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The Supreme Allied Commander Europe (SACEUR) is the commander of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization's (NATO) Allied Command Operations (ACO) and head of ACO's headquarters, Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe (SHAPE). The commander is based at SHAPE in Casteau, Belgium. SACEUR is the second-highest military position within NATO, below only the Chairman of the NATO Military Committee in terms of precedence.

Supreme Allied Commander Europe
Flag of the Supreme Allied Commander Europe.svg
Standard
Gen. Tod D. Wolters EUCOM.jpg
Incumbent
General Tod D. Wolters

since May 3, 2019
North Atlantic Treaty Organization
Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe
AbbreviationSACEUR
Reports toNorth Atlantic Council,
through NATO Military Committee
SeatCasteau, Mons, Belgium
NominatorPresident of the United States,
with Senate advice and consent
AppointerNorth Atlantic Council
Formation2 April 1951
First holderGeneral of the Army
Dwight D. Eisenhower
Websiteshape.nato.int

SACEUR has always been held by a U.S. military officer, and the position is dual-hatted with that of Commander of United States European Command.

The current SACEUR is General Tod D. Wolters of the United States Air Force.

RoleEdit

The NATO Command Structure (NCS), consisting of two strategic commands directed by the North Atlantic Council (NAC):[1]

Liaison:          Provides advice and support to the NAC
Political strategic level:
 
 
 
NATO SG (NAC)
Brussels, BE
 
IS
Brussels, BE
 
Military strategic level:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
    
CMC (NATO MC)
Brussels, BE
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
    
SACEUR
(ACO, SHAPE)
Mons, BE
 
 
    
SACT
(ACT, HQ SACT)
Norfolk, US
Operational level:
 
 
 
 
 
  JFCBS Brunssum, NL
 
 
 
 
 
  JWC Stavanger, NO
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
  AIRCOM Ramstein, DE
 
 
 
 
 
  JALLC Lisbon, PT
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
  MARCOM Northwood, GB
 
 
 
 
 
  JFTC Bydgoszcz, PL
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
  LANDCOM İzmir, TR
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
  CIS GP
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
  JFCNP Naples, IT
 
 
 

List of holdersEdit

 
2013 SACEUR change of command at SHAPE

Since 2003 the Supreme Allied Commander Europe (SACEUR) has also served as the head of Allied Command Europe and the head of Allied Command Operations. The officeholders have been:[2]

No. Supreme Allied Commander Took office Left office Time in office Defence branch
1Eisenhower, DwightGeneral of the Army
Dwight D. Eisenhower
(1890–1969)
April 2, 1951May 30, 19521 year, 58 days  United States Army
2Ridgway, MatthewGeneral
Matthew Ridgway
(1895–1993)
May 30, 1952July 11, 19531 year, 42 days  United States Army
3Gruenther, AlfredGeneral
Alfred Gruenther
(1899–1983)
July 11, 1953November 20, 19563 years, 132 days  United States Army
4Norstad, LaurisGeneral
Lauris Norstad
(1907–1988)
November 20, 1956January 1, 19636 years, 42 days  United States Air Force
5Lemnitzer, LymanGeneral
Lyman Lemnitzer
(1899–1988)
January 1, 1963July 1, 19696 years, 181 days  United States Army
6Goodpaster, AndrewGeneral
Andrew Goodpaster
(1915–2005)
July 1, 1969December 15, 19745 years, 167 days  United States Army
7Haig, AlexanderGeneral
Alexander M. Haig, Jr.
(1924–2010)
December 15, 1974July 1, 19794 years, 198 days  United States Army
8Rogers, BernardGeneral
Bernard W. Rogers
(1921–2008)
July 1, 1979June 26, 19877 years, 360 days  United States Army
9Galvin, JohnGeneral
John Galvin
(1929–2015)
June 26, 1987June 23, 19924 years, 363 days  United States Army
10Shalikashvili, JohnGeneral
John Shalikashvili
(1936–2011)
June 23, 1992October 22, 19931 year, 121 days  United States Army
11Joulwan, GeorgeGeneral
George Joulwan
(born 1939)
October 22, 1993July 11, 19973 years, 262 days  United States Army
12Clark, WesleyGeneral
Wesley Clark
(born 1944)
July 11, 1997May 3, 20002 years, 297 days  United States Army
13Ralston, JosephGeneral
Joseph Ralston
(born 1943)
May 3, 2000January 17, 20032 years, 259 days  United States Air Force
14Jones, JamesGeneral
James L. Jones
(born 1943)
January 17, 2003December 7, 20063 years, 324 days  United States Marine Corps
15Craddock, BantzGeneral
Bantz J. Craddock
(born 1949)
December 7, 2006July 2, 20092 years, 207 days  United States Army
16Stavridis, JamesAdmiral
James G. Stavridis
(born 1955)
July 2, 2009May 13, 20133 years, 315 days  United States Navy
17Breedlove, PhilipGeneral
Philip M. Breedlove
(born 1955)
May 13, 2013May 4, 20162 years, 357 days  United States Air Force
18Scaparrotti, CurtisGeneral
Curtis M. Scaparrotti
(born 1956)
May 4, 2016May 3, 20192 years, 364 days  United States Army
19Wolters, Tod D.General
Tod D. Wolters
(born 1960)
May 3, 2019Incumbent166 days  United States Air Force

DeputyEdit

The position of Deputy Supreme Allied Command Europe (DSACEUR) – since 2003 known as deputy head of Allied Command Operations – has been held by the following officers. From January 1978 until June 1993 there were two DSACEURs, one British and one German, but from July 1993 this reverted to a single DSACEUR.

Name Photo Branch Term began Term ended
1. Field Marshal the Viscount Montgomery   British Army April 2, 1951 September 23, 1958
2. General Sir Richard Gale   British Army September 23, 1958 September 22, 1960
3. General Sir Hugh Stockwell   British Army September 22, 1960 January 1, 1964
4. Marshal of the RAF Sir Thomas Pike   Royal Air Force January 1, 1964 March 1, 1967
5. General Sir Robert Bray   British Army March 1, 1967 December 1, 1970
6. General Sir Desmond Fitzpatrick British Army December 1, 1970 November 12, 1973
7. General Sir John Mogg British Army November 12, 1973 March 12, 1976
8. General Sir Harry Tuzo British Army March 12, 1976 November 2, 1978
9. General Gerd Schmückle German Army January 3, 1978 April 1, 1980
10. General Sir Jack Harman British Army November 2, 1978 April 9, 1981
11. Admiral Günter Luther   German Navy April 1, 1980 April 1, 1982
12. Air Chief Marshal Sir Peter Terry Royal Air Force April 9, 1981 July 16, 1984
13. General Günter Kießling   German Army April 1, 1982 April 2, 1984
14. General Hans-Joachim Mack German Army April 2, 1984 October 1, 1987
15. General Sir Edward Burgess British Army July 16, 1984 June 26, 1987
16. General Sir John Akehurst British Army June 26, 1987 January 17, 1990
17. General Eberhard Eimler German Air Force October 1, 1987 October 2, 1990
18. General Sir Brian Kenny British Army January 17, 1990 April 5, 1993
19. General Dieter Clauss German Army October 2, 1990 July 1, 1993
20. General Sir John Waters British Army April 5, 1993 December 12, 1994
21. General Sir Jeremy Mackenzie British Army December 12, 1994 November 30, 1998
22. General Sir Rupert Smith British Army November 30, 1998 September 17, 2001
23. General Dieter Stöckmann   German Army September 17, 2001 September 18, 2002
24. Admiral Rainer Feist German Navy September 18, 2002 October 1, 2004
25. General Sir John Reith British Army October 1, 2004 October 22, 2007
26. General Sir John McColl   British Army October 22, 2007 March 2011
27. General Sir Richard Shirreff   British Army March 2011 March 2014
28. General Sir Adrian Bradshaw   British Army March 2014 March 2017
29. General Sir James Everard British Army March 2017 Incumbent

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit

Official website