Winneshiek County, Iowa

Winneshiek County is a county located in the U.S. state of Iowa. As of the 2020 census, the population was 20,070.[1] The county seat is Decorah.[2]

Winneshiek County
Courthouse and Civil War Monument located in Decorah
Courthouse and Civil War Monument located in Decorah
Flag of Winneshiek County
Map of Iowa highlighting Winneshiek County
Location within the U.S. state of Iowa
Map of the United States highlighting Iowa
Iowa's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 43°17′00″N 91°52′00″W / 43.283333333333°N 91.866666666667°W / 43.283333333333; -91.866666666667
Country United States
State Iowa
Founded1847
Named forChief Winneshiek
SeatDecorah
Largest cityDecorah
Area
 • Total690 sq mi (1,800 km2)
 • Land690 sq mi (1,800 km2)
 • Water0.3 sq mi (0.8 km2)  0.04%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total20,070
 • Density29/sq mi (11/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district1st
Websitewinneshiekcounty.iowa.gov

HistoryEdit

A largely rural and agricultural county, Winneshiek County has a rich cultural history from Czech, Slovak, English, Irish, German, Swiss, and Norwegian immigrants that have settled within its boundaries.[3]

The county was originally settled in 1848 in present-day Bloomfield Township (near Castalia, Iowa) and in Washington Township (near Fort Atkinson, Iowa). It was organized in 1847, and named after a chief of the Winnebago tribe.

In 1980, Winneshiek County reported a population of 21,842. Like much of Iowa during the 1980s it witnessed a population loss, dropping to 20,847 according to the 1990 United States Census. However, during the 1990s the county experienced some mild growth and was able to rise above the 21,000 mark once again.

Government and elected officialsEdit

As of 2010, the Winneshiek County government had a total of 785 employees and staff.

PoliticsEdit

Like all Iowa counties, Winneshiek is governed by an elected partisan Board of Supervisors. Winneshiek County's Board of Supervisors has five members elected by single-member districts of equal population. Other elected officials are the county attorney, auditor, sheriff and treasurer. The offices for the supervisors and county officers are located in the County Courthouse at the county seat.

Political cultureEdit

United States presidential election results for Winneshiek County, Iowa[4]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 6,235 51.68% 5,617 46.56% 212 1.76%
2016 5,344 47.03% 5,254 46.24% 764 6.72%
2012 4,622 41.70% 6,256 56.44% 206 1.86%
2008 4,273 37.87% 6,829 60.52% 182 1.61%
2004 5,324 49.37% 5,354 49.65% 106 0.98%
2000 4,647 49.35% 4,339 46.08% 431 4.58%
1996 3,532 40.27% 4,122 47.00% 1,116 12.73%
1992 3,331 34.61% 3,791 39.39% 2,502 26.00%
1988 4,194 48.07% 4,443 50.92% 88 1.01%
1984 5,277 57.96% 3,724 40.90% 104 1.14%
1980 5,033 54.10% 3,201 34.40% 1,070 11.50%
1976 4,765 52.08% 4,158 45.45% 226 2.47%
1972 5,877 56.23% 4,401 42.11% 174 1.66%
1968 5,600 60.09% 3,364 36.10% 355 3.81%
1964 3,941 40.38% 5,811 59.55% 7 0.07%
1960 5,737 54.48% 4,786 45.45% 7 0.07%
1956 6,192 59.20% 4,251 40.64% 17 0.16%
1952 7,154 66.64% 3,560 33.16% 22 0.20%
1948 4,594 47.54% 4,905 50.76% 164 1.70%
1944 5,318 53.76% 4,557 46.06% 18 0.18%
1940 6,208 53.35% 5,405 46.45% 24 0.21%
1936 4,489 40.15% 5,980 53.48% 712 6.37%
1932 3,348 32.40% 6,823 66.03% 162 1.57%
1928 5,084 52.46% 4,535 46.79% 73 0.75%
1924 4,154 43.96% 1,510 15.98% 3,786 40.06%
1920 6,684 75.98% 1,933 21.97% 180 2.05%
1916 2,876 57.87% 1,956 39.36% 138 2.78%
1912 802 15.63% 2,105 41.03% 2,223 43.33%
1908 2,767 56.79% 2,008 41.22% 97 1.99%
1904 3,383 68.96% 1,467 29.90% 56 1.14%
1900 3,486 64.72% 1,835 34.07% 65 1.21%
1896 3,422 61.75% 2,033 36.68% 87 1.57%


GeographyEdit

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 690 square miles (1,800 km2), of which 690 square miles (1,800 km2) is land and 0.3 square miles (0.78 km2) (0.04%) is water.[5]

Major highwaysEdit

Adjacent countiesEdit

DemographicsEdit

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850546
186013,9422,453.5%
187023,57069.1%
188023,9381.6%
189022,528−5.9%
190023,7315.3%
191021,729−8.4%
192022,0911.7%
193021,630−2.1%
194022,2632.9%
195021,639−2.8%
196021,6510.1%
197021,7580.5%
198021,8760.5%
199020,847−4.7%
200021,3102.2%
201021,056−1.2%
202020,070−4.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010-2018[10]
 
Population of Winneshiek County from US census data

2020 censusEdit

The 2020 census recorded a population of 20,070 in the county, with a population density of 28.878/sq mi (11.1500/km2). 97.20% of the population reported being of one race. There were 8,916 housing units, of which 8,170 were occupied.[1]

Winneshiek County Racial Composition[11]
Race Num. Perc.
White (NH) 18,705 93.2%
Black or African American (NH) 119 0.6%
Native American (NH) 19 0.1%
Asian (NH) 178 0.9%
Pacific Islander (NH) 12 0.06%
Other/Mixed (NH) 452 2.3%
Hispanic or Latino 585 3%

2010 censusEdit

The 2010 census recorded a population of 21,056 in the county, with a population density of 30.5332/sq mi (11.7889/km2). There were 8,721 housing units, of which 7,997 were occupied.[12]

2000 censusEdit

 
2000 Census Age Pyramid for Winneshiek County

As of the census[13] of 2000, there were 21,310 people, 7,734 households, and 5,189 families residing in the county. The population density was 31 people per square mile (12/km2). There were 8,208 housing units at an average density of 12 per square mile (5/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 97.85% White, 0.51% Black or African American, 0.08% Native American, 0.82% Asian, 0.24% from other races, and 0.50% from two or more races. 0.80% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 38.3% were of German, 31.7% Norwegian, 5.5% Irish and 5.1% Czech ancestry.

There were 7,734 households, out of which 30.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.9% were married couples living together, 5.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.9% were non-families. 27.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 3.03.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 23.0% under the age of 18, 16.7% from 18 to 24, 24.2% from 25 to 44, 20.4% from 45 to 64, and 15.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 96.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.3 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $38,908, and the median income for a family was $45,966. Males had a median income of $29,278 versus $21,240 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,047. About 5.1% of families and 8.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.5% of those under age 18 and 10.5% of those age 65 or over.

CommunitiesEdit

CitiesEdit

Census-designated placeEdit

Other unincorporated communitiesEdit

TownshipsEdit

Ghost townsEdit

Population rankingEdit

The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2020 census of Winneshiek County.[1]

county seat

Rank City/town/etc. Municipal type Population (2020 Census)
1 Decorah City 7,587
2 Calmar City 1,125
3 Ossian City 802
4 Spillville City 385
5 Fort Atkinson City 312
6 Ridgeway City 275
7 Burr Oak CDP 171
8 Castalia City 145
9 Jackson Junction City 37

EducationEdit

The following school districts have their administrative headquarters in the county:[14][15]

North Winneshiek Community School District was in the county,[16] until it merged with Decorah CSD on July 1, 2018.[17] The Decorah district and the Mabel-Canton Public Schools in Minnesota have an agreement where people who live in the Decorah district but closer to the Mabel-Canton schools than to Decorah schools can enroll in Mabel-Canton schools.[18]

The following school districts have their administrative headquarters outside of the county but serve sections of Winneshiek County:[14]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "2020 Census State Redistricting Data". census.gov. United states Census Bureau. Retrieved August 12, 2021.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ Bailey, Edwin C. (1913). Past and Present of Winneshiek County, Iowa: A Record of Settlement, Organization, Progress and Achievement. Decorah Genealogy Association.
  4. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved April 28, 2018.
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 20, 2014.
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 20, 2014.
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 20, 2014.
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 20, 2014.
  10. ^ "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 7, 2011. Retrieved July 20, 2014.
  11. ^ "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE – 2020: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) – Winneshiek County, Iowa".
  12. ^ "Population & Housing Occupancy Status 2010" (PDF). United States Census Bureau American FactFinder. Retrieved August 15, 2022.
  13. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  14. ^ a b "Comprehensive Plan" (PDF). Winneshiek County. December 2016. p. 90. Retrieved April 6, 2020. - (PDF p. 91/512) See "Figure 8: School Districts in Winneshiek County" in section "Public Schools"
  15. ^ "2020 CENSUS - SCHOOL DISTRICT REFERENCE MAP: Winneshiek County, IA" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 19, 2022. - Text list
  16. ^ "SCHOOL DISTRICT REFERENCE MAP (2010 CENSUS): Winneshiek County, IA" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 19, 2022. - Text list
  17. ^ "Iowa Educational Directory 2019-2020 School Year" (PDF). Iowa Department of Education. p. 175. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 5, 2020. Retrieved April 5, 2020. (PDF p. 177/186) - From section "REORGANIZATION & DISSOLUTION ACTIONS SINCE 1965-66"
  18. ^ "Mabel-Canton, Decorah sign enrollment agreement for students on the border". Bluff Country Newspaper Group. February 8, 2019. Retrieved April 6, 2020.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 43°17′N 91°52′W / 43.283°N 91.867°W / 43.283; -91.867