Canoeing at the Summer Olympics

Canoeing has been featured as competition sports in the Summer Olympic Games since the 1936 Games in Berlin, although they were demonstration sports at the 1924 Games in Paris.[1] There are two disciplines of canoeing in Olympic competition: slalom and sprint.

Canoeing at the Summer Olympics
Canoeing (slalom) pictogram.svg
Governing bodyICF
Events16 (men: 8; women: 8)
Games
  • 1896
  • 1900
  • 1904
  • 1908
  • 1912
  • 1920
Note: demonstration or exhibition sport years indicated in italics

Two styles of boats are used in this sport: canoes with 1 or 2 canoers and kayaks with 1, 2 or 4 kayakers. This leads to the name designation of each event. For example, "C-1" is a canoe singles event and "K-2" is a kayak doubles event. Races are usually 500 metres or 1000 metres long, although there were also 10 km events from 1936 to 1956. On 13 August 2009, it was announced by the International Canoe Federation that the men's 500 m events would be replaced at the 2012 Summer Olympics by 200 m events with one of them being K-1 200 m for the women. The other events for men at 200 m will be C-1, K-1, and K-2.[2] This was confirmed at their 2009 Board of Directors meeting in Windsor, Berkshire, Great Britain on 5 December 2009.[3]

SummaryEdit

Games Year Events Best Nation
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8 1924 6   Canada
9
10
11 1936 9   Austria
12
13
14 1948 9   Sweden
15 1952 9   Finland
16 1956 9   Romania
17 1960 7   Soviet Union
18 1964 7   Soviet Union
19 1968 7   Hungary
20 1972 11   Soviet Union
Games Year Events Best Nation
21 1976 11   Soviet Union
22 1980 11   Soviet Union
23 1984 12   New Zealand
24 1988 12   East Germany
25 1992 16   Germany
26 1996 16   Germany
27 2000 16   Hungary
28 2004 16   Germany
29 2008 16   Germany
30 2012 16   Germany
31 2016 16   Germany
32 2020 16   Hungary

Canoe sprintEdit

EventsEdit

Current program
Event 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 20 Total
Men's C-1 1000 m 20
Men's C-2 500 m 9
Men's K-1 1000 m 20
Men's K-2 500 m 9
Men's K-4 500 m 1
Women's C-1 200 m 1
Women's C-2 500 m 1
Women's K-1 500 m 19
Women's K-2 500 m 16
Women's K-4 500 m 10
Past events
Event 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 20 Total
Men's C-1 200 m 2
Men's C-1 500 m 9
Men's C-2 1000 m 20
Men's C-1 10000 m 3
Men's C-2 10000 m 4
Men's K-1 200 m 3
Men's K-1 500 m 9
Men's K-1 10000 m 4
Men's K-1 4 × 500 m 1
Men's K-2 200 m 2
Men's K-2 1000 m 20
Men's K-2 10000 m 4
Men's K-4 1000 m 14
Men's folding K-1 10000 m 1
Men's folding K-2 10000 m 1
Women's K-1 200 m 3
Total 9 9 9 9 7 7 7 7 11 11 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12

Medal tableEdit

Last updated after the 2020 Summer Olympics

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1  Germany (GER)29171662
2  Soviet Union (URS)2913951
3  Hungary (HUN)28312786
4  Sweden (SWE)1511430
5  Romania (ROU)10101434
6  East Germany (GDR)107825
7  New Zealand (NZL)102214
8  Norway (NOR)64414
9  Czechoslovakia (TCH)63110
10  United States (USA)53412
11  Finland (FIN)52310
12  Canada (CAN)4111126
13  Spain (ESP)49316
14  Italy (ITA)47314
15  Australia (AUS)451120
16  Bulgaria (BUL)45817
17  United Team of Germany (EUA)45211
18  Denmark (DEN)36716
19  Austria (AUT)34512
20  Ukraine (UKR)33410
21  China (CHN)3205
22  Great Britain (GBR)3159
23  Russia (RUS)23712
24  Belarus (BLR)2349
25  West Germany (FRG)2327
26  Yugoslavia (YUG)2215
27  Czech Republic (CZE)2136
28  France (FRA)161118
29  Cuba (CUB)1304
30  Brazil (BRA)1214
31  Unified Team (EUN)1102
32  Poland (POL)071421
33  Netherlands (NED)0358
34  Slovakia (SVK)0325
35  Latvia (LAT)0202
36  Azerbaijan (AZE)0112
  Moldova (MDA)0112
  Portugal (POR)0112
39  Serbia (SRB)0101
  Switzerland (SUI)0101
41  Israel (ISR)0011
  Lithuania (LTU)0011
  South Africa (RSA)0011
Totals (43 nations)206205207618

Canoe slalomEdit

EventsEdit

Current program
Event 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 20 Total
Men's C-1 9
Men's K-1 9
Women's C-1 1
Women's K-1 9
Past events
Event 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 20 Total
Men's C-2 8
Total 4 0 0 0 0 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4

Medal tableEdit

Last updated after the 2020 Summer Olympics

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1  Slovakia (SVK)84315
2  France (FRA)73818
3  Germany (GER)52815
4  East Germany (GDR)4015
5  Czech Republic (CZE)35311
6  Great Britain (GBR)27110
7  Italy (ITA)2013
8  Australia (AUS)1337
9  United States (USA)1225
10  Slovenia (SLO)1203
11  Spain (ESP)1113
12  Czechoslovakia (TCH)1102
13  West Germany (FRG)0314
14  Austria (AUT)0112
15  New Zealand (NZL)0101
  Poland (POL)0101
17  Japan (JPN)0011
  Russia (RUS)0011
  Togo (TOG)0011
Totals (19 nations)363636108

Overall medal tableEdit

Updated after the 2020 Summer Olympics

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1  Germany34192477
2  Soviet Union2913951
3  Hungary28312786
4  Sweden1511430
5  East Germany147930
6  Romania10101434
7  New Zealand103215
8  France891936
9  Slovakia87520
10  Czechoslovakia74112
11  Italy67417
12  United States65617
13  Norway64414
14  Spain510419
15  Australia581427
16  Great Britain58619
17  Czech Republic56617
18  Finland52310
19  Canada4111126
20  Bulgaria45817
21  United Team of Germany45211
22  Denmark36716
23  Austria35614
24  Ukraine33410
25  China3205
26  West Germany26311
27  Russia23813
28  Belarus2349
29  Yugoslavia2215
30  Cuba1304
31  Brazil1214
32  Slovenia1203
33  Unified Team1102
34  Poland081422
35  Netherlands0358
36  Latvia0202
37  Azerbaijan0112
  Moldova0112
  Portugal0112
40  Serbia0101
  Switzerland0101
42  Israel0011
  Japan0011
  Lithuania0011
  South Africa0011
  Togo0011
Totals (46 nations)242241243726

NationsEdit

Nation 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 20 Years
  Algeria (ALG)                 1 1
  Andorra (AND)                 1 1 2
  Angola (ANG)                 1 2 2
  Antigua and Barbuda (ANT)                 3 1
  Argentina (ARG)                 1 8 5 4 3 2 2 3 10 4 10
  Australia (AUS)                 8 7 10 6 7 8 5 9 8 17 23 21 16 16 20 18 16 17
  Austria (AUT)                 9 7 7 7 10 5 4 12 2 6 2 4 3 4 2 4 4 2 5 19
  Armenia (ARM)                 1 1
  Azerbaijan (AZE)                 3 4 2
  Belarus (BLR)                 4 5 9 8 12 12 12 7
  Belgium (BEL)                 9 9 4 2 4 2 3 8 11 6 5 2 2 3 1 3 2 4 1 4 20
  Belize (BIZ)                 1 1
  Bolivia (BOL)                 1 1 2
  Bosnia and Herzegovina (BIH)                 1 1 1 3
  Brazil (BRA)                 6 3 4 2 2 3 13 5 8
  Bulgaria (BUL)                 5 2 3 7 12 12 12 11 11 7 7 2 1 2 1 15
  Canada (CAN)             (D)     8 7 11 9 6 6 10 12 14 15 14 18 21 16 19 21 8 9 18 20
  Chile (CHI)                 1 1 2 3
  China (CHN)                 4 4 4 8 15 23 18 10 18 9
  Chinese Taipei (TPE)                 1 1
  Cook Islands (COK)                 2 2 3 3
  Costa Rica (CRC)                 4 2 2
  Croatia (CRO)                 4 4 4 3 2 1 3 7
  Cuba (CUB)                 2 3 5 3 4 4 6 6 5 9
  Czech Republic (CZE)                 25 19 10 7 11 12 9 7
  Czechoslovakia (TCH)                 13 13 13 5 10 4 5 23 11 9 9 27 12
  Denmark (DEN)                 4 7 9 7 9 7 5 6 1 1 1 6 6 4 3 2 4 5 5 4 20
  East Germany (GDR)                 12 26 11 13 15 5
  Ecuador (ECU)                 1 1 2
  Egypt (EGY)                 1 2 2 3
  Estonia (EST)                 1 1 1 3
  Finland (FIN)                 3 5 10 6 9 3 5 4 7 4 5 3 2 1 1 2 4 2 18
  France (FRA)                 3 10 13 6 9 2 6 14 13 11 14 16 31 19 14 13 15 14 15 13 20
  Georgia (GEO)                 1 1
  Germany (GER)                 14 10 29 27 25 26 22 21 16 21 20
  Great Britain (GBR)                 3 7 7 3 7 5 10 20 11 11 15 17 25 17 12 9 7 15 11 8 20
  Greece (GRE)                 1 6 3 1 4
  Guam (GUM)                 1 1
  Guatemala (GUA)                 1 1
  Hong Kong (HKG)                 6 7 2 2 4
  Hungary (HUN)                 5 5 12 13 9 10 10 12 14 16 16 14 19 15 16 16 13 18 18 19
  Independent Olympic Participants (IOP)                 5 1
  Indonesia (INA)                 3 1 2
  Iran (IRI)                 1 2 1 3
  Ireland (IRL)                 4 4 2 1 4 5 6 3 2 1 3 1 12
  Israel (ISR)                 1 1 5 3 1 5
  Italy (ITA)                 1 6 12 4 2 10 11 5 7 5 18 15 8 8 16 8 4 7 18
  Ivory Coast (CIV)                 3 5 4 2 2 2 1 7
  Japan (JPN)                 12 2 5 3 5 8 6 8 2 5 9 8 5 12 14
  Kazakhstan (KAZ)                 8 4 3 7 5 13 7 7
  Kyrgyzstan (KGZ)                 2 1
  Latvia (LAT)                 3 3 1 1 3 2 2 1 8
  Lebanon (LIB)                 1 1
  Lithuania (LTU)                 1 2 3 3 4 2 6 1 8
  Luxembourg (LUX)                 3 3 4 3 4
  North Macedonia (MKD)                 3 1 1 1 4
  Malaysia (MAS)                 1 1
  Mexico (MEX)                 12 7 4 2 4 6 2 3 1 1 1 11
  Moldova (MDA)                 4 1 3 3
  Morocco (MAR)                 1 1 1 2 4
  Mozambique (MOZ)                 1 1 2
  Myanmar (MYA)                 1 1
  Netherlands (NED)                 9 7 5 4 5 7 2 2 6 3 2 4 2 2 2 1 16
  New Zealand (NZL)                 2 4 3 6 7 8 1 2 5 8 9 8 12
  Nigeria (NGR)                 1 1 1 3
  Norway (NOR)                 1 4 4 1 2 5 6 7 13 7 7 5 4 6 1 2 1 17
  Palau (PLW)                 1 1
  Panama (PAN)                 1 1
  Peru (PER)                 1 1
  Poland (POL)                 2 3 4 6 9 8 23 13 15 12 18 23 21 23 21 13 15 13 18
  Portugal (POR)                 3 7 6 1 1 4 6 7 8 9
  Refugee Olympic Team (ROT)                 1 1
  Romania (ROU)                 1 5 11 11 11 11 13 14 14 5 14 14 13 10 5 11 8 2 18
  Russia (RUS)                 14 12 8 14 21 19 17 6
  Saar (SAA)                 3 1
  Samoa (SAM)                 1 1 1 3 4
  São Tomé and Príncipe (STP)                 1 1 2 3
  Senegal (SEN)                 2 1 3 1 4
  Serbia (SRB)                 12 10 3 3
  Serbia and Montenegro (SCG)                 1 6 2 3
  Seychelles (SEY)                 1 1 2
  Singapore (SIN)                 1 1
  Slovakia (SVK)                 17 19 16 12 12 12 9 7
  Slovenia (SLO)                 6 5 4 4 3 6 6 6 8
  South Africa (RSA)                 11 1 2 1 10 2 1 7
  South Korea (KOR)                 2 15 6 2 1 1 2 1 8
  Soviet Union (URS)                 13 9 12 13 11 15 15 15 17 9
  Spain (ESP)                 2 5 4 7 5 10 11 22 19 17 14 10 8 11 15 15
  Sweden (SWE)                 9 9 10 6 6 7 11 10 11 12 11 11 13 12 10 5 3 6 5 3 20
  Switzerland (SUI)                 9 6 7 4 6 3 4 1 6 8 3 4 1 2 3 15
  Thailand (THA)                 1 1 2
  Togo (TOG)                 1 1 1 3
  Tunisia (TUN)                 3 3 4 3
  Turkey (TUR)                 1 1
  Ukraine (UKR)                 13 11 7 6 2 9 11 7
  United Team of Germany (EUA)                 10 10 12 3
  Unified Team (EUN)                 19 1
  United States (USA)             (D)     10 8 9 12 13 11 12 26 16 16 16 32 25 14 17 7 7 6 4 20
  Uruguay (URU)                 1 1 2
  Uzbekistan (UZB)                 17 1 7 1 2 4 2 7
  Venezuela (VEN)                 3 1
  Vietnam (VIE)                 1 1
  West Germany (FRG)                 13 28 13 15 14 5
  Yugoslavia (YUG)                 4 1 3 4 2 13 1 3 3 3 10
No. of nations 94
No. of athletes
Year 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 20

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Olympic sprint events
  2. ^ "IOC announcement of canoe sprint format changes for the 2012 Summer Olympics". International Canoe Federation. Archived from the original on 14 September 2012. Retrieved 14 September 2012.
  3. ^ "The Board of Directors Wrap Up in Windsor." - International Canoe Federation (5 December 2009) - accessed 18 December 2009.[permanent dead link]