United States District Court for the Northern District of Illinois
|United States District Court for the Northern District of Illinois|
Map of the changing boundaries of the Districts of Illinois.
|Appeals to||Seventh Circuit|
|Established||February 13, 1855|
|Chief Judge||Ruben Castillo|
|U.S. Attorney||John R. Lausch Jr.|
Appeals from the Northern District of Illinois are taken to the United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit (except for patent claims and claims against the U.S. government under the Tucker Act, which are appealed to the Federal Circuit).
The court is divided into two geographical divisions:
The United States District Court for the District of Illinois was established by a statute passed by the United States Congress on March 3, 1819, 3 Stat. 502. The act established a single office for a judge to preside over the court. Initially, the court was not within any existing judicial circuit, and appeals from the court were taken directly to the United States Supreme Court. In 1837, Congress created the United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit, placing it in Chicago, Illinois and giving it jurisdiction over the District of Illinois, 5 Stat. 176.
The Northern District itself was created by a statute passed on February 13, 1855, 10 Stat. 606, which subdivided the District of Illinois into the Northern and the Southern Districts. The boundaries of the District and the seats of the courts were set forth in the statute:
|“||The counties of Hancock, McDonough, Peoria, Woodford, Livingston, and Iroquois, and all the counties in the said State north of them, shall compose one district, to be called the northern district of Illinois, and courts shall be held for the said district at the city of Chicago; and the residue of the counties of the said State shall compose another district, to be called the southern district of Illinois, and courts shall be held for the same at the city of Springfield.||”|
The district has since been re-organized several times. The United States District Court for the Eastern District of Illinois was created on March 3, 1905 by 33 Stat. 992, by splitting counties out of the Northern and Southern Districts. It was later eliminated in a reorganization on October 2, 1978 which replaced it with a Central District, 92 Stat. 883, formed primarily from parts of the Southern District, and returning some counties to the Northern District.
The Illinois Northern District, which contains the entire Chicago metropolitan area, accounts for 1531 of the 1828 public corruption convictions in Illinois between 1976 and 2012, almost 84%, making it the federal district with the most public corruption convictions in the nation between 1976 and 2012.
|#||Title||Judge||Duty station||Born||Term of service||Appointed by|
|65||Chief Judge||Ruben Castillo||Chicago||1954||1994–present||2013–present||—||Clinton|
|53||District Judge||Norgle Sr., Charles RonaldCharles Ronald Norgle Sr.||Chicago||1937||1984–present||—||—||Reagan|
|71||District Judge||Pallmeyer, Rebecca R.Rebecca R. Pallmeyer||Chicago||1954||1998–present||—||—||Clinton|
|73||District Judge||Kennelly, Matthew F.Matthew F. Kennelly||Chicago||1956||1999–present||—||—||Clinton|
|80||District Judge||Kendall, Virginia MaryVirginia Mary Kendall||Chicago||1962||2006–present||—||—||G.W. Bush|
|81||District Judge||Kapala, Frederick J.Frederick J. Kapala||Rockford||1950||2007–present||—||—||G.W. Bush|
|82||District Judge||Dow Jr., Robert MichaelRobert Michael Dow Jr.||Chicago||1965||2007–present||—||—||G.W. Bush|
|83||District Judge||Feinerman, GaryGary Feinerman||Chicago||1965||2010–present||—||—||Obama|
|84||District Judge||Coleman, Sharon JohnsonSharon Johnson Coleman||Chicago||1960||2010–present||—||—||Obama|
|85||District Judge||Chang, Edmond E.Edmond E. Chang||Chicago||1970||2010–present||—||—||Obama|
|86||District Judge||Lee, John Z.John Z. Lee||Chicago||1968||2012–present||—||—||Obama|
|87||District Judge||Tharp, Jr., John J.John J. Tharp, Jr.||Chicago||1960||2012–present||—||—||Obama|
|88||District Judge||Durkin, Thomas M.Thomas M. Durkin||Chicago||1953||2012–present||—||—||Obama|
|89||District Judge||Ellis, Sara L.Sara L. Ellis||Chicago||1969||2013–present||—||—||Obama|
|90||District Judge||Wood, Andrea R.Andrea R. Wood||Chicago||1973||2013–present||—||—||Obama|
|91||District Judge||Shah, Manish S.Manish S. Shah||Chicago||1972||2014–present||—||—||Obama|
|92||District Judge||Alonso, Jorge LuisJorge Luis Alonso||Chicago||1966||2014–present||—||—||Obama|
|93||District Judge||Blakey, John RobertJohn Robert Blakey||Chicago||1965||2014–present||—||—||Obama|
|39||Senior Judge||Grady, John FrancisJohn Francis Grady||inactive||1929||1975–1994||1986–1990||1994–present||Ford, Ford|
|45||Senior Judge||Marvin E. Aspen||Chicago||1934||1979–2002||1995–2002||2002–present||Carter|
|47||Senior Judge||Charles P. Kocoras||Chicago||1938||1980–2006||2002–2006||2006–present||Carter|
|49||Senior Judge||Nordberg, John AlbertJohn Albert Nordberg||inactive||1926||1982–1994||—||1994–present||Reagan|
|50||Senior Judge||William Thomas Hart||Chicago||1929||1982–1996||—||1996–present||Reagan|
|57||Senior Judge||Harry Leinenweber||Chicago||1937||1985–2002||—||2002–present||Reagan|
|58||Senior Judge||Zagel, JamesJames Zagel||Chicago||1941||1987–2016||—||2016–present||Reagan|
|60||Senior Judge||Suzanne B. Conlon||inactive||1939||1988–2004||—||2004–present||Reagan|
|61||Senior Judge||George M. Marovich||inactive||1931||1988–2000||—||2000–present||Reagan|
|62||Senior Judge||George Wakem Lindberg||inactive||1932||1989–2001||—||2001–present||G.H.W. Bush|
|64||Senior Judge||Philip Godfrey Reinhard||Rockford||1941||1992–2007||—||2007–present||G.H.W. Bush|
|66||Senior Judge||Blanche M. Manning||inactive||1934||1994–2010||—||2010–present||Clinton|
|68||Senior Judge||Robert Gettleman||Chicago||1943||1994–2009||—||2009–present||Clinton|
|69||Senior Judge||Elaine E. Bucklo||Chicago||1944||1994–2009||—||2009–present||Clinton|
|70||Senior Judge||Joan B. Gottschall||Chicago||1947||1996–2012||—||2012–present||Clinton|
|74||Senior Judge||Ronald A. Guzman||Chicago||1948||1999–2014||—||2014–present||Clinton|
|75||Senior Judge||Joan Lefkow||Chicago||1944||2000–2012||—||2012–present||Clinton|
Vacancies and pending nominationsEdit
|Seat||Seat last held by||Vacancy reason||Date of vacancy||Nominee||Date of nomination|
|13||James Zagel||Senior Status||October 21, 2016||–||–|
|17||John W. Darrah||March 1, 2017||Martha M. Pacold||June 11, 2018|
|16||Samuel Der-Yeghiayan||Retirement||February 17, 2018||–||–|
|12||Amy J. St. Eve||Elevation||May 25, 2018||–||–|
|23||Frederick J. Kapala||Senior Status||May 10, 2019||–||–|
|#||Judge||State||Born–died||Active service||Chief Judge||Senior status||Appointed by||Reason for
|1||Drummond, ThomasThomas Drummond||IL||1809–1890||1855–1869[Note 1]||—||—||Taylor, Taylor||appointment to 7th Cir.|
|2||Blodgett, Henry WilliamsHenry Williams Blodgett||IL||1821–1905||1870–1892||—||—||Grant, Grant||retirement|
|3||Grosscup, Peter StengerPeter Stenger Grosscup||IL||1852–1921||1892–1899||—||—||Harrison, B.B. Harrison||appointment to 7th Cir.|
|4||Kohlsaat, Christian CecilChristian Cecil Kohlsaat||IL||1844–1918||1899–1905||—||—||McKinley, McKinley||appointment to 7th Cir.|
|5||Bethea, Solomon HicksSolomon Hicks Bethea||IL||1852–1909||1905–1909||—||—||Roosevelt, T.T. Roosevelt||death|
|6||Landis, Kenesaw MountainKenesaw Mountain Landis||IL||1866–1944||1905–1922||—||—||Roosevelt, T.T. Roosevelt||resignation|
|7||Carpenter, George AlbertGeorge Albert Carpenter||IL||1867–1944||1910–1933||—||—||Taft, Taft||resignation|
|8||Wilkerson, James HerbertJames Herbert Wilkerson||IL||1869–1948||1922–1940||—||1940–1948||Harding, Harding||death|
|9||Cliffe, Adam C.Adam C. Cliffe||IL||1869–1928||1922–1928||—||—||Harding, Harding||death|
|10||Woodward, Charles EdgarCharles Edgar Woodward||IL||1876–1942||1929–1942||—||—||Coolidge, Coolidge||death|
|11||Barnes, John PeterJohn Peter Barnes||IL||1881–1959||1931–1957||1948–1957||1957–1958||Hoover, Hoover||resignation|
|12||Johnson, George E. Q.George E. Q. Johnson||IL||1874–1949||1932–1933[Note 2]||—||—||Hoover, Hoover||not confirmed|
|13||Holly, William HarrisonWilliam Harrison Holly||IL||1869–1958||1933–1943[Note 3]||—||1943–1958||Roosevelt, F.F. Roosevelt||death|
|14||Sullivan, Philip LeoPhilip Leo Sullivan||IL||1889–1960||1933–1960[Note 4]||1957–1959||—||Roosevelt, F.F. Roosevelt||death|
|15||Igoe, Michael L.Michael L. Igoe||IL||1885–1967||1938–1965[Note 5]||—||1965–1967||Roosevelt, F.F. Roosevelt||death|
|16||Campbell, William JosephWilliam Joseph Campbell||IL||1905–1988||1940–1970||1959–1970||1970–1988||Roosevelt, F.F. Roosevelt||death|
|17||LaBuy, Walter J.Walter J. LaBuy||IL||1888–1967||1944–1961||—||1961–1967||Roosevelt, F.F. Roosevelt||death|
|18||Shaw, Elwyn RileyElwyn Riley Shaw||IL||1888–1950||1944–1950||—||—||Roosevelt, F.F. Roosevelt||death|
|19||Perry, Joseph SamJoseph Sam Perry||IL||1896–1984||1951–1971||—||1971–1984||Truman, Truman||death|
|20||Hoffman, JuliusJulius Hoffman||IL||1895–1983||1953–1972||—||1972–1983||Eisenhower, Eisenhower||death|
|21||Knoch, Winfred GeorgeWinfred George Knoch||IL||1895–1983||1953–1958||—||—||Eisenhower, Eisenhower||appointment to 7th Cir.|
|22||Miner, Julius HowardJulius Howard Miner||IL||1896–1963||1958–1963||—||—||Eisenhower, Eisenhower||death|
|23||Robson, Edwin AlbertEdwin Albert Robson||IL||1905–1986||1958–1975[Note 6]||1970–1975||1975–1986||Eisenhower, Eisenhower||death|
|24||Austin, Richard BevanRichard Bevan Austin||IL||1901–1977||1961–1975||—||1975–1977||Kennedy, Kennedy||death|
|25||Parsons, James BentonJames Benton Parsons||IL||1911–1993||1961–1981||1975–1981||1981–1993||Kennedy, Kennedy||death|
|26||Will, Hubert LouisHubert Louis Will||IL||1914–1995||1961–1979||—||1979–1995||Kennedy, Kennedy||death|
|27||Decker, Bernard MartinBernard Martin Decker||IL||1904–1993||1962–1980[Note 7]||—||1980–1993||Kennedy, Kennedy||death|
|28||Marovitz, Abraham LincolnAbraham Lincoln Marovitz||IL||1905–2001||1963–1975||—||1975–2001||Kennedy, Kennedy||death|
|29||Lynch, William JosephWilliam Joseph Lynch||IL||1908–1976||1966–1976||—||—||Johnson, L.L. Johnson||death|
|30||Napoli, Alexander J.Alexander J. Napoli||IL||1905–1972||1966–1972||—||—||Johnson, L.L. Johnson||death|
|31||McGarr, Frank JamesFrank James McGarr||IL||1921–2012||1970–1986||1981–1986||1986–1988||Nixon, Nixon||retirement|
|32||McMillen, Thomas RobertsThomas Roberts McMillen||IL||1916–2002||1971–1984||—||1984–1985||Nixon, Nixon||retirement|
|33||Bauer, William JosephWilliam Joseph Bauer||IL||1926–present||1971–1975||—||—||Nixon, Nixon||appointment to 7th Cir.|
|34||McLaren, Richard WellingtonRichard Wellington McLaren||IL||1918–1976||1972–1976||—||—||Nixon, Nixon||death|
|35||Tone, Philip WillisPhilip Willis Tone||IL||1923–2001||1972–1974||—||—||Nixon, Nixon||appointment to 7th Cir.|
|36||Marshall, PrenticePrentice Marshall||IL||1926–2004||1973–1988||—||1988–1996||Nixon, Nixon||retirement|
|37||Flaum, Joel MartinJoel Martin Flaum||IL||1936–present||1974–1983||—||—||Ford, Ford||appointment to 7th Cir.|
|38||Kirkland Sr., Alfred YoungesAlfred Younges Kirkland Sr.||IL||1917–2004||1974–1979||—||1979–2004||Ford, Ford||death|
|40||Leighton, George N.George N. Leighton||IL||1912–2018||1976–1986||—||1986–1987||Ford, Ford||retirement|
|41||Crowley, John PowersJohn Powers Crowley||IL||1936–1989||1976–1981||—||—||Ford, Ford||resignation|
|42||Roszkowski, Stanley JulianStanley Julian Roszkowski||IL||1923–2014||1977–1991||—||1991–1998||Carter, Carter||retirement|
|43||Bua, Nicholas JohnNicholas John Bua||IL||1925–2002||1977–1991||—||—||Carter, Carter||retirement|
|44||Moran, James ByronJames Byron Moran||IL||1930–2009||1979–1995||1990–1995||1995–2009||Carter, Carter||death|
|46||Shadur, MiltonMilton Shadur||IL||1924–2018||1980–1992||—||1992–2018||Carter, Carter||death|
|48||Getzendanner, Susan Christine O'MearaSusan Christine O'Meara Getzendanner||IL||1939–present||1980–1987||—||—||Carter, Carter||resignation|
|51||Plunkett, Paul EdwardPaul Edward Plunkett||IL||1935–2018||1982–1998||—||1998–2018||Reagan, Reagan||death|
|52||Rovner, IlanaIlana Rovner||IL||1938–present||1984–1992||—||—||Reagan, Reagan||appointment to 7th Cir.|
|54||Holderman, James F.James F. Holderman||IL||1946–present||1985–2013||2006–2013||2013–2015||Reagan, Reagan||retirement|
|55||Williams, Ann ClaireAnn Claire Williams||IL||1949–present||1985–1999||—||—||Reagan, Reagan||appointment to 7th Cir.|
|56||Duff, Brian BarnettBrian Barnett Duff||IL||1930–2016||1985–1996||—||1996–2016||Reagan, Reagan||death|
|59||Alesia, James HenryJames Henry Alesia||IL||1934–2003||1987–1998||—||1998–2003||Reagan, Reagan||death|
|63||Andersen, Wayne R.Wayne R. Andersen||IL||1945–present||1991–2010||—||—||Bush, G.H.W.G.H.W. Bush||retirement|
|67||Coar, DavidDavid Coar||IL||1943–present||1994–2009||—||2009–2010||Clinton, Clinton||retirement|
|72||Hibbler, William J.William J. Hibbler||IL||1946–2012||1999–2012||—||—||Clinton, Clinton||death|
|76||Darrah, John W.John W. Darrah||IL||1938–2017||2000–2017||—||2017||Clinton, Clinton||death|
|77||St. Eve, Amy J.Amy J. St. Eve||IL||1965–present||2002–2018||—||—||Bush, G.W.G.W. Bush||appointment to 7th Cir.|
|78||Der-Yeghiayan, SamuelSamuel Der-Yeghiayan||IL||1952–present||2003–2018||—||—||Bush, G.W.G.W. Bush||retirement|
|79||Filip, MarkMark Filip||IL||1966–present||2004–2008||—||—||Bush, G.W.G.W. Bush||resignation|
- Reassigned from the District of Illinois
- Recess appointment; the United States Senate later rejected the appointment.
- Recess appointment; formally nominated on January 8, 1934, confirmed by the United States Senate on February 20, 1934, and received commission on March 1, 1934.
- Recess appointment; formally nominated on January 8, 1934, confirmed by the United States Senate on February 20, 1934, and received commission on March 1, 1934.
- Recess appointment; formally nominated on January 5, 1939, confirmed by the United States Senate on February 9, 1939, and received commission on March 4, 1939.
- Recess appointment; formally nominated on January 17, 1959, confirmed by the United States Senate on April 29, 1959, and received commission on April 30, 1959.
- Recess appointment; formally nominated on January 15, 1963, confirmed by the United States Senate on March 28, 1963, and received commission on April 2, 1963.
Chief judges have administrative responsibilities with respect to their district court. Unlike the Supreme Court, where one justice is specifically nominated to be chief, the office of chief judge rotates among the district court judges. To be chief, a judge must have been in active service on the court for at least one year, be under the age of 65, and have not previously served as chief judge. A vacancy is filled by the judge highest in seniority among the group of qualified judges. The chief judge serves for a term of seven years or until age 70, whichever occurs first. The age restrictions are waived if no members of the court would otherwise be qualified for the position.
When the office was created in 1948, the chief judge was the longest-serving judge who had not elected to retire on what has since 1958 been known as senior status or declined to serve as chief judge. After August 6, 1959, judges could not become or remain chief after turning 70 years old. The current rules have been in operation since October 1, 1982.
United States AttorneyEdit
The United States Attorney's Office for the Northern District of Illinois represents the United States in civil and criminal litigation in the court. The current United States Attorney is John R. Lausch Jr. since November 22, 2017.
Succession of seatsEdit
- Asbury Dickens, A Synoptical Index to the Laws and Treaties of the United States of America (1852), p. 393.
- U.S. District Courts of Illinois, Legislative history, Federal Judicial Center.
- Simpson, Dick; Nowlan, James; Gradel, Thomas J.; Mouritsen Zmuda, Melissa; Sterrett, David; Cantor, Douglas (2012-02-15). "Chicago and Illinois, Leading the Pack in Corruption; Anti-Corruption Report Number 5" (PDF). University of Illinois at Chicago Department of Political Science. Retrieved 2012-02-15.
- "United States District Judge John Nordberg Retires After 32 Years of Service" (PDF). United States District Court for the Northern District of Illinois. Retrieved May 2, 2014.
- Future Judicial Vacancies