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Biography is a documentary television series originally aired from 1961 to 1963 (& 1979) on CBS and later aired from 1987 to 2013 on A&E. Each episode revolved around a specific person and was accompanied by a narration, using stock footage, on-camera interviews, and photographs of people's lives. The show originally ran from 1961 to 1963 on CBS in syndication, was briefly revived in 1979, and was later revived again in 1987 on A&E, airing on the network until 2006 when it was moved to A&E's Biography Channel (now known as FYI) in 2006, airing until 2013. Biography was expanded into a franchise in 2017, employing the previously-used logotype for mini-series and movies in the Biography Movies series aired on A&E Networks.

Biography
Biography tv series logo.png
Genre Documentary
Created by David L. Wolper
Presented by
Country of origin United States
Original language(s) English
Production
Running time 30/60/120 minutes
Production company(s)
Distributor A&E Networks
20th Television (Fox-produced episodes)
Release
Original network
Original release
  • Original series: 1961-1963
  • Revived series: 1979
  • 1990-2013
External links
Website

The original 1961-63 version comprised half-hour filmed segments produced for syndication by David Wolper and hosted by Mike Wallace, featuring historical figures such as Helen Keller and Mark Twain. In 1979, Biography covered more recent subjects including Idi Amin and Walt Disney and was now hosted by David Janssen. The 1987-2013 A&E series placed the emphasis on popular celebrities and more recent historical figures, such as Marilyn Monroe, Elvis Presley, and Queen Elizabeth II, but also included fictional characters such as Superman, Betty Boop, and Santa Claus.

In 1998, A&E created a spin-off network called The Biography Channel, featuring historical figures or (then) current political or social leaders: subjects included William Shakespeare, Charles Dickens, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Enrico Caruso, and Eva Perón for a few years before the show focused on pop culture figures such as Britney Spears, Al Pacino, Johnny Depp, and Marilyn Manson (a segment that attracted some criticism).[1]

Subjects from business and technology included Sam Walton, Sergey Brin and Larry Page, J. C. Penney, Dave Thomas, Colonel Sanders, Bernie Marcus, and Arthur Blank.

Contents

HistoryEdit

Biography original was shown on TV in the early 1960s. The host was Mike Wallace[2] until 1963. The show was produced by David L. Wolper.[3] The series was aired from 1961 to 1963 and was briefly revived in 1979.[4]

A&EEdit

In the fall of 1987, A&E began showing the original 1960s series once-a-week in prime-time, which led the network to purchase the Biography trademark and library and order the commissioning of new Biography episodes beginning in 1990.[2]

Biography became a 5 night weekly series in 1994[2] while adding entertainment figures to the mix of persons featured.[5] Several Biography specials were produced in 1994 and 1995. The History Channel U.K. was started on November 1, 1995, as a weekday three-hour block (4 to 7 PM) with British revamp Biography one of the three shows. A sixth night was added for the 1995–96 season called "Biography This Week" which was a profile of a newsmaker during the last week either by updating an existing episode or a rushed to production episode; Biography This Week would last until 1999. A&E expanded the "Biography" brand into a franchise with a website in July 1996, a children's version launched in fall 1996.[2]

At one point, the show aired up to six times weekly in prime time but cut back as A&E added a reality show to appeal to a younger crowd. In April 2006, A&E was telecasting the show only once a week, usually on Friday nights with three back-to-back episodes. A&E canceled Biography after August 2006, making new episodes of the show exclusively available on The Biography Channel. 64 more hours of the show was ordered also for its first year only on the Bio Channel.[5] The show ended its run in 2012.[6]

HostsEdit

The original Biography host was Mike Wallace who hosted the show from 1961 to 1963 when left for CBS News.[3] The 1990 version of Biography has been hosted by Peter Graves,[5] Jack Perkins, Bill Mumy[7] and Harry Smith.[5] Joan Lunden was also a regular guest host.

FranchiseEdit

Biography
Created by David L. Wolper
Original work TV series
Owner A&E Networks
Print publications
Book(s) Crown Publishing Group published line
Magazine(s) "Biography"
Films and television
Television series
  • Biography
  • Biography This Week
  • Biography: American Justice
Television film(s)
  • Biography Movies series
  • The Notorious Life of Biggie Smalls
  • The End of America: Putin’s Master Plan
  • Elizabeth Smart: Autobiography
  • Mike Tyson: Autobiography
  • David Koresh And The Siege Of Waco
Miscellaneous
TV mini-series Who Killed Tupac?
Gotti & Son
Cable channel

Biography is a documentary franchise focusing on biographies owned by A&E Networks. The franchise began as a syndicated TV series created and produced by David L. Wolper with an initial run from 1961 to 1964.

After a success full runs on A&E led the network to purchase the Biography trademark and library and order the commissioning of new Biography episodes beginning in 1990.[2] Several Biography specials were produced in 1994 and 1995. A&E expanded the "Biography" brand into a franchise with a website in July 1996, a children's version launched in fall 1996. Formerly only direct sales, A&E Home Video initiated a six-month trial in which Barnes & Noble would sell the "Biography" line in stores and becoming permanent in 1996. In 1997, the franchise was further expanded with an audio tape line, telefilm development, a Crown Publishing Group published short biography line and debuted its magazine which replaces A&E Monthly. With the 1998–99 season, "Biography: American Justice" and "Biography Movies" debut.[2]

A&E spun out its first two digital cable channels in November 1998 with The Biography Channel from A&E. A&E was spending $10 million per year to convert to the digital format and for digital distribution.[2] On October 1, 2000, A&E Networks expanded its British partnership with British Sky Broadcasting with the launch of a UK market Biography Channel.[8]

The Bio Channel was replaced by the FYI channel on July 7, 2014, as it had been under-performing. However, The Bio brand will continue in all markets in line with the markets' preferences.[9]

In the second quarter of 2017, A&E Networks relaunched the franchise with a set of two hour specials and a mini-series for three of its channels, A&E, History and Lifetime.[10] The franchise's TV programming will be recurring multi-formatted and tie into important anniversaries, newly found information about notables and current news. The initial set has the commonality of being crime centered, with at least one future set to focus on notable women.[6] Biography returned to A&E on June 28, 2017 with The Notorious Life of Biggie Smalls.[11]

TV showsEdit

  • The Notorious Life of Biggie Smalls (A&E, June 28, 2017)[11] 2 hours telefilm, A&E with Creature Films in association with Entertainment One
  • The End of America: Putin’s Master Plan working title (History) 2 hours telefilm by Lincoln Square Productions
  • Who Killed Tupac? (A&E) six episode mini-series, A&E with Renegade 83 in association with FGW Productions
  • Gotti & Son working title (A&E) 4 episode mini-series by Kaufman Films for A&E
  • Elizabeth Smart: Autobiography working title (A&E) 2 hours telefilm, A&E and Asylum Entertainment in association with Marwar Junction Productions
  • Mike Tyson: Autobiography working title (A&E) 2 hours telefilm by A&E, Asylum Entertainment in association with Marwar Junction Productions
  • David Koresh And The Siege Of Waco working title (A&E) 2 hours telefilm by Raw TV for A&E[10]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Gildemeister, Christopher (2006-10-16). "What Your Kids are Discovering on Discovery Channel". Parents Television Council. Archived from the original on 2007-09-30. Retrieved 2007-07-30. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g "A & E Television Networks History". International Directory of Company Histories. 32. St. James Press. 2000. Retrieved December 4, 2013 – via Funding Universe.com. 
  3. ^ a b Bernstein, Adam (April 8, 2012). "Mike Wallace dies; veteran journalist and former '60 Minutes' correspondent was 93". Washington Post. Retrieved March 23, 2017. 
  4. ^ Sternberg, Joel. "Wolper, David L". Encyclopedia of Television. The Museum of Broadcast Communications. Retrieved March 23, 2017. 
  5. ^ a b c d Dempsey, John (June 5, 2006). "'Biography' rewrite". Variety. Retrieved March 23, 2017. 
  6. ^ a b Littleton, Cynthia (March 21, 2017). "'Biography' Franchise Returns as Event Programming Across A+E Networks Channels". Variety. Retrieved March 23, 2017. 
  7. ^ Tony Sokol (March 21 2017). "Biography Coming Back to A&E After Five Years".
  8. ^ Wilkes, Neil (September 22, 2000). "Sky confirms Biography Channel". Digital Spy. Retrieved August 12, 2014. 
  9. ^ Goldberg, Lesley (December 11, 2013). "A+E Rebrands Bio as Lifestyle Network FYI". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved June 7, 2014. 
  10. ^ a b Petski, Denise (March 21, 2017). "'Biography' Franchise Returns To A+E Networks". Deadline. Penske Business Media. Retrieved March 23, 2017. 
  11. ^ a b Andreeva, Nellie (April 27, 2017). "A&E Doubles Down On Nonfiction, Exits Scripted In Programming Strategy Shift". Deadline. Penske Business Media, LLC. Retrieved December 5, 2017. 

External linksEdit