United States District Court for the Northern District of Iowa
The United States District Court for the Northern District of Iowa (in case citations, N.D. Iowa) has jurisdiction over fifty-two of Iowa's ninety-nine counties. It is subject to the Eighth Circuit Court of Appeals (except for patent claims and claims against the U.S. government under the Tucker Act, which are appealed to the Federal Circuit).
|United States District Court for the Northern District of Iowa|
The Northern (red) and Southern (blue) Districts of Iowa
|Appeals to||Eighth Circuit|
|Established||July 20, 1882|
|Chief Judge||Leonard Terry Strand|
|Officers of the court|
|U.S. Attorney||Peter Deegan|
|U.S. Marshal||Douglas J. Strike|
The United States District Court for the District of Iowa, established on March 3, 1845, by 5 Stat. 789, was subdivided into the current Northern and Southern Districts on July 20, 1882, by 22 Stat. 172.
The court is headquartered in Cedar Rapids, with a satellite courthouse in Sioux City. Stephanie M. Rose served as the United States Attorney from 2009 to 2012, she was later commissioned to serve on the United States District Court for the Southern District of Iowa on September 17, 2012.
The Northern District of Iowa has four court divisions, each covering the following counties:
As of March 2, 2019[update]:
|#||Title||Judge||Duty station||Born||Term of service||Appointed by|
|12||Chief Judge||Leonard Terry Strand||Sioux City||1965||2016–present||2017–present||—||Obama|
|13||District Judge||C. J. Williams||Cedar Rapids||1963||2018–present||—||—||Trump|
|11||Senior Judge||Linda R. Reade||Cedar Rapids||1948||2002–2017||2007–2017||2017–present||G.W. Bush|
|#||Judge||State||Born–died||Active service||Chief Judge||Senior status||Appointed by||Reason for|
|1||Oliver Perry Shiras||IA||1833–1916||1882–1903||—||—||Arthur||retirement|
|2||Henry Thomas Reed||IA||1846–1924||1904–1921||—||1921–1924||T. Roosevelt||death|
|3||George Cromwell Scott||IA||1864–1948||1922–1943||—||1943–1948||Harding||death|
|4||Henry Norman Graven||IA||1893–1970||1944–1961||1961||1961–1970||F. Roosevelt||death|
|5||Edward Joseph McManus||IA||1920–2017||1962–1985||1962–1985||1985–2017||Kennedy||death|
|6||William Cook Hanson||IA||1909–1995||1962–1977[Note 1]||—||1977–1995||Kennedy||death|
|7||Donald Eugene O'Brien||IA||1923–2015||1978–1992[Note 2]||1985–1992||1992–2015||Carter||death|
|8||David R. Hansen||IA||1938–present||1986–1991||—||—||Reagan||elevation to 8th Cir.|
|9||Michael Joseph Melloy||IA||1948–present||1992–2002||1992–1999||—||G.H.W. Bush||elevation to 8th Cir.|
|10||Mark W. Bennett||IA||1950–present||1994–2015||1999–2006||2015–2019||Clinton||retirement|
Chief judges have administrative responsibilities with respect to their district court. Unlike the Supreme Court, where one justice is specifically nominated to be chief, the office of chief judge rotates among the district court judges. To be chief, a judge must have been in active service on the court for at least one year, be under the age of 65, and have not previously served as chief judge. A vacancy is filled by the judge highest in seniority among the group of qualified judges. The chief judge serves for a term of seven years or until age 70, whichever occurs first. The age restrictions are waived if no members of the court would otherwise be qualified for the position.
When the office was created in 1948, the chief judge was the longest-serving judge who had not elected to retire on what has since 1958 been known as senior status or declined to serve as chief judge. After August 6, 1959, judges could not become or remain chief after turning 70 years old. The current rules have been in operation since October 1, 1982.
Succession of seatsEdit