Amador County, California

Amador County, is a county in the U.S. state of California, in the Sierra Nevada. As of the 2010 census, the population was 38,091.[5] The county seat is Jackson.[6] Amador County, located within California's Gold Country, is known as "The Heart of the Mother Lode". There is a substantial viticultural industry in the county.

Amador County, California
The Amador County foothills in April 2007
The Amador County foothills in April 2007
Flag of Amador County, California
Official seal of Amador County, California
Nickname(s): 
"The Heart of the Mother Lode"
Interactive map of Amador County
Location in the state of California
Location in the state of California
Country United States
State California
RegionSierra Nevada
IncorporatedMay 1, 1854[1]
Named forJosé María Amador
County seatJackson
Largest cityIone (population and area)
Area
 • Total606 sq mi (1,570 km2)
 • Land595 sq mi (1,540 km2)
 • Water11.4 sq mi (30 km2)
Highest elevation9,414 ft (2,869 m)
Population
 • Total38,091
 • Estimate 
(2019)[4]
39,752
 • Density63/sq mi (24/km2)
Time zoneUTC-8 (Pacific Time Zone)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-7 (Pacific Daylight Time)
Area code209
FIPS code06-005
GNIS feature ID1675841
Websitewww.co.amador.ca.us

HistoryEdit

 
Amador County is named after José María Amador, a Californio miner who found gold in the area in 1848.
 
Dr. Charles Boarman (1828–1880), son of Rear Admiral Charles Boarman, and his family settled in the area. He served as the first county physician and coroner from 1863 to 1880.
 
The former Amador County Courthouse consists of two buildings: the second courthouse (built 1864) and the Hall of Records (1893), that were enclosed and combined in 1939 with an Art Deco exterior.[7]
 
High-grade Gold-quartz ore from Amador County

Amador County was created by the California Legislature on May 11, 1854, from parts of Calaveras and El Dorado counties.[8] It was organized on July 3, 1854.[8] In 1864, part of the county's territory was given to Alpine County.

The county is named for José María Amador, a soldier, rancher, and miner, born in San Francisco in 1794,[9] the son of Sergeant Pedro Amador (a Spanish soldier who settled in California in 1771) and younger brother to Sinforosa Amador.

In 1848, Jose Maria Amador, with several Native Americans, established a successful gold mining camp near the present town of Amador City. In Spanish, the word amador means "one who loves". Some of the Mother Lode's most successful gold mines were located in Amador County, including the Kennedy, Argonaut, and Keystone.

There are numerous gold mines in Amador County including the Argonaut Mine, the Kennedy Mine, the Central Eureka, and the Lincoln. The Kennedy Mine in Jackson was the deepest gold mine of its time. The federal government closed all of the Mother Lode's mines in 1942 because they were considered non-essential to the war effort.[citation needed]

GeographyEdit

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 606 square miles (1,570 km2), of which 595 square miles (1,540 km2) is land and 11.4 square miles (30 km2) (1.9%) is water.[10] It is the fifth-smallest county in California by land area and second-smallest by total area. Water bodies in the county include Lake Amador, Lake Camanche, Pardee Reservoir, Bear River Reservoir, Silver Lake, Sutter Creek, Cosumnes River, Mokelumne River, and Lake Tabeaud. Thirty-seven miles of the North Fork and main Mokelumne River were added to the California Wild and Scenic Rivers System on June 27, 2018, when Governor Edmund G. "Jerry" Brown signed Senate Bill 854.

Amador County is located approximately 45 miles (72 km) southeast of Sacramento in the part of California known as the Mother Lode, or Gold Country in the Sierra Nevada.

Amador County ranges in elevation from approximately 250 feet (76 m) in the western portion of the county to over 9,000 feet (2,700 m) in the eastern portion of the county, the tallest point being Thunder Mountain. The county is bordered on the north by the Cosumnes River and El Dorado County and on the south by the Mokelumne River and Calaveras County, on the west by Sacramento and San Joaquin Counties, and the east by Alpine County.

Adjacent countiesEdit

National protected areaEdit

DemographicsEdit

2011Edit

Places by population, race, and incomeEdit

Places by population and race
Place Type[16] Population[11] White[11] Other[11]
[note 1]
Asian[11] Black or African
American[11]
Native American[11]
[note 2]
Hispanic or Latino
(of any race)[12]
Amador City City 158 100.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0%
Buckhorn CDP 2,090 98.4% 1.6% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 5.6%
Buena Vista CDP 435 68.5% 25.1% 0.0% 0.0% 6.4% 0.0%
Camanche North Shore CDP 791 96.7% 3.3% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 16.9%
Camanche Village CDP 704 100.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0%
Drytown CDP 138 100.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0%
Fiddletown CDP 121 100.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0%
Ione City 7,873 70.7% 14.6% 2.6% 9.7% 2.4% 25.3%
Jackson City 4,626 90.7% 4.8% 1.2% 0.8% 2.5% 16.6%
Kirkwood CDP 158 96.8% 0.0% 0.6% 2.5% 0.0% 0.0%
Martell CDP 140 100.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0%
Pine Grove CDP 2,573 93.0% 5.9% 1.1% 0.0% 0.0% 7.3%
Pioneer CDP 1,226 82.1% 2.6% 0.0% 0.0% 15.3% 0.0%
Plymouth City 1,055 94.0% 3.2% 0.6% 0.0% 2.2% 11.7%
Red Corral CDP 1,757 84.4% 11.8% 2.3% 0.2% 1.4% 2.9%
River Pines CDP 578 97.1% 0.0% 2.9% 0.0% 0.0% 6.9%
Sutter Creek City 2,497 93.4% 1.5% 4.8% 0.0% 0.3% 5.3%
Volcano CDP 184 99.4% 0.0% 0.6% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0%

County seat
Data for Amador County area of this CDP

Places by population and income
Place Type[16] Population[17] Per capita income[13] Median household income[14] Median family income[15]
Amador City City 158 $36,439 $63,036 $81,500
Buckhorn CDP 2,090 $31,611 $50,365 $54,833
Buena Vista CDP 435 $12,573 $32,944 $33,444
Camanche North Shore CDP 791 $31,857 $58,309 $79,125
Camanche Village CDP 704 $35,199 $98,333 $98,631
Drytown CDP 138 $20,676 $21,172 $70,595
Fiddletown CDP 121 $69,702 $65,192 $49,766
Ione City 7,873 $14,946 $72,734 $79,775
Jackson City 4,626 $24,945 $48,631 $63,028
Kirkwood CDP 39 $14,623 $7,188 [18]
Martell CDP 140 $23,051 $50,962 $90,391
Pine Grove CDP 2,573 $29,918 $52,917 $74,048
Pioneer CDP 1,226 $32,153 $42,917 $92,600
Plymouth City 1,055 $21,626 $38,333 $56,667
Red Corral CDP 1,757 $20,145 $58,450 $57,803
River Pines CDP 578 $30,626 $31,544 $38,875
Sutter Creek City 2,497 $26,788 $46,316 $51,389
Volcano CDP 183 $47,178 $89,688 [18]

County seat
Data for Amador County area of this CDP

2010Edit

The 2010 United States Census reported that Amador County had a population of 38,091. The racial makeup of Amador County was 33,149 (87.0%) White, 962 (2.5%) African American, 678 (1.8%) Native American, 419 (1.1%) Asian, 77 (0.2%) Pacific Islander, 1,450 (3.8%) from other races, and 1,356 (3.6%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4,756 persons (12.5%).[19]

Population reported at 2010 United States Census
Place Type Total
population
White African
American
Native
American
Asian Pacific
Islander
Other
races
Two or
more races
Hispanic
or Latino
(of any race)
Amador County County 38,091 33,149 962 678 419 77 1,450 1,356 4,756
Amador City City 185 171 0 4 2 0 2 6 11
Ione City 7,918 5,826 824 173 110 21 678 286 1,991
Jackson City 4,651 4,090 32 94 60 4 185 186 520
Plymouth City 1,005 850 3 18 6 2 70 56 183
Sutter Creek City 2,501 2,272 10 34 65 5 40 75 219
Buckhorn CDP 2,429 2,259 9 37 25 4 47 48 168
Buena Vista CDP 429 365 1 23 0 0 12 28 35
Camanche North Shore CDP 979 860 3 14 12 3 38 49 150
Camanche Village CDP 847 762 0 9 8 4 31 33 121
Drytown CDP 167 153 0 0 1 0 2 11 11
Fiddletown CDP 235 215 0 5 1 0 8 6 22
Kirkwood CDP 61 59 0 1 1 0 0 0 2
Martell CDP 282 234 0 14 0 5 14 15 36
Pine Grove CDP 2,219 2,027 9 36 9 6 49 83 202
Pioneer CDP 1,094 1,017 0 34 1 2 12 28 52
Red Corral CDP 1,413 1,259 24 15 12 3 33 67 147
River Pines CDP 379 324 0 5 4 0 8 38 31
Volcano CDP 115 109 0 2 2 0 0 2 7
All others not CDPs (combined) Others not CDPs 11,182 10,297 47 160 100 18 221 339 848

County seat
Data for Amador County area of this CDP

2000Edit

Historical population
Census Pop.
186010,930
18709,582−12.3%
188011,38418.8%
189010,320−9.3%
190011,1167.7%
19109,086−18.3%
19207,793−14.2%
19308,4949.0%
19408,9735.6%
19509,1512.0%
19609,9909.2%
197011,82118.3%
198019,31463.4%
199030,03955.5%
200035,10016.8%
201038,0918.5%
2019 (est.)39,752[4]4.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[20]
1790–1960[21] 1900–1990[22]
1990–2000[23] 2010–2015[5]

As of the census[24] of 2000, there were 35,100 people, 12,759 households, and 9,071 families residing in the county. The population density was 59 people per square mile (23/km2). There were 15,035 housing units at an average density of 25 per square mile (10/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 85.8% White, 3.9% Black or African American, 1.8% Native American, 1.0% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 5.0% from other races, and 2.4% from two or more races. 8.9% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 14.9% were of German, 12.6% English, 11.7% Irish, 8.8% Italian and 7.3% American ancestry according to Census 2000. 93.1% spoke English and 5.1% Spanish as their first language.

There were 12,759 households, out of which 26.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.9% were married couples living together, 8.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.9% were non-families. 23.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 2.81.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 20.6% under the age of 18, 6.9% from 18 to 24, 26.2% from 25 to 44, 28.3% from 45 to 64, and 18.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 122.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 123.4 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $42,280, and the median income for a family was $51,226. Males had a median income of $39,697 versus $28,850 for females. The per capita income for the county was $22,412. About 6.1% of families and 9.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.1% of those under age 18 and 5.4% of those age 65 or over.

EconomyEdit

 
Amador Vineyard

The Shenandoah Valley was once the principal viticultural region of California though not as well known as the Napa Valley AVA or Sonoma Valley AVA viticultural regions.[25] With the discovery of gold, the area quickly became a mecca for those trying to make their fortune. In the process numerous wineries sprouted up, many of whose vineyards are still in use by wineries today. The decline of the California Gold Rush coupled with the onset of Prohibition devastated the wine-making region of Amador County. Today this area has been resurrected and is now home to over 40 different wineries. Amador County is known for its Zinfandel, but many other varietals are produced as well. Amador County has a high percentage of old Zinfandel vines. Some of the Zinfandel vineyards in this county are more than 125 years old[when?], including the original Grandpère vineyard, planted with Zinfandel before 1869 and believed to be the oldest Zinfandel vineyard in America.[26] This 10-acre (40,000 m2) vineyard is home to some of the oldest Zinfandel vines on earth, with proof of their existence dating to 1869 when it was listed as a descriptor on a deed from the U.S. Geological Survey. A grant deed in Amador County records further proves their existence in 1869.[citation needed]

Politics, government, and policingEdit

County SupervisorsEdit

The county is governed by a five-person elected Board of Supervisors and a County Administrator. The county seat is Jackson.

PolicingEdit

The unincorporated areas of Amador County are patrolled by the county sheriff's department who also operates the county jail and protects the courts. Municipal police departments within the county are at Ione, Jackson, and Sutter Creek.

Voter registration statisticsEdit

Cities by population and voter registrationEdit

Cities by population and voter registration
City Population[11] Registered voters[27]
[note 3]
Democratic[27] Republican[27] D–R spread[27] Other[27] No party preference[27]
Amador 158 83.5% 34.1% 41.7% -7.6% 9.8% 18.2%
Ione 7,873 29.0% 27.3% 49.4% -22.1% 11.4% 16.8%
Jackson 4,626 55.7% 32.3% 42.6% -10.3% 11.2% 18.4%
Plymouth 1,055 49.4% 30.9% 38.8% -7.9% 13.2% 22.5%
Sutter Creek 2,497 68.4% 35.9% 41.9% -6.0% 9.6% 16.7%

OverviewEdit

Historically Amador was a Democratic-leaning county that voted Republican only in landslide victories. Between 1876 and 1976, Amador voted Republican only in 1900, 1904, 1908, 1920, 1952 and 1972[28] – and even in George McGovern's landslide loss it voted more Democratic than the nation. Since 1980 Amador has become and remained a strongly Republican county in presidential and congressional elections. The last Democrat to win a majority in the county was Jimmy Carter in 1976.

Amador County vote by party in presidential elections
Year* GOP DEM Others
2020 (R) 60.7% 13,585 36.4% 8,153 3.0% 659
2016 (R) 58.4% 10,485 33.4% 6,004 8.2% 1,474
2012 (R) 58.1% 10,281 38.6% 6,830 3.3% 582
2008 (R) 55.9% 10,561 41.4% 7,813 2.7% 505
2004 (R) 62.1% 11,107 36.6% 6,541 1.4% 243
2000 (R) 56.7% 8,766 38.2% 5,906 5.1% 792
1996 (R) 47.5% 6,870 40.6% 5,868 11.9% 1,714
1992 (R) 35.5% 5,477 34.3% 5,286 30.3% 4,671
1988 (R) 55.9% 6,893 42.1% 5,197 2.0% 248
1984 (R) 61.5% 6,986 36.9% 4,188 1.7% 189
1980 (R) 55.9% 5,401 33.0% 3,191 11.2% 1,078
1976 (D) 46.1% 3,699 50.4% 4,037 3.5% 282
1972 (R) 53.4% 3,533 40.9% 2,705 5.7% 378
1968 (D) 42.1% 2,269 45.3% 2,440 12.6% 681
1964 (D) 33.0% 1,682 66.9% 3,410 0.1% 6
1960 (D) 44.5% 2,175 55.0% 2,690 0.5% 22
1956 (D) 49.2% 2,126 50.4% 2,181 0.4% 18
1952 (R) 52.4% 2,440 46.6% 2,169 1.0% 46
1948 (D) 38.8% 1,578 57.5% 2,334 3.7% 151
1944 (D) 37.2% 1,191 61.7% 1,976 1.1% 36
1940 (D) 32.9% 1,372 66.1% 2,762 1.0% 42
1936 (D) 23.4% 777 75.4% 2,506 1.2% 40
1932 (D) 25.3% 822 73.0% 2,367 1.7% 55
1928 (D) 44.1% 990 55.5% 1,246 0.4% 8
1924 (P) 38.9% 719 17.1% 316 44.0% 812
1920 (R) 64.1% 1,350 30.4% 639 5.5% 116
1916 (D) 38.5% 1,209 56.3% 1,766 5.2% 163
1912 (D) 0.2% 5 64.8% 1,622 35.0% 876
1908 (R) 51.9% 1,035 43.8% 874 4.3% 86
1904 (R) 54.5% 1,279 39.0% 915 6.6% 155
1900 (R) 52.6% 1,384 46.0% 1,209 1.4% 36
1896 (D) 44.4% 1,144 54.3% 1,398 1.4% 35
1892 (D) 43.0% 1,125 48.0% 1,255 9.0% 234
*Letter in parentheses after year indicates largest vote:
(D) = Democrat, (P) = Progressive, (R) = Republican.

Amador County is in California's 4th congressional district, represented by Republican Tom McClintock.[29] In the State Assembly, the county is in the 5th Assembly District, represented by Republican Frank Bigelow.[30] In the California State Senate, the county is in the 8th Senate District, represented by Republican Andreas Borgeas.[31]

Election results from statewide races
Year Office Results
2010 Governor Whitman 52.4 – 41.6%
Lieutenant Governor Maldonado 52.1 – 33.4%
Secretary of State Dunn 50.5 – 38.5%
Controller Chiang 50.4 – 40.2%
Treasurer Walters 48.3 – 42.9%
Attorney General Cooley 59.1 – 27.8%
Insurance Commissioner Villines 50.6 – 35.1%
2006 Governor Schwarzenegger 72.1 – 22.5%
Lieutenant Governor McClintock 56.8 – 38.3%
Secretary of State McPherson 62.0 – 31.2%
Controller Strickland 52.4 – 40.2%
Treasurer Parrish 49.0 – 42.5%
Attorney General Poochigian 52.7 – 42.0%
Insurance Commissioner Poizner 62.9 – 25.4%

CrimeEdit

The following table includes the number of incidents reported and the rate per 1,000 persons for each type of offense.

Cities by population and crime ratesEdit

Cities by population and crime rates
City Population[33] Violent crimes[33] Violent crime rate
per 1,000 persons
Property crimes[33] Property crime rate
per 1,000 persons
Ione 7,977 10 1.25 109 13.66
Jackson 4,677 38 8.12 136 29.08
Sutter Creek 2,513 7 2.79 62 24.67

EducationEdit

Due to the low population of the area, there are few schools with small class sizes. In total for public schools, there are two high schools, two junior high schools, and six elementary schools.[34] These numbers are in addition to two independent study schools, one charter school and one continuing education school for adults. There are no colleges or universities within the county's borders.

In popular cultureEdit

"The Luck of Roaring Camp" is a short story by American author Bret Harte. It was first published in the August 1868 issue of the Overland Monthly and helped push Harte to international prominence. Harte lived in this area during his "Gold Rush" period, and possibly based the story in a mining camp on the Mokelumne River.

In the 1993 movie Homeward Bound: The Incredible Journey, a map of Amador County is shown, as well as many other California counties.

TransportationEdit

Major highwaysEdit

Public transportationEdit

Amador Transit provides service in Jackson and nearby communities. Connections to Calaveras County and Sacramento are additionally provided.

AirportEdit

Amador County Airport is a general aviation airport located near Jackson.

CommunitiesEdit

CitiesEdit

Unincorporated communitiesEdit

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Other = Some other race + Two or more races
  2. ^ Native American = Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander + American Indian or Alaska Native
  3. ^ a b Percentage of registered voters with respect to total population. Percentages of party members with respect to registered voters follow.
  4. ^ Only larceny-theft cases involving property over $400 in value are reported as property crimes.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o For statistical purposes, defined by the United States Census Bureau as a census-designated place (CDP).

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Amador County". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved February 10, 2015.
  2. ^ "Thunder Mountain". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved February 10, 2015.
  3. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2016 Estimates". Retrieved April 27, 2017.
  4. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved December 3, 2019.
  5. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 6, 2011. Retrieved April 3, 2016.
  6. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  7. ^ [1], Judicial Council of California. Retrieved August 2, 2009.
  8. ^ a b Whittle, Syd (September 8, 2008). "1854 · Amador County · 1954". The Historical Marker Database. J. J. Prats. Retrieved May 14, 2012. (historical marker placed by Board of Supervisors and Amador County Historical Society, 1954)
  9. ^ William Bright; Erwin Gustav Gudde (November 30, 1998). 1500 California place names: their origin and meaning. University of California Press. p. 15. ISBN 978-0-520-21271-8. Retrieved January 20, 2012.
  10. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved September 24, 2015.
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B02001. U.S. Census website. Retrieved October 26, 2013.
  12. ^ a b U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B03003. U.S. Census website. Retrieved October 26, 2013.
  13. ^ a b U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B19301. U.S. Census website. Retrieved October 21, 2013.
  14. ^ a b U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B19013. U.S. Census website. Retrieved October 21, 2013.
  15. ^ a b U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B19113. U.S. Census website. Retrieved October 21, 2013.
  16. ^ a b U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates. U.S. Census website. Retrieved October 21, 2013.
  17. ^ U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B01003. U.S. Census website. Retrieved October 21, 2013.
  18. ^ a b Data unavailable
  19. ^ "2010 Census P.L. 94-171 Summary File Data". United States Census Bureau.
  20. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 24, 2015.
  21. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved September 24, 2015.
  22. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 24, 2015.
  23. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved September 24, 2015.
  24. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  25. ^ Costa, Eric J (January 1, 1994). Old vines: A history of winegrowing in Amador County. Jackson, CA: Cenotto Publications. pp. v, 46. ISBN 0-938121-08-1.
  26. ^ "Golden Oldies / There's more than just fruit in old-vine Zinfandel – its earthy flavors are history in a bottle – SFGate". SFgate.com. Hearst Communications Inc. July 28, 2005. Retrieved December 14, 2010.
  27. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q California Secretary of State. February 10, 2013 – Report of Registration Archived November 3, 2013, at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved October 31, 2013.
  28. ^ Menendez, Albert J.; The Geography of Presidential Elections in the United States, 1868–2004, pp. 153–156 ISBN 0786422173
  29. ^ "California's 4th Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC. Retrieved March 1, 2013.
  30. ^ "Members Assembly". State of California. Retrieved March 18, 2013.
  31. ^ "Communities of Interest – Counties". California Citizens Redistricting Commission. Archived from the original on October 23, 2015. Retrieved September 24, 2014.
  32. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Office of the Attorney General, Department of Justice, State of California. Table 11: Crimes – 2009 Archived December 2, 2013, at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved November 14, 2013.
  33. ^ a b c United States Department of Justice, Federal Bureau of Investigation. Crime in the United States, 2012, Table 8 (California). Retrieved November 14, 2013.
  34. ^ "Amador County Public Schools". Amadorcoe. Retrieved November 26, 2018.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 38°26′N 120°40′W / 38.44°N 120.66°W / 38.44; -120.66