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Fitzpatricks, a temperance bar in Rawtenstall that was established in 1890

A temperance bar, also known as an alcohol-free bar, sober bar, or dry bar, is a type of bar that does not serve alcoholic beverages.[1][2][3] An alcohol-free bar can be a business establishment or located in a non-business environment or event, such as at a wedding.[4] Alcohol-free bars typically serve non-alcoholic beverages, such as non-alcoholic cocktails known as mocktails, alcohol-free beer or low-alcohol beer, alcohol-free wine, juice, soft drinks and water.[2][5] Popular temperance drinks include cream soda, dandelion and burdock, sarsaparilla, and Vimto, among others.[6] Various foods may also be served.[2][7]

Contents

HistoryEdit

In the late 19th and 20th centuries, a number of temperance bars were established in conjunction with various temperance organisations. Originally, these advocated a moderate approach to life, especially concerning the consumption of alcohol. Later they moved toward abstinence from alcohol. Temperance bars with full temperance licenses (allowing them to serve on Sundays despite English trading laws) were once common in many high streets and shopping areas in the North of England. The temperance movement had a massive following, fueled mainly by nonconformist Christian denominations, such as Methodists.[8]

Temperance bars were the first outlet for the drinks Coca Cola and Vimto in the early 20th century.[6] They were also sometimes called "temperance taverns".

In the past, the bars quite often asked their patrons to sign a pledge of temperance, meaning that they would abstain from intoxicating liquors; today's wave of alcohol-free bars are frequented by both teetotalers and drinkers who wish to have fun in a drug-free environment.[1] The recent popularity of alcohol-free bars is fueled by the declining usage of alcohol amongst the millennial generation, as well as the increased availability of information regarding the negative effects of alcohol on health.[6][1]

By countryEdit

AustraliaEdit

In the 19th century coffee palaces were established as alcohol-free hotels in Australia.[9]

New ZealandEdit

In 2015 the first alcohol-free bar in New Zealand, located in Auckland and named Tap Bar, went out of business five weeks after opening due to a lack of consumer interest, in which few patrons showed up.[2] Patrons that did show up often only consumed water after paying the $15 cover charge for entry.[2]

United KingdomEdit

Some cities in the United Kingdom have alcohol-free bars and public houses.[3][5] The popularity of alcohol-free bars has increased in the United Kingdom, and they are "often funded by anti-alcoholism charities."[3]

EnglandEdit

Temperance bars were established in many places during the 19th century in support of the temperance movement; among the drinks they offered were dandelion and burdock and sarsaparilla.[10] Fitzpatrick's in Rawtenstall, Lancashire, established in 1890, is described as one of the only original remaining temperance bars, which re-opened in March 2016 after a closure of two months.[11]

The first modern alcohol-free bar in England, opened in 2011,[12] is named The Brink, and is located in Liverpool.[13] The Brink is also a drug-free bar, and is run by the charity Action on Addiction with support from the Big Lottery Fund.[14][15] It also serves food and hosts various events such as live music and film showings.[14]

An alcohol-free bar named Redemption is located at the base of the Trellick Tower in North Kensington, London, England.[12][13][16][17] It originated as a pop-up restaurant, and opened as a permanent establishment in July 2015.[18] Redemption also serves vegan food that is locally sourced, and its menu is based upon providing nutritional foods and beverages.[18] Its owners have stated that it is a "sober and cruelty-free bar."[18] Redemption also utilizes a zero-waste policy.[18] The Netil House is another alcohol-free bar located in London.[3]

Sobar in Nottingham is an alcohol-free bar operated by a charity, Double Impact, which works with both alcohol and drug addiction. It received funding from the Big Lottery Fund and employs people who have been addicts.[12]

An alcohol-free bar named Universe exists in Coventry, England near Coventry University.[19]

Actor Kevin Kennedy, a recovering alcoholic, stated in 2014 that he had plans to open an alcohol-free bar in Brighton, England.[20]

In Leeds there are plans to develop an alcohol-free bar and restaurant called IncLucid; pop-up events of that brand have already taken place, and a crowd-funding appeal is in progress.[21] Its promoters aim "to create a bar in Leeds free from alcohol which provides a safe and sociable environment for the increasing diverse customer base seeking new abstinent alternative venues."[22]

United StatesEdit

The Other Side is an alcohol-free bar located in Crystal Lake, Illinois, a Chicago suburb, that strives to provide a place that is "exactly like a bar" for recovering alcoholics.[3][23][24]

Getaway is an alcohol-free bar in Greenpoint, a neighborhood of Brooklyn, New York that opened in April 2019 [25] and serves alcohol-free mixed drinks, shrubs, sodas, and teas.[26]

Listen Bar is an alcohol-free bar in New York open one night every month. [27] Their events feature a fully alcohol-free menu of cocktails, beers and more, as well as activities such as dominatrix lessons, speed-dating or karaoke. [28] All their bartenders are musicians, including special guests Savoir Adore and Sir Babygirl. They have risen to popularity following favorable reviews in Refinery29, VICE and features on the Today Show, Good Morning America and more[29][30][31][32][33]. They are currently raising funds for a location that will be open every night. [34]

Popular drinks served at temperance barsEdit

 
Dandelion and burdock, a temperance drink served at many alcohol-free bars

Temperance bars serve a variety of non-alcoholic mixed drinks, including:

Notable temperance barsEdit

Fitzpatrick's Herbal Health in Rawtenstall is one of the first and original temperance bars surviving from the late 1800s, when it was established. The Fitzpatricks came to Lancashire from Ireland in the 1880s. A family of many herbalists, they built a family-run chain of shops throughout Lancashire. These shops dealt in their non-alcoholic drinks, sold herbal remedies, and cordial bottles. At their peak, the Fitzpatrick family owned 24 shops, all brewing drinks to the original recipes from Ireland. As new drinks came from America, the temperance bars slowly waned. Fitzpatrick's, supported by loyal customers, survived. The Rawtenstall branch of Fitzpatrick's was run from 1891 until 1980 by family members. It is now run by new owners, with the objective of returning Fitzpatrick's Cordials to the market. Following a brief closure in early 2016, Fitzpatrick's reopened for business on 25 March 2016.[35]

Fitzpatrick's is notable for its old copper hot water dispenser which was originally a fixture at the Astoria Ballroom in Rawtenstall.[36] It has also won an award as the country's "Best Sarsaparilla Brewer",[37] and an award for its dandelion and burdock,[38] a year later.

In 2013, a new temperance bar opened in Rotherham, the Whistle Stop Sweet Shop & Temperance Bar.[39][40]

See alsoEdit

Notes and referencesEdit

  • Freethy, Ron (2004). Riverside Rambles - Along the Mersey. Wilmslow, Cheshire, England: Sigma Press. ISBN 1-85058-812-0.
  1. ^ a b c d Eby, Margaret (19 July 2019). "The rise of the sober bar". BBC. Retrieved 21 August 2019. Alcohol-free bars aren’t a new concept. In the late 19th Century, a number of alcohol-free bars known as temperance bars were established in the UK on the heels of the temperance movement, which advocated abstinence. Fitzpatrick’s Temperance Bar, founded in 1890 in Rawtenstall, north of Manchester, is still slinging root beer and glasses of dandelion and burdock today. But what’s different about today’s wave of alcohol-free bars is that they aren’t necessarily rooted in the idea of total abstinence. At Getaway, for example, the audience isn’t just non-drinkers but anyone who wants a fun bar environment without the threat of a hangover the next day. “Nothing about our space says you should be sober, or you shouldn’t go around the corner to another bar and do a tequila shot after hanging out here,” Thonis said. “It’s not exclusively for the non-drinker.”
  2. ^ a b c d e "New Zealand's First Alcohol-Free Bar Had to Close Because No One Came". Vice. 13 August 2015. Retrieved 29 May 2016.
  3. ^ a b c d e "Alcohol-Free Bars Are The New Regular Bars". The Huffington Post. 5 April 2014. Retrieved 29 May 2016.
  4. ^ Lluch, E.; Lluch, A. (2011). Plan the Perfect Wedding on a Small Budget. Wedding Solutions Publishing, Incorporated. p. 158. ISBN 978-1-936061-26-6. Retrieved 29 May 2016.
  5. ^ a b Ritson, B. (1995). Community and Municipal Action on Alcohol. European alcohol action plan. World Health Organization, Regional Office for Europe. p. 74. ISBN 978-92-890-1327-7. Retrieved 29 May 2016.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Hardy, Rebecca (11 February 2016). "Alcohol-free: why temperance drinks are making a comeback". The Guardian. Retrieved 23 August 2019.
  7. ^ Lowe, J. (2008). Digging for Dirt: The Life and Death of ODB. Faber & Faber. p. 6. ISBN 978-1-4299-9609-9. Retrieved 29 May 2016.
  8. ^ "Bar from a bygone age has healthy interest in its past". The Bolton Evening News. 17 January 2003.
  9. ^ Guides, I. (2015). Insight Guides: Explore Melbourne. Insight Explore Guides. APA. p. 162. ISBN 978-1-78005-888-7. Retrieved 29 May 2016.
  10. ^ Hardy, Rebecca (3 September 2012). "Temperance drinks: everything in moderation". The Guardian. Retrieved 29 May 2016.
  11. ^ Brawn, Stephanie (25 March 2016). "Joy in East Lancashire as the UK's only remaining temperance bar re-opens". Lancashire Telegraph. Retrieved 29 May 2016.
  12. ^ a b c Harris, John (21 March 2014). "Dry bars – is England sobering up?". The Guardian. Retrieved 29 May 2016.
  13. ^ a b Beazley, M. (2014). GQ Drinks. Octopus Books. p. 374. ISBN 978-1-78472-016-2. Retrieved 29 May 2016.
  14. ^ a b Pycroft, A. (2015). Key Concepts in Substance Misuse. SAGE Key Concepts series. SAGE Publications. p. 118. ISBN 978-1-4739-1734-7. Retrieved 29 May 2016.
  15. ^ "Welcome to The Brink". The Brink. Retrieved 29 May 2016.
  16. ^ Hancock, Lucy (5 August 2015). "London's New 'Alcohol-Free Cocktail Bar' Is Not a Bar". Vice. Retrieved 29 May 2016.
  17. ^ Goorwich, Siam (22 July 2015). "There's an alcohol free bar opening in London (and no, it's not just a cafe. Apparently)". Metro. Retrieved 29 May 2016.
  18. ^ a b c d Kirkova, Deni (28 December 2015). "First vegan and alcohol-free bar opens in London". Metro. Retrieved 29 May 2016.
  19. ^ Rich, J. (2005). The Push Guide to Which University. Push Guide to Which University. Nelson Thornes Limited. p. 168. ISBN 978-0-7487-9489-8. Retrieved 29 May 2016.
  20. ^ Morris, Gemma (5 April 2014). "Cheers! More Booze-Free Bars For Britain". Sky News. Retrieved 29 May 2016.
  21. ^ "Plans for Leeds's first booze-free nightspot". Yorkshire Evening Post. 25 September 2014. Retrieved 29 May 2016.
  22. ^ "Home page". IncLucid. Retrieved 29 May 2016.[dead link]
  23. ^ Dixler, Hillary (16 April 2013). "A Sober, Alcohol-Free Bar Is Opening Outside Chicago". Eater.com. Retrieved 20 July 2016.
  24. ^ Sotonoff, Jamie (14 April 2013). "Making a bar to stay clean and sober". Eater.com. Retrieved 20 July 2016.
  25. ^ "Greenpoint's First Alcohol-Free Bar "Getaway" Opens". Greenpointers. 12 April 2019. Retrieved 12 May 2019.
  26. ^ "A Sober Person Walks Into a Nonalcoholic Bar …". Grub Street. 18 April 2019. Retrieved 12 May 2019.
  27. ^ "Listen Bar homepage". Listen Bar. 12 June 2019. Retrieved 12 June 2019.
  28. ^ "Listen Bar instagram". Listen Bar instagram. 12 June 2019. Retrieved 12 June 2019.
  29. ^ Munro, Cait. "With Young People Drinking Less, Are Booze-Free Bars The Future Of Going Out?". www.refinery29.com. Retrieved 1 July 2019.
  30. ^ Hobbs, Allegra; Dries, Kate; Bhattacharya, Rupa (29 January 2019). "Can a Bar Feel Like a Bar Without Booze?". Vice. Retrieved 1 July 2019.
  31. ^ Janzen, Emma (17 January 2019). "Listen Bar Brings Booze-Free Nightlife To NYC". Imbibe Magazine. Retrieved 1 July 2019.
  32. ^ America, Good Morning. "What to know about rising Sober Curious movement". Good Morning America. Retrieved 1 July 2019.
  33. ^ "Bars without alcohol? Inside the growing 'sober curious' trend". TODAY.com. Retrieved 1 July 2019.
  34. ^ "Listen Bar Crowdfunding on iFundWomen". Listen Bar Crowdfunding on iFundWomen. 12 June 2019. Retrieved 12 June 2019.
  35. ^ Stephanie Brawn (24 March 2016). "IN PICTURES: Joy in East Lancashire as the UK's only remaining temperance bar re-opens (From Lancashire Telegraph)". Lancashiretelegraph.co.uk. Retrieved 21 January 2017.
  36. ^ Freethy, p. 83.
  37. ^ Waitrose.com - Mr Fitzpatricks Temperance Bar and Cordials Archived April 27, 2006, at the Wayback Machine
  38. ^ "Mr Fitzpatricks UKs Last Temperance Bar providing non alcoholic soft drinks and cordials". Mrfitzpatricks.com. Retrieved 30 March 2013.
  39. ^ "A cordial welcome as Temperance makes comeback". Yorkshire Post. Retrieved 18 September 2018.
  40. ^ Graham, James (7 November 2017). "The High Street struggling to survive". Retrieved 18 September 2018 – via www.bbc.co.uk.

Further readingEdit

External linksEdit