Jonathan Southworth Ritter (September 17, 1948 – September 11, 2003) was an American actor and comedian. He was the son of the singing cowboy star Tex Ritter and the father of actors Jason and Tyler Ritter. Ritter is known for playing Jack Tripper on the ABC sitcom Three's Company (1977–1984), for which he received a Primetime Emmy Award and a Golden Globe Award in 1984. He briefly reprised the role on the spin-off Three's a Crowd, which aired for one season.
Ritter at the 1988 Emmy Awards
Jonathan Southworth Ritter
September 17, 1948
Burbank, California, U.S.
|Died||September 11, 2003 (aged 54)|
Burbank, California, U.S.
|Resting place||Forest Lawn Memorial Park, Hollywood Hills, California, U.S.|
|Education||Hollywood High School|
|Alma mater||University of Southern California|
(m. 1977; div. 1996)
|Children||4; including Jason Ritter and Tyler Ritter|
Ritter appeared in over 100 films and television series combined and performed on Broadway, with roles including adult Ben Hanscom in It (1990), Problem Child (1990), Problem Child 2 (1991), and Bad Santa in 2003 (his final live action film, which was dedicated to his memory). In 2002, Don Knotts called Ritter the "greatest physical comedian on the planet". His final roles include voicing the title character on the PBS children's program Clifford the Big Red Dog (2000–2003), for which he received four Daytime Emmy Award nominations, as Paul Hennessy on the ABC sitcom 8 Simple Rules (2002–2003) and an uncredited role for providing the normal voice as Three in Seven Little Monsters (2000–2003).
Ritter was born at Providence Saint Joseph Medical Center in Burbank, California, on September 17, 1948. Ritter had a birth defect known as a coloboma in his right eye. His father, Tex Ritter, was a singing cowboy and matinee star, and his mother, Dorothy Fay (née Southworth), was an actress. He had an older brother, Thomas "Tom" Matthews. Ritter attended Hollywood High School, where he was student body president. He attended the University of Southern California and majored in psychology with plans to have a career in politics. He later changed his major to theater arts and attended the USC School of Dramatic Arts (formerly School of Theatre). Ritter was a member of Phi Gamma Delta fraternity at USC. While still in college, Ritter traveled to the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, and West Germany to perform in plays. Ritter graduated in 1970.
Film and televisionEdit
Ritter headlined several stage performances. After his graduation from USC in 1970, his first TV acting experience was a campus revolutionary in the TV series Dan August starring Burt Reynolds and future Three's Company co-star Norman Fell. Ritter made his film debut in the 1971 Disney film The Barefoot Executive. He made guest appearances on the television series Hawaii Five-O, M*A*S*H, and many others. He had a recurring role as the Reverend Matthew Fordwick on the drama series The Waltons from October 1972 to December 1976. Because he was not a weekly cast member, he had time to pursue other roles, which he did until December 1976, when he left for a starring role in the hit sitcom Three's Company (the Americanized version of the 1970s British Thames Television series Man About the House) in 1977. In 1978, Ritter played Ringo Starr's manager on the TV special Ringo. In 1982, Ritter provided the voice of Peter Dickinson in the animated film The Flight of Dragons.
Ritter became a household name portraying struggling culinary student Jack Tripper with two female roommates. Ritter co-starred opposite Joyce DeWitt and Suzanne Somers, and then later Jenilee Harrison and Priscilla Barnes. Much of the comedy centered around Jack's pretending to be gay to keep the old-fashioned landlords appeased over the seemingly sordid living arrangements. The series spent several seasons near the top of the TV ratings in the U.S. before ending in 1984. A year-long spin-off Three's a Crowd ensued, as the Jack Tripper character has a live-in girlfriend and runs his own bistro. The original series has been seen continuously in reruns and is available on DVD. During the run of Three's Company, Ritter appeared in the films Hero at Large, Americathon, and They All Laughed. In 1986, he played the role of Dad in the music video for Graham Nash's song "Innocent Eyes" from the album of the same name.
Hooperman was Ritter's first regular television role after Three's Company. Detective Harry Hooperman inherits a run-down apartment building and hires Susan Smith (Debrah Farentino) to run it. A relationship follows, and Hooperman must juggle work, love, and the antics of Bijoux the dog. In 1988, John was nominated for both an Emmy Award and a Golden Globe Award for his work on Hooperman. Ritter won a People's Choice Award for this role. From 1992 to 1995, Ritter returned to television for three seasons as John Hartman, aide to a U.S. Senator in Hearts Afire. This series starred Markie Post as Georgie Anne Lahti and Billy Bob Thornton as Billy Bob Davis. He also played Garry Lejeune / Roger Tramplemain in the production Noises Off in 1992.
After his time on television, he appeared in a number of movies, most notably Problem Child and its first sequel. He played the lead role in Blake Edwards' 1989 film Skin Deep, appeared in the film version of Noises Off, rejoined Billy Bob Thornton in the Oscar-winning Sling Blade (playing a kindhearted, gay, discount-store manager), and co-starred with Olivier Gruner in the 1996 action film Mercenary. Ritter starred in many made-for-TV movies, including Gramps (1995), co-starring with Andy Griffith, Rob Hedden's The Colony (1995) with Hal Linden, Stephen King's It, Danielle Steel's Heartbeat with Polly Draper, and It Came From the Sky in 1999 with Yasmine Bleeth.
Ritter also made guest appearances on TV shows, such as Felicity, Ally McBeal, Scrubs, Buffy the Vampire Slayer, and an episode of Law & Order: SVU (2002). He also provided the voice of the title character in the animated children's show Clifford the Big Red Dog and its animated film adaptation Clifford's Really Big Movie (2004), a role for which he received four Emmy nominations. His final film was Stanley's Dinosaur Round-Up (2006), an animated direct-to-DVD film based on the television series, which was dedicated to his memory.
At the time of his death he was starring in 8 Simple Rules for Dating My Teenage Daughter.
Ritter played Claude Pichon in The Dinner Party (2000) at the Music Box Theatre on Broadway, which was written by Neil Simon. It ran for 364 performances. Ritter won the Theatre World Award in 2001 for his performance in that work. In 2003, Ritter made his final stage appearance in All About Eve, a star-studded benefit for the Actors' Fund of America held at the Ahmanson Theatre.
In 1977, Ritter married actress Nancy Morgan, with whom he had three children: Jason (who first appeared in the opening credits of Three's Company), Carly, and Tyler. They divorced in 1996. He married actress Amy Yasbeck on September 18, 1999, at the Murphy Theatre in Wilmington, Ohio. They had a child born in 1998.
Yasbeck played his love interest in the first two Problem Child movies, though as two different characters. Yasbeck also played Ritter's wife in two sitcom appearances. In 1991, both were guest stars on The Cosby Show, in which Yasbeck played the in-labor wife of Ritter's basketball coach character. In 1996, Ritter guest-starred on Yasbeck's sitcom, Wings, as the estranged husband of Yasbeck's character, Casey.
On September 11, 2003, Ritter fell ill while rehearsing for 8 Simple Rules for Dating My Teenage Daughter on the Walt Disney Studio lot in Burbank, California. He was sweating profusely, vomiting and complained of having chest pains. He was taken to the Providence Saint Joseph Medical Center across the street (the same hospital in which he was born) at 6 p.m. that evening. Ritter was initially treated by emergency room physicians for a heart attack; however, his condition quickly worsened. Physicians then identified that Ritter had an aortic dissection, and he was pronounced dead at 10:48 pm, six days before his 55th birthday.
In 2008, Ritter's widow Amy Yasbeck, on behalf of herself and Ritter's children, filed lawsuits against doctors involved in Ritter's treatment and Providence St. Joseph Medical Center in Burbank. The lawsuits against Providence St. Joseph Medical center were settled out of court for $9.4 million. A $67 million wrongful-death lawsuit against two of the physicians, radiologist Matthew Lotysch and cardiologist Joseph Lee, went to trial. Yasbeck accused Lee, who treated Ritter on the day of his death, of misdiagnosing his condition as a heart attack, and Lotysch, who had given him a full-body scan two years earlier, of failing at that time to detect an enlargement of Ritter's aorta. In 2008, at the Los Angeles County Superior Court, the jury concluded that the doctors who treated Ritter the day he died were not negligent, and thus were not responsible for his death.
Response and legacyEdit
Many of Ritter's co-workers expressed deep sorrow following the news of his death. Ritter's Three's Company co-star Suzanne Somers said: "I'm so sad for the family. We lost a good one, it was so unfinished". Zach Braff, who worked with Ritter on Scrubs, called Ritter a "comic hero" of his, and said he had approached series creator Bill Lawrence to get Ritter to play his TV father. Katey Sagal testified in the wrongful death lawsuit, calling Ritter a "funny man who was funny like nobody's business". His Three's Company co-star Joyce DeWitt remarked he was "impossible to forget. Impossible not to love".
8 Simple Rules for Dating My Teenage Daughter was later retitled 8 Simple Rules following Ritter's death and continued for one and a half more seasons until the network canceled it in 2005. Ritter's character, Paul Hennessy, was said to have died after collapsing in a grocery store while buying milk. ABC aired the first three episodes of the show's second season that had been taped before his death, each of which was introduced by Katey Sagal. The remainder of the show dealt with the family trying to grapple with Paul's death. New male characters, played by James Garner and David Spade, were later added to the main cast as Ritter's replacements. Shortly before his death, Ritter had done a week-long taping with Hollywood Squares, which was aired as a tribute to him, introduced by Henry Winkler, the executive producer of the show and very close friend of Ritter's. Four days after Ritter's death, Nick at Nite ran an all-night Three's Company marathon dedicated to his memory.
In 2004, Ritter was posthumously given an Emmy nomination for playing Paul Hennessy in 8 Simple Rules for Dating My Teenage Daughter, but lost to Kelsey Grammer for playing the title character of Frasier. Upon accepting his trophy, Grammer's remarks included comments made in tribute and remembrance of Ritter. Ritter's final films, Bad Santa and Clifford's Really Big Movie, along with an episode of Scrubs (his character in this series died, as well) and King of the Hill, were dedicated to his memory.
On June 6, 2008, Hollywood High School dedicated a mural of Ritter painted by Eloy Torrez.
In March 2010, the Thoracic Aortic Disease (TAD) Coalition, in partnership with Yasbeck and the John Ritter Foundation (JRF), announced the creation of the "Ritter Rules" which are life-saving reminders to recognize, treat, and prevent thoracic aortic dissection. The purpose of the JRF is to provide accurate information to the general public about the disease and its risk factors, provide support to individuals who have thoracic aortic disease or have lost a loved one to the disease, and improve the identification of individuals at risk for aortic dissections and the treatment of thoracic aortic disease through medical research. Yasbeck worked with the University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth) to establish the John Ritter Research Program in Aortic and Vascular Diseases with the goal of preventing premature deaths due to aortic dissection by identifying genetic mutations that predispose individuals to thoracic aortic aneurysms and dissections.
|1971||The Barefoot Executive||Roger||Film debut|
|1973||The Stone Killer||Hart|
|1975||The Prisoner of Second Avenue||Elevator Passenger||Uncredited|
|1977||Breakfast in Bed||Paul||Short film|
|1979||Americathon||President Chet Roosevelt|
|1980||Hero at Large||Steve Nichols|
|Wholly Moses!||Satan (The Devil)|
|1981||They All Laughed||Charles Rutledge|
|1982||The Flight of Dragons||Peter Dickinson (voice)||Direct-to-video|
|1987||Real Men||Bob Wilson / Agent Pillbox, CIA|
|1989||Skin Deep||Zachary "Zach" Hutton|
|1990||Problem Child||Benjamin "Ben" Healy Jr.|
|1991||Problem Child 2|
|The Real Story of O Christmas Tree||Piney (voice)||Direct-to-video|
|1992||Noises Off||Garry Lejeune / Roger Tramplemain|
|Stay Tuned||Roy Knable|
|1996||Sling Blade||Vaughan Cunningham|
|A Gun, a Car, a Blonde||Duncan / The Bartender|
|The Truth About Lying||Simon Barker|
|Shadow of Doubt||Steven Mayer|
|I Woke Up Early the Day I Died||Robert Forrest|
|Bride of Chucky||Police Chief Warren Kincaid|
|2000||Panic||Dr. Josh Parks|
|Lost in the Perishing Point Hotel||Christian Therapist|
|Terror Tract||Bob Carter|
|2002||Man of the Year||Bill|
|Bad Santa||Bob Chipeska||Posthumously released; final live-action film|
|2004||Clifford's Really Big Movie||Clifford the Big Red Dog (voice)||Posthumously released, dedicated in memory|
|2006||Stanley's Dinosaur Round-Up||Great Uncle Stew (voice)||Posthumously released, (final film role)|
|1967||The Dating Game||Winning Bachelor|
|1968||Crazy World, Crazy People||Various characters||TV special|
|1970||Dan August||Coley Smith||Episode: "Quadrangle for Death"|
|1971||Hawaii Five-O||Ryan Moore / Mike Welles||2 episodes|
|1972–1976||The Waltons||Rev. Matthew Fordwick||Recurring role (18 episodes)|
|1973||Medical Center||Ronnie||Episode: "End of the Line"|
|Bachelor-at-Law||Ben Sykes||Unsold pilot|
|M*A*S*H||Pvt. Carter||Episode: "Deal Me Out"|
|1974||Kojak||Kenny Soames||Episode: "Deliver Us Some Evil"|
|Owen Marshall, Counselor at Law||Greg||Episode: "To Keep and Bear Arms"|
|The Bob Newhart Show||Dave||Episode: "Sorry, Wrong Mother"|
|1975||Movin' On||Casey||Episode: "Landslide"|
|Rhoda||Vince Mazuma||Episode: "Chest Pains"|
|Mannix||Cliff Elgin||Episode: "Hardball"|
|Great Performances||Richard||Episode: "Who's Happy Now?"|
|The Bob Crane Show||Hornbeck||Episode: "Son of the Campus Capers"|
|Petrocelli||John Oleson||Episode: "Chain of Command"|
|Barnaby Jones||Joe Rockwell||Episode: "The Price of Terror"|
|The Streets of San Francisco||John 'Johnny' Steiner||Episode: "Murder by Proxy"|
|The Night That Panicked America||Walter Wingate||TV film|
|The Mary Tyler Moore Show||Reverend Chatfield||Episode: "Ted's Wedding"|
|The Rookies||Hap Dawson||Episode: "Reluctant Hero"|
|1976||Starsky & Hutch||Tom Cole||Episode: "The Hostages"|
|Doc||Jeff / George||Episode: "A Little Bit of Soap"|
|Rhoda||Jerry Blocker||Episode: "Attack on Mr. Right"|
|Phyllis||Paul Jameson||Episode: "The New Job"|
|1977–1984||Three's Company||Jack Tripper||Lead role (174 episodes)|
|1977||The Love Boat||Dale Riley / Dale Reinhardt||Episode: "Oh, Dale"|
|1978||Ringo||Marty Flesh||TV film|
|Leave Yesterday Behind||Paul Stallings|
|$25,000 Pyramid||Himself (panelist)||Syndication|
|1979||The Ropers||Jack Tripper||Episode: "The Party"|
|1980||The Associates||Chick||Episode: "The Censors"|
|The Comeback Kid||Bubba Newman||TV film|
|John Ritter: Being of Sound Mind and Body||Himself / Various Characters||TV special|
|1981||Insight||Frankie||Episode: "Little Miseries"|
|1982||Pray TV||Tom McPherson||TV film|
|In Love with an Older Woman||Robert Christenberry|
|The Fantastic Miss Piggy Show||Himself (guest star)||TV special|
|1983||Sunset Limousine||Alan O'Black||TV film|
|The Love Boat||Ben Cummins||Episode: "The Emperor's Fortune"|
|1984||Love Thy Neighbor||Danny Loeb||TV film|
|Pryor's Place||Himself (guest star)||Episode: "The Showoff"|
|1984–1985||Three's a Crowd||Jack Tripper||Lead role (22 episodes)|
|1985||Letting Go||Alex Schuster||TV film|
|1986||Unnatural Causes||Frank Coleman|
|A Smoky Mountain Christmas||Judge Harold Benton|
|Life with Lucy||Himself (guest star)||Episode: "Lucy Makes a Hit with John Ritter"|
|1987||The Last Fling||Phillip Reed||TV film|
|Prison for Children||David Royce|
|1987–1989||Hooperman||Det. Harry Hooperman||Lead role (42 episodes)|
|1988||Mickey's 60th Birthday||Dudley Goode||TV special|
|Tricks of the Trade||Donald Todsen||TV film|
|1989||Have Faith||Rick Shepherd||Episode: "The Window"|
|My Brother's Wife||Barney Rusher||TV film|
|1990||Stephen King's It||Ben Hanscom||TV miniseries|
|The Dreamer of Oz: The L. Frank Baum Story||L. Frank Baum||TV film|
|1991||The Cosby Show||Ray Evans||Episode: "Total Control"|
|The Summer My Father Grew Up||Dr. Paul Saunders||TV film|
|Anything but Love||Patrick Serreau||Recurring role (5 episodes)|
|1992||Fish Police||Inspector Gill (voice)||Lead role (6 episodes)|
|1992–1995||Hearts Afire||John Hartman||Lead role (54 episodes)|
|1993||Heartbeat||Bill Grant||TV film|
|The Only Way Out||Jeremy Carlisle|
|The Larry Sanders Show||Himself (guest star)||Episode: "Off Camera"|
|1994||Dave's World||John Hartman||Episode: "Please Won't You Be My Neighbor"|
|1995||Gramps||Clarke MacGruder||TV film|
|The Colony||Rick Knowlton|
|NewsRadio||Dr. Frank Westford||Episode: "The Shrink"|
|The Larry Sanders Show||Himself (guest star)||Episode: "The Fourteenth Floor"|
|1996||Unforgivable||Paul Hegstrom||TV film|
|Wings||Stuart Davenport||Episode: "Love Overboard"|
|For Hope||Date #5||TV film (uncredited)|
|Touched by an Angel||Mike O'Connor / Tom McKinsley||2 episodes|
|1997||Loss of Faith||Bruce Simon Barker||TV film|
|A Child's Wish||Ed Chandler|
|Dead Man's Gun||Harry McDonacle||Segment: "The Great McDonacle"|
|Over the Top||Justin Talbot||Episode: "The Nemesis"|
|Buffy the Vampire Slayer||Ted Buchanan||Episode: "Ted"|
|1997–2004||King of the Hill||Eugene Grandy (voice)||4 episodes|
|1998||Chance of a Lifetime||Tom Maguire||TV film|
|Ally McBeal||George Madison||2 episodes|
|Dead Husbands||Dr. Carter Elston||TV film|
|1999||Veronica's Closet||Tim||Episode: "Veronica's Favorite Year"|
|Holy Joe||Rev. Joe Cass||TV film|
|It Came from the Sky||Donald Bridges|
|Lethal Vows||Dr. David Farris|
|2000–2003||Clifford the Big Red Dog||Clifford (voice)||Lead role (64 episodes)|
|Seven Little Monsters||Three (normal voice)||in a few episodes (uncredited)|
|2000||Chicago Hope||Joe Dysmerski||Episode: "Simon Sez"|
|Batman Beyond||Dr. David Wheeler (voice)||Episode: "The Last Resort"|
|Family Law||Father Andrews||Episode: "Possession is Nine Tenths of the Law"|
|2000–2002||Felicity||Mr. Andrew Covington||Recurring role (7 episodes)|
|2001||Tucker||Marty||Episode: "Homewrecker for the Holidays"|
|2002||The Ellen Show||Percy Moss||Episode: "Gathering Moss"|
|Law & Order: Special Victims Unit||Dr. Richard Manning||Episode: "Monogamy"|
|Breaking News||Lloyd Fuchs||Episode: "Pilot"|
|Scrubs||Sam Dorian||2 episodes|
|2002–2003||8 Simple Rules for Dating My Teenage Daughter||Paul Hennessy||Lead role (31 episodes)|
|2001||Clifford the Big Red Dog: Learning Activities||Clifford|
|2002||Clifford the Big Red Dog: Musical Memory Games|
|2003||Clifford the Big Red Dog: Phonics|
Awards and honorsEdit
|Daytime Emmy Awards||2001||Outstanding Performer in an Animated Program||Clifford the Big Red Dog||Nominated|
|Emmy Awards||1978||Outstanding Lead Actor in a Comedy Series||Three's Company|
|1999||Outstanding Guest Actor in a Comedy Series||Ally McBeal|
|2004||Outstanding Lead Actor in a Comedy Series||8 Simple Rules|
|Golden Globe Awards||1979||Best Actor in a Musical/Comedy||Three's Company|
|1987||Best Actor in a Mini-Series or Motion Picture Made for Television||Unnatural Causes||Nominated|
|1988||Best TV Actor in a Musical/Comedy||Hooperman|
|People's Choice Awards||1988||Favorite Male Performer in a New TV Program||Hooperman||Won|
|Screen Actors Guild||1997||Outstanding Performance by a Cast||Sling Blade (shared w/co-stars)||Nominated|
- 1983: Star on the Walk of Fame – 6627 Hollywood Boulevard; he and Tex Ritter were the first father-and-son pair to be so honored in different categories.
- Martin, Douglas (September 13, 2003). "John Ritter, 54, the Odd Man In 'Three's Company,' Is Dead". The New York Times. Retrieved March 17, 2008.
- John Ritter: In Good Company. A&E. Biography. October 30, 2002.
- "John Ritter: 1948–2003". People. September 18, 2003. p. 1.
- Gliatto, Tom (September 29, 2003). "Wonderful Company". People. Archived from the original on December 3, 2013.
- "John Ritter Biography". Biography.com. n.d. Retrieved December 22, 2015.
- Lipton, Michael A. (December 16, 2002). "Acting His Age". People. Archived from the original on November 7, 2014.
- "John Ritter Emmy Nominated". Emmys.com. September 12, 2003. Retrieved December 12, 2014.
- Hodges, Ben; Willis, John A., eds. (November 1, 2009). Theatre World 2008–2009: The Most Complete Record of the American Theatre. Theatre World. Hal Leonard Corporation. ISBN 978-1-4234-7369-5. Retrieved July 16, 2013.
- "Jason Ritter". Us Weekly. March 8, 2013. Retrieved December 12, 2014.
- "Jason Ritter Biography". TV Guide. Retrieved December 12, 2014.
- "John Ritter". CBS News. page 5. Retrieved October 4, 2012.
- "John Ritter". CBS News. Page 10. Retrieved October 4, 2012.
- "John Ritter's widow talks about wrongful death suit". USA Today. February 4, 2008.
- Considine, Bob (February 4, 2008). "John Ritter's widow talks about wrongful death suit". Today. NBC.
- Grace, Francie (September 16, 2003). "John Ritter's Family Says Goodbye". CBS News.
- "Where Celebrities Are Buried in LA". KCBS News. September 30, 2013.
- Ornstein, Charles (January 24, 2008). "Ritter's family says he didn't have to die". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on January 27, 2008. Retrieved February 29, 2008.
- Deutsch, Linda (April 2, 2008). "John Ritter's family seeks $67M in medical trial". USA Today. Retrieved November 7, 2014.
- "Trial Begins Over John Ritter's Death". ABC News. Associated Press. February 11, 2008. Archived from the original on July 16, 2013. Retrieved February 29, 2008.
- Ryan, Joal (March 14, 2008). "Jury Clears Ritter Doctors". E! News. Retrieved February 3, 2020.
- "John Ritter Dies at 54". Extra. September 12, 2003. Archived from the original on April 6, 2012. Retrieved January 20, 2013.
- Hammel, Sara (February 27, 2008). "Katey Sagal Testifies in John Ritter's Wrongful Death Trial". People.
- "DeWitt: Ritter 'so full of joy and love'". CNN. September 16, 2003. Retrieved December 23, 2019.
- Chung, Jen (September 15, 2003). "Three's Company Marathon". Gothamist. Archived from the original on October 17, 2015. Retrieved September 16, 2012.
- Lammers, Tim (September 20, 2004). "'Angels,' 'Sopranos' Win Big at Emmys". KGTV News. Archived from the original on March 7, 2012. Retrieved February 29, 2008.
'I'd like to take a minute to pay respect to John Ritter and his family,' Grammer said the actor who received a posthumous nomination in the category. 'He was a terrific guy and his death was a shock to all of us. He will be missed not only for his kindness, but for his work.'
- Kennedy, Louise (April 23, 2004). "Clifford's 'Big Movie' will charm his small TV fans". The Boston Globe. Retrieved February 29, 2008.
...Clifford (voiced, as on TV, by the late John Ritter, to whom the movie is fittingly dedicated)...
- "John Ritter photo added to mural". The Hollywood Reporter. Associated Press. June 5, 2008. Retrieved February 3, 2020.
- Brennan, Patricia (November 17, 1996). "FOR HOPE". Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved August 11, 2020.
- Clifford the Big Red Dog Learning Activities. Scholastic. Retrieved September 21, 2017. "Features popular characters and voices from the hit TV show"
- Scholastic Clifford Musical Memory Games 19 Entertaining Activities And Challenges Popular. Scholastic. Retrieved September 21, 2017. "Features:...Popular characters and voices from the hit TV show"
- John Ritter. Moby Games. Retrieved September 20, 2017.
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