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List of federal judges appointed by Benjamin Harrison

President Benjamin Harrison.

Following is a list of all Article III United States federal judges appointed by President Benjamin Harrison during his presidency.[1] In total Harrison appointed 42 Article III federal judges, including 4 Justices to the Supreme Court of the United States, 12 judges to the United States courts of appeals and United States circuit courts and 26 judges to the United States district courts.

Additionally, Harrison appointed 1 judge to the United States Court of Claims and 10 members to the Board of General Appraisers (later the United States Customs Court), both Article I tribunals.

The Judiciary Act of 1891, approved March 3, 1891, established the United States courts of appeals. Prior to the passage of that act, United States Circuit Judges were appointed solely to the existing United States circuit courts. Subsequent to the passage of that act, United States Circuit Judges were concurrently appointed to both the United States courts of appeals and the United States circuit courts. This situation persisted until the abolition of the United States circuit courts on December 31, 1911. Starting January 1, 1912, United States Circuit Judges served only upon their respective United States court of appeals.

Thus, the first 2 United States Circuit Judges appointed during Harrison's administration were appointed solely to the United States circuit court for their respective circuit and were reassigned by operation of law to serve concurrently on the United States court of appeals and United States circuit court on June 16, 1891. The 10 United States Circuit Judges appointed by Harrison after June 16, 1891 were appointed concurrently to the United States court of appeals and United States circuit court.

Contents

United States Supreme Court JusticesEdit

# Justice Seat State Former Justice Nomination
date
Confirmation
date
Began
active service
Ended
active service
1 David Josiah Brewer 6 Kansas Stanley Matthews December 4, 1889 December 18, 1889 December 18, 1889 March 28, 1910
2 Henry Billings Brown 4 Michigan Samuel Freeman Miller December 23, 1890 December 29, 1890 December 29, 1890 May 28, 1906
3 George Shiras Jr. 10 Pennsylvania Joseph P. Bradley July 19, 1892 July 26, 1892 July 26, 1892 February 23, 1903
4 Howell Edmunds Jackson 3 Tennessee Lucius Q. C. Lamar II February 2, 1893 February 18, 1893 February 18, 1893 August 8, 1895

Courts of Appeals/Circuit CourtsEdit

# Judge Circuit Nomination
date
Confirmation
date
Began active
service
Ended active
service
1 Henry Clay Caldwell Eighth February 27, 1890 March 4, 1890 March 4, 1890 June 4, 1903
2 Marcus Wilson Acheson Third January 23, 1891 February 3, 1891 February 3, 1891 June 21, 1906
3 George M. Dallas Third December 16, 1891 March 17, 1892 March 17, 1892 May 24, 1909
4 Nathan Goff Jr. Fourth December 16, 1891 March 17, 1892 March 17, 1892 March 31, 1913
5 Andrew Phelps McCormick Fifth January 5, 1892 March 17, 1892 March 17, 1892 November 2, 1916
6 Joseph McKenna Ninth February 11, 1892 March 17, 1892 March 17, 1892 March 5, 1897
7 William LeBaron Putnam First December 16, 1891 March 17, 1892 March 17, 1892 September 17, 1917
8 Walter Henry Sanborn Eighth February 10, 1892 March 17, 1892 March 17, 1892 May 10, 1928
9 Nathaniel Shipman Second December 16, 1891 March 17, 1892 March 17, 1892 March 22, 1902
10 William Howard Taft Sixth December 16, 1891 March 17, 1892 March 17, 1892 March 15, 1900
11 William Allen Woods Seventh December 16, 1891 March 17, 1892 March 17, 1892 June 29, 1901
12 William Ball Gilbert Ninth February 23, 1892 March 18, 1892 March 18, 1892 April 27, 1931

District CourtsEdit

# Judge Court
[Note 1]
Nomination
date
Confirmation
date
Began active
service
Ended active
service
Ended senior
service
1 Andrew Coyle Bradley D.D.C. March 19, 1889 March 23, 1889 March 23, 1889 May 15, 1902
2 Charles Swayne N.D. Fla. December 5, 1889 April 1, 1890 May 17, 1889[2] July 5, 1907
3 Augustus J. Ricks N.D. Ohio December 16, 1889 January 16, 1890 July 1, 1889[3] December 22, 1906
4 Edward T. Green D.N.J. December 16, 1889 January 27, 1890 October 24, 1889[4] October 10, 1896
5 Alonzo J. Edgerton D.S.D. December 16, 1889 January 16, 1890 November 19, 1889[3] August 9, 1896
6 Hiram Knowles D. Mont. January 6, 1890 February 21, 1890 February 21, 1890 April 15, 1904
7 Cornelius H. Hanford D. Wash. February 10, 1890 February 25, 1890 February 25, 1890 March 2, 1905[5]
8 Alfred Delavan Thomas D.N.D. February 19, 1890 February 25, 1890 February 25, 1890 August 8, 1896
9 David Ezekiel Bryant E.D. Tex. May 3, 1890 May 27, 1890 May 27, 1890 February 5, 1910
10 Thomas Porter Hawley D. Nev. August 30, 1890 September 9, 1890 September 9, 1890 June 30, 1906
11 John Alden Riner D. Wyo. September 20, 1890 September 22, 1890 September 22, 1890 October 31, 1921 March 4, 1923
12 John A. Williams E.D. Ark. August 14, 1890 September 22, 1890 September 22, 1890 July 7, 1900
13 Henry Harrison Swan E.D. Mich. January 13, 1891 January 19, 1891 January 19, 1891 July 1, 1911
14 Edgar Aldrich D.N.H. February 16, 1891 February 20, 1891 February 20, 1891 September 15, 1921
15 James Hay Reed W.D. Pa. February 10, 1891 February 20, 1891 February 20, 1891 January 15, 1892
16 James Helmick Beatty D. Idaho December 10, 1891 February 4, 1892 March 7, 1891[6] March 1, 1907
17 William W. Morrow N.D. Cal. December 10, 1891 January 11, 1892 August 11, 1891[7] June 1, 1897 Elevated
18 Henry Clay Niles N.D. Miss.
S.D. Miss.
December 10, 1891 January 11, 1892 August 11, 1891[7] September 26, 1918
19 John Simson Woolson S.D. Iowa December 10, 1891 January 11, 1892 August 14, 1891[7] December 4, 1899
20 Joseph Buffington W.D. Pa. February 10, 1892 February 23, 1892 February 23, 1892 September 26, 1906 Elevated
21 John B. Rector N.D. Tex. March 24, 1892 March 28, 1892 March 28, 1892 April 9, 1898
22 William Kneeland Townsend D. Conn. March 24, 1892 March 28, 1892 March 28, 1892 February 27, 1902 Elevated
23 John Harris Baker D. Ind. March 24, 1892 March 29, 1892 March 29, 1892 December 8, 1902
24 Louis E. McComas D.D.C. December 6, 1892 January 25, 1893 November 17, 1892[8] March 3, 1899
25 Peter S. Grosscup N.D. Ill. December 12, 1892 December 20, 1892 December 20, 1892 February 1, 1899 Elevated
26 Charles Cleaves Cole D.D.C. December 12, 1892 January 28, 1893 January 28, 1893 April 22, 1901

Specialty courts (Article I)Edit

United States Court of ClaimsEdit

# Judge Nomination
date
Confirmation
date
Began active
service
Ended active
service
1 Stanton J. Peelle March 24, 1892 March 28, 1892 March 28, 1892 January 2, 1906[9]

Board of General AppraisersEdit

# Judge Nomination
date
Confirmation
date
Began active
service
Ended active
service
1 Charles H. Ham July 2, 1890 July 16, 1890 July 16, 1890 August 1, 1902
2 George C. Tichenor July 2, 1890 July 16, 1890 July 16, 1890 July 11, 1902
3 Joseph Biddle Wilkinson Jr. July 2, 1890 July 16, 1890 July 16, 1890 December 15, 1899
4 James A. Jewell July 2, 1890 July 16, 1890 July 17, 1890 July 15, 1903[10]
August 12, 1903[10]
5 Henderson M. Somerville July 17, 1890 July 18, 1890 July 22, 1890 September 15, 1915
6 Ferdinand N. Shurtleff July 17, 1890 July 18, 1890 July 22, 1890 May 12, 1899[11]
7 Joseph Lewis Stackpole July 17, 1890 July 18, 1890 July 22, 1890 December 5, 1890
8 Thaddeus S. Sharretts July 30, 1890 July 30, 1890 July 30, 1890 March 3, 1913[12]
9 George H. Sharpe July 2, 1890 July 16, 1890 November 16, 1890 March 1, 1899
10 Wilbur Fisk Lunt January 21, 1891 January 27, 1891 January 28, 1891 May 28, 1908

NotesEdit

ReferencesEdit

General
  • "Judges of the United States Courts". Biographical Directory of Federal Judges. Federal Judicial Center. Archived from the original on 2016-07-30. Retrieved 2009-04-03.
Specific
  1. ^ All information on the names, terms of service, and details of appointment of federal judges is derived from the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public-domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center.
  2. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 5, 1889; confirmed by the United States Senate on April 1, 1890, and received commission, on April 1, 1890.
  3. ^ a b Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 16, 1889, confirmed by the United States Senate on January 16, 1890, and received commission on January 16, 1890.
  4. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 16, 1889, confirmed by the United States Senate on January 27, 1890, and received commission on January 27, 1890.
  5. ^ Reassigned to the United States District Court for the Western District of Washington by operation of law on March 2, 1905.
  6. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 10, 1891, confirmed by the United States Senate on February 4, 1892, and received commission on February 4, 1892.
  7. ^ a b c Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 10, 1891, confirmed by the United States Senate on January 11, 1892, and received commission on January 11, 1892.
  8. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 6, 1892, confirmed by the United States Senate on January 25, 1893, and received commission on January 25, 1893.
  9. ^ Laterally appointed Chief Justice of the same court on January 2, 1906.
  10. ^ a b Exact resignation date unknown, but circa July 15, 1903 to August 12, 1903.
  11. ^ Removed from office by William McKinley on May 12, 1899.
  12. ^ Removed from office by William Howard Taft on March 3, 1913.

SourcesEdit