Hayley Wickenheiser OC (born August 12, 1978) is a Canadian former women's ice hockey player. She was the first woman to play full-time professional hockey in a position other than goalie. Wickenheiser was a member of Canada women's national ice hockey team for 23 years, from 1994 until announcing her retirement on January 13, 2017, and is the team's career points leader with 168 goals and 211 assists in 276 games. She represented Canada at the Winter Olympics five times, capturing four gold and one silver medal and twice being named tournament MVP, and one time at the Summer Olympics in softball. She is tied with teammates Caroline Ouellette and Jayna Hefford for the record for the most gold medals of any Canadian Olympian, and is widely considered the greatest female ice hockey player in the world. On February 20, 2014, Wickenheiser was elected to the International Olympic Committee's Athletes' Commission.
Wickenheiser in 2014
August 12, 1978 |
Shaunavon, Saskatchewan, Canada
|Height||175 cm (5 ft 9 in)|
|Weight||80 kg (176 lb; 12 st 8 lb)|
Ice hockey careerEdit
Wickenheiser began playing minor hockey on outdoor rinks in her hometown of Shaunavon, Saskatchewan when she was five years old. She played exclusively on boys' teams until she was 13. Wickenheiser continued playing minor hockey in Calgary, Alberta after moving there with her family. In 1991, she represented Alberta at the 18-and-under Canada Winter Games. Alberta captured the gold medal in the tournament, with Wickenheiser scoring the game-winning goal and being named the Most Valuable Player of the final game.
At the age of 15  (1994), Wickenheiser was named to Canada's National Women's Team for the first time and remained a member until her retirement in 2017. Her first international tournament was the 1994 World Championship, held in Lake Placid, New York. She played three games, and picked up her first international point – an assist, and Canada won gold. Her second World Championship in 1997 also produced a gold medal and she earned a spot on the tournament All-Star team, the first of four such honours (1997, 1999, 2000, 2005). In 1999, Wickenheiser helped Canada to another gold medal and was named tournament MVP. Wickenheiser has seven World Championship gold medals (1994, 1997, 1999, 2000, 2004, 2007, 2012) and three silver medals (2005, 2008, 2009). She was named to Team Canada in 2001, but was unable to compete due to an injury, and was also on Canada's roster for the 2003 World Championship which was canceled.
Wickenheiser was a member of Team Canada at the 1998 Winter Olympics, when women's hockey was introduced as a medal sport. She also played 21 games for Team Canada during their pre-Olympic tour. Canada won a silver medal at the event and Wickenheiser was named to the tournament all-star team. Her performance at the 1998 Olympics impressed Men's Team Canada General Manager Bobby Clarke so much, that he invited her to participate in the Philadelphia Flyers rookie camps in 1998 and 1999. 2002 was another chance at Olympic gold, and Wickenheiser was named to Canada's roster for the 2002 Winter Olympics held in Salt Lake City, Utah. On Team Canada's pre-Olympic tour, Wickenheiser played 26 games and racked up 36 points. In a bit of redemption for 1998, Canada won the gold medal by defeating Team USA in the final game. Wickenheiser was named Tournament MVP and she was the top scorer on the Women's side. At the 2006 Winter Olympics, Canada was defending its gold medal status. When the final match was set, Canada was facing off against Sweden, a surprise finalist. They won gold again, and Wickenheiser once more was named tournament MVP, Top Forward, and to a berth on the all-star team. She also led the tournament in scoring, with five goals and 17 points in five games.
Wickenheiser captained Canada to a gold medal at the 1998 Christmas Cup (World Women's Under-22 Championship). She has also contributed to at least 10 gold medals for Canada at the 4 Nations Cup tournaments (1996, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2010). At the 2006 Four Nations Cup, she served as team captain.
On February 17, 2010, Wickenheiser became the all-time leading Olympic goal scorer as Canada defeated Sweden 13–1 at the Vancouver Olympics. Wickenheiser reached her record total of 16 career Olympic goals by scoring once on Wednesday as Canada followed up their 18–0 win over Slovakia and 10–1 defeat of Switzerland.
With a third and fourth consecutive Olympic gold medal in women's hockey won by defeating the United States of America 2–0 in Vancouver and 3-2 in Sochi, Hayley now has 5 Olympic medals: 4 gold, 1 silver. She is one of only five athletes to win gold in four consecutive Winter Games, along with teammates Jayna Hefford and Caroline Ouellette. At her retirement in 2017 she was the Olympic tournament’s all-time leading scorer with 18 goals and 51 points. Wickenheiser took the athlete's oath in English at the 2010 Winter Olympics opening ceremony in Vancouver, British Columbia and was Canada's flagbearer at the Sochi Winter Olympics in 2014.
In 2003, Wickenheiser became the first woman to score a goal playing in a men's semi-professional league (for HC Salamat in Suomi-sarja, Finland's third-division league). Over the course of the season, Wickenheiser played 23 games, scoring 2 goals and adding 10 assists. Wickenheiser joined a European league to play professional hockey, as the game is more open and less physical than North American leagues. This attempt to play professional hockey was not an entirely smooth process, as Wickenheiser was initially slated to play in Italy, until the Italian Winter Sports Federation ruled that women were ineligible to play in a men's league. She also turned down an offer from Phil Esposito to play for the Cincinnati Cyclones of the ECHL. Finland's Hockey Federation unanimously supported letting women play in a men's league, allowing her to debut with HC Salamat in the Suomi-sarja, the third highest hockey league in Finland, on January 10, 2003. Wickenheiser played briefly with Salamat in 2004. They had won promotion to Mestis, Finland's second tier of professional hockey, and this was not as good a fit for her. She left the team after ten games.
In 2007, Wickenheiser had a week-long tryout contract with Swedish club IFK Arboga IK in the Swedish male third league. After two practice games, where Wickenheiser scored two goals in the first game, she was not offered a contract. In 2008, Wickenheiser signed a one-year contract with Eskilstuna Linden, also in the Swedish men's third league.
Wickenheiser was named one of the "Top 100 Most Influential People in Hockey" by The Hockey News (ranked #59 on the 2011 List), one of the "25 Toughest Athletes" by Sports Illustrated and one of the "Top 50 Most Powerful Women in Canada" by The Globe and Mail.
Wickenheiser scored a goal as a member of Team Black in the 2nd Canadian Women's Hockey League All-Star Game. Appearing with the Calgary Inferno in the 2016 Clarkson Cup finals, she logged two assists as the Inferno emerged victorious in a convincing 8-3 final.
In 1996, Wickenheiser was named MVP of the Esso National Women's Championship, helping Alberta to a fourth-place finish. In 1997 and 1998, Wickenheiser won Nationals with the Edmonton Chimos and Calgary Oval X-Treme respectively. She was named tournament MVP both years. Between 1999 and 2001, Wickenheiser continued to play for her club teams at the Esso Women's National Championships, winning a gold medal and two silvers. She played 2004–05 with the Calgary Oval X-Treme, in the inaugural season of the Western Women's Hockey League. The X-Treme were league champions. Wickenheiser was the regular season leading scorer and named to the league's all-star team. She also played for Alberta at the Esso National Championships, where they won gold. She led the tournament in scoring and was named MVP.
Wickenheiser joined the 2010–11 Calgary Dinos women's ice hockey team that competes in the Canadian Interuniversity Sport (CIS). The Dinos were playing their second season of CIS hockey, and Wickenheiser was expected to provide leadership to a young team. While with the Dinos, Wickenheiser played for her former teammate, Danielle Goyette, the team's head coach. Wickenheiser also completed a degree in kinesiology at Calgary. The Dinos were Wickenheiser's choice because the team practices every day, and she was able to stay in Calgary with her family. Under CIS rules, Wickenheiser began her first year of eligibility in 2010 because she had never played university hockey. Players have up to five years of eligibility. In her CIS debut against the University of Regina, Wickenheiser scored two goals and added an assist in a 4–3 victory. A crowd of over 500 people attended her CIS debut in Regina. Wickenheiser was named the Canada West female athlete of the week on November 2, 2010 after scoring three goals and adding an assist in two games against the University of Alberta. Despite only playing in 15 of the Dino's 24 regular season games, Wickenheiser finished tied for the conference lead in scoring with 40 points (17 goals and 23 assists), and finishing with a plus-minus of +22. She scored four short handed goals, and had five game winners. At the end of the year, Wickenheiser was named the Canada West Most Valuable Player, and captured a spot on the conference's First All-Star Team. On March 9, 2011, Wickenheiser was named the Canadian Interuniversity Sport player of the year in women's hockey. She then became the first ever Dino to win the Brodrick Trophy as CIS MVP.
In the aftermath of the 2012-13 season, Wickenheiser was named to the CIS First Team All-Canadians. Among the other players named as First Team All-Canadians were Melodie Daoust and Katelyn Gosling.
Softball and fastball careerEdit
Wickenheiser is an accomplished softball player. On June 24, 2000, she was named to the Canadian softball team for the 2000 Summer Olympics. This was the culmination of a long ball career. In 1994, she participated at Canadian Midget Nationals, where she was named All-Canadian Shortstop and Top Batter. In 1995, Wickenheiser was a member of Team Canada at the World Junior Fastball Championships, held in Normal, Illinois. Canada finished fifth at this event. In 1997, Wickenheiser participated at Midget Nationals with the Silver Springs 76ers. Her team finished second and Wickenheiser was again named All Star Shortstop and Top Batter. In 1999 she also participated at Senior Nationals, where her team finished fourth. In 2000 Wickenheiser attended and competed for Simon Fraser University, and helped lead the team to a 38 and 13 record, and route to a 3rd-place finish at the NAIA National Championships. Later that summer she competed in the Summer Olympic games in Sydney, Australia, where she led Canada with the team's highest batting average. Canada was competitive, but finished the tournament with a 1–6 record, losing three games by one run. Since that Olympics, Wickenheiser has not been as active in softball.
Wickenheiser is the daughter of Tom, a physical-education teacher, and Marilyn. She has a brother named Ross and a sister named Jane. Wickenheiser lives in Calgary with her adopted son, Noah. Doug Wickenheiser, the first overall pick in the 1980 NHL Entry Draft, was her cousin. He died of cancer in 1999.
Wickenheiser graduated with a degree in kinesiology in 2013 and is now attending medical school at the University of Calgary. On July 15, 2011 her hometown of Shaunavon named a new 14 million dollar recreational complex after her, Crescent Point Wickenheiser Centre. On June 30, 2011, she was named an Officer of the Order of Canada by Governor General David Johnston.
Hayley is the author of Gold Medal Diary – Inside the World's Greatest Sports Event, outlining her training with Team Canada and the events leading up to, during, and following the 2010 Olympic Games.
Video game appearanceEdit
EA Sports officially announced that Wickenheiser would be among the first two real female hockey players in NHL 13. Along with Angela Ruggiero, she has a playable character in the game which can be added to any team of the user's choice.
|2008–09||Linden HC||Division 1||21||1||2||3||10||–||–||–||–||–|
Awards and honoursEdit
- 2004 Honorary Degree Recipient, Nipissing University
- Most Valuable Player, Pool A, 2007 Esso Canadian Women's Nationals
- 2007 Bobbie Rosenfeld Award
- 2011 Canada West Player of the Year
- Gave the athlete's Olympic Oath at the 2010 Olympic Games.
- Media All-Star team, 2011 IIHF Women's World Championship
- In 2014, she was inducted into Canada's Walk of Fame
- In November 2014, Wickenheiser received the Athletes in Excellence Award from The Foundation for Global Sports Development, in recognition of her community service efforts and work with youth.
- "Hayley Wickenheiser". Eliteprospects.com. Retrieved 9 June 2017.
- Spencer, Donna (January 13, 2017). "Hayley Wickenheiser calls end to gold-plated career". CBC Sports. The Canadian Press. Retrieved January 14, 2017.
- Leigh Montville (February 4, 1998). "1998 Nagano Olympics-Hayley Wickenheiser". Sports Illustrated.
- "Profiles of Notable Women in Hockey". Hockey Hall of Fame. Retrieved July 26, 2011.
- "Athletes select two IOC reps". ESPN. February 20, 2014. Retrieved February 21, 2014.
- "Hayley Wickenheiser". Canadian Broadcast Corporation. October 21, 2008. Retrieved October 4, 2010.
- "AOL Canada Chat with Hockey Player Hayley Wickenheiser". AOL Canada. Retrieved June 13, 2008.
- "Official Site of Hayley Wickenheiser: Highlights". Retrieved November 15, 2007.
- John A. Fantino (April 12, 2012). "Hayley Wickenheiser is a Canadian icon". The Burlington Free Press. Archived from the original on July 30, 2012.
- "Hockey Canada Player Profile: Hayley Wickenheiser". Hockey Canada. Retrieved November 16, 2007.
- Hestekin, Kjellrun (May 27, 2008). "Oration Honouring Hayley Wickenheiser". The Gazette (Memorial University). Archived from the original on May 31, 2008. Retrieved November 16, 2007.
- Clinton, Jared (January 13, 2017). "Hayley Wickenheiser is Hall of Fame Bound After Retirement From Canada's Women's Team". The Hockey News. Retrieved January 14, 2017.
- vancouver2010.com, Canada shatter scoring records Archived April 10, 2010, at the Wayback Machine.
- "Hefford, Apps, Ward retire from Canadian women's hockey team". CBC Sports. The Canadian Press. September 10, 2015. Retrieved September 10, 2015.
- "Hayley Wickenheiser named Canadian flag-bearer for Sochi". CityNews. January 24, 2010. Retrieved January 14, 2017.
- "Hayley Wickenheiser teki jääkiekkohistoriaa Suomessa". Yle Urheilu. March 31, 2014. Retrieved December 11, 2017.
- "CBC Sports: Wickenheiser makes pro debut Saturday". CBC Sports. January 9, 2003. Retrieved November 16, 2007.
- "Sveriges Radio". Archived from the original on July 31, 2008. Retrieved July 10, 2008.
- "Wickenheiser signs with Swedish men's team". CBC. July 22, 2008. Retrieved July 22, 2008.
- TT (July 21, 2008). "Världens bästa spelare till Sverige" (in Swedish). Aftonbladet. Retrieved July 21, 2008.
- The Hockey News, Volume 64, Number 14, January 17, 2011, Publisher: Caroline Andrews, Transcontinental Media
- "Sports Illustrated 25 Toughest Athletes". Sportsillustrated.cnn.com. April 1, 2008. Retrieved September 24, 2011.
- "TEAM BLACK WINS 2016 CWHL ALL-STAR GAME". Canadiennes de Montréal. 2016-01-25. Retrieved 2017-02-08.
- "2016 Clarkson Cup". cwhl. 2016-03-13. Retrieved 2016-03-15.
- "Dinos announce addition of Hayley Wickenheiser". The Sports Network. September 15, 2010. Retrieved October 4, 2010.
- "Calgary vs. Regina". Canadian Interuniversity Sport. Retrieved October 8, 2010.
- Odland, Kristen (October 14, 2010). "Hayley to make home debut". Calgary Herald. Retrieved October 29, 2010.
- "Wickenheiser picks up university athlete award". Canadian Broadcast Corporation. November 2, 2010. Retrieved November 10, 2010.
- "Calgary's Wickenheiser named Canada West women's hockey Player of the Year". Canada West Universities Athletic Association. February 23, 2011. Archived from the original on January 8, 2014. Retrieved March 27, 2011.
- "Normore receives CIS All-Canadian honors". St. FX athletics. Retrieved 2017-02-13.
- "Hayley Wickenheiser calls end to gold-plated career". CBC Sports. Canadian Press. Retrieved 15 January 2017.
- Rutherford, Kristina (January 2017). "The Interview: Canadian hockey legend and four-time Olympic gold medallist Hayley Wickenheiser on her incomparable career, her retirement, and what she'll miss most about the game she loves". Sportsnet. Retrieved May 22, 2017.
- "Women's Olympic Softball Team Named, Hayley Wickenheiser is in". Canadian Association for the Advancement of Women and Sport and Physical Activity. June 24, 2000. Archived from the original on January 15, 2013. Retrieved June 13, 2008.
- "Softball: Hayley Wickenheiser". Canoe.ca. Retrieved June 13, 2008.
- "2009–10 National Women's Team Centralized Roster" (PDF). Hockey Canada. Retrieved October 4, 2010.
- Donna Spencer (May 11, 2012). "Wickenheiser enjoys juggling act". Herald Sports.
- "This page is available to GlobePlus subscribers". Theglobeandmail.com. Retrieved September 24, 2011.
- "Hayley Wickenheiser, Eugene Levy named to Order of Canada". Postmedia News. June 30, 2011. Retrieved June 30, 2011.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on September 12, 2012. Retrieved August 29, 2012.
- "Honorary Degree Recipients". Nipissing University. Retrieved March 6, 2018.
- "Award Winners announced at Esso Women's Nationals". Hockey Canada. March 8, 2007. Retrieved November 25, 2010.
- Canadian Gold 2010, Andrew Podnieks, p. 174, Fenn Publishing, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, ISBN 978-1-55168-384-3
- "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on July 23, 2011. Retrieved 2011-03-27.
- Wickenheiser finds special meaning in oath, CBC, February 13, 2010, retrieved September 12, 2011
- "Tomcikova named MVP". Iihf.com. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved September 24, 2011.
- "Eight Olympians, Paralympians Named Athletes In Excellence". Team USA. Retrieved 2017-02-08.
Media related to Hayley Wickenheiser at Wikimedia Commons
- Biographical information and career statistics from Eliteprospects.com, or Eurohockey.com
- Official Website
- Hayley Wickenheiser on men's versus women's hockey in Maclean's magazine, October 14, 2010.
- Hayley Wickenheiser Video produced by Makers: Women Who Make America
|Awards and achievements|
Cassie Campbell (2002, 2006)
|Captain, Canadian Olympic Hockey Team
Caroline Ouellette (2014)
Jayna Hefford (2005)
|IIHF World Women's Championships Best Forward
Natalie Darwitz (2008)
Natalie Darwitz (2008)
|IIHF World Women's Championships Best Forward
Monique Lamoureux-Kolls (2011)
Krissy Wendell (2005)
|IIHF World Women's Championships Most Valuable Player
Noora Räty (2008)
|Flagbearer for Canada