020:[11]

Year Total Appointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
Vacant JRB DJT BHO
2
BHO
1
GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
GHWB RWR
2
RWR
1
JEC
Current 678 318 317 43 173 129 133 64 64 34 22 7 6 4 1
2020 678 318 317 43 173 129 133 64 64 34 22 7 6 4 1
  • Current (December 20, 2020) vacancies are 43 District judgeships/judges per uscourts.gov. 174 Trump-nominated District judges (177 judgeships, as one Trump nominees serves in two districts and one in three districts) have been confirmed, of which 170 judges (173 judgeships) are currently serving. Four judges have been subsequently elevated to Circuit Courts (Quattlebaum, Phipps, Brasher, Walker). (174+3-4=173)
  • Congress has authorized 677 district judgeships including 673 Article III judgeships for the 50 States, the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico plus 4 Article IV judgeships for Guam, Northern Marianas, and the Virgin Islands. The 673 Article III judgeships include 663 permanent and 10 temporary judgeships.[14]
  • However, the number of total authorized Article III District Judge positions is currently higher than 673 (678 in 2020) because four judges are authorized to serve a collective five additional judicial districts: one two-District (Trump-nominated) Judge in the Sixth, two two-District (one Clinton-nominated & one Obama-nominated) Judges in the Eighth and one three-district (Trump-nominated) Judge in the Tenth Circuit – see individual districts below for more details.

Partisan mix of the District CourtsEdit

As of December 20, 2020:

District Courts
under the
Appeals Court
Total
number
of seats
Percentage
of occupied seats
appointed
by
Republicans
Percentage
of occupied seats
appointed
by
Democrats
Republican/
Democrat/
vacant
Percentage
of total seats
appointed
by
Republicans
Percentage
of total seats
appointed
by
Democrats
Percentage
of total seats
currently
vacant
1st 29 48% 52% 13 / 14 / 2 45% 48% 7%
2nd 62 31% 69% 17 / 38 / 7 27% 61% 11%
3rd 59 56% 44% 29 / 23 / 7 49% 39% 12%
4th 56 49% 51% 27 / 28 / 1 48% 50% 2%
5th 83 65% 35% 54 / 29 / — 65% 35% 0%
6th 63 56% 44% 36 / 27 / — 57% 43% 0%
7th 47 41% 59% 19 / 27 / 1 40% 57% 2%
8th 44 35% 65% 15 / 28 / 1 34% 64% 2%
9th 110 38% 62% 35 / 56 / 19 32% 51% 17%
10th 41 68% 32% 26 / 12 / 3 61% 29% 10%
11th 69 64% 36% 43 / 24 / 2 62% 35% 3%
D.C. 15 27% 73% 4 / 11 / — 27% 73% 0%
Total of 91 District Courts 678 50% 50% 318 / 317 / 43 47% 47% 6%

District Courts in the First CircuitEdit

As of February 25, 2020:

District Total Appointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
Vacant JRB DJT BHO
2
BHO
1
GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
GHWB RWR
2
RWR
1
JEC
D. of Maine 3 1 2 1 1 1
D. of Massachusetts 13 3 8 2 4 2 1 2 1 1
D. of New Hampshire 3 2 1 1 1 1
D. of Puerto Rico 7 5 2 2 1 3 1
D. of Rhode Island 3 2 1 1 1 1
Total 29 13 14 2 4 7 4 4 2 2 2 1 1

District Courts in the Second CircuitEdit

As of September 10, 2020:

District Total Appointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
Vacant JRB DJT BHO
2
BHO
1
GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
D. of Connecticut 8 2 5 1 1 2 1 1 2
E.D. of New York 15 6 6 3 4 4 2 2
N.D. of New York 5 1 3 1 1 1 1 1
S.D. of New York 28 7 19 2 4 6 9 2 1 3 1
W.D. of New York 4 1 3 1 3
D. of Vermont 2 2 1 1
Total 62 17 38 7 10 17 14 6 1 6 1

District Courts in the Third CircuitEdit

As of September 9, 2020:

District Total Appointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
Vacant JRB DJT BHO
2
BHO
1
GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
D. of Delaware 4 2 2 2 2
D. of New Jersey 17 4 7 6 3 4 3 1
E.D. of Pennsylvania 22 12 9 1 5 8 2 5 1
M.D. of Pennsylvania 6 3 3 1 3 2
W.D. of Pennsylvania 10 8 2 8 2
Total 59 29 23 7 16 11 11 5 8 1

District Courts in the Fourth CircuitEdit

As of December 16, 2020:

District Total Appointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
Vacant JRB DJT BHO
2
BHO
1
GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
GHWB RWR
2
RWR
1
D. of Maryland 10 2 8 1 3 4 1 1
E.D. of North Carolina 4 4 1 1 1 1
M.D. of North Carolina 4 2 2 1 1 2
W.D. of North Carolina 5 4 1 1 1 3
D. of South Carolina 10 5 5 3 1 4 1 1
E.D. of Virginia 11 5 5 1 3 1 2 2 2
W.D. of Virginia 4 1 3 1 1 1 1
N.D. of West Virginia 3 2 1 1 1 1
S.D. of West Virginia 5 2 3 1 1 1 1 1
Total 56 27 28 1 12 7 15 10 3 1 5 1 1

District Courts in the Fifth CircuitEdit

As of December 1, 2020:

District Total Appointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
Vacant JRB DJT BHO
2
BHO
1
GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
GHWB RWR
2
RWR
1
E.D. of Louisiana 12 6 6 3 3 2 1 2 1
M.D. of Louisiana 3 3 2 1
W.D. of Louisiana 7 6 1 5 1 1
N.D. of Mississippi 3 2 1 1 1 1
S.D. of Mississippi 6 5 1 2 1 2 1
E.D. of Texas 8 5 3 4 2 1 1
N.D. of Texas 12 10 2 6 1 3 2
S.D. of Texas 19 11 8 5 3 3 3 1 1 1 1 1
W.D. of Texas 13 9 4 3 1 1 6 2
Total 83 54 29 28 9 11 4 17 4 5 1 2 2

District Courts in the Sixth CircuitEdit

As of December 17, 2020:

District Total Appointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
Vacant JRB DJT BHO
2
BHO
1
GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
E.D. of Kentucky 6 6 2 1 3
W.D. of Kentucky 5 3 2 3 2
E.D. of Michigan 15 4 11 1 4 3 3 2 2
W.D. of Michigan 4 4 1 3
N.D. of Ohio 11 5 6 3 2 1 1 2 2
S.D. of Ohio 8 5 3 4 1 1 1 1
E.D. of Tennessee 5 4 1 3 1 1
M.D. of Tennessee 4 2 2 2 1 1
W.D. of Tennessee 5 3 2 2 1 1 1
Total 63 36 27 21 9 7 9 6 6 5

Note: Judge Claria Horn Boom (Trump appointee) currently serves both the Eastern & Western Districts of Kentucky

District Courts in the Seventh CircuitEdit

As of September 17, 2020:

District Total Appointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
Vacant JRB DJT BHO
2
BHO
1
GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
GHWB RWR
2
RWR
1
C.D. of Illinois 4 4 1 3
N.D. of Illinois 22 9 13 6 5 6 2 2 1
S.D. of Illinois 4 2 2 2 2
N.D. of Indiana 5 4 1 2 1 2
S.D. of Indiana 5 2 3 2 2 1
E.D. of Wisconsin 5 2 2 1 1 1 1 1
W.D. of Wisconsin 2 2 1 1
Total 47 19 27 1 13 10 13 2 2 4 1 1

District Courts in the Eighth CircuitEdit

As of August 4, 2020:

District Total Appointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
Vacant JRB DJT BHO
2
BHO
1
GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
E.D. of Arkansas 5 2 3 1 1 2 1
W.D. of Arkansas 3 3 1 2
N.D. of Iowa 2 1 1 1 1
S.D. of Iowa 3 1 2 1 1 1
D. Minnesota 7 3 3 1 2 1 1 1 1
E.D. of Missouri 9 4 5 3 1 3 1 1
W.D. of Missouri 7 1 6 3 2 1 1
D. of Nebraska 3 1 2 1 1 1
D. of North Dakota 2 2 2
D. of South Dakota 3 3 2 1
Total 44 15 28 1 10 10 14 4 1 3 1

Note: Judge Rodney Sippel (Clinton appointee) currently serves in both the Eastern & Western Districts of Missouri. Judge Brian Wimes (Obama appointee) also currently serves in both the Eastern & Western Districts of Missouri.

District Courts in the Ninth CircuitEdit

As of December 20, 2020:

District Total Appointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
Vacant JRB DJT BHO
2
BHO
1
GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
GHWB RWR
2
D. of Alaska 3 2 1 1 1 1
D. of Arizona 13 6 7 5 6 1 1
C.D. of California 28 13 9 6 4 2 5 3 5 2 1
E.D. of California 6 1 3 2 2 1 1
N.D. of California 14 1 13 6 5 1 2
S.D. of California 13 5 4 4 1 1 3 1 3
D. of Hawaii 4 2 2 1 1 1 1
D. of Idaho 2 1 1 1 1
D. of Montana 3 3 2 1
D. of Nevada 7 5 2 3 2
D. of Oregon 6 2 4 1 1 2 1 1
E.D. of Washington 4 4 2 2
W.D. of Washington 7 2 5 1 1
Total 110 35 56 19 14 26 24 9 11 5 1 1

District Courts in the Tenth CircuitEdit

As of November 17, 2020:

District Total Appointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
Vacant JRB DJT BHO
2
BHO
1
GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
GHWB RWR
2
D. of Colorado 7 3 3 1 1 1 2 2
D. of Kansas 6 5 1 3 1 1 1
D. of New Mexico 7 3 2 2 1 1 2 1
E.D. of Oklahoma 2 2 1 1
N.D. of Oklahoma 4 3 1 1 1 1 1
W.D. of Oklahoma 7 7 6 1
D. of Utah 5 2 3 2 1 2
D. of Wyoming 3 1 2 2 1
Total 41 26 12 3 15 4 7 5 5 1 1

Note: Judge John Heil III (Trump appointee) currently serves on the Eastern, Northern, & Western Districts of Oklahoma

District Courts in the Eleventh CircuitEdit

As of November 18, 2020:

District Total Appointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
Vacant JRB DJT BHO
2
BHO
1
GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
GHWB
M.D. of Alabama 3 2 1 2
N.D. of Alabama 8 6 2 4 1 1 2
S.D. of Alabama 3 3 2 1
M.D. of Florida 15 9 6 5 4 2 2 1 1
N.D. of Florida 4 3 1 2 1 1
S.D. of Florida 18 10 7 1 5 3 2 3 2 2
M.D. of Georgia 4 2 2 1 1 1 1
N.D. of Georgia 11 5 6 4 3 2 1 1
S.D. of Georgia 3 3 1 2
Total 69 43 24 2 26 12 9 6 8 3 3

District Court in the D.C. CircuitEdit

As of May 22, 2019:

District Total Appointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
Vacant JRB DJT BHO
2
BHO
1
GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
D. of Columbia 15 4 11 4 5 4 1 1
Total 15 4 11 4 5 4 1 1

United States Court of International TradeEdit

The United States Court of International Trade is an Article III court, with full powers in law and equity, established by the Customs Court Act of 1980 to replace the United States Customs Court.

As of November 18, 2020:

Year Total Appointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
Vacant JRB DJT BHO
2
BHO
1
GWB
2
GWB
1
Current 9 4 4 1 3 4 1
2020 9 4 4 1 3 4 1

Acronym keyEdit

Acronym President Term Date range
JRB Joseph Biden elect January 20, 2021 - January 20, 2025
DJT Donald Trump current January 20, 2017 - January 20, 2021
BHO 2 Barack Obama second January 20, 2013 - January 20, 2017
BHO 1 Barack Obama first January 20, 2009 - January 20, 2013
GWB 2 George W. Bush second January 20, 2005 - January 20, 2009
GWB 1 George W. Bush first January 20, 2001 - January 20, 2005
WJC 2 Bill Clinton second January 20, 1997 - January 20, 2001
WJC 1 Bill Clinton first January 20, 1993 - January 20, 1997
GHWB George H. W. Bush only January 20, 1989 - January 20, 1993
RWR 2 Ronald Reagan second January 20, 1985 - January 20, 1989
RWR 1 Ronald Reagan first January 20, 1981 - January 20, 1985
JEC Jimmy Carter only January 20, 1977 - January 20, 1981
RMN/GRF Richard Nixon and Gerald Ford split January 20, 1973 - January 20, 1977
RMN 1 Richard Nixon first January 20, 1969 - January 20, 1973
LBJ 2 Lyndon Johnson second January 20, 1965 - January 20, 1969
JFK/LBJ John F. Kennedy and Lyndon Johnson split January 20, 1961 - January 20, 1965
DDE 2 Dwight Eisenhower second January 20, 1957 - January 20, 1961
DDE 1 Dwight Eisenhower first January 20, 1953 - January 20, 1957
HST 2 Harry Truman second January 20, 1949 - January 20, 1953
FDR/HST Franklin Roosevelt and Harry Truman split January 20, 1945 - January 20, 1949
FDR 3 Franklin Roosevelt third January 20, 1941 - January 20, 1945
FDR 2 Franklin Roosevelt second January 20, 1937 - January 20, 1941
FDR 1 Franklin Roosevelt first March 4, 1933 - January 20, 1937
HCH Herbert Hoover only March 4, 1929 - March 4, 1933
JCC 2 Calvin Coolidge second March 4, 1925 - March 4, 1929
WGH/JCC Warren G. Harding and Calvin Coolidge split March 4, 1921 - March 4, 1925
TWW 2 Woodrow Wilson second March 4, 1917 - March 4, 1921
TWW 1 Woodrow Wilson first March 4, 1913 - March 4, 1917
WHT William Howard Taft only March 4, 1909 - March 4, 1913
TR 2 Theodore Roosevelt second March 4, 1905 - March 4, 1909
WMK/TR William McKinley and Theodore Roosevelt split March 4, 1901 - March 4, 1905
WMK 1 William McKinley first March 4, 1897 - March 4, 1901
SGC 2 Grover Cleveland second March 4, 1893 - March 4, 1897
BH Benjamin Harrison only March 4, 1889 - March 4, 1893
SGC 1 Grover Cleveland first March 4, 1885 - March 4, 1889
JAG/CAA James A. Garfield and Chester A. Arthur split March 4, 1881 - March 4, 1885
RBH Rutherford B. Hayes only March 4, 1877 - March 4, 1881
USG 2 Ulysses S. Grant second March 4, 1873 - March 4, 1877
USG 1 Ulysses S. Grant first March 4, 1869 - March 4, 1873
AL/AJ Abraham Lincoln and Andrew Johnson split March 4, 1865 - March 4, 1869
AL 1 Abraham Lincoln first March 4, 1861 - March 4, 1865

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "The Supreme Court Was Never Meant to Be Political". www.wsj.com. Retrieved 12 June 2019.
  2. ^ "The Unfortunate Politicization of Judicial Confirmation Hearings". www.theatlantic.com. Retrieved 12 June 2019.
  3. ^ "It took conservatives 50 years to get a reliable majority on the Supreme Court. Here are 3 reasons why". www.washingtonpost.com. Retrieved 12 June 2019.
  4. ^ "Kavanaugh Confirmation Solidifies Supreme Court Tilt to the Right". www.rollcall.com. Retrieved 12 June 2019.
  5. ^ "With Lagoa Confirmed to 11th Circuit, Trump Flips a Third Appeals Court to GOP Majority". www.law.com. Retrieved 20 November 2019.
  6. ^ "Senate Confirms Controversial Judicial Nominee, Flipping Court That Will Decide Trump Subpoena Cases". www.slate.com. Retrieved 14 November 2019.
  7. ^ "Majority of U.S. Appeals Courts Now Have GOP-Appointed Edge". news.bloomberglaw.com. Retrieved 20 November 2019.
  8. ^ "How Trump is shifting the most important courts in the country". www.washingtonpost.com. Retrieved 12 June 2019.
  9. ^ "With another Supreme Court pick, Trump is leaving his mark on higher federal courts". www.pewresearch.org. Retrieved 12 June 2019.
  10. ^ "Justices tend to agree with presidents that pick them — but stray later". www.washingtonpost.com. Retrieved 12 June 2019.
  11. ^ a b c "Judgeship Appointments By President". United States Courts. Retrieved January 9, 2021.
  12. ^ 28 U.S.C. § 44(a)
  13. ^ a b c "Text of H.R. 660 (110th): Court Security Improvement Act of 2007 (Passed Congress/Enrolled Bill version) - GovTrack.us". GovTrack.us.
  14. ^ Federal Judgeships, United States Courts.

External linksEdit