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Sydney Irwin Pollack (July 1, 1934 – May 26, 2008) was an American film director, producer and actor. Pollack directed more than 20 films and 10 television shows, acted in over 30 movies or shows and produced over 44 films. For his film Out of Africa (1985), Pollack won the Academy Award for Best Director and Best Picture. He was also nominated for Best Director Oscars for They Shoot Horses, Don't They? (1969) and Tootsie (1982).
Sydney Irwin Pollack
July 1, 1934
Lafayette, Indiana, U.S.
|Died||May 26, 2008 (aged 73)|
Los Angeles, California, U.S.
Claire Bradley Griswold
Some of his other best-known works include Jeremiah Johnson (1972), The Way We Were (1973), Three Days of the Condor (1975) and Absence of Malice (1981). His subsequent films included Havana (1990), The Firm (1993), The Interpreter (2005), and he produced and acted in Michael Clayton (2007). Pollack also made appearances in Robert Altman's Hollywood mystery The Player (1992), Woody Allen's relationship drama Husbands and Wives (1993), and Stanley Kubrick's erotic psychological drama Eyes Wide Shut (1999).
Pollack was born in Lafayette, Indiana, to a family of Russian-Jewish immigrants, the son of Rebecca (née Miller) and David Pollack, a semi-professional boxer and pharmacist. The family relocated to South Bend and his parents divorced when he was young. His mother, who suffered from alcoholism and emotional problems, died at the age of 37, when Pollack was 16.
Despite earlier plans to attend college and then medical school, Pollack left Indiana for New York City soon after finishing high school at age 17. Pollack studied acting with Sanford Meisner at the Neighborhood Playhouse School of the Theatre from 1952 to 1954, working on a lumber truck between terms.
After two years of army service ending in 1958, he returned to the Playhouse at Meisner's invitation to become his assistant. In 1960, John Frankenheimer, a friend of Pollack, asked him to come to Los Angeles to work as a dialogue coach for the child actors on Frankenheimer's first big picture, The Young Savages. It was during this time that Pollack met Burt Lancaster, who encouraged the young actor to try directing.
Pollack played a director in The Twilight Zone episode "The Trouble with Templeton" in 1961. But he found his real success in television in the 1960s by directing episodes of series, such as The Fugitive and The Alfred Hitchcock Hour. After doing TV he made the jump into film with a string of movies that drew public attention. His film-directing debut was The Slender Thread (1965). Over time, Pollack's films received a total of 48 Academy Award nominations, winning 11 Oscars. His first Oscar nomination was for his 1969 film They Shoot Horses, Don't They?, and his second in 1982 for Tootsie. For his 1985 film Out of Africa starring Meryl Streep and Robert Redford, Pollack won Academy Awards for directing and producing.
During his career, he directed 12 actors in Oscar-nominated performances: Jane Fonda, Gig Young, Susannah York, Barbra Streisand, Paul Newman, Melinda Dillon, Jessica Lange, Dustin Hoffman, Teri Garr, Meryl Streep, Klaus Maria Brandauer and Holly Hunter. Young and Lange won Oscars for their performances in Pollack's films.
One of a select group of non- and/or former actors awarded membership in the Actors Studio, Pollack resumed acting in the 1990s with appearances in such films as Robert Altman's The Player (1992) and Stanley Kubrick's Eyes Wide Shut (1999), often playing corrupt or morally conflicted power figures. As a character actor, Pollack appeared in films such as A Civil Action, and Changing Lanes, as well as his own, including Random Hearts and The Interpreter (the latter also being his final film as a director). He also appeared in Woody Allen's Husbands and Wives as a New York lawyer undergoing a midlife crisis, and in Robert Zemeckis's Death Becomes Her as an emergency room doctor. His last role was as Patrick Dempsey's father in the 2008 romantic comedy Made of Honor, which was playing in theaters at the time of his death. He was a recurring guest star on the NBC sitcom Will & Grace, playing Will Truman's (Eric McCormack) unfaithful but loving father, George. In addition to earlier appearances on NBC's Just Shoot Me and Mad About You, in 2007, Pollack made guest appearances on the HBO TV series The Sopranos and Entourage.
Pollack received the first annual Extraordinary Contribution to Filmmaking award from the Austin Film Festival on October 21, 2006. As a producer he helped to guide many films that were successful with both critics and movie audiences, such as The Fabulous Baker Boys, The Talented Mr. Ripley, and Michael Clayton, a film in which he also starred opposite George Clooney and for which he received his sixth Academy Award nomination, in the Best Picture category. He formed a production company called Mirage Enterprises with the English director Anthony Minghella. The last film they produced together, The Reader, earned them both posthumous Oscar nominations for Best Picture. Besides his many feature film laurels, Pollack was nominated for five Primetime Emmys, earning two: one for directing in 1966 and another for producing, which was given four months after his death in 2008.
The moving image collection of Sydney Pollack is housed at the Academy Film Archive.
Personal life and deathEdit
Pollack was married to Claire Bradley Griswold, a former student of his, from 1958 until his death in 2008. They had three children: Steven (1959–1993), Rebecca (b. 1963), and Rachel (b. 1969). In November 1993, Steven died at the age of 34 in the crash of a small, single-engine plane which clipped a power line and burst into flames in Santa Monica, California. Claire, Pollack's wife, died on March 28, 2011 at 74 years of age, from Parkinson's disease.
Concerns about Pollack's health surfaced in 2007, when he withdrew from directing HBO's television film Recount, which aired on May 25, 2008. He died from cancer the following day at his home in the Pacific Palisades neighborhood of Los Angeles, at the age of 73. He had been diagnosed about ten months prior to his death; the type of cancer has been variously cited as pancreatic, stomach, or of unknown primary origin.
Directing and producing
|1965||The Slender Thread||Yes||Paramount Pictures|
|1966||This Property Is Condemned||Yes|
|1968||The Scalphunters||Yes||United Artists|
|1969||Castle Keep||Yes||Columbia Pictures|
|They Shoot Horses, Don't They?||Yes||Cinerama Releasing Corporation|
|1972||Jeremiah Johnson||Yes||Warner Bros.|
|1973||The Way We Were||Yes||Columbia|
|1974||The Yakuza||Yes||Yes||Warner Bros|
|1975||Three Days of the Condor||Yes||Paramount Pictures|
|1977||Bobby Deerfield||Yes||Yes||Warner Bros|
|1979||The Electric Horseman||Yes||Universal Pictures|
|1981||Absence of Malice||Yes||Columbia Pictures|
|1985||Out of Africa||Yes||Yes||Universal Pictures|
|1993||The Firm||Yes||Yes||Paramount Pictures|
|1999||Random Hearts||Yes||Yes||Columbia Pictures|
|2005||The Interpreter||Yes||Universal Pictures|
|2005||Sketches of Frank Gehry||Yes||Executive||Sony Pictures Classics|
As executive producer
|1962||War Hunt||Sergeant Owen Van Horn|
|1975||Three Days of the Condor||Taxi Driver|
|1979||The Electric Horseman||Man Who Makes Pass At Alice||Uncredited|
|1992||The Player||Dick Mellon|
|Death Becomes Her||ER Doctor||Uncredited|
|Husbands and Wives||Jack|
|1998||A Civil Action||Al Eustis|
|1999||Eyes Wide Shut||Victor Ziegler|
|Random Hearts||Carl Broman|
|2001||The Majestic||Studio Executive||Voice|
|2002||Changing Lanes||Stephen Delano|
|2005||The Interpreter||Secret Service Director Jay Pettigrew||Uncredited|
|2006||Fauteuils d'orchestre||Brian Sobinski|
|2007||Michael Clayton||Marty Bach|
|2008||Made of Honor||Thomas Bailey Sr.||Final film role|
|1956||The Kaiser Aluminum Hour||Shuber||Episode: "The Army Game"|
|1959||Playhouse 90||Andres||Episodes: "For Whom the Bell Tolls: Parts 1 & 2"|
|The United States Steel Hour||Benson||Episode: "The Case of Julia Walton"|
|Armstrong Circle Theatre||Albert Rousseau||Episode: "35 Rue Du Marche"|
|Startime||Harry||Episode: "Something Special"|
|1959–1964||Brenner||Detective Al Dunn||3 episodes|
|1960||Alfred Hitchcock Presents||Bernie Samuelson||Episode: "The Contest for Aaron Gold"|
|Twilight Zone||Arthur Willis||Episode: "The Trouble with Templeton"|
|Tales of Wells Fargo||Stan Ryker||Episode: "Angry Town"|
|1961||Have Gun – Will Travel||Joe Culp||Episodes: "Quiet Night in Town: Part 1 & 2"|
|The Deputy||Chuck Johnson||Episode: "Spoken in Silence"|
|The Asphalt Jungle||Louie||Episode: "The Professor"|
|1961–1962||The New Breed||Austin Rogers/Bert Masters||2 episodes|
|1962||Ben Casey||Unknown||Episode: "Monument to an Aged Hunter"|
|1994||Frasier||Holden Thorpe (voice)||Episode: "The Candidate"|
|1998||Mad About You||Dr. Sydney Warren||Episode: "Cheating on Sheila"|
|2000||Just Shoot Me!||Himself||Episode: "A&E Biography: Nina Van Horn"|
|King of the Hill||Grant Trimble||Voice; Season 4: "Episode 23"|
|2000–2006||Will & Grace||George Truman||4 episodes|
|2003||Charlie: The Life and Art of Charles Chaplin||Narrator||Voice; Documentary|
|2005||One Six Right: The Romance of Flying||Himself||Documentary|
|2006||American Masters||Narrator||Episode: "John Ford/John Wayne"|
|2007||The Sopranos||Warren Feldman||Episode: "Stage 5"|
Awards and nominationsEdit
|1970||Academy Awards||Best Director||They Shoot Horses, Don't They?||Nominated|
|1986||Best Picture||Out of Africa||Won|
|2008||Best Picture||Michael Clayton||Nominated|
|1963||Primetime Emmy Awards||Outstanding Directing – Drama Series||Ben Casey||Nominated|
|1964||Bob Hope Presents the Chrysler Theatre||Nominated|
|2008||Outstanding Television Movie||Recount||Nominated|
|Outstanding Variety Special||James Taylor: One Man Band||Nominated|
|1969||Golden Globe Awards||Best Director||They Shoot Horses Don't They?||Nominated|
|1985||Out of Africa||Nominated|
|1983||British Academy Film Awards||Best Film||Tootsie||Nominated|
|1998||Outstanding British Film||Sliding Doors||Nominated|
|2003||Best Film||Cold Mountain||Nominated|
|Outstanding British Film||Nominated|
|2008||Best Film||The Reader||Nominated|
- "The 58th Academy Awards | 1986". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved July 23, 2017.
- MacNab, Geoffrey (August 14, 2002). "The secret of my success?". The Guardian. London. Retrieved May 29, 2008.
- McLellan, Dennis (May 27, 2008). "Sydney Pollack: 1934–2008, Prolific director known for A-list casts". SFGate. Retrieved October 15, 2020.
- Macnab, Geoffrey (May 28, 2008). "Sydney Pollack, film director revered by stars, dies aged 73". The Independent. London. Archived from the original on May 26, 2022. Retrieved May 29, 2008.
- "Obituary: Sydney Pollack". The Daily Telegraph. London. May 28, 2008. Archived from the original on May 28, 2008. Retrieved May 29, 2008.
- Garfield, David (1980). "Strasberg Takes Over: 1951–1955". A Player's Place: The Story of The Actors Studio. New York: MacMillan. p. 93. ISBN 978-0-0254-2650-4.
Various directors and playwrights, including Frank Corsaro, Martin Fried, Jack Garfein, Michal V. Gazzo, Charles Gordone, Israel Horovitz, Arthur Penn, Eleanor Perry, Frank Perry, Sidney Pollack, Mark Rydell, Alan Schneider, and John Stix, have also been granted membership on the basis of their contributions to the life and work of The Actors Studio, as have certain other non-performers, such as Liska March and Carl Schaeffer.
- "Sydney Pollack Collection". Academy Film Archive.
- "2002 Top Ten Poll — How the directors and critics voted: Sydney Pollack". Sight and Sound. Retrieved August 28, 2021.
- Cieply, Michael (May 27, 2008). "Sydney Pollack, Film Director, Is Dead at 73". The New York Times. Retrieved October 15, 2020.
- Brown, Scott Shibuya (November 27, 1993). "Crash of Private Plane Kills 2 in Santa Monica: Accident: The son of filmmaker Sidney Pollack is one of the fatalities. A third man aboard is critically injured after the aircraft dived and hit an apartment building carport". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved October 25, 2019.
- "Film Maker's Son and Pilot Die in Crash of Small Plane". The New York Times. Associated Press. November 28, 1993. Retrieved May 26, 2008.
- Clark, Mike (May 26, 2008). "Remembering Sydney Pollack, an actor's director". USA Today. Retrieved October 15, 2020.
- King, Susan (May 28, 2008). "Pollack's way with actors". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved February 13, 2022.
- Stern, Marlow (October 16, 2017). "When Harvey Weinstein Tormented a Legendary Director on His Deathbed". The Daily Beast. Retrieved February 13, 2022.
- Gorman, Steve (May 26, 2008). "Sydney Pollack dies in Los Angeles". Reuters. Retrieved February 13, 2022.