United States District Court for the Eastern District of California
The United States District Court for the Eastern District of California (in case citations, E.D. Cal.) is a federal court in the Ninth Circuit (except for patent claims and claims against the U.S. government under the Tucker Act, which are appealed to the Federal Circuit).
|United States District Court for the Eastern District of California|
|Location||Robert T. Matsui U.S. Courthouse|
|Appeals to||Ninth Circuit|
|Established||September 18, 1966|
|Chief Judge||Lawrence Joseph O'Neill|
|Officers of the court|
|U.S. Attorney||McGregor W. Scott|
The United States Attorney's Office for the Eastern District of California represents the United States in civil and criminal litigation in the court. Since December 29, 2017, the current United States Attorney is McGregor W. Scott.
Organization of the courtEdit
The United States District Court for the Eastern District of California is one of four federal judicial districts in California. Court for the District is held at the Robert E. Coyle U.S. Courthouse in Fresno and Robert T. Matsui U.S. Courthouse in Sacramento.
Sacramento Division comprises the following counties: Alpine, Amador, Butte, Colusa, El Dorado, Glenn, Lassen, Modoc, Mono, Nevada, Placer, Plumas, Sacramento, San Joaquin, Shasta, Sierra, Siskiyou, Solano, Sutter, Tehama, Trinity, Yolo, and Yuba.
Yosemite Office hears misdemeanor and petty criminal offenses in Yosemite National Park. National parks are under federal jurisdiction. The perennially large crowds of tourists at Yosemite create a unique situation justifying the presence of a courthouse inside the park itself.
As of May 1, 2016[update]:
|#||Title||Judge||Duty station||Born||Term of service||Appointed by|
|18||Chief Judge||Lawrence Joseph O'Neill||Fresno||1952||2007–present||2016–present||—||G.W. Bush|
|17||District Judge||Morrison C. England Jr.||Sacramento||1954||2002–present||2012–2016||—||G.W. Bush|
|19||District Judge||John A. Mendez||Sacramento||1955||2008–present||—||—||G.W. Bush|
|20||District Judge||Kimberly J. Mueller||Sacramento||1957||2010–present||—||—||Obama|
|21||District Judge||Troy L. Nunley||Sacramento||1964||2013–present||—||—||Obama|
|22||District Judge||Dale A. Drozd||Fresno||1955||2015–present||—||—||Obama|
|10||Senior Judge||Edward J. Garcia||inactive||1928||1984–1996||—||1996–present||Reagan|
|11||Senior Judge||William B. Shubb||Sacramento||1938||1990–2004||1996–2003||2004–present||G.H.W. Bush|
|14||Senior Judge||Garland Ellis Burrell, Jr.||Sacramento||1947||1992–2012||2007–2008||2012–present||G.H.W. Bush|
|15||Senior Judge||Anthony W. Ishii||Fresno||1946||1997–2012||2008–2012||2012–present||Clinton|
Vacancies and pending nominationsEdit
|Seat||Seat last held by||Vacancy reason||Date of vacancy||Nominee||Date of nomination|
|3||Morrison C. England Jr.||Senior Status||December 17, 2019||–||–|
|4||Lawrence Joseph O'Neill||February 2, 2020||–||–|
|#||Judge||State||Born–died||Active service||Chief Judge||Senior status||Appointed by||Reason for|
|1||Myron Donovan Crocker||CA||1915–2010||1966–1981[Note 1]||1966–1967||1981–2010||Operation of law||death|
|2||Sherrill Halbert||CA||1901–1991||1966–1969[Note 1]||—||1969–1991||Operation of law||death|
|3||Thomas Jamison MacBride||CA||1914–2000||1966–1979[Note 2]||1967–1979||1979–2000||Operation of law||death|
|4||Philip Charles Wilkins||CA||1913–1998||1969–1983||1979–1983||1983–1998||Nixon||death|
|5||Lawrence K. Karlton||CA||1935–2015||1979–2000||1983–1990||2000–2015||Carter||death|
|6||Milton Lewis Schwartz||CA||1920–2005||1979–1990||—||1990–2005||Carter||death|
|7||Edward Dean Price||CA||1919–1997||1979–1989||—||1989–1997||Carter||death|
|8||Raul Anthony Ramirez||CA||1944–present||1980–1989||—||—||Carter||resignation|
|9||Robert Everett Coyle||CA||1930–2012||1982–1996||1990–1996||1996–2012||Reagan||death|
|12||David F. Levi||CA||1951–present||1990–2007||2003–2007||—||G.H.W. Bush||resignation|
|13||Oliver Winston Wanger||CA||1940–present||1991–2006||—||2006–2011||G.H.W. Bush||retirement|
|16||Frank C. Damrell, Jr.||CA||1938–present||1997–2008||—||2008–2011||Clinton||retirement|
Chief judges have administrative responsibilities with respect to their district court. Unlike the Supreme Court, where one justice is specifically nominated to be chief, the office of chief judge rotates among the district court judges. To be chief, a judge must have been in active service on the court for at least one year, be under the age of 65, and have not previously served as chief judge. A vacancy is filled by the judge highest in seniority among the group of qualified judges. The chief judge serves for a term of seven years or until age 70, whichever occurs first. The age restrictions are waived if no members of the court would otherwise be qualified for the position.
When the office was created in 1948, the chief judge was the longest-serving judge who had not elected to retire on what has since 1958 been known as senior status or declined to serve as chief judge. After August 6, 1959, judges could not become or remain chief after turning 70 years old. The current rules have been in operation since October 1, 1982.
Succession of seatsEdit
Request for Expansion of the CourtEdit
The six sitting judges and three senior judges have submitted a draft letter to the members of the Senate and House of Representatives from the Eastern District in which they argue that population growth in the District has necessitated an increase in the number of District Judges.
- http://www.fjc.gov/history/home.nsf/page/courts_district_ca.html U.S. District Courts of California, Legislative history, Federal Judicial Center
- "28 U.S.C. § 84 - U.S. Code Title 28. Judiciary and Judicial Procedure § 84 - FindLaw". findlaw.com.
- Future Judicial Vacancies