The Singapore Sling is a gin-based sling cocktail from Singapore. This long drink was developed sometime before 1915 by bartender Ngiam Tong Boon (traditional Chinese: 嚴崇文; simplified Chinese: 严崇文; pinyin: Yán Chóngwén; Wade–Giles: Yen Ch'ung-wen), who was working at the Long Bar in Raffles Hotel, Singapore. It was initially called the gin sling – a sling was originally a North American drink composed of spirit and water, sweetened and flavored.
|IBA official cocktail|
|Served||Straight up: chilled, without ice|
|Standard garnish||Maraschino cherry, pineapple|
|Standard drinkware||Hurricane glass|
|Preparation||Pour all ingredients into cocktail shaker filled with ice cubes. Shake well. Strain into highball glass. Garnish with pineapple and cocktail cherry.|
|Singapore Sling recipe at International Bartenders Association|
|Served||Straight up: chilled, without ice|
|Standard garnish||Maraschino cherry, lemon slice|
|Standard drinkware||Highball glass|
|Commonly used ingredients|
|Preparation||Pour all ingredients into cocktail shaker filled with ice cubes. Shake well. Strain into highball glass or tumbler. Optionally add one or two ice cubes circa 2 cl - do not flood the drink with ice. Garnish with lemon slice and cocktail cherry.|
D. A. Embury stated in the Fine Art of Mixing Drinks: "Of all the recipes published for [this drink] I have never seen any two that were alike." The Times described the "original recipe" as mixing two measures of gin with one of cherry brandy and one each of orange, pineapple, and lime juice An alternative "original recipe" used gin, Cherry Heering, Bénédictine, and fresh pineapple juice, primarily from Sarawak (or "smooth cayenne") pineapples, which enhances the flavor and creates a foamy top. The hotel's recipe was recreated based on the memories of former bartenders and written notes that they discovered regarding the original recipe.
By the 1980s, in some countries like the United States of America, the Singapore Sling was often little more than gin, bottled sweet and sour, and grenadine but showing very little relationship to the recipe used elsewhere under the same name. By that time both in Raffles Hotel, Hong Kong and generally in the UK the recipe had remained standardised as gin and cherry brandy (in various ratios between 2:1 and 1:2). By 2000 one started to see the introduction of benedictine and the wider use of pineapple juice. In New Orleans, sometimes Hurricane mix was used instead of pineapple.
Nowadays and internationally, unless you specify the era of the drink or your personal recipe, you have not much chance of getting anything you might recognise.
The gin sling, attested from 1790, described a North American drink of gin which was flavoured, sweetened and served cold. The Singapore sling has been documented as early as 1930 as a recipe in the Savoy Cocktail Book; Ingredients ¼ lemon juice, ¼ Dry Gin, ½ Cherry Brandy: "Shake well and strain into medium size glass, and fill with soda water. Add 1 lump of ice".
This recipe persisted for decades and is recalled in 1982 in The Sainsbury Book of Cocktails & Party Drinks where it is also called the Singapore Sling and was the classic recipe of the time. There is a minor difference in that the measure of spirits were twice the quantity compared with the lemon and soda of the 1930 quotation and garnished with slice of lemon and a glacé cherry. There can be no doubt that these two very similar forms represent the true version of the Singapore Sling.
Also documented in The Sainsbury Book of Cocktails & Party Drinks is the Straits Sling (also a Raffles Hotel invention named after the nearby Singapore Strait) which was even stronger but also added Benedictine, Angostura Bitters, and Orange Bitters, but its garnish was both lemon and orange slices and it did not have the glacé cherry.
Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase and Fable (Brewer's) refers to the gin sling as "a drink mainly composed of gin and lemon" and states that it has been attributed to bartender John Collins of London, "but it dates from before his time and was found in the U.S.A. by 1800" which is similar to the John Collins, another cocktail of gin and lemon.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Singapore Sling.|
- The Daily Telegraph, Peterborough: Sling shot AVA GARDNER'S knickers are still missing, 13 April 1991
- OED sling, n.5
- Campbell, Colin (12 December 1982). "Singapore Journal; Back to Somerset Maugham and Life's Seamy Side". The New York Times. Singapore.
- p. iv/4 (Singapore Suppl.), The Times 19 July 1976
- "PINEAPPLE – Common Varieties | TFNet – International Tropical Fruits Network". www.itfnet.org. 10 May 2016. Retrieved 18 October 2017.
- Burkhart, Jeff (10 April 2011). "Sometimes a bartender needs to sling whatever works". San Jose Mercury News. Retrieved 14 April 2011.
- OED, gin-sling, n.
- OED Singapore sling n.
- Turner, Joe (1982). The Sainsbury Book of Cocktails & Party Drinks. London: Cathay Books. p. 68. ISBN 0-86178-182-1.
- Turner, Joe (1982). The Sainsbury Book of Cocktails & Party Drinks. London: Cathay Books. p. 69. ISBN 0-86178-182-1.
- Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase and Fable 1969, pp. 463.
- "Chinatown Sling Recipe".
- "The Sainsbury's Book of Cocktails and Party Drinks", Joe Turner, Cathay Books, 1982
- "The Genealogy and Mythology of the Singapore Sling," Ted "Dr. Cocktail" Haigh, in Mixologist: The Journal of the American Cocktail, 2007, ISBN 978-0-9760937-0-1
- Andrew F. Smith: The Oxford Companion to American Food and Drink. Oxford University Press 2007, ISBN 978-0-19-530796-2, p. 567 (online copy, p. 567, at Google Books)
- Rob Chirico: Field Guide to Cocktails: How to Identify and Prepare Virtually Every Mixed Drink at the Bar. Quirk Books 2005, ISBN 978-1-59474-063-3, p. 257 (online copy, p. 257, at Google Books)
- 100th Anniversary of the original Singapore Sling at Raffles Singapore
- SingaporeSling recipe at DrinkBoy
- Jason Wilson (February 2011). "For a better Singapore Sling, the answer is clear (not red)". The Washington Post.