Peter Graves (born Peter Duesler Aurness; March 18, 1926 – March 14, 2010) was an American film and television actor. He was best known for his role as Jim Phelps in the CBS television series Mission: Impossible from 1967 to 1973 (original) and from 1988 to 1990 (revival). His elder brother was actor James Arness. Graves was also known for his portrayal of airline pilot Captain Clarence Oveur in the 1980 comedy film Airplane! and its 1982 sequel Airplane II: The Sequel.
Peter Duesler Aurness
March 18, 1926
Minneapolis, Minnesota, U.S.
|Died||March 14, 2010 (aged 83)|
Los Angeles, California, U.S.
|Resting place||San Fernando Mission Cemetery|
|Alma mater||University of Minnesota|
|Relatives||James Arness (brother)|
|Service/||United States Army Air Forces|
|Years of service||1944–1945|
|Battles/wars||World War II|
|Awards|| American Campaign Medal|
World War II Victory Medal
Early life and educationEdit
Peter Graves was born Peter Duesler Aurness on March 18, 1926, in Minneapolis, Minnesota, the son of Rolf Cirkler Aurness (1894–1982), a businessman, and his wife Ruth (née Duesler, died 1986), a journalist. Graves's ancestry was Norwegian, German, and English. He used the stage name Graves, a maternal family name, to honor his mother's family, and also so as to not be confused with his elder brother James Arness, star of the television series Gunsmoke.
Graves graduated from Southwest High School in 1944. He served in the United States Army Air Forces during World War II from 1944 to 1945, reaching the rank of corporal, and was awarded the American Campaign Medal and the World War II Victory Medal. After demobilization, Graves enrolled at the University of Minnesota on the G.I. Bill, and was a member of Phi Kappa Psi fraternity.
Graves appeared in more than 70 films, television shows, and television movies during his career. In 1955, Graves joined the NBC television series Fury, as the rancher and adoptive single father, Jim Newton. Graves also was featured in a key role in the 1953 World War II film, Stalag 17.
From 1960 to 1961, Graves starred as leading character Christopher Cobb in 34 episodes of the TV series Whiplash. In the storyline, Cobb is an American who arrives in Australia in the 1850s to establish the country's first stagecoach line, using a bullwhip rather than a gun to fight the crooks he encounters. The series also starred Anthony Wickert. Graves also starred in the British ITC series Court Martial, playing U.S. Army lawyer Major Frank Whittaker (one of the series' two American leads starring opposite Bradford Dillman's Captain David Young), as well as guest roles in such series as Alfred Hitchcock Presents, Cimarron City, Route 66, and The Invaders (episode "Moonshot"). In 1967, Graves was recruited by Desilu Studios to replace Steven Hill as the lead actor on Mission: Impossible. Graves portrayed the iconic character of Jim Phelps, the sometimes-gruff director of the Impossible Missions Force, for the six following seasons of the series. After the series ended in 1973, Graves played a cameo-type support role in the feature film Sidecar Racers in Australia which was released in 1975. Graves also made a guest appearance in the teen soap opera Class of 74 in mid-1974, playing himself.
Graves was cast as Palmer Kirby in the 1983 ABC miniseries, The Winds of War. He played opposite Robert Mitchum, Jan Michael Vincent, Deborah Winters and Ali MacGraw in what became in 1983, the second-most watched miniseries of all time (after Roots). He reprised the role for the 1988 sequel miniseries, War and Remembrance. During this time, he became the host of PBS' Discover: The World of Science, based on Discover Magazine.
In 1988, a Hollywood writers' strike resulted in a new Mission: Impossible series being commissioned. Graves was the only cast member from the original series to return as a regular, reprising his role as Jim Phelps, though others (most notably Greg Morris, whose son Phil was a regular in this version) made guest appearances. The series was filmed in Australia, and Graves made his third journey there for acting work. The new version of Mission: Impossible lasted for two seasons, ending in 1990. Bookending his work on Mission: Impossible, Graves starred in two pilot films called Call to Danger, which were an attempt to create a Mission: Impossible–style series in which Graves played a government agent (the Bureau of National Resources) who recruited civilians with special talents for secret missions.
The 1960s version of the pilot, according to Patrick White in The Complete Mission: Impossible Dossier (which White reports was actually the second such pilot, but Graves was not involved in the first), is credited with winning Graves the role of Phelps; after Mission: Impossible ended in 1973, Graves filmed a third version of the pilot (this one structured as a made-for-TV movie), but it did not sell as a series. The concept was later used in the brief 1980s adventure series Masquerade.
During the 1990s, he hosted and narrated the documentary series Biography on A&E. He also acted in a number of films featured on Mystery Science Theater 3000, which subsequently featured running jokes about Graves' Biography work and presumed sibling rivalry with Arness. The films that have been featured on Mystery Science Theater 3000 include SST: Death Flight, It Conquered the World, Beginning of the End, and Parts: The Clonus Horror. The film Killers from Space was featured in The Film Crew, Michael J. Nelson's follow-up to MST3K. Graves himself parodied his Biography work in the film Men in Black II, hosting an exposé television show. He also played Colonel John Camden in the television series 7th Heaven.
Graves refused to reprise the role of Jim Phelps (played by Jon Voight) in the first 1996 theatrical film of Mission: Impossible, after the character was revealed to be a traitor and the villain of the film. In the film, Phelps murders three fellow IMF agents, and is killed in a helicopter crash at the end, a decision that disappointed Graves and fellow cast members, and upset many fans of the original series.
AirTran Airways featured Graves in a series of web-only "Internetiquette" videos in 2009 in which Graves appeared in a pilot's uniform and references classic Airplane! lines. The videos were part of an AirTran Airways campaign to promote their in-flight wireless internet access.
In the summer of 2009, Graves signed on as a spokesman for reverse mortgage lender American Advisors Group. Graves' final project was narrating the computer game epic Darkstar: The Interactive Movie, released November 5, 2010.
On March 6, 1984, Graves was hospitalized at Tahoe Forest Hospital for a fractured jaw among other injuries sustained from a fall on an icy Lake Tahoe road the previous weekend, Graves receiving 100 stitches to his lower lip during his stay.
Peter Graves and his wife Joan Graves had three daughters: Amanda, Kelly, and Claudia.
Graves was awarded a Golden Globe Award in 1971 for his role as Jim Phelps in the series Mission: Impossible. In 1972, he received the Golden Plate Award of the American Academy of Achievement. He also received nominations for an Emmy Award and Golden Globe awards in other seasons of that show. Graves also won a Primetime Emmy Award for outstanding informational series in 1997 as host of Biography.
|1951||Rogue River||Pete Dandridge|
|1951||Up Front||Military Policeman||Uncredited|
|1951||Angels in the Outfield||Radio Announcer||Uncredited|
|1951||Fort Defiance||Ned Tallon|
|1952||The Congregation||Produced by the Protestant Film Commission.|
|1952||Red Planet Mars||Chris Cronyn|
|1953||Stalag 17||Sgt. Frank Price|
|1953||War Paint||Trooper Tolson|
|1953||East of Sumatra||Cowboy|
|1953||Beneath the 12-Mile Reef||Arnold Dix|
|1954||Killers from Space||Doug Paul Martin|
|1954||The Yellow Tomahawk||Walt Sawyer|
|1954||The Raid||Capt. Frank Dwyer|
|1954||A Man of Many Ideas||John Wanamaker||TV movie|
|1954||Black Tuesday||Peter Manning|
|1955||The Long Gray Line||Cpl. Rudolph Heinz|
|1955||The Man Who Tore Down the Wall||James Ewing||TV movie|
|1955||The Night of the Hunter||Ben Harper|
|1955||The Naked Street||Joe McFarland|
|1955||Fort Yuma||Lt. Ben Keegan|
|1955||The Court-Martial of Billy Mitchell||Capt. Bob Elliott|
|1956||It Conquered the World||Paul Nelson|
|1956||Hold Back the Night||Lt. Lee Couzens|
|1956||Canyon River||Bob Andrews|
|1957||Beginning of the End||Ed Wainwright|
|1957||Death in Small Doses||Agent / Tom Kaylor|
|1958||Wolf Larsen||Van Weyden|
|1959||A Stranger in My Arms||Donald Ashton Beasley|
|1961||Las Vegas Beat||Bill Ballin||TV movie|
|1964||Mr. Kingston||TV movie|
|1965||A Rage to Live||Jack Hollister|
|1965||Attack of the Eye Creatures||Narrator of USAF Briefing Film||TV movie, Uncredited|
|1966||Texas Across the River||Capt. Stimpson|
|1967||Valley of Mystery||Ben Barstow||TV movie|
|1967||The Ballad of Josie||Jason Meredith|
|1968||Sergeant Ryker||Maj. Whitaker||Archive footage|
|1968||Call to Danger||Jim Kingsley||TV movie|
|1969||The Five Man Army||Dutchman|
|1969||Mission: Impossible vs. the Mob||Jim Phelps||Compilation of both parts of the two-part Mission: Impossible episode "The Council" re-edited and released to European theaters|
|1973||Call to Danger||Doug Warfield||TV movie|
|1973||The President's Plane Is Missing||Mark Jones||TV movie|
|1974||Scream of the Wolf||John Wetherby||TV movie|
|1974||The Underground Man||Lew Archer||TV movie|
|1974||Where Have All The People Gone?||Steven Anders||TV movie|
|1975||Dead Man on the Run||Jim Gideon||TV movie|
|1976||The Mysterious Monsters||Himself||Documentary narrator|
|1977||SST: Death Flight||Paul Whitley||TV movie|
|1977||High Seas Hijack||Elliott Rhoades||English Version|
|1978||The Gift of the Magi||O. Henry||TV movie|
|1979||Missile X – Geheimauftrag Neutronenbombe||Alec Franklin||Also known as Teheran Incident and Cruise Missile|
|1979||Spree||Kandaris||Also known as Survival Run|
|1979||The Rebels||George Washington|
|1979||Parts: The Clonus Horror||Jeff Knight|
|1979||Death Car on the Freeway||Lieutenant Haller||TV movie|
|1980||The Memory of Eva Ryker||Mike Rogers|
|1980||Airplane!||Captain Clarence Oveur|
|1981||300 Miles for Stephanie||Captain McIntyre||TV movie|
|1981||Best of Friends||Nick Adams||TV movie|
|1981||The Guns and the Fury||Mark Janser|
|1982||Savannah Smiles||Harland Dobbs|
|1982||Airplane II: The Sequel||Captain Clarence Oveur|
|1984||Aces Go Places 3||Tom Collins||Cameo role in a Hong Kong movie|
|1987||Number One with a Bullet||Capt. Ferris|
|1987||If It's Tuesday, It Still Must Be Belgium||Mr. Wainwright||TV movie|
|1993||Addams Family Values||Host|
|1999||House on Haunted Hill||Himself|
|2001||These Old Broads||Bill||TV movie|
|2002||Men in Black II||Himself|
|2003||Looney Tunes: Back in Action||Host of Civil Defense Film||Uncredited|
|2003||With You in Spirit||Hal Whitman||TV movie|
|2010||Jack's Family Adventure||Uncle George Vickery||TV movie|
Partial television creditsEdit
|1955–60||Fury||Newton / Cyrus|
|1964||The Virginian||Eastern Financier|
|1966||Branded||Senator Keith Ashley|
|1966||Daniel Boone||Logan Harris||Episode "Run A Crooked Mile"|
|1967||The F.B.I.||Manning Fryes||Episode "Rope of Gold"|
|1967||The Invaders||Gavin Lewis||1 episode|
|1967–73||Mission: Impossible||Jim Phelps|
|1979||Buck Rogers in the 25th Century||Major Noah Cooper||Episode "Return of the Fighting 69th"|
|1983||The Winds of War||Palmer 'Fred' Kirby||Miniseries|
|1984||Hammer House of Mystery and Suspense||John Bray||Episode "Tennis Court"|
|1984||Murder, She Wrote||Edmund Gerard||Episode "Lovers and Other Killers"|
|1988||Mission: Impossible||Jim Phelps||Revival of the original series|
|1988||War and Remembrance||Palmer Kirby|
|1991||The Golden Girls||Jerry Kennedy|
|1995||Burke's Law||General Alexander Prescott|
|1996–2007||7th Heaven||John 'The Colonel' Camden|
|2005||House||Myron||season 1, episode 20|
|2006||Cold Case||Anton Bikker||1 episode|
|2007||American Dad!||Mr. Pibb|
|2010||Darkstar: The Interactive Movie||Narrator||Posthumous release|
- Peter Graves, ‘Mission: Impossible’ Star, Dies at 83. The New York Times via Internet Archive. Retrieved June 2, 2021.
- "Graves, Peter, Cpl". www.airforce.togetherweserved.com. Retrieved February 8, 2017.
- "Peter Graves: Biography". Yahoo! Movies. Retrieved 2008-02-06.
- "Peter Graves Biography". Film Reference. Retrieved 2008-02-06.
- James Arness, James E. Wise Jr. (2001) James Arness: an Autobiography, ISBN 0-7864-1221-6, McFarland & Company Inc., accessed March 15, 2010
- Bawden, James; Miller, Ron (13 August 2019). Conversations with Legendary Television Stars: Interviews from the First Fifty Years. University Press of Kentucky. pp. 179–. ISBN 978-0-8131-7766-3.
- InBaseline Database [permanent dead link]
- "AmericaMovie Biographies (Peter Graves)". Archived from the original on 2018-04-03. Retrieved 2018-12-25.
- Turner Classic Movies (Peter Graves) 
- The Winds of War at the Turner Classic Movie Database 
- "Top 15 Miniseries of all Time". Listverse. Retrieved 3 March 2015.
- "'Mission: Impossible' actor Peter Graves dead at 83". CNN. 15 March 2010. Retrieved 2010-03-15.
- Call to Danger (1968) (TV) at IMDb
- Call to Danger (1973) (TV) at IMDb
- "Internetiquette" AirTran Airways. Retrieved 2010-03-15.
- "aargreverse.com". aargreverse.com. Archived from the original on 2012-03-04. Retrieved 2012-08-03.
- "Peter Graves". FamousDEAD. Retrieved 2012-08-03.
- Ronald Bergan. "Peter Graves obituary". the Guardian. Retrieved 3 March 2015.
- "Actor Peter Graves was hospitalized Tuesday in intensive care..." UPI. March 6, 1984.
- My-Thuan Tran (March 15, 2010). "Peter Graves dies at 83; star of TV's 'Mission: Impossible". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2010-03-15.
- Michael Pollak (March 15, 2010). "Peter Graves, 'Mission: Impossible' Star, Dies at 83". The New York Times. Retrieved 2010-03-14.
- "Golden Plate Awardees of the American Academy of Achievement". www.achievement.org. American Academy of Achievement.
- "Emmy Awards 1969". IMDb. Retrieved 2010-03-15.
- "Mission: Impossible". Golden Globe awards. Archived from the original on 2010-05-07. Retrieved 2010-03-15.
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