Modern pentathlon at the Summer Olympics

Modern pentathlon is a sports contest created especially for the Summer Olympic Games by the founder of the modern Games, Baron Pierre de Coubertin, and was first contested in 1912. Coubertin was inspired by the pentathlon event in Ancient Olympic Games, which was modeled after the skills of the ideal soldier at the time.

Modern pentathlon at the Summer Olympics
Modern pentathlon pictogram.svg
Governing bodyUIPM
Events2 (men: 1; women: 1)
Games

The modern pentathlon simulates the experience of a 19th-century cavalry soldier behind enemy lines: he/she must ride an unfamiliar horse, fight with pistol and sword, swim, and run. Therefore, the modern pentathlon event comprises the five sport disciplines:

EventsEdit

Modern pentathlon has been on the Olympic program continuously since 1912. A women's event was not included until the 2000 Games.

Event 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 20 Years
Men's individual 25
Men's team 11
Women's individual 6
Total Events 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 1 2 2 2 2 2 2

Medal tableEdit

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1  Hungary (HUN)98522
2  Sweden (SWE)97521
3  Soviet Union (URS)55515
4  Russia (RUS)4105
5  Poland (POL)3014
6  Great Britain (GBR)2237
  Italy (ITA)2237
8  Germany (GER)2013
9  Lithuania (LTU)1214
10  Czech Republic (CZE)1012
11  Australia (AUS)1001
  Kazakhstan (KAZ)1001
13  United States (USA)0639
14  Finland (FIN)0145
15  France (FRA)0123
16  Czechoslovakia (TCH)0112
  Unified Team (EUN)0112
18  China (CHN)0101
  Latvia (LAT)0101
  Ukraine (UKR)0101
21  Belarus (BLR)0022
22  Brazil (BRA)0011
  Mexico (MEX)0011
Totals (23 nations)404040120

Nations and number of national participantsEdit

Nation 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 20 Years
  Argentina (ARG)         3 3 1 3 2 5
  Australia (AUS)         1 3 3 3 3 2 2 1 3 1 3 1 2 2 1 2 2 17
  Austria (AUT)         1 2 3 3 3 3 2 3 1 1 10
  Bahrain (BRN)         3 3 2
  Belarus (BLR)         2 3 4 4 1 5
  Belgium (BEL)         4 3 3 3 1 1 6
  Brazil (BRA)         3 3 3 3 3 1 2 1 1 2 10
  Bulgaria (BUL)         3 3 3 3 2 1 1 7
  Canada (CAN)         3 3 3 2 2 3 2 2 8
  Chile (CHI)         2 3 3 1 3 1 1 7
  China (CHN)         1 1 2 3 4 4 4 7
  Chinese Taipei (TPE)         1 2 2
  Cuba (CUB)         1 2 2
  Czech Republic (CZE)         3 3 3 3 4
  Czechoslovakia (TCH)         2 3 2 1 1 3 3 3 3 9
  Denmark (DEN)         4 4 3 2 1 1 3 2 1 1 10
  East Germany (GDR)         3 1
  Egypt (EGY)         3 3 3 1 2 3 3 3 10
  Estonia (EST)         1 1 1 3
  Finland (FIN)         2 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 13
  France (FRA)         2 4 4 3 1 3 3 3 1 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 2 3 4 3 3 3 23
  Georgia (GEO)         1 1
  United Team of Germany (EUA)         3 3 2
  Germany (GER)         1 3 3 3 3 3 2 3 4 4 4 11
  Great Britain (GBR)         3 4 4 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 1 2 2 4 4 4 27
  Greece (GRE)         1 1 1 2 4
  Guatemala (GUA)         1 1 1 1 2 5
  Hungary (HUN)         1 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 4 4 4 4 4 20
  Ireland (IRL)         3 2 2 3
  Italy (ITA)         1 4 3 3 3 3 3 1 3 1 3 3 3 1 3 3 3 3 3 4 4 4 4 23
  Japan (JPN)         2 3 3 3 3 3 3 1 1 3 3 11
  Kazakhstan (KAZ)         2 2 2 2 2 5
  Kyrgyzstan (KGZ)         1 2 2
  Latvia (LAT)         3 1 2 2 2 2 1 7
  Lithuania (LTU)         3 1 1 2 4 3 3 7
  Morocco (MAR)         2 1
  Mexico (MEX)         2 2 2 3 3 3 3 3 3 2 3 3 3 2 2 2 2 2 2 19
  Netherlands (NED)         1 4 3 1 3 3 6
  New Zealand (NZL)         1 1
  Norway (NOR)         2 2 2 3
  Peru (PER)         1 1 2
  Poland (POL)         3 3 3 3 3 3 3 2 3 4 4 3 3 14
  Portugal (POR)         1 2 3 3 1 1 1 7
  Romania (ROU)         3 3 3 1 1 1 6
  Russia (RUS)         5 3 3 4 4 4 3 7
  South Africa (RSA)         1 3 1 1 1 1 6
  South Korea (KOR)         1 3 3 3 1 2 3 3 3 9
  Soviet Union (URS)         3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 9
  Spain (ESP)         3 2 3 3 3 3 1 7
  Sweden (SWE)         12 4 4 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 1 2 1 21
  Switzerland (SUI)         3 3 3 3 1 3 1 3 3 1 1 1 1 1 14
  Tunisia (TUN)         3 1
  Turkey (TUR)         1 1
  Ukraine (UKR)         1 3 1 3 4 3 6
  Unified Team (EUN)         3 1
  United States (USA)         1 2 4 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 1 4 4 4 3 3 23
  Uruguay (URU)         3 3 1 1 4
  West Germany (FRG)         3 3 3 3 3 5
Nations         10 7 11 14 10 16 16 19 16 23 15 18 20 17 17 18 26 30 22 24 26 27 26 28 57
Athletes         32 23 38 37 24 42 45 51 40 60 37 48 59 47 43 52 65 66 32 48 64 72 72 72 823+
Year 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 20

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Sandra Heck (2013) Modern Pentathlon at the London 2012 Olympics: Between Traditional Heritage and Modern Changes for Survival, The International Journal of the History of Sport, 30:7, 719-735, doi:10.1080/09523367.2013.782485
  • Sandra Heck: Von Spielenden Soldaten und kämpfenden Athleten. Die Genese des Modernen Fünfkampfes. Göttingen: V & R Unipress. 2013, ISBN 978-3-8471-0201-4
  • Heck, Sandra. "Making Debrouillards: the modern pentathlon and the pursuit of completeness." Olympika: The International Journal of Olympic Studies, vol. 19, 2010, p. 139+. Gale Academic Onefile, Accessed 27 Sept. 2019.
Article Title Towards the Complete Athlete: Modern Pentathlon and the Pursuit of Human Achievement
Author Sandra Heck
Periodical Title North American Society For Sport History. Proceedings And Newsletter
Pagination p. 31-32
Year 2010
Format PDF
Type Text, Article
Rights Published with permission of the North American Society for Sport History
Notes North American Society for Sport History Proceedings of the 38th Annual Conference Coronado Springs Resort, Orlando, Florida May 28-31, 2010

External linksEdit