Bronfman family

The Bronfman family is a Canadian family, known for its extensive business holdings.[1] It owes its initial fame to Samuel Bronfman (1889–1971), the most influential Canadian Jew of the mid-20th century,[2] who made a fortune in the alcoholic distilled beverage business during American prohibition through founding the Seagram Company, and who later became president of the Canadian Jewish Congress (1939–62).[1][3]

The family is of Russian-Jewish and Romanian-Jewish ancestry; the patriarch, Yechiel (Ekiel) Bronfman, was originally a tobacco farmer from Bessarabia.[4] According to The New York Times staff reporter Nathaniel Popper, the Bronfman family is "perhaps the single largest force in the Jewish charitable world."[5][6]

Family treeEdit

Some of the family members include:

  • Abraham Bronfman
    • Yechiel (Ekiel) Bronfman (16 Nov 1855, Russia – 24 Dec 1919), m. 1880 to Mindel Elman (25 May 1863 – 11 Nov 1918)
      • Abe Bronfman (15 Nov 1882, Russia – 1968), m. 1905 to Sophie Rasminsky (d. 1967.)
        • Zelia Bronfman
        • Rona Bronfman
        • Mildred Bronfman
        • Beatrice Bronfman
        • Ruth Bronfman
      • Harry Bronfman (20 Mar 1885, Russia – 1963), m. 1905 to Ann Gallaman (d. 1970)
        • Allan Bronfman (1906 – 1944), m. 1931 to Freda Besner
          • Mitchell Bronfman
          • Marion Bronfman
          • Beverly Bronfman
        • Gerald Bronfman
        • Rona Retta Bronfman
      • Laura Bronfman (1 Jan 1887, Russia – 1976), m. 1911 to Barnett Aaron
      • Samuel Miles Bronfman Sr. (1 Mar 1889, onboard ship in Soroki, Bessarabia – 10 Jul 1971, Montreal, QC), m. 20 Jun 1922, Winnipeg, MB, to Saidye Rosner Bronfman (20 Dec 1896, Plum Coulee, MB – 6 Jul 1995, Montreal, QC)
      • Jennie Bronfman (b. 3 Feb 1891, Manitoba, Canada)
      • Bess Bronfman (b. 2 Mar 1893, Manitoba – 1980), m. 1916–1940 to Harry Louis Druxerman (1887–1940); m. 1954–1964 to Harry Soforenko (d. 1964)
        • Alvin Druxerman
        • Jacquelyn Blanche Druxerman
      • Allan Bronfman (2 Jan 1896, Manitoba – 26 Mar 1980, Montreal, QC), m. 28 Jun 1922, Ottawa, ON, to Lucy Bilsky
      • Rose Bronfman (3 Feb 1898, Manitoba – 31 May 1988), m. 24 Jun 1922, Winnipeg, MB, to Maxwell Rady (24 Nov 1899 – 3 Mar 1964)

Early historyEdit

The name Bronfman comes from Bronfn, which is Yiddish for the German Branntwei; it coincidently translates to 'spirits man', referring to one who makes or sells whiskey.[7][8] The Bronfman family in Canada began with tobacco farmer Yechiel Bronfman (aka Ekiel Bronfman; 16 November 1855, Russia – 24 December 1919) and his wife, Mindel (née Elman; 25 May 1863 – 11 Nov 1918), who emigrated from Moldova to Canada with their children in 1889, escaping the anti-Semitic pogroms of Imperial Russia.[1][8]

In addition to the famed Samuel Bronfman, Yechiel and Mindel's children at the time of emigration included Abe (15 March 1882, Russia – 16 March 1968, Safety Harbor, Florida), Harry (15 March 1886, Russia – 12 November 1963, Montreal,  QC), and Laura Bronfman (1 Jan 1887, Russia – 1976); in total they had 8 children.[1]

The family settled at a homestead near Wapella, Saskatchewan, but soon moved to Brandon, Manitoba. In 1903, the family borrowed money to buy a hotel (the Anglo-American Hotel) in Emerson, Manitoba, which turned out to be profitable due to railway construction. In 1906, the family moved to Winnipeg. With the advent of Prohibition in Canada, Samuel and his brothers turned their energy towards selling mail-order liquor.[1][8] Following the government's crack-down on the business, the brothers took another route: as it was still legal to sell alcohol as medicine, the brothers rebranded their liquor using names like "Liver & Kidney Cure", "Dandy Bracer–Liver", and "Rock-A-Bye Cough Cure."[8] Samuel took control of the business after prohibition came to an end in the United States, and was known as "Mr. Sam".[8]

Business and philanthropyEdit

According to The New York Times staff reporter Nathaniel Popper, the Bronfman family is "perhaps the single largest force in the Jewish charitable world."[5][6] The family owes its initial fame to Samuel Bronfman (1889–1971), who made a fortune in the alcoholic distilled beverage business during American prohibition through founding the Seagram Company, and who later became president of the Canadian Jewish Congress (1939–62).[1][3]

Saidye Bronfman, Samuel's wife, was president of the Young Women’s Hebrew Association (YWHA) beginning in 1929, and later founded the women’s division of the Combined Jewish Appeal. In 1952, the couple formed The Samuel and Saidye Bronfman Family Foundation to make grants primarily in support of education, the arts, heritage preservation, and Jewish community initiatives. Their daughter, Phyllis Lambert, founded the Canadian Centre for Architecture.[1]

For years, Seagram was ran by Samuel and Saidye's sons, Edgar and Charles Bronfman; and their grandson Edgar Bronfman Jr. oversaw the sale of company to Vivendi. Charles was also co-founder of the Historica Foundation of Canada and Heritage Minutes, as well as chairman and principal owner of the Montreal Expos.[1]

The youngest daughter of Edgar Sr., Clare Bronfman, was a benefactor of Keith Raniere and has been sentenced to almost seven years for her role in the NXIVM case.[9][10] Samuel's nephews Edward and Peter Bronfman (sons of Allan Bronfman), founded Edper Investments (now Brookfield Asset Management).[1]

In 1994, the Bronfman family in collaboration with McGill University in Montreal, Quebec, supported the establishment of the McGill Institute for the Study of Canada (MISC), a nonpartisan Canadian research institute.[11]: 3 

In 1922, Samuel's younger sister, Rose Bronfman (3 February 1898, Manitoba – 31 May 1988), was a substitute teacher and community activist.[12][13] She married physician Maxwell Rady (born as Avraham Radishkevich, 24 November 1899 – 3 March 1964)—himself a Russian Jewish immigrant, who moved to Manitoba in 1893[13]—and the couple remained notable philanthropists in Winnipeg.[14] The University of Manitoba named its health sciences faculty and its College of Medicine in Rady's honour.[12] The Rady Children’s Hospital in San Diego, and its Rady Children's Institute for Genomic Medicine, are named after the Rady family in honour of its largest donor, Ernest S. Rady (b. 1937), Rose and Max's son.[15]

Works or publicationsEdit

Works about the Bronfman FamilyEdit

  • Faith, Nicholas. 2006. The Bronfmans: The Rise and Fall of the House of Seagram. New York: St. Martin's Press. ISBN 978-0-312-33219-8[16]
  • Gittins, Susan. 1995. Behind Closed Doors: The Rise and Fall of Canada's Edper Bronfman and Reichmann Empires. Scarborough, ON: Prentice Hall Canada. ISBN 978-0-131-82189-7[17]
  • MacLeod, Roderick, and Eric John Abrahamson. 2010. Spirited Commitment The Samuel and Saidye Bronfman Family Foundation, 1952-2007. Montréal: McGill-Queen's University Press, for the Samuel and Saidye Bronfman Foundation. ISBN 978-0-773-58333-7
  • Marrus, Michael R. 1991. Samuel Bronfman: The Life and Times of Seagram's Mr. Sam. Hanover: University Press of New England, for Brandeis University Press. ISBN 978-0-585-26546-9
  • Newman, Peter Charles. 1978. Bronfman Dynasty: The Rothschilds of the New World. Toronto: McClelland and Stewart. ISBN 978-0-771-06758-7
  • Bronfman Family Dynasty (video), on Biography
  • Whisky man inside the dynasty of Samuel Bronfman (video). Kelowna, BC: FilmWest Associates, distributor. 1996.
    • Video abstract: "Documents the rise to success of the Bronfman Family, who came to Canada as poor immigrants and became rich and powerful through selling (through Prohibition) and distilling whisky (Seagram Company). Family members recall the tough and determined character of Samuel who strove for social acceptance and respectability while alienating many of his family."[18]

The novel Solomon Gursky Was Here, by Mordecai Richler, has been described as a thinly-veiled account of the Bronfman family.[8]

Works by the Bronfman familyEdit

  • Lambert, Phyllis, and Barry Bergdoll. 2013. Building Seagram. New Haven, CT ; London, UK : Yale University Press. ISBN 978-0-300-16767-2
    • Book abstract: "The Seagram building rises over New York's Park Avenue, seeming to float above the street with perfect lines of bronze and glass. Considered one of the greatest icons of twentieth-century architecture, the building was commissioned by Samuel Bronfman, founder of the Canadian distillery dynasty Seagram. Bronfman's daughter Phyllis Lambert was twenty-seven years old when she took over the search for an architect and chose Mies van der Rohe (1886-1969), a pioneering modern master of what he termed "skin and bones" architecture. Mies, who designed the elegant, deceptively simple thirty-eight story tower along with Philip Johnson (1906-2005), emphasized the beauty of structure and fine materials, and set the building back from the avenue, creating an urban oasis with the building's plaza. Through her choice, Lambert established her role as a leading architectural patron and singlehandedly changed the face of American urban architecture. Building Seagram is a comprehensive personal and scholarly history of a major building and its architectural, cultural, and urban legacies. Lambert makes use of previously unpublished personal archives, company correspondence, and photographs to tell an insider's view of the debates, resolutions, and unknown dramas of the building's construction, as well as its crucial role in the history of modern art and architectural culture."[19]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i Curtis, Christopher G. "Bronfman Family". The Canadian Encyclopedia. Archived from the original on October 20, 2013. Retrieved 2021-07-24.
  2. ^ "Museum of Jewish Montreal". imjm.ca. Retrieved 2021-07-25.
  3. ^ a b The Editors of Encyclopædia Britannica. "Seagram Company Ltd.". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 22 December 2013.
  4. ^ Weiss, Steven I. (March 11, 2014). "For Centuries, Jews Ruled Poland's Liquor Trade. Why Was That Legacy Forgotten?". Tablet. Retrieved April 10, 2016. Even the Bronfmans, the world's most famous liquor magnates, couldn't tie their successes in booze to the legacy of Polish Jewry's tavern-keeping: They were originally tobacco farmers from Bessarabia.
  5. ^ a b Popper, Nathaniel (April 15, 2005). "Keeping Alive a Philanthropic Family Tradition". The Jewish Daily Forward. Retrieved 24 December 2013.
  6. ^ a b Kandell, Jonathan (22 December 2013). "Edgar M. Bronfman, Who Brought Elegance and Expansion to Seagram, Dies at 84". The New York Times. Retrieved 22 December 2013.
  7. ^ "Bronfman Name Meaning & Bronfman Family History at Ancestry.ca®". www.ancestry.ca. Retrieved 2021-07-25.
  8. ^ a b c d e f Brink, Graham (2019-07-03). "10 things: Get to know the Bronfman family's rich and storied history". Tampa Bay Times. Retrieved 2021-07-25.
  9. ^ "Clare Bronfman sentenced to almost 7 years in prison for offences in NXIVM cult".
  10. ^ Nast, Condé (2010-10-13). "The Heiresses and the Cult". Vanity Fair. Retrieved 2021-07-25.
  11. ^ Who pays for Canada? Taxes and Fairness (PDF). 2018 Annual Conference of the McGill Institute for the Study of Canada (MISC). Montreal, Quebec. February 23, 2018. Retrieved July 25, 2018.
  12. ^ a b "Max Rady College of Medicine | University of Manitoba". umanitoba.ca. Retrieved 2021-07-25.
  13. ^ a b https://news.umanitoba.ca/a-legacy-95-years-in-the-making/
  14. ^ "The Rose and Max Rady Jewish Community Centre | Jewish Federation of Winnipeg". www.jewishwinnipeg.org. Retrieved 2021-07-25.
  15. ^ "About Us". www.rchsd.org. Retrieved 2021-07-25.
  16. ^ Prial, Frank J. (June 25, 2006). "'The Bronfmans' by Nicholas Faith: Whiskey Chasers". The New York Times. Retrieved 24 December 2013.
  17. ^ Corelli, Adam (February 14, 1993). "Legacy of a bootlegger: Canada's giant Edper conglomerate, created by the outcast cousins of the Bronfman drinks dynasty, is in trouble and may be slipping into unfamiliar hands". The Independent (UK). Retrieved 24 December 2013.
  18. ^ Whisky man : inside the dynasty of Samuel Bronfman. WorldCat. OCLC. OCLC 496911520.
  19. ^ Building Seagram. WorldCat. OCLC. OCLC 813392773.
  20. ^ Desjardins, Sylvain-Jacques (March 25, 2004). "Seagram Building reborn as Martlet House". McGill Reporter. 36 (2003–2004). Retrieved 25 December 2013.

External linksEdit