Sioux City (/s/) is a city in Woodbury and Plymouth counties in the northwestern part of the U.S. state of Iowa. The population was 85,797 in the 2020 census, making it the fourth-most populous city in Iowa.[3] The bulk of the city is in Woodbury County, of which it is the county seat, though a small northern portion is in Plymouth County. Sioux City is located at the navigational head of the Missouri River. The city is home to several cultural points of interest including the Sioux City Public Museum, Sioux City Art Center and Sergeant Floyd Monument, which is a National Historic Landmark. The city is also home to Chris Larsen Park, commonly referred to as "the Riverfront", which includes the Anderson Dance Pavilion, Sergeant Floyd Riverboat Museum and Lewis and Clark Interpretive Center. Sioux City is the primary city of the five-county Sioux City, IANESD Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA), with a population of 149,940 in the 2020 census. The Sioux City–Vermillion, IA–NE–SD Combined Statistical Area had a population of 175,638 as of 2020.

Sioux City, Iowa
Left to right, from top: Downtown Sioux City, First Presbyterian Church, Sioux City Orpheum, Sioux City Museum, and the Wilbur Aalfs Library
Location in Iowa
Location in Iowa
Sioux City is located in Iowa
Sioux City
Sioux City
Sioux City is located in the United States
Sioux City
Sioux City
Coordinates: 42°29′53″N 96°23′44″W / 42.49806°N 96.39556°W / 42.49806; -96.39556[1]
Country United States
State Iowa
CountiesWoodbury, Plymouth
 • MayorBob Scott
 • City ManagerRobert Padmore[2]
 • City59.63 sq mi (154.4 km2)
 • Land58.46 sq mi (151.4 km2)
 • Water1.165 sq mi (3.02 km2)
1,201 ft (366 m)
 • City85,797
 • Rank
  • US: 407th
  • IA: 4th
 • Density1,467.6/sq mi (566.65/km2)
 • Urban
106,494 (US: 292nd)
 • Metro
149,940 (US: 284th)
 • CSA
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (Central)
ZIP Codes
51101–51104, 51106-51108, 51109-51111
Area code712
FIPS code19-73335
GNIS feature ID0461653

Sioux City is at the navigational head of the Missouri River, the furthest upstream point to which general cargo ships can travel, approximately 95 mi (153 km) north of the Omaha–Council Bluffs metropolitan area. Sioux City and the surrounding areas of northwestern Iowa, northeastern Nebraska and southeastern South Dakota are sometimes referred to as Siouxland, especially by local media and residents.

History edit

Waterfront, circa 1912

Iowa is in the tallgrass prairie of the North American Great Plains, historically inhabited by speakers of Siouan languages. The area of Sioux City was inhabited by Yankton Sioux when it was first reached by Spanish and French furtrappers in the 18th century. The first documented US citizens to record their travels through this area were Meriwether Lewis and William Clark during the summer of 1804. Sergeant Charles Floyd, a member of the Lewis and Clark Expedition, died here on August 20, 1804, the only death during the two and a half-year expedition.[4]

1859 map of route from Sioux City, Iowa, through Nebraska, to gold fields of Wyoming, partially following old Mormon trails.

Sioux City was laid out in the winter of 1854–1855.[5] It became a major transportation hub to the western Plains, including Mormons heading to Salt Lake City and speculators heading to Wyoming goldfields.

In 1891, the Sioux City Elevated Railway was opened and became the third steam-powered elevated rapid transit system in the world, and later the first electric-powered elevated railway in the world after conversion in 1892. However, the system fell into bankruptcy and closed within a decade.[6]

The city gained the nickname "Little Chicago" during the Prohibition era due to its reputation for being a purveyor of alcoholic beverages.[7]

On July 19, 1989, United Airlines Flight 232 crash-landed at Sioux Gateway Airport, killing 111 people, but 184 survived the crash and ensuing fire due to outstandingly quick performances by fire and emergency local teams.[8][9]

According to a 2015 University of Iowa study for the Iowa Initiative for Sustainable Communities,[10] blight and disinvestment are serious problems in the downtown core as investment has shifted to suburbs.[11]

Sioux City, 1911

Geography edit

Sioux City borders two states, South Dakota to the west-northwest and Nebraska to the west.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 59.63 sq mi (154.44 km2), of which 58.46 sq mi (151.41 km2) is land and 1.165 sq mi (3.02 km2) is water.[1]

City neighborhoods edit

Climate edit

As is typical of Iowa, Sioux City has a humid continental climate, with very warm, humid summers, cold, dry winters, and wide temperature extremes; it is part of USDA Hardiness zone 5a.[12] The normal monthly mean temperature ranges from 20.0 °F (−6.7 °C) in January to 74.2 °F (23.4 °C) in July. On average, there are 25 days that reach 90 °F (32 °C) or higher, 52 days that do not climb above freezing, and 17 days with a low of 0 °F (−18 °C) or below annually. The average window for freezing temperatures is October 1 through April 26, allowing a growing season of 157 days. Extreme temperatures officially range from −35 °F (−37 °C) on 12 January 1912 up to 111 °F (44 °C) on 4 July 1936 and 17 July 1936, as well as 11 July 1939; the record cold daily maximum is −22 °F (−30 °C) on 8 February 1899, while, conversely, the record warm daily minimum is 86 °F (30 °C) on 18 August 1936.

Precipitation is greatest in May and June and averages 29.27 in (743 mm) annually, but has ranged from 14.33 in (364 mm) in 1976 to 41.10 in (1,044 mm) in 1903. Snowfall averages 36.0 in (91 cm) per season, and has historically ranged from 6.9 in (18 cm) in 1895–1896 to 65.9 in (167 cm) in 1961–1962; the average window for measurable (≥0.1 in or 0.25 cm) snowfall is November 8 through April 7, although snow in October occurs several times per decade. On 14 May 2013, the high temperature reached 106 °F (41 °C), setting a new all-time May record high, along with a 77 °F (43 °C) rise from the morning of the 12th.[13]

Climate data for Sioux City, Iowa (Sioux Gateway Airport), 1991–2020 normals, extremes 1889–present
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 71
Mean maximum °F (°C) 52.2
Mean daily maximum °F (°C) 29.5
Daily mean °F (°C) 20.0
Mean daily minimum °F (°C) 10.4
Mean minimum °F (°C) −12.1
Record low °F (°C) −35
Average precipitation inches (mm) 0.69
Average snowfall inches (cm) 7.7
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 6.8 6.5 8.1 10.0 12.0 11.7 9.0 9.8 8.0 7.6 5.9 6.8 102.2
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 5.9 5.7 3.4 1.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5 2.5 5.4 24.8
Average relative humidity (%) 72.2 72.4 69.7 61.6 62.3 65.5 69.2 72.0 70.8 66.2 72.3 75.9 69.2
Mean monthly sunshine hours 171.1 165.5 211.9 232.3 271.8 310.2 330.9 292.9 235.5 209.3 146.4 138.3 2,716.1
Percent possible sunshine 58 56 57 58 60 68 71 68 63 61 50 49 61
Source: NOAA (relative humidity and sun 1961–1990)[14][15][16]

Demographics edit

Historical population
  • U.S. Decennial Census[17]
  • 2020 Census[3]
Woodbury County Courthouse

2020 edit

As of the census of 2020, there were 85,797 people. The racial makeup of the city was 76.3% White, 4.8% African American, 2.2% Native American, 2.9% Asian, 0.6% Pacific Islander, and 10.1% from other races or from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 20.9% of the population.[18] The city has significant minority populations of West Africans, Somalis, Ethiopians, Vietnamese, Mexicans, and Guatemalans. This has been attributed to the many meat factories and manufacturing jobs in the area.

2010 census edit

As of the census[19] of 2010, there were 82,684 people, 31,571 households, and 20,144 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,441.7/sq mi (556.6/km2). There were 33,425 housing units at an average density of 582.8/sq mi (225.0/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 80.6% White, 2.9% African American, 2.6% Native American, 2.7% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 7.4% from other races, and 3.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 16.4% of the population.

There were 31,571 households, of which 34.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.2% were married couples living together, 13.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.9% had a male householder with no wife present, and 36.2% were non-families. 29.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 3.14.

The median age in the city was 33.7 years. 26.6% of residents were under the age of 18; 11.4% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 25.6% were from 25 to 44; 24% were from 45 to 64, and 12.4% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.2% male and 50.8% female.

2000 census edit

As of the census of 2000, there were 85,013 people, 32,054 households, and 21,091 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,551.3 inhabitants per square mile (599.0/km2). There were 33,816 housing units at an average density of 617.1 per square mile (238.3/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 85.23% White, 2.41% African American, 1.95% Native American, 2.82% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 5.27% from other races, and 2.28% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 10.89% of the population.

There were 32,054 households, of which 33.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.1% were married couples living together, 12.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.2% were non-families. 27.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.14.

Age spread: 27.1% under the age of 18, 11.0% from 18 to 24, 28.5% from 25 to 44, 20.2% from 45 to 64, and 13.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was US$37,429, and the median income for a family was US$45,751. Males had a median income of US$31,385 versus US$22,470 for females. The per capita income for the city was US$18,666. About 7.9% of families and 11.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.0% of those under age 18 and 7.8% of those age 65 or over. This compares with a median household income for the state of Iowa of US$54,736 and an Iowa median family income of US$69,382.[20] (current data from State of Iowa, see also List of U.S. states by income for historical data).

Metropolitan area edit

As of the 2020 census, the Sioux City Metropolitan Area had 149,940 residents in four counties. As defined by the Office of Management and Budget, the counties comprising the metropolitan area are (in descending order of population):

Crime edit

Sioux City has a crime rate that is 91% higher than the average for Iowa and 63% higher than the national average. The violent crime rate is 90% above the Iowa average and 49% higher than the national average, based on the FBI's uniform crime reports for 2020.[21] According to the report, this represented a 12% decrease over the prior year.

Economy edit

Confluence of Missouri and Floyd River in Sioux City

Top employers edit

Statistics from Sioux City's 2020 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report[22]

Rank Employer
  • Number of
  • employees
  • % of Total city
  • employment
1   Tyson Fresh Meats 4,500   10.77%  
2   Seaboard Triumph Foods 2,400   5.74%  
2   Sioux City Community School District 2,370   5.67%  
4   Bomgaars 2,100   5.02%  
5   Mercy Medical Center 1,562   3.74%  
6   UnityPoint Health - St. Luke's 1,500   3.59%  
7   Hy-Vee 1,023   2.45%  
8   185th Air Refueling Wing 952   2.28%  
9   City of Sioux City 878   2.10%  
10   Western Iowa Tech Community College 700   ---  
Totals   17,985   41.36%  

Arts and culture edit

Sergeant Floyd Monument
Fourth Street Historic District
Hard Rock Hotel and Casino
  • The Sioux City Public Museum was originally located in a Northside neighborhood of fine Victorian mansions. The portico-and-gabled stone building was originally the home of the banker, John Peirce, and was built in 1890. The museum was recently relocated to downtown Sioux City, where it features Native American, pioneer, early Sioux City, and natural history exhibits.
  • The Sioux City Art Center, located Downtown, was formed in 1938 as part of the WPA's support of the arts.[23] The Art Center supports artists from Iowa and the greater Midwest. Also, the Center has a general program of acquisition of work by national and international artists, including important works by Thomas Hart Benton, Salvador Dalí, Käthe Kollwitz, Robert Motherwell, Claes Oldenburg, James Abbott McNeill Whistler, and Grant Wood.
  • The Sergeant Floyd Monument commemorates the burial site of U.S. Army Sergeant Charles Floyd, the only man to die on the Lewis and Clark Expedition.[4] It is a National Historic Landmark, with its prominent 100 ft (30 m) obelisk situated on 23 acres (9.3 ha) of parkland, high on a river bluff with a view of the Missouri River valley.
  • Chris Larsen Park, informally known as "The Riverfront," includes the Anderson Dance Pavilion, the Sergeant Floyd Riverboat Museum and the Lewis and Clark Interpretive Center, opened in 2004. Missouri River development began in 2005 with the opening of the MLR Tyme Marina area, which included Bev's on the River, an upscale restaurant, that has now become Crave.[24]
  • The Sioux City Symphony Orchestra (SCSO) was founded in 1915. The orchestra continues offering seven concerts within its annual season. Performances take place in the Orpheum Theatre in Sioux City, Iowa. Concert dates run from September to April each year. The SCSO has included several movie scores, with film, on its concert schedule. The SCSO's education programming reaches 9,000 to 12,000 young people via the partnership with Carnegie Hall's Link Up program with 100 orchestras in the country, programs for SCSO musicians to perform and teach music lessons in the schools, and performances in nursing homes, hospitals, and elsewhere.[citation needed]
  • Milwaukee Railroad Shop is a 31.5 acres (12.7 ha) facility that is being renovated by the Siouxland Historical Railroad Association. It includes a 4-6-2 Pacific type steam locomotive, the Great Northern 1355, a model railroad exhibit, as well as multiple buildings including the roundhouse that are open to the public.
  • Grandview Park is located north of the downtown area, up from Rose Hill, between The Northside and The Heights. The Municipal Bandshell is located in the park with Sunday evening municipal band concerts. The Saturday in the Park music festival began in 1991 and is held there annually on a weekend close to the Fourth of July holiday. Behind the bandshell is a rose garden with an arbor and trellises which has been a site for outdoor weddings, prom and other special occasion photographs, and for children to play during the Sunday evening band concerts and other events. Downtown is also home to the historic Orpheum Theatre. In 1927 when it was built, it was the largest theater in Iowa.[25]
  • Theatre is produced in Sioux City by three main entities, the Sioux City Community Theatre (SCCT), LAMB Arts Regional Theatre, and Shot in the Dark Productions. Each of these produce a full season of shows each year.

Sports edit

Tyson Events Center, with Fleet Farm Arena to the left and Longlines Family Recreation Center to the right

Parks and recreation edit

Stone State Park
  • Stone State Park is in the northwest corner of the city, overlooking the South Dakota/Iowa border. Stone Park is near the northernmost extent of the Loess Hills, and is at the transition from clay bluffs and prairie to sedimentary rock hills and bur oak forest along the Iowa side of the Big Sioux River. The park is used by picnickers, day hikers, and for mountain biking.
  • Dorothy Pecaut Nature Center is a destination nature preserve for Woodbury County, and is located within the boundaries of Stone State Park. The butterfly garden is unique to the area; wild turkeys and white-tail deer are commonly sighted from the well-marked trails.
  • Downtown entertainment venues include the Hard Rock Hotel & Casino, the 10,000-seat Tyson Events Center/ Fleet Farm Arena, Sioux City Orpheum Theatre, Promenade Cinema 14 and the Anderson Dance Pavilion which overlooks the Missouri River.
  • Pulaski Park is named for the Polish General Kazimierz Pułaski, who fought in the American Revolution. This park features baseball diamond facilities, and is located in western Morningside along old U.S. Highway 75 (South Lewis Blvd.). It is largely built on the filled lakebed of Half Moon Lake, which was originally created in the 1890s by the excavation of fill dirt to build the approaches for the iron railroad bridge spanning the Missouri near the stockyards. The neighborhood on the bluff overlooking the park was historically settled by Lithuanian and Polish immigrants, many of whom worked in the meatpacking industry during the early 20th century.[citation needed]
  • Latham Park is located in a residential area of Morningside, and is the only privately owned and maintained open-to-the-public park within the city limits.[citation needed] It was left in trust in 1937 under the terms of Clara Latham's will; her family had built the house on 1-acre (4,000 m2) of ground in 1915. The house and grounds are currently being restored by the Friends of Latham Park.
  • First Bride's Grave is tucked in a corner pocket of South Ravine Park, lies a series of paths, trails, and steps leading to the grave of the First Bride of Sioux City, Rosalie Menard. She was the first bride of a non-Native American to be wed in Sioux City, Iowa, thus receiving her title.
  • War Eagle Park is named for the Yankton Sioux chief Wambdi Okicize (d. 1851) who befriended early settlers. A monument overlooks the confluence of the Big Sioux and Missouri Rivers. The sculpture represents the chief in his role as a leader and peacemaker, wearing the eagle feather bonnet and holding the ceremonial pipe.
  • Riverside Park is located on the banks of the Big Sioux River. One of the oldest recreational areas of the city, it is home to the Sioux City Boat Club and Sioux City Community Theater. The park is on land that once belonged to the first white settler in the area, Théophile Bruguier; his original cabin is preserved in the park.[28]
  • Bacon Creek Park is located northeast of Morningside and features a scenic walking trail, dog park, picnic shelters, and playground equipment.

Golf courses, city parks, and aquatics: Sioux City is also home to several municipal public golf courses, including Floyd Park in Morningside, Green Valley near the Southern Hills, Sun Valley on the northern West Side, and Hidden Acres in nearby Plymouth County. Sioux City also has a number of private golf clubs, including Sioux City Country Club, and Whispering Creek Golf Club. The city has over 1,132 acres (5 km2) of public parkland located at 53 locations, including the riverfront and many miles of recreation trails. Five public swimming pools/aquatics centers are located within Sioux City neighborhoods.

Education edit

Public schools edit

The Sioux City Community School District served 14,569 students in the 2018-2019 school year;[29] there are three public high schools West High School, North High School, East High School (grades 9-12), three public Middle Schools, West Middle, North Middle, and East Middle (grades 6-8), and 19 Elementary Schools (grades K-5).[30]

Because of sprawl, districts around Sioux City continue to grow at dramatic rates. South Sioux City, Hinton, North Sioux City, Lawton, Bronson, Elk Point, Jefferson, Vermillion, Le Mars, Hawarden, Akron, Westfield, Ponca, Sergeant Bluff, Wayne, Sioux Center, along with other school districts that serve many metro-area students.

Private schools edit

Bishop Heelan Catholic Schools is a centralized private Catholic School System that includes six schools: They teach preschool through twelfth grade.

Siouxland Christian School educates grades pre-K-12 and began in 1959.

Advanced education edit

Sioux City is home to Briar Cliff University, Morningside University,[31] Western Iowa Tech Community College, St. Luke's College of Nursing, and the Bellevue University outreach center.

Media edit

Television stations edit

Radio stations edit

FM stations edit

AM stations edit

Print edit

  • Sioux City Journal, daily newspaper serving greater Sioux City area, including Iowa, Nebraska and South Dakota.
  • Dakota County Star, weekly newspaper serving northeast Nebraska.
  • Sioux City Hispanos Unidos, bi-weekly Spanish readers paper.
  • The Weekender, weekly arts and entertainment magazine serving the Sioux City metro area east into Western Iowa and north to the South Dakota border.
  • Siouxland Magazine, quarterly magazine with community/lifestyle features.

Infrastructure edit

Transportation edit

Highways edit

Public transportation edit

Sioux City Transit, the local public transit organization, operates several bus lines within the city. Buses transfer downtown in the Martin Luther King Jr. Transportation Center at 505 Nebraska Street.[32] The Sioux City Paratransit serves members of the community who would otherwise not be able to travel by providing door to door service.[33]

Air edit

The city is served by Sioux Gateway Airport (SUX) 6 mi (9.7 km) to its south where United Airlines' affiliate SkyWest Airlines has announced it plans to discontinue the one flight per day each to Chicago and Denver it currently offers. As those flights are federally subsidized under the Essential Air Service program, SkyWest is required to continue those flights until a replacement is found.[34]

FBO and jet charter services are currently offered by Hawthorne Global Aviation Services.[35]

Other transportation edit

Jefferson Lines runs long-distance bus routes to Sioux City. Non-Transfer destinations include Winnipeg, Kansas City, Minneapolis, and Omaha.

Sioux City also has several private taxi companies that operate within the city.

There is no established water or rail passenger transportation in the area. The last passenger train was the Illinois Central's Hawkeye, a daily train to Chicago via Waterloo, Dubuque and Rockford, discontinued in 1971.[36]

Big Soo Terminal offers barge transportation.[37]

Notable people edit

Sister cities edit

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ a b c "2021 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2021-10-09. Retrieved 2022-03-29.
  2. ^ "City Manager's Office". Sioux City, Iowa. Archived from the original on 2022-03-01. Retrieved 2022-03-29.
  3. ^ a b "2020 Census State Redistricting Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2021-08-12.
  4. ^ a b "The Lewis & Clark Expedition - A History Brief". Sioux City Public Library. Archived from the original on 2011-05-26. Retrieved 2010-07-28.
  5. ^ History of Western Iowa, Its Settlement and Growth. Sioux City: Western Publishing Company. 1882. p. 178. OCLC 15078679 – via Internet Archive.
  6. ^ "Elevated Railway". Sioux City History. Archived from the original on 2021-08-14. Retrieved 2022-03-29.
  7. ^ Sunshine, Rebecca (2008-07-20). "Our Hometown: 'Downtown Sioux City'". KTIV. Archived from the original on 2018-01-17. Retrieved 2022-03-29.
  8. ^ Grandy, Fred (1989-08-16). "Text: H.J.Res.379 — 101st Congress (1989-1990)". United States Congress. Archived from the original on 2022-03-29. Retrieved 2022-03-29.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  9. ^ Bush, George (1989-09-22). "Proclamation 6027 of September 22, 1989: Commendation of the Citizens of the Sioux City, Iowa, Tri-State Area" (PDF). Government Publishing Office. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2017-03-08. Retrieved 2022-03-29.
  10. ^ "Iowa Initiative for Sustainable Communities | Urban and Regional Planning | The University of Iowa". University of Iowa. Archived from the original on 2022-01-22. Retrieved 2022-03-30.
  11. ^ "Neighborhood Housing Study". University of Iowa. Archived from the original on 2022-01-04. Retrieved 2022-03-30.
  12. ^ "USDA Plant Hardiness Zone Map". United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 2022-01-13.
  13. ^ Masters, Jeff (2013-05-15). "Extreme Weather Whiplash: 106° in Iowa on the Heels of Record May Snows". Weather Underground. Archived from the original on 2022-03-29. Retrieved 2022-03-29.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  14. ^ "NowData – NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2021-06-27.
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  18. ^ "2020 Census". census. Retrieved 2022-11-05.
  19. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-05-11.
  20. ^ "Iowa Quick Facts — State Data Center". Iowa. Archived from the original on 2021-05-01. Retrieved 2022-03-29.
  21. ^ "Sioux City, IA Crime Rates & Crime Map". AreaVibes. Archived from the original on 2021-10-24. Retrieved 2022-03-30.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  22. ^ "Sioux City Comprehensive Annual Financial Report". Sioux City, Iowa. p. 156. Archived from the original on 2022-03-30. Retrieved 2022-03-29.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  23. ^ "WPA opens forty-eighth federal art center at Sioux City". Museum News. 15: 1, 4. 1938-04-01.
  24. ^ Rushing, Ty (2016-12-01). "Sioux City's first Crave restaurant to replace Bev's on the River early next year". Sioux City Journal. ISSN 2689-5544. Retrieved 2022-01-09.
  25. ^ "History | Orpheum Live". Orpheum Theatre. Archived from the original on 2022-03-30. Retrieved 2022-03-30.
  26. ^ Hayworth, Bret (2016-12-19). "Sioux City women's roller derby team hangs up their skates". Sioux City Journal. ISSN 2689-5544. Archived from the original on 2016-12-23. Retrieved 2022-03-29.
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  30. ^ "Schools". Sioux City Community Schools. Archived from the original on 2021-06-12. Retrieved 2022-03-30.
  31. ^ "Our Future as Morningside University".
  32. ^ "Transit". Sioux City. Archived from the original on 2013-02-08. Retrieved 2013-08-25.
  33. ^ "ADA Paratransit Service | City of Sioux City". Sioux City. Archived from the original on 2022-03-01. Retrieved 2022-03-30.
  34. ^ "SkyWest Airlines looks to end Sioux Gateway flights by summer, must stay until replacement is found". Sioux City Journal. 2022-03-10. ISSN 2689-5544. Archived from the original on 2022-03-30. Retrieved 2022-03-30.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  35. ^ "Hawthorne Sioux City (KSUX)". Hawthorne Global Aviation Services. Archived from the original on 2021-11-29. Retrieved 2022-03-30.
  36. ^ Sanders, Craig; Bej, Mark D. (1996-09-16). "Routes and Trains on the Eve of Amtrak". Archived from the original on 2013-01-31. Retrieved 2022-03-30.
  37. ^ "Big Soo Terminal". Archived from the original on 2021-12-16. Retrieved 2022-03-30.
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