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List of athletes with the most appearances at Olympic Games

Canadian Ian Millar in a 2007 picture. At London 2012 he participated in a record 10th Olympics

A small fraction of the world's population ever competes at the Olympic Games; an even smaller fraction ever competes in multiple Games. 515 athletes (127 women, 388 men) have participated in at least five Olympics from Athens 1896 to Rio 2016, but excluding the 1906 Intercalated Games. Just over a hundred of these have gone on to make at least a sixth Olympic appearance.

Contents

Multiple appearancesEdit

Several athletes would have made more appearances at the Olympics but for reasons out of their control, such as World Wars (no Olympics were held in 1916, 1940 or 1944), politically motivated boycotts, financial difficulties, or ill-timed injuries.

Canadian equestrian athlete Ian Millar has competed at ten Olympic games.[1] Austrian sailor Hubert Raudaschl and Latvian shooter Afanasijs Kuzmins (representing Soviet Union until 1988) have each made nine Olympic appearances.

Well over half of six-time Olympians belong to the shooting, equestrian, sailing and fencing disciplines, which are known for allowing athletes more longevity at the elite level. Athletics and cross-country skiing also provide a large number of athletes who have competed at five Olympics.

Number of athletes who have appeared at multiple Olympics from 1896 to 2016 inclusive
Exact number of Olympic appearances Minimum number of Olympic appearances
5 6 7 8 9 10 5 6 7 8 9 10
Men 293 74 13 5 2 1 388 95 21 8 3 1
Women 91 26 8 2 0 0 127 36 10 2 0 0
Total 384 100 21 7 2 1 515 131 31 10 3 1

This table shows the number of athletes who have appeared at exactly (or at least) n Olympic Games between 1896 and 2016, as n varies from 5 to 10. For example, 13 men have appeared at exactly seven Olympics while 21 men have appeared in at least seven Olympics. Appearances at the 1906 Intercalated Games are not included. Winter and Summer Olympics are counted as 'different' Olympics even if they occurred in the same year. While these numbers are believed to be correct, it is possible that one or two athletes have been missed, particularly with five-time Olympians.

Approximately a quarter of long-competing athletes are female. Italian canoeist Josefa Idem became the first woman to take part in eight Olympics, eventually reaching the final of the K1-500m event at the age of 48.[2] Before her, the closest a female athlete had come to competing at eight Olympics was 0.028 seconds, which was the time by which Jamaican-Slovenian sprinter Merlene Ottey had failed to meet the qualification time required for appearance at the 2008 Summer Olympics, at age 48.

Four six-time Olympians here have participated in Olympic Games over a period of 40 years: Bahaman sailor Durward Knowles (8 Olympics), Danish sailor Paul Elvstrøm (8), Danish fencer Ivan Osiier (7), and Norwegian sailor Magnus Konow (6). Note should also be made of Japanese equestrian Hiroshi Hoketsu, whose first and third Olympic appearances in 1964 and 2012 were 48 years apart. Seven-time Olympian Oksana Chusovitina competed in artistic gymnastics at every Olympics from 1992-2016. She continues to compete in her early 40s in a sport where few competitors continue past their mid-20s or compete at two or three Olympics.

Two five-time Olympians competed under four different flags at the Olympics, one of whom never actually changed nationality. Both shooter Jasna Šekarić (6 Olympics) and table tennis player Ilija Lupulesku (5) competed for Yugoslavia at the 1988 Olympics. In 1992, since Yugoslavia was under UN sanctions, they (and fifty other Serbians, Montenegrins and Macedonians) competed as Independent Olympic Participants before competing at the next Olympics under the flag of Serbia and Montenegro. Lupulesku became an American citizen and competed for the USA in 2004, while Šekarić finally competed for Serbia in 2008.

Thirteen five-time Olympians have won at least eight medals: American swimmer Michael Phelps (28), Norwegian biathlete Ole Einar Bjørndalen (13), Italian fencer Edoardo Mangiarotti (13), German kayaker Birgit Fischer (12), American swimmer Dara Torres (12), Hungarian fencer Aladár Gerevich (10), Finnish gymnast Heikki Savolainen (9), Jamaican-Slovenian sprinter Merlene Ottey (9), German speed skater Claudia Pechstein (9), Romanian rower Elisabeta Oleniuc (8), German equestrian Reiner Klimke (8), Italian fencer Giovanna Trillini (8), Dutch equestrian Anky van Grunsven (8), and Russian diver Dmitri Sautin (8).

About thirty athletes who have competed in at least five Olympics participated in two sports, with nearly half of them competing at both the Winter and Summer Olympics. The most common cross-over sports are biathlon/cross-country skiing (six athletes competed in both), athletics/bobsleigh (five competitors), and cycling/speed skating (five competitors).

Married couples among five-time Olympians include biathletes Ole Einar Bjørndalen (Norway) and Nathalie Santer-Bjørndalen (Italy/Belgium), Lithuanian pairs figure skaters Margarita Drobiazko and Povilas Vanagas, Finnish cross-country skiers Harri Kirvesniemi and Marja-Liisa Kirvesniemi-Hämäläinen, lugers Susi Erdmann (Germany) and Gerhard Plankensteiner (Italy).

Familial relationships among five-time Olympians include Belgian shooters François Lafortune Sr and Jr (father-son; with their brothers/uncles, they have seventeen Olympic appearances between them), Italian equestrians Piero and Raimondo d'Inzeo (brothers), British canoeists Andrew and Stephen Train (brothers), Greek shooters Alexandros and Ioannis Theofilakis (brothers), Italian cross-country skiers Sabina and Fulvio Valbusa (sister-brother), Brazilian equestrians Nelson and Rodrigo Pessoa (father-son), Austrian lugers Markus and Tobias Schiegl (cousins). A more tenuous relationship is that of Argentine sailors Jorge Salas Chávez and Roberto Sieburger; Chávez's cousin Jorge del Río Salas (4 Olympics) married Sieburger's cousin Marylin Sieburger. (The extended Sieburger-Salas clan includes seven Argentinian sailors with twenty Olympic appearances.)

List of athletes with at least six Olympic appearancesEdit

Athletes in bold are believed to be still active i.e. have yet to announce their retirement. Female athletes are displayed with a pink background. Sorting is by number of appearances, date of last appearance, date of birth.

App. Athlete Nation Birth/Death Games Period
(age of first/last)
Sport       Tot.
10 Ian Millar   Canada 1947 1972/1976, 1984/2012 40 years (25/65) Equestrian 0 1 0 1
9 Hubert Raudaschl   Austria 1942 1964/1996 32 years (22/54) Sailing 0 2 0 2
Afanasijs Kuzmins   Soviet Union (3) and   Latvia (6) 1947 1976/1980, 1988/2012 36 years (29/65) Shooting 1 0 1 2
8 Piero d'Inzeo   Italy 1923-2014 1948/1976 28 years (25/53) Equestrian 0 2 4 6
Raimondo d'Inzeo   Italy 1925-2013 1948/1976 28 years (23/51) Equestrian 1 2 3 6
Durward Knowles   Great Britain (1) and   Bahamas (7) 1917-2018 1948/1972, 1988 40 years (31/71) Sailing 1 0 1 2
Paul Elvstrøm   Denmark 1928-2016 1948/1960, 1968/1972 and 1984/1988 40 years (20/60) Sailing 4 0 0 4
Rajmond Debevec   Yugoslavia (2) and   Slovenia (6) 1963 1984/2012 28 years (21/49) Shooting 1 0 2 3
Josefa Idem Guerrini   West Germany (2) and   Italy (6) 1964 1984/2012 28 years (20/48) Canoeing 1 2 2 5
Lesley Thompson   Canada 1959 1984/2000, 2008/2016 32 years (24/56) Rowing 1 3 1 5
Francisco Boza   Peru 1964 1980/2004, 2016 36 years (15/51) Shooting 0 1 0 1
Nino Salukvadze   Soviet Union (1),   Unified Team (1) and   Georgia (6) 1969 1988/2016 28 years (19/47) Shooting 1 1 1 3
Noriaki Kasai   Japan 1972 1992/2018 26 years (19/45) Ski jumping 0 2 1 3
7 Ivan Osiier   Denmark 1888/1965 1908/1912, 1920/1932 and 1948 40 years (20/60) Fencing 0 1 0 1
François Lafortune, Jr   Belgium 1932 1952/1976 24 years (20/44) Shooting 0 0 0 0
Kerstin Palm   Sweden 1946 1964/1988 24 years (18/42) Fencing 0 0 0 0
John Michael Plumb   USA 1940 1964/1976, 1984/1992 28 years (24/52) Equestrian 2 4 0 6
Ragnar Skanåker   Sweden 1934 1972/1996 24 years (38/62) Shooting 1 2 1 4
Seiko Hashimoto   Japan 1964 1984/1994 (W), 1988/1996 (S)[3] 12 years (20/32) Speed skating (4) and cycling (3) 0 0 1 1
Merlene Ottey   Jamaica (6) and   Slovenia (1) 1960 1980/2004 24 years (20/44) Athletics 0 3 6 9
Jeannie Longo   France 1958 1984/2008 24 years (26/50) Cycling 1 2 1 4
Andrew Hoy   Australia 1959 1984/2004, 2012 28 years (25/53) Equestrian 3 0 1 4
Jos Lansink   Netherlands (4) and   Belgium (3) 1961 1988/2012 24 years (27/51) Equestrian 1 0 0 1
Ralf Schumann   East Germany (1) and   Germany (6) 1962 1988/2012 24 years (26/50) Shooting 3 2 0 5
Jasna Šekarić   Yugoslavia (1),   Independent Olympic Participants (1),   Serbia and Montenegro (3) and   Serbia (2) 1965 1988/2012 24 years (22/46) Shooting 1 3 1 5
Jörgen Persson   Sweden 1966 1988/2012 24 years (22/46) Table tennis 0 0 0 0
Anky van Grunsven   Netherlands 1968 1988/2012 24 years (20/44) Equestrian 3 5 1 9
Zoran Primorac   Yugoslavia (1) and   Croatia (6) 1969 1988/2012 24 years (19/43) Table tennis 0 1 0 1
Jean-Michel Saive   Belgium 1969 1988/2012 24 years (18/42) Table tennis 0 0 0 0
Albert Demtschenko   Unified Team (1) and   Russia (6) 1971 1992/2014 22 years (19/41) Luge 0 3 0 3
Mark Todd   New Zealand 1956 1984/1992, 2000 and 2008/2016 32 years (28/60) Equestrian 2 1 3 6
Nick Skelton   United Kingdom 1957 1988/1996, 2004/2016 28 years (30/58) Equestrian 2 0 0 2
Ludger Beerbaum   West Germany (1) and   Germany (6) 1963 1988/2008, 2016 28 years (25/52) Equestrian 4 0 1 5
Tinne Vilhelmson-Silfvén   Sweden 1967 1992/2016 24 years (25/49) Equestrian 0 0 0 0
Jesús Ángel García Bragado   Spain 1969 1992/2016 24 years (22/46) Athletics 0 0 0 0
Giovanni Pellielo   Italy 1970 1992/2016 24 years (22/46) Shooting 0 3 1 4
João Rodrigues   Portugal 1971 1992/2016 24 years (20/44) Sailing 0 0 0 0
Ekaterina Karsten   Unified Team (1) and   Belarus (6) 1972 1992/2016 24 years (20/44) Rowing 2 1 2 5
Leander Paes   India 1973 1992/2016 24 years (19/43) Tennis 0 0 1 1
Segun Toriola   Nigeria 1974 1992/2016 24 years (17/41) Table tennis 0 0 0 0
Oksana Chusovitina   Unified Team (1),   Uzbekistan (4), and   Germany (2) 1975 1992/2016 24 years (17/41) Gymnastics 1 1 0 2
Claudia Pechstein   Germany 1972 1992/2006, 2014-2018 26 years (19/45) Speed skating 5 2 2 9
Sergei Dolidovich   Belarus 1973 1994/2018 24 years (20/44) Cross-country skiing 0 0 0 0
Janne Ahonen   Finland 1977 1994/2018 24 years (16/40) Ski jumping 0 2 0 2
6 Magnus Konow   Norway 1887/1972 1908/1912, 1920, 1928, 1936 and 1948 40 years (21/61) Sailing 2 1 0 3
Norman Armitage   USA 1907/1972 1928/1936, 1948/1956 28 years (21/49) Fencing 0 0 1 1
Aladár Gerevich   Hungary 1910/1991 1932/1936, 1948/1960 28 years (22/50) Fencing 7 1 2 10
Janice York Romary   USA 1927/2007 1948/1968 20 years (19/39) Fencing 0 0 0 0
Lia Manoliu   Romania 1932/1998 1952/1972 20 years (20/40) Athletics 1 0 2 3
Jerzy Pawłowski   Poland 1932/2005 1952/1972 20 years (20/40) Fencing 1 3 1 5
Hans Günter Winkler   Germany (3) and   West Germany (3) 1926/2018 1956/1976 20 years (20/40) Equestrian 5 1 1 7
William McMillan   USA 1929/2000 1952/1960-1976 20 years (27/47) Shooting 1 0 0 1
Adam Smelczyński   Poland 1930 1956/1976 20 years (26/45) Shooting 0 1 0 1
Bill Hoskyns   Great Britain 1931/2013 1956/1976 20 years (25/45) Fencing 0 2 0 2
Frank Chapot   USA 1932/2016 1956/1976 20 years (24/44) Equestrian 0 2 0 2
Carl-Erik Eriksson   Sweden 1930 1964/1984 20 years (34/54) Bobsleigh 0 0 0 0
Jim Elder   Canada 1934 1956/1960, 1968, 1972/1976 and 1984 28 years (22/50) Equestrian 1 0 2 3
Hans Fogh   Denmark (4) and   Canada (2) 1938/2014 1960/1976, 1984 24 years (22/46) Sailing 0 1 1 2
Reiner Klimke   Germany (2) and   West Germany (4) 1936/1999 1960/1976, 1984/1988 28 years (24/52) Equestrian 6 0 2 8
Colin Coates   Australia 1946 1968/1988 20 years (18/38) Speed skating 0 0 0 0
John Primrose   Canada 1942 1968/1976, 1984/1992 24 years (26/50) Shooting 0 0 0 0
Jiří Pták   Czechoslovakia 1946 1968/1980, 1988/1992 24 years (22/46) Rowing 0 0 0 0
Christilot Hanson-Boylen   Canada 1947 1964/1976, 1984 and 1992 28 years (17/45) Equestrian 0 0 0 0
Alfred Eder   Austria 1953 1976/1994 18 years (23/41) Biathlon 0 0 0 0
Marja-Liisa Kirvesniemi-Hämäläinen   Finland 1955 1976/1994 18 years (21/39) Cross-country skiing 3 0 4 7
Hugo Simon   Austria 1942 1972/1976, 1984/1996 24 years (30/53) Equestrian 0 1 0 1
Luis Álvarez de Cervera   Spain 1947 1972/1976, 1984/1996 24 years (25/49) Equestrian 0 0 0 0
Eric Swinkels   Netherlands 1949 1972/1976, 1984/1996 24 years (23/47) Shooting 0 1 0 1
Anastasios Bountouris   Greece 1955 1976/1996 20 years (21/41) Sailing 0 0 1 1
Tessa Sanderson   Great Britain 1956 1976/1996 20 years (20/40) Athletics 1 0 0 1
John Foster, Sr   United States Virgin Islands 1938 1972/1976, 1984/1992 (S) and 1998 (W)[3] 20 years (34/54) Sailing (5) and bobsleigh (1) 0 0 0 0
Harri Kirvesniemi   Finland 1958 1980/1998 18 years (21/39) Cross-country skiing 0 0 6 6
Jochen Behle   West Germany (3) and   Germany (3) 1960 1980/1998 18 years (19/37) Cross-country skiing 0 0 0 0
Christine Stückelberger    Switzerland 1947 1972/1976, 1984/1988 and 1996/2000 28 years (25/53) Equestrian 1 2 1 4
Jochen Schümann   East Germany (3) and   Germany (3) 1954 1976/1980, 1988/2000 24 years (18/46) Sailing 3 1 0 4
Nonka Matova   Bulgaria 1954 1976/1980, 1988/2000 24 years (18/46) Shooting 0 1 0 1
Juan Giha, Jr.   Peru 1955 1980/2000 20 years (25/45) Shooting 0 1 0 1
Philippe Boccara   France (4) and   USA (2) 1959 1980/2000 20 years (21/41) Canoeing 0 0 1 1
Angelo Mazzoni   Italy 1961 1980/2000 20 years (19/39) Fencing 2 0 1 3
Manuel Estiarte   Spain 1961 1980/2000 20 years (19/39) Water polo 1 1 0 2
Terry McHugh   Ireland 1963 1988/2000 (S), 1992 and 1998 (W)[3] 12 years (25/37) Athletics (4) and bobsleigh (2) 0 0 0 0
Michael Dixon   Great Britain 1962 1984/2002 18 years (22/40) Cross-country skiing (1) and biathlon (5) 0 0 0 0
Raimo Helminen   Finland 1964 1984/2002 18 years (19/37) Ice hockey 0 1 2 3
Markus Prock   Austria 1964 1984/2002 18 years (19/37) Luge 0 2 1 4
Emese Hunyady   Hungary (1) and   Austria (5) 1966 1984/2002 18 years (17/35) Speed skating 1 1 1 3
Harald Stenvaag   Norway 1953 1984/2004 20 years (31/51) Shooting 0 1 1 2
Robert Dover   USA 1956 1984/2004 20 years (28/48) Equestrian 0 0 4 4
Colin Beashel   Australia 1959 1984/2004 20 years (24/44) Sailing 0 0 1 1
Torben Grael   Brazil 1960 1984/2004 20 years (24/44) Sailing 2 1 2 5
Wang Yifu   China 1960 1984/2004 20 years (24/44) Shooting 2 3 1 6
Birgit Fischer   East Germany (2) and   Germany (4) 1962 1980, 1988/2004 24 years (18/42) Canoeing 8 4 0 12
Sorin Babii   Romania 1963 1984/2004 20 years (20/40) Shooting 1 0 1 2
Elisabeta Oleniuc Lipă   Romania 1964 1984/2004 20 years (20/40) Rowing 5 2 1 8
Agathi Kassoumi   Greece 1966 1984/2004 20 years (18/38) Shooting 0 0 0 0
Anne Abernathy   United States Virgin Islands 1953 1988/2006 18 years (34/52) Luge 0 0 0 0
Georg Hackl   West Germany (1) and   Germany (5) 1966 1988/2006 18 years (21/39) Luge 3 2 0 5
Sergei Tchepikov   Soviet Union (1),   Unified Team (1) and   Russia (4) 1967 1988/2006 18 years (21/39) Cross-country skiing (1) and biathlon (5) 2 3 1 6
Gerda Weissensteiner   Italy 1969 1988/2006 18 years (19/37) Luge (4) and bobsleigh (2) 1 0 1 2[4]
Wilfried Huber   Italy 1970 1988/2006 18 years (17/35) Luge 1 0 0 1
Kateřina Neumannová   Czechoslovakia (1) and   Czech Republic (5) 1973 1996 (S), 1992/2006 (W)[3] 14 years (18/32) Cross-country skiing (5) and cycling (1) 1 4 1 6
Susan Nattrass   Canada 1950 1976, 1988/1992 and 2000/2008 32 years (25/57) Shooting 0 0 0 0
Kyra Kyrklund   Finland 1951 1980/1996, 2008 28 years (29/57) Equestrian 0 0 0 0
Ilario Di Buò   Italy 1956 1984/1992, 2000/2008 24 years (27/51) Archery 0 2 0 2
Juha Hirvi   Finland 1960 1988/2008 20 years (28/48) Shooting 0 1 0 1
Andrea Benelli   Italy 1960 1988/2008 20 years (28/48) Shooting 1 0 1 2
Tanyu Kiryakov   Bulgaria 1963 1988/2008 20 years (25/45) Shooting 2 0 1 3
Juan Esteban Curuchet   Argentina 1965 1984/1988, 1996/2008 24 years (19/43) Cycling 1 0 0 1
James Tomkins   Australia 1965 1988/2008 20 years (23/42) Rowing 3 0 1 4
Fabienne Diato-Pasetti   Monaco 1965 1988/2008 20 years (22/42) Shooting 0 0 0 0
Jüri Jaanson   Soviet Union (1) and   Estonia (5) 1965 1988/2008 20 years (22/42) Rowing 0 2 0 2
Václav Chalupa   Czechoslovakia (2) and   Czech Republic (4) 1967 1988/2008 20 years (20/40) Rowing 0 1 0 1
João N'Tyamba   Angola 1968 1988/2008 20 years (20/40) Athletics 0 0 0 0
Maria Mutola   Mozambique 1972 1988/2008 20 years (15/35) Athletics 1 0 1 2
Ilmārs Bricis   Latvia 1970 1992/2010 18 years (21/39) Biathlon 0 0 0 0
Andrus Veerpalu   Estonia 1971 1992/2010 18 years (21/39) Cross-country skiing 2 1 0 3
Marco Büchel   Liechtenstein 1971 1992/2010 18 years (20/38) Alpine skiing 0 0 0 0
Anna Orlova   Latvia 1972 1992/2010 18 years (19/37) Luge 0 0 0 0
Evgeniya Radanova   Bulgaria 1977 1994/2010 (W), 2004 (S)[3] 16 years (16/32) Speed skating (5) and cycling (1) 0 2 1 3
Andrew Nicholson   New Zealand 1961 1984, 1992/1996 and 2004/2012 28 years (23/51) Equestrian 0 1 2 3
Russell Mark   Australia 1964 1988/2000, 2008/2012 24 years (24/48) Shooting 1 1 0 2
Štěpánka Hilgertová   Czechoslovakia (1) and   Czech Republic (5) 1968 1992/2012 20 years (24/44) Canoeing 2 0 0 2
Sergey Martynov   Soviet Union (1) and   Belarus (5) 1968 1988, 1996/2012 24 years (20/42) Shooting 1 0 2 3
Hugo Hoyama   Brazil 1969 1992/2012 20 years (23/43) Table tennis 0 0 0 0
Mönkhbayar Dorjsurengiin   Mongolia (3) and   Germany (3) 1969 1992/2012 20 years (23/43) Shooting 0 0 2 2
Natalia Valeeva   Unified Team (1),   Moldova (1) and   Italy (4) 1969 1992/2012 20 years (22/42) Archery 0 0 2 2
Fredrik Lööf   Sweden 1969 1992/2012 20 years (22/42) Sailing 1 0 2 3
Alessandra Sensini   Italy 1970 1992/2012 20 years (22/42) Sailing 1 1 2 4
Dragutin Topić   Independent Olympic Participants (1),   Serbia and Montenegro (3) and   Serbia (2) 1971 1992/2012 20 years (21/41) Athletics 0 0 0 0
Nicoleta Grădinaru-Grasu   Romania 1971 1992/2012 20 years (20/40) Athletics 0 0 0 0
Alison Williamson   United Kingdom 1971 1992/2012 20 years (20/40) Archery 0 0 1 1
Michael Diamond   Australia 1972 1992/2012 20 years (20/40) Shooting 2 0 0 2
Mariya Grozdeva   Bulgaria 1972 1992/2012 20 years (20/40) Shooting 2 0 3 5
Clara Hughes   Canada 1972 1996/2000, 2012 (S) and 2002/2010 (W) 16 years (22/38) Cycling, Speed skating 1 1 4 6
Rodrigo Pessoa   Brazil 1972 1992/2012 20 years (19/39) Equestrian 1 0 2 3
Yordan Yovchev   Bulgaria 1973 1992/2012 20 years (19/39) Gymnastics 0 1 3 4
Franck Dumoulin   France 1973 1992/2012 20 years (19/39) Shooting 1 0 0 1
Lars Frölander   Sweden 1974 1992/2012 20 years (18/38) Swimming 1 2 0 3
Yevgeniya Artamonova   Unified Team (1) and   Russia (5) 1975 1992/2012 20 years (17/37) Volleyball 0 3 0 3
Derya Büyükuncu   Turkey 1976 1992/2012 20 years (16/36) Swimming 0 0 0 0
Hubertus Von Hohenlohe   Mexico 1959 1984/2014 30 years (25/55) Alpine skiing 0 0 0 0
Teemu Selänne   Finland 1970 1992, 1998/2014 22 years (21/43) Ice Hockey 0 1 3 4
Armin Zöggeler   Italy 1974 1994/2014 20 years (20/40) Luge 2 1 3 6
Ole Einar Bjørndalen   Norway 1974 1994/2014 20 years (20/40) Biathlon 8 4 1 13
Todd Lodwick   United States 1976 1994/2014 20 years (17/37) Nordic combined 0 1 0 1
Mario Stecher   Austria 1977 1994/2014 20 years (16/36) Nordic combined 2 0 2 4
Lee Kyou-hyuk   South Korea 1978 1994/2014 20 years (15/35) Speed skating 0 0 0 0
Hayley Wickenheiser   Canada 1978 1998/2014 (W), 2000 (S)[3] 16 years (19/35) Ice Hockey(5) and Softball (1) 4 1 0 5
John Whitaker   United Kingdom 1955 1984, 1992/2000, 2008 and 2016 32 years (29/61) Equestrian 0 1 0 1
Lalita Yauhleuskaya   Belarus (2) and   Australia (4) 1963 1996/2016 20 years (32/52) Shooting 0 0 1 1
Emil Milev   Bulgaria (4) and   United States (2) 1968 1992/2004, 2012/2016 24 years (24/48) Shooting 0 1 0 1
Karin Donckers   Belgium 1971 1992, 2000/2016 24 years (21/45) Equestrian 0 0 0 0
Daniel Nestor   Canada 1972 1996/2016 20 years (23/43) Tennis 1 0 0 1
Robert Scheidt   Brazil 1973 1996/2016 20 years (23/43) Sailing 2 2 1 5
Sergey Tetyukhin   Russia 1975 1996/2016 20 years (20/40) Volleyball 1 1 2 4
Aida Mohamed   Hungary 1976 1996/2016 20 years (20/40) Fencing 0 0 0 0
Kim Collins   Saint Kitts and Nevis 1976 1996/2016 20 years (20/40) Athletics 0 0 0 0
Vladimir Samsonov   Belarus 1976 1996/2016 20 years (20/40) Table tennis 0 0 0 0
Áron Gádorfalvi   Hungary 1976 1996/2016 20 years (19/39) Sailing 0 0 0 0
Therese Alshammar   Sweden 1977 1996/2016 20 years (18/38) Swimming 0 2 1 3
Formiga   Brazil 1978 1996/2016 20 years (18/38) Football 0 2 0 2
Kim Rhode   United States 1979 1996/2016 20 years (17/37) Shooting 3 1 2 6
Taizo Sugitani   Japan 1976 1996/2016 20 years (20/40) Equestrian 0 0 0 0
Phillip Dutton   Australia (3) and   United States (3) 1963 1996/2016 20 years (32/52) Equestrian 2 0 1 3
Simon Ammann    Switzerland 1981 1998/2018 20 years (16/36) Ski jumping 4 0 0 4
Shiva Keshavan   India (5) and   Independent Olympic Participants (1) 1981 1998/2018 20 years (16/36) Luge 0 0 0 0
Kim Hyun-ki   South Korea 1983 1998/2018 20 years (14/34) Ski jumping 0 0 0 0
Hannu Manninen   Finland 1978 1994/2010, 2018 24 years (15/39) Nordic combined 1 1 1 3
Jaqueline Mourão   Brazil 1975 2004/2008 (S), 2006-2018 (W) 14 years (28/42) Cross-country (4), Biathlon (1) and Cycling (2) 0 0 0 0
Alla Tsuper   Ukraine (1) and   Belarus (5) 1979 1998/2018 20 years (18/38) Freestyle skiing 1 0 0 1
Nasser Al-Attiyah   Qatar 1970 1996/2016 20 years (25/45) Shooting 0 0 1 1

Athletes with at least five Olympic appearancesEdit

521 athletes have competed in at least five Olympic Games (526 if the 1906 Games are counted) between 1896 and 2016 inclusive. They are listed here, grouped by discipline. The columns labelled 'N+' denote the number of athletes who have competed in at least N Olympics. The number of male and female athletes who have competed in at least five Olympics are also listed, in the columns labelled 'M' and 'F'.

Athletes who have competed in more than one sport are counted once per sport.

Discipline 5+ M F 6+ 7+ Athletes
Shooting 87 74 13 34 9 9: Afanasijs Kuzmins, 8: Rajmond Debevec, Nino Salukvadze, Francisco Boza, 7: François Lafortune, Jr, Ragnar Skanåker, Jasna Šekarić, Ralf Schumann, Giovanni Pellielo, 6: William McMillan, Adam Smelczyński, John Primrose, Eric Swinkels, Nonka Matova, Juan Giha, Jr., Agathi Kassoumi, Harald Stenvaag, Wang Yifu, Sorin Babii, Susan Nattrass, Juha Hirvi, Andrea Benelli, Tanyu Kiryakov, Fabienne Diato-Pasetti, Russell Mark, Sergey Martynov, Mariya Grozdeva, Michael Diamond, Mönkhbayar Dorjsurengiin, Franck Dumoulin, Kim Rhode, Emil Milev, Lalita Yauhleuskaya, Nasser Al-Attiyah, 5: Nedžad Fazlija, Hans Aasnæs, Alister Allan, Jean-Pierre Amat, Gilmour Boa, Gabriele Bühlmann, María del Pilar Fernández, Dencho Denev, Hennie Dompeling, Svetlana Demina, Thomas Farnik, Martin Gison, Jorge González, Durval Guimarães, Andrei Inešin, Harald Jensen, Mohamed Khorshed, Boris Kokorev, Szilárd Kun, Jacques Lafortune, Lee Eun-chul, Pentti Linnosvuo, Kanstantsin Lukashyk, Lars Jørgen Madsen, Goran Maksimović, Anton Manolov, John McNally, Stevan Pletikošić, Iulian Raicea, João Rebelo, Firmo Roberti, Ralph Rodríguez, Francisco Romero Arribas, Galliano Rossini, Nicolae Rotaru, Peter Rull, Sr., Ricardo Rusticucci, Juan Seguí, Péter Sidi, Karni Singh, Randhir Singh, Attila Solti, Alexandros Theophilakis, Ioannis Theofilakis, Guillermo Torres, Torsten Ullman, Eladio Vallduvi, Paul Van Asbroeck, Wolfram Waibel, Sr., Axel Wegner, Tao-Yan Wu, Józef Zapędzki, Abhinav Bindra
Equestrian 57 46 11 27 9 10: Ian Millar, 8: Piero d'Inzeo, Raimondo d'Inzeo, 7: Michael Plumb, Andrew Hoy, Jos Lansink, Mark Todd, Tinne Vilhelmson-Silfvén, Nick Skelton, 6: Hans Günter Winkler, Frank Chapot, Jim Elder, Reiner Klimke, Christilot Hanson-Boylen, Hugo Simon, Luis Álvarez, Christine Stückelberger, Robert Dover, Kyra Kyrklund, Rodrigo Pessoa, Ludger Beerbaum, Andrew Nicholson, Anky van Grunsven, Karin Donckers, John Whitaker, Taizo Sugitani, Phillip Dutton 5: Alessandro Argenton, David Bárcena Ríos, David Broome, Henrique Callado, Henri Chammartin, Bruce Davidson, Carlos D'Elia, Dominique d'Esmé, Peter Eriksson, Gustav Fischer, Markus Fuchs, Nils Haagensen, Pierre Jonquères d'Oriola, André Jousseaumé, Ivan Kalita, Bengt Ljungquist, Graziano Mancinelli, Álvaro de Miranda Neto, Nelson Pessoa, Bill Roycroft, Henri Saint Cyr, Ian Stark, Bill Steinkraus, Mary Thomson-King, Manuel Torres, Isabell Werth, Mary Hanna, Ingrid Klimke, Linda Algotsson
Athletics 53 31 22 10 2 7: Merlene Ottey, Jesús Ángel García Bragado, 6: Lia Manoliu, Terry McHugh, Maria Mutola, João N'Tyamba, Tessa Sanderson, Nicoleta Grădinaru-Grasu, Kim Collins, Dragutin Topić, 5: Toni Bernadó, Tim Berrett, Sabine Braun, Willie Davenport, Pauline Davis-Thompson, Giovanni De Benedictis, Gail Devers-Roberts, Jackie Edwards, Laverne Eve, Susana Feitor, Olga Fikotová, Glenroy Gilbert, Vladimir Golubnichy, Rob Heffernan, Max Houben, Bernard Lagat, John Ljunggren, Chris Maddocks, Paul Martin, Fiona May, Pietro Mennea, Mathias Ntawulikura, Alex Oakley, Mary Onyali-Omagbemi, Abdon Pamich, Jo Pavey, Jefferson Pérez, Fernanda Ribeiro, Sandie Richards, Carlos Sala, Martin Schützenauer, Janusz Sidło, Trine Solberg-Hattestad, Irena Szewińska-Kirszenstein, Igor Ter-Ovanesyan, Urs von Wartburg, Letitia Vriesde, Willye White, Irina Yatchenko, Jan Železný, Szymon Ziółkowski, Branko Zorko, Ellina Zvereva
Sailing 42 39 3 15 4 9: Hubert Raudaschl, 8: Paul Elvstrøm, Durward Knowles, 7: João Rodrigues, 6: Colin Beashel, Anastasios Bountouris, Hans Fogh, John Foster, Sr, Torben Grael, Magnus Konow, Fredrik Lööf, Alessandra Sensini, Robert Scheidt, Jochen Schümann, Áron Gádorfalvi, 5: Duarte Manuel Bello, William Berntsen, Reinaldo Conrad, José Luis Doreste, Carlos Espínola, Roland Gäbler, Tore Holm, Nikos Kaklamanakis, Barbara Kendall, Andreas Kosmatopoulos, Willi Kuhweide, Mateusz Kusznierewicz, Santiago Lange, Jacques Baptiste Lebrun, Ross MacDonald, Konstantin Melgunov, Mark Neeleman, Fernanda Oliveira, Tony Philp, Timir Pinegin, Jorge Alberto Salas Chávez, Fyodor Shutkov, Roberto Sieburger, Hans Spitzauer, Agostino Straulino, Peter Tallberg, David Wilkins
Fencing 35 26 9 9 2 7: Ivan Osiier, Kerstin Palm, 6: Norman Armitage, Aladár Gerevich, Janice Romary, Jerzy Pawłowski, Bill Hoskyns, Angelo Mazzoni, Aida Mohamed, 5: Albie Axelrod, Philippe Cattiau, Arie de Jong, Antonio García, Martin Holt, Ecaterina Iencic-Stahl, Géza Imre, Allan Jay, Jenő Kamuti, Pavel Kolobkov, Iván Kovács, Pál Kovács, Jacques Lefèvre, Bengt Ljungquist, Peter Macken, Edoardo Mangiarotti, Robert Montgomerie, Ellen Müller-Preis, Olga Orban-Szabo, Stanislav Pozdnyakov, Ildikó Újlaky-Rejtő, Giovanna Trillini, Joachim Wendt, Peter Westbrook, Ye Chong, Margherita Zalaffi, Tatiana Logunova
Cross-country skiing 36 24 12 10 1 7: Sergei Dolidovich, 6: Marja-Liisa Kirvesniemi-Hämäläinen, Harri Kirvesniemi, Jochen Behle, Andrus Veerpalu, Michael Dixon, Kateřina Neumannová, Sergei Tchepikov, Ole Einar Bjørndalen, Hannu Manninen, 5: Ivan Bátory, Stefania Belmondo, Marit Bjørgen, Oddvar Brå, Maurilio De Zolt, Manuela Di Centa, Aleksander Grajf, Juan Jesús Gutiérrez, Markus Hasler, Arturo Kinch, Jaak Mae, Oļegs Maļuhins, Torgny Mogren, Gabriella Paruzzi, Gianfranco Polvara, Alexey Prokurorov, Kikkan Randall, Riitta-Liisa Roponen, Raisa Smetanina, Kristina Šmigun-Vähi, Alois Stadlober, Athanassios Tsakiris, Sabina Valbusa, Fulvio Valbusa, Giorgio Vanzetta, Yelena Volodina-Antonova
Table tennis 25 15 10 6 4 7: Jörgen Persson, Zoran Primorac, Jean-Michel Saive, Segun Toriola, 6: Hugo Hoyama, Vladimir Samsonov, 5: Csilla Bátorfi, Timo Boll, Patrick Chila, Adrian Crișan, Bose Kaffo, Nanthana Komwong, Petr Korbel, Kalinikos Kreanga, Jian Fang Lay, Liu Jia, Ilija Lupulesku, Olufunke Oshonaike, Viktoria Pavlovich, Fabiola Ramos, Jörg Roßkopf, Elke Schall, Werner Schlager, Krisztina Tóth, Jan-Ove Waldner
Canoeing 25 16 9 4 1 8: Josefa Idem-Guerrini, 6: Philippe Boccara, Birgit Fischer, Štěpánka Hilgertová, 5: Agneta Andersson, Beniamino Bonomi, Grayson Bourne, Caroline Brunet, Natasa Dusev-Janics, Ian Ferguson, David Ford, Cristina Giai Pron, Dennis Green, Zoltán Kammerer, Aneta Konieczna, Michal Martikán, Anna Olsson, Ivan Patzaichin, Adrian Powell, Clint Robinson, Antonio Rossi, Michał Śliwiński, Andrew Train, Stephen Train, Erik Vlček
Rowing 24 16 8 7 2 8: Lesley Thompson, 7: Ekaterina Khodatovich-Karsten, 6: Václav Chalupa, Jüri Jaanson, Elisabeta Oleniuc Lipă, Jiří Pták, James Tomkins, 5: Jack Beresford, Kathrin Boron, Iztok Čop, Rumyana Dzhadzharova-Neykova, Rossano Galtarossa, Elena Georgescu-Nedelcu, Doina Ignat, Pertti Karppinen, Marek Kolbowicz, Adam Korol, Raffaello Leonardo, Yuriy Lorentsson, Aleksandr Lukyanov, Mike McKay, Constanţa Pipotă-Burcică, Steve Redgrave, Nico Rienks
Luge 21 15 6 9 1 7: Albert Demchenko, 6: Georg Hackl, Wilfried Huber, Anna Orlova, Markus Prock, Gerda Weissensteiner, Anne Abernathy, Armin Zöggeler, Shiva Keshavan, 5: Sergey Danilin, Susi Erdmann, Mark Grimmette, Oswald Haselrieder, Paul Hildgartner, Mária Jasenčáková, Gerhard Plankensteiner, Hansjörg Raffl, Mārtiņš Rubenis, Markus Schiegl, Tobias Schiegl, Natalya Yakuchenko
Biathlon 17 14 3 5 0 6: Alfred Eder, Michael Dixon, Ilmārs Bricis, Sergei Tchepikov, Ole Einar Bjørndalen, 5: Uschi Disl, Aleksander Grajf, Ludwig Gredler, Ricco Groß, Halvard Hanevold, Martina Jašicová-Halinárová, Oļegs Maļuhins, Janez Ožbolt, Wilfried Pallhuber, Nathalie Santer-Bjørndalen, Tomasz Sikora, Athanassios Tsakiris
Swimming 17 9 8 3 0 6: Therese Alshammar, Derya Büyükuncu,[5] Lars Frölander,[5] 5: Kirsty Coventry, Mark Foster, João Gonçalves Filho, Mette Jacobsen, Martina Moravcová, María Peláez, Michael Phelps, Spyros Gianniotis,[6] Carl Probert, Paul Radmilovic, Rogério Romero, Alison Sheppard, Dara Torres, Nina Zhivanevskaya
Bobsleigh 18 16 2 4 0 6: Carl-Erik Eriksson, John Foster, Sr, Terry McHugh, Gerda Weissensteiner, 5: Jorge Bonnet, Willie Davenport, Susi Erdmann, Glenroy Gilbert, Prince Albert II of Monaco, Max Houben, Jan Kobián, Dawid Kupczyk, Kevin Kuske, Pierre Lueders, Bruno Mingeon, Bogdan Musioł, Martin Schützenauer, Brian Shimer
Speed skating 16 8 8 4 1 7: Claudia Pechstein, 6: Colin Coates, Emese Hunyady, Evgeniya Radanova, 5: Shani Davis, Edel Therese Høiseth, Clara Hughes, Lee Kyou-hyuk, Christa Luding-Rothenburger, Tomomi Okazaki, Monika Pflug, Rintje Ritsma, Örjan Sandler, Roberto Sighel, Bart Veldkamp, Chris Witty
Cycling 15 8 7 5 2 7: Seiko Hashimoto, Jeannie Longo, 6: Juan Curuchet, Kateřina Neumannová, Evgeniya Radanova, 5: Roberta Bonanomi, Murilo Fischer, George Hincapie, Clara Hughes, Shane Kelly, Christa Luding-Rothenburger, Stuart O'Grady, Bruno Risi, Franz Stocher, Chris Witty
Alpine skiing 13 11 2 2 0 6: Marco Büchel, Hubertus von Hohenlohe, 5: Kjetil André Aamodt, Paul Accola, Graham Bell, Martina Ertl-Renz, Kristian Ghedina, Hur Seung-Wook, Patrik Järbyn, Arturo Kinch, Lasse Kjus, Fredrik Nyberg, María José Rienda
Ice hockey 12 11 1 3 0 6: Raimo Helminen, Teemu Selänne, Hayley Wickenheiser, 5: Dieter Hegen, Udo Kiessling, Denis Perez, Petter Thoresen, Jere Lehtinen, Kimmo Timonen, Jaromír Jágr, Pavel Datsyuk, Ilya Kovalchuk
Water polo 10 10 0 1 0 6: Manuel Estiarte, 5: Georgios Afroudakis, Tibor Benedek, Gianni De Magistris, Salvador Gómez, Dezső Gyarmati, Tamás Kásás, Georgios Mavrotas, Jesús Rollán, Chiqui Sans
Archery 8 6 2 3 0 6: Ilario Di Buò, Natalia Valeeva, Alison Williamson, 5: Simon Fairweather, Giancarlo Ferrari, Butch Johnson, Tomi Poikolainen, Hiroshi Yamamoto
Wrestling 7 7 0 0 0 Cris Brown, Wilfried Dietrich, Khorloogiin Bayanmönkh, Czesław Kwieciński, George MacKenzie, Mario Tovar González, Ryszard Wolny
Volleyball 6 4 2 2 0 6: Yevgeniya Artamonova, Sergey Tetyukhin, 5: Fofão, Andrea Giani, Maurício Lima, Reinder Nummerdor, Danielle Scott-Arruda
Basketball 6 4 2 0 0 5: Teófilo Cruz, Teresa Edwards, Andrew Gaze, Adriana Moisés Pinto, Oscar Schmidt, Juan Carlos Navarro
Freestyle skiing 6 3 3 1 0 6: Alla Tsuper, 5: Janne Lahtela, Tae Satoya, Aleksei Grishin, Dmitri Dashinski, Lydia Lassila
Gymnastics 5 4 1 2 1 7: Oksana Chusovitina, 6: Yordan Yovchev, 5: Daniele Hypólito, Heikki Savolainen, Josy Stoffel
Tennis 5 3 2 2 1 7: Leander Paes, 6: Daniel Nestor, 5: Mark Knowles, Arantxa Sánchez Vicario, Venus Williams
Ski jumping 5 5 0 3 2 8: Noriaki Kasai, 7: Janne Ahonen, 6: Simon Ammann, Kim Hyun-ki, 5: Masahiko Harada
Judo 5 2 3 0 0 5: Jorge Bonnet, Driulys González, Mária Pekli, Ryoko Tamura-Tani, Robert Van de Walle
Nordic combined 5 5 0 3 0 6: Todd Lodwick, Mario Stecher, Hannu Manninen, 5: Felix Gottwald, Björn Kircheisen
Diving 4 3 1 0 0 5: Franco Cagnotto, Dmitry Sautin, Niki Stajković, Juliana Veloso, Tania Cagnotto
Weightlifting 3 3 0 0 0 5: Imre Földi, Ingo Steinhöfel, Ronny Weller
Handball 2 1 1 0 0 5: Andrey Lavrov, Oh Seong-Ok
Figure skating 2 1 1 0 0 5: Margarita Drobiazko, Povilas Vanagas
Badminton 2 2 0 0 0 5: Boonsak Ponsana, Robert Mateusiak
Football 1 0 1 1 0 6: Formiga
Taekwondo 1 1 0 0 0 5: Steven López
Softball 1 0 1 0 0 5: Hayley Wickenheiser
Snowboarding 1 0 1 0 0 5: Kelly Clark

Intercalated GamesEdit

The 1906 Intercalated Games are not considered 'official' Olympics, but medals were awarded.

The following athletes have appeared in at least six Olympics if 1906 is included.

Athlete Nation Born/Death Games Period
(age of 1st/last)
Sport       Tot.
Alexandros Theofilakis   Greece 1877/? 1896, 1906/12, 1920/24 28 years (19/47) Shooting 0 2 0 2
Ioannis Theofilakis   Greece 1879/? 1896, 1906/12, 1920/24 28 years (17/45) Shooting 0 1 0 1
Adrianus de Jong   Netherlands 1882/1966 1906/12, 1920/28 22 years (23/45) Fencing 0 0 5 5
Paul Radmilovic   Great Britain 1886/1968 1906/12, 1920/28 22 years (20/42) Water polo, swimming 4 0 0 4

The following athletes have appeared in at least five Olympics if 1906 is included. Five athletes made five Olympic appearances including the 1906 Games.

Athlete Nation Born/Death Games Period
(age of 1st/last)
Sport       Tot.
Ladislav Žemla-Rázný   Bohemia /   Czechoslovakia 1887–1955 Tennis 0 0 2 2
Willem van Blijenburgh   Netherlands 1881–1936 Fencing 0 0 3 3
Edgar Seligman   Great Britain 1867–1958 Fencing 0 3 0 3
Jetze Doorman   Netherlands 1881–1931 Fencing
Pentathlon
0 0 4 4
Fernand de Montigny   Belgium 1885–1974 Fencing
Field hockey
0 2 3 5

Dual sport and multi-sport OlympiansEdit

About thirty five-or-more-time Olympians have competed in two or more sports. These athletes are listed below, with the number of times they competed in each sport. Sometimes they competed in two disciplines at the same Games; such instances are noted.

The most common combinations of disciplines are biathlon/cross-country skiing (six athletes competed in both; each sport is a winter sport), athletics/bobsleigh (seven competitors; summer and winter sports respectively), and cycling/speed skating (five athletes; summer and winter sports respectively).

Summer and Winter OlympiansEdit

Winter OlympiansEdit

Summer OlympiansEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ http://horsetalk.co.nz/2012/07/07/canadas-olympic-equestrian-team-named/
  2. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on August 8, 2012. Retrieved August 11, 2012.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ a b c d e f Appeared at Summer Games and Winter Games.
  4. ^ Gold in luge and bronze in bobsleigh.
  5. ^ a b London 2012 - Swimming - Qualified Swimmers Archived July 1, 2012, at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ [1]

External linksEdit