United States District Court for the Middle District of Georgia
The U.S. District Court for the Middle District of Georgia (in case citations, M.D. Ga.) is a United States District Court which serves the residents of sixty-nine counties from seven divisions from its headquarters in Macon, Georgia.
|United States District Court for the Middle District of Georgia|
|Location||William Augustus Bootle Federal Building and U.S. Courthouse|
|Appeals to||Eleventh Circuit|
|Established||May 28, 1926|
|Chief Judge||Clay D. Land|
|Officers of the court|
|U.S. Attorney||Charles Peeler|
|U.S. Marshal||John Cary Bittick|
Appeals from cases brought in the Middle District of Georgia are taken to the United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit (except for patent claims and claims against the U.S. government under the Tucker Act, which are appealed to the Federal Circuit).
The current United States Attorney is Charles Peeler.
The United States District Court for the District of Georgia was one of the original 13 courts established by the Judiciary Act of 1789, 1 Stat. 73, on September 24, 1789. The District was subdivided into Northern and Southern Districts on August 11, 1848, by 9 Stat. 280. The Middle District was formed from portions of those two Districts on May 28, 1926, by 44 Stat. 670.
The Macon division serves: Baldwin, Bibb, Bleckley, Butts, Crawford, Dooly, Hancock, Houston, Jasper, Jones, Lamar, Macon, Monroe, Peach, Pulaski, Putnam, Twiggs, Upson, Washington, Wilcox and Wilkinson counties.
As of March 7, 2018[update]:
|#||Title||Judge||Duty station||Born||Term of service||Appointed by|
|12||Chief Judge||Clay D. Land||Columbus||1960||2001–present||2014–present||—||G.W. Bush|
|13||District Judge||Marc Thomas Treadwell||Macon||1955||2010–present||—||—||Obama|
|14||District Judge||Leslie Joyce Abrams||Albany||1974||2014–present||—||—||Obama|
|15||District Judge||Tripp Self||Macon||1968||2018–present||—||—||Trump|
|9||Senior Judge||Willie Louis Sands||Albany||1949||1994–2014||2001–2006||2014–present||Clinton|
|10||Senior Judge||Hugh Lawson||Macon||1941||1995–2008||2006–2008||2008–present||Clinton|
|11||Senior Judge||C. Ashley Royal||Macon||1949||2001–2016||2008–2014||2016–present||G.W. Bush|
|#||Judge||State||Born–died||Active service||Chief Judge||Senior status||Appointed by||Reason for|
|1||William Josiah Tilson||GA||1871–1949||1926–1927[Note 1]
|2||Bascom Sine Deaver||GA||1882–1944||1928–1944||—||—||Coolidge||death|
|3||Thomas Hoyt Davis||GA||1892–1969||1945–1961||1949–1961||1961–1969||F. Roosevelt||death|
|4||Abraham Benjamin Conger||GA||1887–1953||1949–1953||—||—||Truman||death|
|5||William Augustus Bootle||GA||1902–2005||1954–1972||1961–1972||1972–2005||Eisenhower||death|
|6||J. Robert Elliott||GA||1910–2006||1962–2000||1972–1980||—||Kennedy||retirement|
|7||Wilbur Dawson Owens Jr.||GA||1930–2010||1972–1995||1980–1995||1995–2010||Nixon||death|
Chief judges have administrative responsibilities with respect to their district court. Unlike the Supreme Court, where one justice is specifically nominated to be chief, the office of chief judge rotates among the district court judges. To be chief, a judge must have been in active service on the court for at least one year, be under the age of 65, and have not previously served as chief judge. A vacancy is filled by the judge highest in seniority among the group of qualified judges. The chief judge serves for a term of seven years or until age 70, whichever occurs first. The age restrictions are waived if no members of the court would otherwise be qualified for the position.
When the office was created in 1948, the chief judge was the longest-serving judge who had not elected to retire on what has since 1958 been known as senior status or declined to serve as chief judge. After August 6, 1959, judges could not become or remain chief after turning 70 years old. The current rules have been in operation since October 1, 1982.
Succession of seatsEdit
- U.S. District Courts of Georgia, Legislative history, Federal Judicial Center.
- Asbury Dickens, A Synoptical Index to the Laws and Treaties of the United States of America (1852), p. 390.
- Alfred Conkling, A Treatise on the Organization, Jurisdiction and Practice of the Courts of the United States (1864), p. 179.