Open main menu

Distilled beverages at a bar    The Liquor Portal    Liquor shelves at a hotel

Introduction

An old whiskey still

Liquor (also hard liquor, hard alcohol, spirit, or distilled drink) is an alcoholic drink produced by distillation of grains, fruit, or vegetables that have already gone through alcoholic fermentation. The distillation process purifies the liquid and removes diluting components like water, for the purpose of increasing its proportion of alcohol content (commonly expressed as alcohol by volume, ABV). As liquors contain significantly more alcohol, they are considered "harder" – in North America, the term hard liquor is used to distinguish distilled alcoholic drinks from non-distilled ones.

As examples, this term does not include beverages such as beer, wine, mead, sake, or cider, as they are fermented but not distilled. These all have a relatively low alcohol content, typically less than 15%. Brandy is a liquor produced by the distillation of wine, and has an ABV of over 35%. Other examples of liquors include vodka, baijiu, gin, rum, tequila, mezcal, and whisky. (Also see list of alcoholic drinks, and liquors by national origin.)

Selected article

A glass of whisky on the rocks
Whisky or whiskey is a type of distilled alcoholic beverage made from fermented grain mash. Various grains (which may be malted) are used for different varieties, including barley, corn (maize), rye, and wheat. Whisky is typically aged in wooden casks, generally made of charred white oak. Whisky is a strictly regulated spirit worldwide with many classes and types. The typical unifying characteristics of the different classes and types are the fermentation of grains, distillation, and aging in wooden barrels.

Whisky or whisky-like products are produced in most grain-growing areas. They differ in base product, alcoholic content, and quality. Malt whisky is made primarily from malted barley. Grain whisky is made from any type of grains. Malts and grains are combined in various ways, producing whisky varieties such as Single malt whisky, Blended malt whisky, Blended whisky, Cask strength and Single cask.

American whiskey is distilled from a fermented mash of cereal grain, and includes bourbon whiskey, corn whiskey, malt whiskey, rye whiskey, rye malt whiskey and wheat whiskey.


Selected biography

Smirnoff vodka in a shot glass
Pyotr Smirnov founded his vodka distillery in Moscow in 1864 under the trading name of PA Smirnoff, pioneering charcoal filtration in the 1870s, and becoming the first to utilize newspaper ads along with charitable contributions to the clergy to stifle anti-vodka sermons, capturing two-thirds of the Moscow market by 1886. His brand was reportedly a Tsar favorite. When Pyotr died, he was succeeded by his third son Vladimir Smirnov. The company flourished and produced more than 4 million cases of vodka per year.


Selected general articles

Subcategories

Topics

– Whisky –
Cocktails
– Producers –
– Glassware –
– Governance –

Related topics

Related portals

Related WikiProjects

Associated Wikimedia

The following Wikimedia Foundation sister projects provide more on this subject:

Wikibooks
Books

Commons
Media

Wikinews 
News

Wikiquote 
Quotations

Wikisource 
Texts

Wikiversity
Learning resources

Wikivoyage 
Travel guides

Wiktionary 
Definitions

Wikidata 
Database

Web resources

Cocktail Glass (Cosmopolitan).svg

Wikipedia's portals