A smoothie (occasionally spelled smoothee or smoothy) is a thick, cold beverage made from blended raw fruit, vegetables or ice cream with other ingredients such as water, crushed ice, fruit juice, sweeteners (e.g. honey, sugar, stevia, syrup), dairy products (e.g. milk, yogurt, or cottage cheese, whey powder), plant milk, nuts, nut butter, seeds, tea, chocolate, herbal supplements, or nutritional supplements. A smoothie containing dairy products is similar to a vegetable milkshake, though the latter typically contains less fruit and often contains ice cream or frozen yogurt.
The healthfulness of a smoothie depends on its ingredients and their proportions. Many smoothies include large servings of fruits and vegetables which are recommended in a healthful diet. However, too many sweet fruits and fruit juices can lead to too much sugar. Similarly, ingredients such as protein powders, sweeteners, or ice cream are often used in smoothie recipes, but are not necessarily healthful.
Smoothies include dietary fiber (e.g. pulp, often also skin and seeds) and so are thicker than fruit juice, with a consistency similar to a milkshake. The fiber makes smoothies more healthful than fruit juice alone. Smoothies—particularly green smoothies (which include vegetables)—are often marketed to health-conscious people, for example as a healthier alternative to milkshakes.
Some commercial smoothies, however, have added sugar, which can more than double their carbohydrate content. The fact that smoothies can be quickly swallowed without chewing makes them less effective in providing a lasting hunger-inhibiting effect than eating the raw fruit/vegetables they contain.
Green smoothies typically consist of 40–50% green vegetables—usually raw leafy vegetables such as spinach, kale, swiss chard, collard greens, celery, parsley, or broccoli—with the remaining ingredients being mostly or entirely fruit. Most green leafy vegetables are bitter when served raw, but this can be ameliorated by certain vegetables (e.g. baby spinach is almost flavourless) or fruit (e.g. banana softens both the flavour and texture).
Green smoothies have been growing rapidly in popular culture since the early 2000s. Some blender manufacturers now specifically target their products towards making green smoothies and provide a booklet of green smoothie recipes.
Around the worldEdit
Smoothies have become increasingly popular worldwide since the 1990s, due in part to being factory-produced (usually in bottles), enabling them to be sold via supermarkets and other mass-market outlets. However, they have a much longer history in various countries.
Health food stores on the West Coast of the United States began selling smoothies in the 1930s, thanks to the invention of the electric blender. The actual term "smoothie" was in use in recipes and trademarks by the mid-1930s.
By the late 1960s, smoothies were widely sold across the US by ice cream vendors as well as health food stores. They were mainly made from fruit, fruit juice, and ice, though from the early 1970s, ice milk was sometimes added to create the "fruit shake".
In 1973, Steve Kuhnau founded Smoothie King. He set up numerous smoothie bars across the United States and popularized adding ingredients such as vitamins and protein powder into the smoothies. As smoothies became more popular and prominent, large companies decided to make pre-bottled smoothies and sell them in supermarkets.
Borhani is a type of spicy yogurt smoothie made in Bangladesh. Borhani is made with spices like ginger powder, black salt, green chilies, and ground black pepper, as well as the leaves of herbs such as mint or coriander. Bangladeshi generally drink Borhani after eating lunch and dinner, and it is sometimes served at weddings or important ceremonies.
This section does not cite any sources. (March 2017) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
Many types of smoothies are found in Indian, Mediterranean, and Middle Eastern cuisine. Fruit sharbats (a popular West and South Asian drink) typically include yogurt and honey. In India, the mango lassi is a smoothie or milkshake comprising crushed ice, yogurt, and sometimes sugar; in South India, pineapple smoothies using crushed ice and sugar (without yogurt) are more popular. Smoothies are also mixed with soft drinks or alcohol to make cocktails.
- Boseley, Sarah (2013-09-07). "Smoothies and fruit juices are a new risk to health, US scientists warn". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2016-03-27.
- Choices, NHS. "5 A DAY FAQs - Live Well - NHS Choices". www.nhs.uk. Retrieved 2016-03-27.
- Boutenko, Victoria "Ode to a Green Smoothie", first published 2005 newsletter, RawFamily.com. Reprinted in Kyssa, Natasha (2009). The SimplyRaw Living Foods Detox Manual, beginning p.29. ISBN 1-55152-250-0.
- Zavasta, Tonya (2009), "Smooth Moves: Enjoy the Benefit of Green Smoothies and Puddings", Raw Food and Hot Yoga, p. 39, ISBN 0-9742434-9-3,
A green smoothie...is a mixture of about 60 percent fruit and 40 percent leafy greens blended together in a delicious, nourishing beverage.
- Smith Jones, Susan (2008). Health Bliss, p.179. ISBN 1-4019-1241-9. "...about 50-60 percent fruit and 40-50 percent greens."
- Caldwell, Kim (2009) How Green Smoothies Saved My Life: A Guide for Using Green Smoothies, Uplifted Thinking, and Live Food to Enhance Your Life, p.12. ISBN 0-615-30290-4.
- "Google Ngram Viewer". Google Books. Retrieved 2016-03-27.
- (Nov 2008 - Jan 2009). Organic Gardening, p.44. Vol. 56, No. 1. ISSN 1536-108X.
- "Google Ngram Viewer". books.google.com. Retrieved 2016-03-27.
- Brown, Ellen (2005). The Complete Idiot's Guide to Smoothies. p. 3. ISBN 1-59257-318-5.