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Wrestling had been contested at the Summer Olympic Games since the sport was introduced in the ancient Olympic Games in 708 BC.[1] When the modern Olympic Games resumed in Athens in 1896, wrestling (in the form of Greco-Roman wrestling) became a focus of the Games, with the exception of the 1900 Summer Olympics when wrestling did not appear on the program. Freestyle wrestling and weight classes both made their first appearance in 1904. The women's competition was introduced in 2004.

Wrestling at the Summer Olympics
Wrestling pictogram.svg
Governing bodyFILA
Events18 (men: 12; women: 6)
Games

In February 2013, the IOC voted to drop wrestling from the Summer Olympic programme, effective 2020; the president of the sport's governing body FILA (now United World Wrestling) resigned after a subsequent motion of no confidence. Following changes in leadership, and revisions to the programme for 2016 (including rule changes and additional women's competitions), wrestling successfully campaigned to be readmitted to the Summer Olympic programme.

Contents

Removal and reinstatementEdit

In an effort to control the size and costs of the Summer Olympics, and make the Games "relevant to sports fans of all generations", the IOC evaluated the Olympic event programme in place for the 2016 Summer Olympics, and voted on 25 "core" sports that would comprise the programme of the 2020 Summer Olympics. One vacancy was to be left open for a new sport. In February 2013, IOC members voted to remove wrestling from the Olympic programme; The New York Times cited several potential factors in the decision, including the lack of universally-known talent unlike other sports, and concern for the lack of women's competitions in wrestling (having only introduced women's freestyle competitions in 2004). FILA (now United World Wrestling), the governing body of Olympic wrestling, immediately criticized the decision. The organization cited wrestling's long-standing history as an Olympic event, which dates as far back as the ancient Olympic Games.[2][3][4]

The decision resulted in immediate backlash; Armen Nazaryan and Sagid Murtazaliev both returned gold medals to the IOC in protest, while Nazaryan also staged a hunger strike until the 2013 European Wrestling Championships.[5] FILA president Raphaël Martinetti resigned after a vote of non-confidence by the organization's staff.[6]

Martinetti was replaced as acting president by Nenad Lalovic. Under his leadership, the organization began to make changes to its Olympic programme for 2016, including rule changes designed to make bouts faster and encourage more aggression, as well as additional women's weight classes. These changes were intended to help improve audience interest, and address the shortcomings that likely led to the removal of the sport; wrestling joined baseball/softball, as well as squash, on a final shortlist of three sports to be included in the core Olympic programme for 2020.[2] On 8 September 2013, at the 125th IOC Session, the IOC selected wrestling to be reinstated in the Olympic program for 2020 and 2024.[7] [8] Lalović was largely credited for his role in the reinstatement; he remarked that "normally this is done in a few years, we did it in a few months. It was a question of our survival."[9][10]

EventsEdit

MenEdit

Event 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 20 Years
Greco-Roman light flyweight X X X X X X X 7
Greco-Roman flyweight X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 14
Greco-Roman bantamweight X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 23
Greco-Roman featherweight X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 23
Greco-Roman lightweight X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 26
Greco-Roman welterweight X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 21
Greco-Roman middleweight X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 26
Greco-Roman light heavyweight X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 20
Greco-Roman heavyweight X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 25
Greco-Roman super heavyweight X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 14
Greco-Roman open X 1
Freestyle light flyweight X X X X X X X X 8
Freestyle flyweight X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 15
Freestyle bantamweight X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 24
Freestyle featherweight X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 24
Freestyle lightweight X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 25
Freestyle welterweight X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 24
Freestyle middleweight X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 25
Freestyle light heavyweight X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 18
Freestyle heavyweight X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 25
Freestyle super heavyweight X X X X X X X X X X X X X 13
Total 1 0 7 9 5 10 13 13 14 14 16 16 16 16 16 16 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 16 14 14 14 12 12

WomenEdit

Event 04 08 12 16 20 Years
Freestyle flyweight X X X X X 5
Freestyle bantamweight X X X X X 5
Freestyle welterweight X X 2
Freestyle middleweight X X X X X 5
Freestyle light heavyweight X X 2
Freestyle heavyweight X X X X X 5
Total 4 4 4 6 6

Participating nationsEdit

The following nations have taken part in the wrestling competition. The numbers in the table indicate the number of competitors sent to that year's Olympics (X means qualified wrestlers for the next Olympics).

Nation 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 20 Years
  Afghanistan (AFG)   7 8 5 8 8 5 1 7
  Albania (ALB)   1 1 2 3
  Algeria (ALG)   3 2 2 2 1 3 3 3 8
  American Samoa (ASA)   1 1 1 3
  Argentina (ARG)   5 8 5 2 3 4 3 3 3 3 2 1 1 1 1 15
  Armenia (ARM)   8 8 7 9 7 8 6
  Australia (AUS)   1 3 1 3 4 4 15 9 8 3 3 3 3 3 3 2 9 11 1 4 1 3 22
  Austria (AUT)   8 2 1 7 5 3 4 7 4 1 4 2 5 7 5 2 3 1 1 19
  Azerbaijan (AZE)   8 9 7 16 13 14 6
  Bahamas (BAH)   2 1
  Bahrain (BRN)   1 1
  Belarus (BLR)   16 14 10 9 11 7 6
  Belgium (BEL)   4 1 12 17 13 11 9 8 3 5 3 2 2 2 3 1 1 1 18
  Bohemia (BOH)   4 4 2
  Bolivia (BOL)   1 1
  Bosnia and Herzegovina (BIH)   1 1
  Brazil (BRA)   2 1 1 1 1 5 6
  Bulgaria (BUL)   8 16 16 16 20 20 20 20 20 11 8 13 12 9 11 15
  Cambodia (CAM)   1 1 2
  Cameroon (CMR)   6 5 4 1 1 1 3 7
  Canada (CAN)   1 1 5 5 6 5 9 4 2 4 7 9 15 13 11 13 14 4 7 10 9 8 22
  Central African Republic (CAF)   1 1
  Chile (CHI)   1 1
  China (CHN)   7 11 8 5 5 9 16 8 13 9
  Chinese Taipei (TPE)   1 4 1 3
  Colombia (COL)   1 4 1 3 1 1 3 3 5 9
  Croatia (CRO)   1 1 2 1 4
  Cuba (CUB)   3 3 7 9 10 15 15 13 12 12 12 10 12
  Cyprus (CYP)   1 1 2
  Czech Republic (CZE)   3 3 2 1 1 1 6
  Czechoslovakia (TCH)   10 9 6 2 13 3 3 5 4 6 10 5 8 9 7 15
  Denmark (DEN)   11 9 10 11 7 3 5 5 5 4 3 3 3 2 1 2 2 1 18
  Dominican Republic (DOM)   2 1 1 1 4
  East Germany (GDR)   10 17 12 9 8 5
  Ecuador (ECU)   2 1 1 2 2 5
  Egypt (EGY)   1 2 4 3 13 12 4 4 4 4 10 5 3 1 2 3 7 13 10 19
  El Salvador (ESA)   1 1 1 3
  Estonia (EST)   4 8 6 1 8 4 4 3 1 2 3 11
  Federated States of Micronesia (FSM)   1 1
  Finland (FIN)   4 37 18 24 13 10 13 15 16 10 14 10 9 10 7 8 11 12 7 5 4 2 1 2 3 25
  France (FRA)   6 17 23 13 5 10 11 10 2 9 3 4 5 5 2 8 9 9 2 3 6 9 6 2 24
  The Gambia (GAM)   3 1
  Georgia (GEO)   8 13 12 10 13 11 6
  Germany (GER) 1   1 14 6 5 14 8 17 11 10 9 7 4 7 14
  Great Britain (GBR) 1   53 12 10 14 6 2 6 16 6 4 6 6 4 6 7 6 7 7 1 1 1 1 23
  Greece (GRE) 2   1 5 2 3 2 4 5 3 2 3 5 8 9 4 5 10 5 11 10 7 18 3 2 1 25
  Guam (GUM)   1 1 1 1 1 1 6
  Guatemala (GUA)   3 5 4 1 1 1 6
  Guinea (GUI)   2 1
  Guinea-Bissau (GBS)   1 1 1 1 2 2 6
  Haiti (HAI)   1 1
  Honduras (HON)   1 1
  Hungary (HUN) 1   7 10 12 6 5 12 12 12 8 10 10 13 18 18 19 18 17 11 8 9 9 7 8 24
  Iceland (ISL)   1 1
  Independent Olympic Participants (IOP)   9 1
  India (IND)   2 3 6 4 7 5 8 4 8 6 8 7 6 1 1 7 3 5 8 19
  Indonesia (INA)   2 1
  Iran (IRI)   8 8 12 9 14 17 15 16 10 11 13 12 13 12 14
  Iraq (IRQ)   1 1 9 3 5 1 6
  Ireland (IRL)   1 1 4 2 1 5
  Israel (ISR)   2 1 2 4 1 3 3 1 8
  Italy (ITA)   1 6 8 17 5 6 10 11 14 5 16 5 5 7 8 6 7 4 5 4 2 6 2 1 2 25
  Ivory Coast (CIV)   1 1
  Japan (JPN)   1 1 7 5 5 8 16 16 15 20 20 20 20 16 12 8 13 10 13 10 20
  Jordan (JOR)   2 1
  Kazakhstan (KAZ)   11 11 12 16 15 12 6
  Kenya (KEN)   4 1
  Kyrgyzstan (KGZ)   4 6 8 5 4 7 6
  Latvia (LAT)   6 2 3 1 1 1 1 2 1 9
  Lebanon (LBN)   5 4 6 2 2 1 1 1 1 9
  Lithuania (LTU)   1 3 2 3 4 2 1 7
  Luxembourg (LUX)   2 2 3 1 2 3 4 1 8
  Macedonia (MKD)   3 2 2 1 4
  Madagascar (MAD)   1 1
  Malta (MLT)   2 2 2
  Mauritania (MTN)   2 4 2
  Mauritius (MRI)   1 1
  Mexico (MEX)   2 4 5 1 4 4 12 9 2 2 5 4 2 7 1 2 1 17
  Moldova (MDA)   6 4 2 2 2 3 6
  Mongolia (MGL)   8 8 13 13 13 9 7 4 4 6 6 8 10 13
  Morocco (MAR)   5 4 3 4 5 5 4 5 2 3 10
  Namibia (NAM)   1 1 2
  Netherlands (NED)   9 3 9 8 6 4 3 1 1 1 10
  New Zealand (NZL)   1 1 2 1 2 3 2 2 3 1 10
  Nicaragua (NCA)   1 1
  Nigeria (NGR)   1 3 6 5 4 2 1 2 4 7 10
  North Korea (PRK)   2 3 3 4 3 4 1 3 5 4 10
  Norway (NOR)   1 9 7 7 7 1 3 6 7 1 4 1 3 5 2 5 5 2 1 1 1 1 1 2 24
  Pakistan (PAK)   6 7 6 2 2 2 2 3 1 1 10
  Palau (PLW)   1 2 1 3
  Panama (PAN)   1 3 2 2 1 1 2 2 1 9
  Peru (PER)   4 2 2 1 5 1 1 1 8
  Philippines (PHI)   1 1 1 3 4 4 3 2 8
  Poland (POL)   2 4 3 5 12 5 12 18 14 20 18 13 11 9 9 9 4 8 18
  Portugal (POR)   2 1 3 4 3 3 1 1 1 1 10
  Puerto Rico (PUR)   5 3 2 4 5 1 3 2 8
  Republic of China (ROC)   1 1
  Romania (ROU)   5 7 4 7 10 12 20 19 20 10 4 11 10 5 5 8 2 5 18
  Russia (RUS)   4 11 20 16 18 18 16 17 8
  Samoa (SAM)   2 1 2
  Senegal (SEN)   4 5 3 4 4 3 2 1 1 1 2 2 12
  Serbia (SRB)   2 1 3 3
  Serbia and Montenegro (SCG)   1 1
  Slovakia (SVK)   4 4 3 2 4
  South Africa (RSA)   1 1 2 3 5 4 3 1 1 1 1 11
  South Korea (KOR)   4 1 3 4 13 8 4 11 14 19 16 15 10 9 11 9 5 17
  Soviet Union (URS)   16 16 16 16 16 20 20 20 20 9
  Spain (ESP)   4 4 1 2 3 9 10 2 3 1 1 11
  Sweden (SWE)   9 34 13 13 9 13 14 16 1 10 12 9 7 7 8 8 11 10 8 7 5 7 5 6 7 25
  Switzerland (SUI)   4 12 11 13 12 5 12 3 3 9 1 2 4 4 2 4 2 1 1 19
  Syria (SYR)   2 2 17 3 8 3 2 7
  Tajikistan (TJK)   1 4 2 4 4
  Tunisia (TUN)   2 3 3 3 4 1 3 8 4 9
  Turkey (TUR)   5 6 11 16 15 13 16 15 16 16 11 16 13 15 13 12 12 13 13 14 20
  Turkmenistan (TKM)   1 1 2
  Ukraine (UKR)   17 16 16 16 13 11 6
  Unified Team (EUN)   20 1
  United States (USA)   42 6 2 18 14 7 7 7 8 8 15 16 16 16 19 20 19 20 20 20 16 17 17 17 14 24
  United Team of Germany (EUA)   5 15 14 3
  Uzbekistan (UZB)   10 11 7 8 8 8 6
  Venezuela (VEN)   3 2 1 6 2 2 3 7 9 9
  Vietnam (VIE)   5 1 1 2 4
  Virgin Islands (ISV)   4 1
  West Germany (FRG)   11 17 15 14 17 5
  Yemen (YEM)   3 1 2
  Yugoslavia (YUG)   2 5 5 3 2 5 4 8 10 6 10 9 2 13
Nations 4 1 14 18 19 26 29 18 29 28 36 30 44 39 45 49 41 35 44 69 59 75 55 66 59 71 67
Competitors 5 42 115 170 152 229 166 79 200 207 215 167 338 270 296 388 331 266 267 429 370 401 314 342 344 344 344 288
Year 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 20

All-time medal table – 1896–2016Edit

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1  Soviet Union (URS)623123116
2  United States (USA)544335132
3  Japan (JPN)32201769
4  Russia (RUS)30111556
5  Turkey (TUR)29181663
6  Sweden (SWE)28273186
7  Finland (FIN)26282983
8  Hungary (HUN)19161954
9  Bulgaria (BUL)16322169
10  South Korea (KOR)11111436
11  Iran (IRI)9142043
12  Cuba (CUB)96722
13  Romania (ROU)781833
14  Italy (ITA)741021
15  Unified Team (EUN)65516
16  Poland (POL)591226
17  Estonia (EST)52411
18  Germany (GER)412925
19  Azerbaijan (AZE)471122
20  Yugoslavia (YUG)46616
21  France (FRA)441018
22  Switzerland (SUI)44614
23  Canada (CAN)37717
24  Ukraine (UKR)35614
25  Georgia (GEO)341118
26  Great Britain (GBR)341017
27  North Korea (PRK)32510
28  Uzbekistan (UZB)3238
29  China (CHN)23510
30  Armenia (ARM)2338
31  East Germany (GDR)2327
  Egypt (EGY)2327
33  Norway (NOR)2226
34  Czechoslovakia (TCH)17715
35  Kazakhstan (KAZ)15915
36  United Team of Germany (EUA)1539
37  West Germany (FRG)1449
38  Greece (GRE)13711
39  Serbia (SRB)1001
40  Belarus (BLR)04711
41  Mongolia (MGL)0459
42  Denmark (DEN)0369
43  Belgium (BEL)0303
44  India (IND)0145
45  Australia (AUS)0123
  Lebanon (LIB)0123
47  Lithuania (LTU)0112
48  Latvia (LAT)0101
  Mexico (MEX)0101
  Syria (SYR)0101
51  Austria (AUT)0022
  Colombia (COL)0022
53  Macedonia (MKD)0011
  Moldova (MDA)0011
  Pakistan (PAK)0011
  Tunisia (TUN)0011
Totals (56 nations)4094014591269

All-time medal table – Greco-Roman – 1896–2012Edit

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1  Soviet Union (URS)34161060
2  Finland (FIN)23211963
3  Sweden (SWE)20171956
4  Hungary (HUN)16101036
5  Turkey (TUR)115622
6  Russia (RUS)102618
7  Bulgaria (BUL)914831
8  South Korea (KOR)72615
9  Romania (ROU)681327
10  Poland (POL)58619
11  Italy (ITA)54918
12  Germany (GER)49518
13  Japan (JPN)45312
14  United States (USA)36615
15  Yugoslavia (YUG)35412
16  Cuba (CUB)3429
17  Unified Team (EUN)3339
18  Iran (IRI)3115
19  Estonia (EST)3047
20  Egypt (EGY)2226
21  East Germany (GDR)2114
  Norway (NOR)2114
23  Czechoslovakia (TCH)16411
24  Greece (GRE)1359
25  West Germany (FRG)1315
26  France (FRA)1236
27  Kazakhstan (KAZ)1225
28  Azerbaijan (AZE)1214
29  Ukraine (UKR)1113
30  Uzbekistan (UZB)1012
31  Armenia (ARM)1001
32  United Team of Germany (EUA)0437
33  Denmark (DEN)0268
34  Belarus (BLR)0235
35  China (CHN)0145
36  Georgia (GEO)0123
  Lebanon (LIB)0123
38  Lithuania (LTU)0112
39  Latvia (LAT)0101
  Mexico (MEX)0101
41  Austria (AUT)0011
  Moldova (MDA)0011
  North Korea (PRK)0011
  Switzerland (SUI)0011
Totals (44 nations)187177187551

All-time medal table – Freestyle – 1904–2012Edit

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1  United States (USA)493728114
2  Soviet Union (URS)28151356
3  Japan (JPN)24121450
4  Turkey (TUR)1711836
5  Russia (RUS)156728
6  Sweden (SWE)810826
7  Finland (FIN)871025
8  Bulgaria (BUL)7171135
9  Iran (IRI)5121633
10  South Korea (KOR)49720
11  Switzerland (SUI)44513
12  Great Britain (GBR)341017
13  Hungary (HUN)34714
14  Azerbaijan (AZE)3249
15  North Korea (PRK)3238
16  Unified Team (EUN)3227
17  Canada (CAN)26614
18  Ukraine (UKR)23510
19  France (FRA)2259
20  Uzbekistan (UZB)2226
21  China (CHN)2204
22  Cuba (CUB)2147
23  Estonia (EST)2103
24  Germany (GER)1337
25  Yugoslavia (YUG)1124
26  Georgia (GEO)1045
  Romania (ROU)1045
28  Italy (ITA)1001
29  Mongolia (MGL)0459
30  Kazakhstan (KAZ)0336
31  Belgium (BEL)0303
32  East Germany (GDR)0213
33  Poland (POL)0145
34  Czechoslovakia (TCH)0134
  India (IND)0134
  West Germany (FRG)0134
37  Australia (AUS)0123
38  Belarus (BLR)0112
39  Armenia (ARM)0101
  Norway (NOR)0101
  Syria (SYR)0101
  Tajikistan (TJK)0101
43  Greece (GRE)0022
44  Austria (AUT)0011
  Colombia (COL)0011
  Macedonia (MKD)0011
  Pakistan (PAK)0011
  Slovakia (SVK)0011
Totals (48 nations)203197220620

Source: Wrestling Freestyle Olympics Medal Table at olympicmedals.com

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Equipment and History".
  2. ^ a b Hamilton, Tracee (2013-09-08). "Wrestling, IOC make right moves in getting sport back on 2020 Olympics program". Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved 2018-03-16.
  3. ^ Longman, Jeré (2013-02-12). "Olympics Moves to Drop Wrestling in 2020". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2018-03-16.
  4. ^ "Wrestling to be dropped from 2020 Olympic Games". BBC Sport.
  5. ^ "Bulgaria wrestling coach Armen Nazaryan on hunger strike". BBC Sport. 2013-03-04. Retrieved 2018-05-26.
  6. ^ "International Wresting President forced to quit after Olympic shock". Inside the Games. Retrieved 2018-03-16.
  7. ^ "Wrestling, baseball/softball and squash shortlisted by IOC for 2020 as five fail to make cut".
  8. ^ "Wrestling added to Olympic programme for 2020 and 2024 Games". IOC. 8 September 2013. Retrieved 8 September 2013.
  9. ^ KAROLOS GROHMANN (8 September 2013). "Wrestling wins vote and will be part of 2020 Tokyo Olympics". The Globe and Mail. Archived from the original on 8 September 2013. Retrieved 2013-09-08.
  10. ^ "Wrestling gets reinstated for 2020 Olympics". Retrieved 2016-08-15.