Carbonation

Carbonation is the chemical reaction of carbon dioxide to give carbonates, bicarbonates, and carbonic acid.[1] In chemistry, the term is sometimes used in place of carboxylation, which refers to the formation of carboxylic acids.

In inorganic chemistry and geology, carbonation is common. Metal hydroxides (MOH) and metal oxides (M'O) react with CO2 to give bicarbonates and carbonates:

MOH + CO2 → M(HCO3)
M'O + CO2 → M'CO3

In reinforced concrete construction, the chemical reaction between carbon dioxide in the air and calcium hydroxide and hydrated calcium silicate in the concrete is known as neutralisation.

Henry's lawEdit

Henry's law states that PCO2=KBxCO2 where PCO2 is the partial pressure of CO
2
gas above the solution. KB is Henry's law constant. KB increases as temperature increases. xCO2 is the mole fraction of CO
2
gas in the solution. According to Henry's law carbonation increases in a solution as temperature decreases.[2]

Since carbonation is the process of giving compounds like carbonic acid (liq) from CO2 (gas) {i.e. making liquid from gasses} thus the partial pressure of CO2 has to decrease or mole fraction of CO2 in solution have to increase {PCO2/xCO2 = KB} and both these two conditions supports increase in carbonation.

See alsoEdit

  • Carbonatation; calcium hydroxide with carbon dioxide forms calcium carbonate

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Impregnation or treatment with carbon dioxide; conversion into a carbonate."Oxford English Dictionary. Oxford University Press. 2018.
  2. ^ "Henry's Law". ChemEngineering. Tangient LLC. Retrieved 7 November 2017.