The Liquor Portal
Liquor (also hard liquor, hard alcohol, spirit, or distilled drink) is an alcoholic drink produced by distillation of grains, fruit, or vegetables that have already gone through alcoholic fermentation. The distillation process purifies the liquid and removes diluting components like water, for the purpose of increasing its proportion of alcohol content (commonly expressed as alcohol by volume, ABV). As liquors contain significantly more alcohol, they are considered "harder" – in North America, the term hard liquor is used to distinguish distilled alcoholic drinks from non-distilled ones.
As examples, this term does not include beverages such as beer, wine, mead, sake, or cider, as they are fermented but not distilled. These all have a relatively low alcohol content, typically less than 15%. Brandy is a liquor produced by the distillation of wine, and has an ABV of over 35%. Other examples of liquors include vodka, baijiu, gin, rum, tequila, mezcal, and whisky. (Also see list of alcoholic drinks, and liquors by national origin.)
|Whisky or whiskey is a type of distilled alcoholic beverage made from fermented grain mash. Various grains (which may be malted) are used for different varieties, including barley, corn (maize), rye, and wheat. Whisky is typically aged in wooden casks, generally made of charred white oak. Whisky is a strictly regulated spirit worldwide with many classes and types. The typical unifying characteristics of the different classes and types are the fermentation of grains, distillation, and aging in wooden barrels.
Whisky or whisky-like products are produced in most grain-growing areas. They differ in base product, alcoholic content, and quality. Malt whisky is made primarily from malted barley. Grain whisky is made from any type of grains. Malts and grains are combined in various ways, producing whisky varieties such as Single malt whisky, Blended malt whisky, Blended whisky, Cask strength and Single cask.
American whiskey is distilled from a fermented mash of cereal grain, and includes bourbon whiskey, corn whiskey, malt whiskey, rye whiskey, rye malt whiskey and wheat whiskey.
|Pyotr Smirnov founded his vodka distillery in Moscow in 1864 under the trading name of PA Smirnoff, pioneering charcoal filtration in the 1870s, and becoming the first to utilize newspaper ads along with charitable contributions to the clergy to stifle anti-vodka sermons, capturing two-thirds of the Moscow market by 1886. His brand was reportedly a Tsar favorite. When Pyotr died, he was succeeded by his third son Vladimir Smirnov. The company flourished and produced more than 4 million cases of vodka per year.
Selected general articles
Cork Distilleries Company
was an Irish whiskey
distilling company. It was formed in 1867, when four Cork distilleries, Daly's
, the Green
, North Mall
, the Watercourse
were amalgamated under one company to form the Cork Distilleries Company. In 1868, these were joined by another Cork distillery, James Murphy's Midleton Distillery
. The company existed until 1966, when the Cork Distilleries Company merged with two other Irish distillers, John Powers & Son
, and John Jameson & Son
to form Irish Distillers
The company produced Paddy Whiskey
, and Cork Dry Gin
among other products. Read more...
The main building of the Tomintoul distillery
The Tomintoul-Glenlivet Distillery
is a distillery in Ballindalloch
, in the Speyside
region of Scotland, producing malt whisky
for blends and bottled as single malts
. The distillery was founded in 1964. It doubled in capacity when two extra stills were installed in 1974, and started bottling single malt whisky in that year. It produces a range of single malts of different ages, a peated malt, and a vintage malt. The distillery is owned and operated by Angus Dundee Distillers
, PLC, of London, England
, which also owns and operates the Glencadam distillery
In 2009 Tomintoul entered the Guinness Book of World Records
by producing the largest bottle of whisky in the world, containing 105.3 litres of 14-year-old Tomintoul malt whisky. Read more...
Ben Nevis distillery
is a distillery
that distills Ben Nevis 10 Years Old and Ben Nevis 21 Years Old whisky
. It is at Lochy Bridge in Fort William
and sits just at the base of Ben Nevis
, the highest mountain in the British Isles, which rises to 1,345 m (4,413 ft) above sea level. A coastal distillery in the Western Highlands, Ben Nevis draws its water from the Allt a’Mhuilinn which originates from two pools, Coire Leis and Coire na’Ciste. Founded in 1825 as an independent enterprise, it has been owned by Nikka Whisky Distilling
of Tokyo, Japan
, since 1989. Read more...
Glass bottles are often used to package liquor and other beverages
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