is the second‑most‑consumed drink in the world, after water
A drink (or beverage) is a liquid intended for human consumption. In addition to their basic function of satisfying thirst, drinks play important roles in human culture. Common types of drinks include plain drinking water, milk, juice and soft drinks. Traditionally warm beverages include coffee, tea, and hot chocolate. Caffeinated drinks that contain the stimulant caffeine have a long history.
In addition, alcoholic drinks such as wine, beer, and liquor, which contain the drug ethanol, have been part of human culture for more than 8,000 years. Non-alcoholic drinks often signify drinks that would normally contain alcohol, such as beer, wine and cocktails, but are made with a sufficiently low concentration of alcohol by volume. The category includes drinks that have undergone an alcohol removal process such as non-alcoholic beers and de-alcoholized wines. (Full article...)
is a process applied to cereal
grains, in which the grains are made to germinate
by soaking in water and are then quickly halted from germinating further by drying/heating
with hot air. Malting is thus a combination of two processes; namely the sprouting
process and the kiln-drying
process. These latter terms are often preferred when referring to the field of brewing for batches of beer or other beverages as they provide more in-depth information.
Malted grain is used to make malt beer
, malt whisky
, malted shakes
, malt vinegar
, and some baked goods, such as bagels
. Malting grains develops the enzymes
that are required to modify the grain's starches
into sugars, including monosaccharides
, etc.) and disaccharides
, etc.). It also develops other enzymes, such as proteases which break down the proteins in the grain into forms which can be utilized by yeast. Barley
is the most commonly malted grain in part because of its high diastatic power
content. Also very important is the retention of the grain's husk
even after threshing, unlike the bare seeds of threshed wheat or rye. This protects the growing acrospire (developing plant embryo
) from damage during malting, which can easily lead to mold growth. It also allows the mash of converted grain to create a filter bed during lautering
). Other grains may be malted, especially wheat
WikiProject Food & Drink is an association of Wikipedians with an interest in culinary-related subjects. They have come together to co-ordinate the development of food and drink articles here on Wikipedia as well as the many subjects related to food such as foodservice, catering and restaurants. If you wish to learn more about these subjects as well as get involved, please visit the project.
WikiProject Beer – covers Wikipedia's coverage of beer and breweries and microbreweries
WikiProject Wine – aims to compile thorough and accurate information on different vineyards, wineries and varieties of wines, including but not limited to their qualities, origins, and uses.