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Field hockey at the Summer Olympics

Field hockey, was introduced at the Olympic Games as a men's competition at the 1908 Games in London, with six teams, including four from the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.

Field hockey at the Summer Olympics
Field hockey pictogram.svg
Governing bodyFIH
Events2 (men: 1; women: 1)
Games

HistoryEdit

Field hockey was removed from the Summer Olympic Games at the 1924 Paris Games because of the lack of an international sporting structure. The International Hockey Federation (FIH, Fédération Internationale de Hockey) was founded in Paris that year as a response to field hockey's omission. Men's field hockey became a permanent feature at the next Olympic Games, the 1928 Games in Amsterdam.

For a long time, India dominated the Olympics, winning the men's gold medal in seven out of eight Olympics from 1928 to 1964. Later, Pakistan was also dominant, winning three gold and three silver medals between 1956 and 1984. India lost their dominance after the 1980s and Pakistan after the 1990s. India won their last gold medal in 1980 and Pakistan in 1984 Games.

Since 1968, various teams from around the world have seen gold-medal success at the Olympics. Since 1968, several countries in the Southern Hemisphere have won various medals in men's and women's field hockey, including Australia, New Zealand, Argentina, and Zimbabwe. A leading group of teams from the Northern Hemisphere has come from the Netherlands and from Germany.

Spain has appeared in the most Olympic men's competitions without winning the men's gold medal, having won silver three times in 1980, 1996, 2008 and bronze once in 1960. Australia had competed in 11 Olympics without winning gold before breaking their streak in 2004.

The first women's Olympic field hockey competition was introduced by the IOC at the 1980 Summer Olympics. Olympic field hockey games were first played on artificial turf at the 1976 Montreal Olympic Games.

Until the 1988 Olympics the tournament was invitational but FIH introduced a qualification system since the 1992 games. India is the leading team in overall medal tally with 11 medals (8 gold, 1 silver and 2 bronze). India also lead in most number of gold medals.

MenEdit

SummariesEdit

Year Host Final Bronze medal match
Gold medal Score Silver medal Bronze medal Score Fourth place
1908
Details
London, Great Britain  
Great Britain

(England)
8–1  
Great Britain
(Ireland)
 
Great Britain
(Scotland)
 
Great Britain
(Wales)
[a]
1912 Stockholm, Sweden No tournament No tournament
1920
Details
Antwerp, Belgium  
Great Britain
[b]  
Denmark
 
Belgium
[b]  
France
1924 Paris, France No tournament No tournament
1928
Details
Amsterdam, Netherlands  
India
3–0  
Netherlands
 
Germany
3–0  
Belgium
1932
Details
Los Angeles, United States  
India
[c]  
Japan
 
United States
[c]
1936
Details
Berlin, Germany  
India
8–1  
Germany
 
Netherlands
4–3  
France
1948
Details
London, Great Britain  
India
4–0  
Great Britain
 
Netherlands
1–1
4–1
(Replay)
 
Pakistan
1952
Details
Helsinki, Finland  
India
6–1  
Netherlands
 
Great Britain
2–1  
Pakistan
1956
Details
Melbourne, Australia  
India
1–0  
Pakistan
 
United Team of Germany[d]
3–1  
Great Britain
1960
Details
Rome, Italy  
Pakistan
1–0  
India
 
Spain
2–1  
Great Britain
1964
Details
Tokyo, Japan  
India
1–0  
Pakistan
 
Australia
3–2
after extra time
 
Spain
1968
Details
Mexico City, Mexico  
Pakistan
2–1  
Australia
 
India
2–1  
West Germany
1972
Details
Munich, West Germany  
West Germany
1–0  
Pakistan
 
India
2–1  
Netherlands
1976
Details
Montreal, Canada  
New Zealand
1–0  
Australia
 
Pakistan
3–2  
Netherlands
1980
Details
Moscow, Soviet Union  
India
4–3  
Spain
 
Soviet Union
2–1  
Poland
1984
Details
Los Angeles, United States  
Pakistan
2–1
after extra time
 
West Germany
 
Great Britain
3–2  
Australia
1988
Details
Seoul, South Korea  
Great Britain
3–1  
West Germany
 
Netherlands
2–1  
Australia
1992
Details
Barcelona, Spain  
Germany
2–1  
Australia
 
Pakistan
4–3  
Netherlands
1996
Details
Atlanta, United States  
Netherlands
3–1  
Spain
 
Australia
3–2  
Germany
2000
Details
Sydney, Australia  
Netherlands
3–3
(5–4)
Penalty strokes
 
South Korea
 
Australia
6–3  
Pakistan
2004
Details
Athens, Greece  
Australia
2–1
after extra time
 
Netherlands
 
Germany
4–3
after extra time
 
Spain
2008
Details
Beijing, China  
Germany
1–0  
Spain
 
Australia
6–2  
Netherlands
2012
Details
London, Great Britain  
Germany
2–1  
Netherlands
 
Australia
3–1  
Great Britain
2016
Details
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil  
Argentina
4–2  
Belgium
 
Germany
1–1
(4–3)
Penalty shootout
 
Netherlands
2020
Details
Tokyo, Japan

Top four statisticsEdit

Team Winners Runners-up Third place Fourth place
  India[e] 8 (1928, 1932, 1936, 1948, 1952, 1956, 1964, 1980) 1 (1960) 2 (1968, 1972)
  Germany[f] 4 (1972, 1992, 2008, 2012) 3 (1936, 1984, 1988) 4 (1928, 1956, 2004, 2016) 2 (1968, 1996)
  Pakistan 3 (1960, 1968, 1984) 3 (1956, 1964, 1972) 2 (1976, 1992) 3 (1948, 1952, 2000)
  Great Britain 3 (1908*, 1920, 1988) 2 (1908*, 1948) 4 (1908*, 1908*, 1952, 1984) 3 (1956, 1960, 2012*)
  Netherlands 2 (1996, 2000) 4 (1928*, 1962, 2004, 2012) 3 (1936, 1948, 1988) 5 (1972, 1976, 1992, 2008, 2016)
  Australia 1 (2004) 3 (1968, 1976, 1992) 5 (1964, 1996, 2000*, 2008, 2012) 2 (1984, 1988)
  Argentina 1 (2016)
  New Zealand 1 (1976)
  Spain 3 (1980, 1996, 2008) 1 (1960) 2 (1964, 2004)
  Belgium 1 (2016) 1 (1920*) 1 (1928)
  Denmark 1 (1920)
  Japan 1 (1932)
  South Korea 1 (2000)
  Soviet Union 1 (1980*)
  United States 1 (1932*)
  France 2 (1920, 1936)
  Poland 1 (1980)
* = host nation

Team appearancesEdit

Team  
1908
 
1920
 
1928
 
1932
 
1936
 
1948
 
1952
 
1956
 
1960
 
1964
 
1968
 
1972
 
1976
 
1980
 
1984
 
1988
 
1992
 
1996
 
2000
 
2004
 
2008
 
2012
 
2016
 
2020
Total
  Afghanistan 6th 8th 11th 3
  Argentina 5th 14th 14th 11th 8th 11th 9th 8th 11th 10th 1st Q 12
  Australia 5th 6th 3rd 2nd 5th 2nd 4th 4th 2nd 3rd 3rd 1st 3rd 3rd 6th Q 16
  Austria 9th 8th 7th 3
  Belgium 3rd 4th 9th 5th 9th 7th 11th 11th 9th 10th 9th 9th 5th 2nd Q 15
  Brazil 12th 1
  Canada 13th 10th 12th 11th 10th 10th 11th Q 8
  China 11th 1
  CIS 10th Defunct 1
  Cuba 5th 1
  Denmark 2nd 5th 10th 11th 16th 5
  East Germany 11th Defunct 1
  Egypt 12th 12th 2
  England 1st Part of Great Britain 1
  Finland 9th 1
  France 6th 4th 5th 4th 8th 11th 10th 10th 12th 9
  Great Britain 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 4th 9th 12th 6th 3rd 1st 6th 7th 6th 9th 5th 4th 9th Q 18
  Germany 5th 3rd 2nd 5th 1st 4th 5th 3rd 1st 1st 3rd Q 12
  Hong Kong 15th 1
  Hungary 8th 1
  India 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 2nd 1st 3rd 3rd 7th 1st 5th 6th 7th 8th 7th 7th 12th 8th Q 21
  Ireland 2nd 10th 2
  Italy 11th 13th 2
Team  
1908
 
1920
 
1928
 
1932
 
1936
 
1948
 
1952
 
1956
 
1960
 
1964
 
1968
 
1972
 
1976
 
1980
 
1984
 
1988
 
1992
 
1996
 
2000
 
2004
 
2008
 
2012
 
2016
 
2020
Total
  Japan 2nd 7th 14th 7th 13th Q 6
  Kenya 10th 7th 6th 8th 13th 9th 12th 7
  Malaysia 9th 9th 15th 8th 8th 10th 9th 11th 11th 9
  Mexico 16th 16th 2
  Netherlands 2nd 3rd 3rd 2nd 9th 7th 5th 4th 4th 6th 3rd 4th 1st 1st 2nd 4th 2nd 4th Q 19
  New Zealand 6th 5th 13th 7th 9th 1st 7th 8th 6th 7th 9th 7th Q 13
  Pakistan 4th 4th 2nd 1st 2nd 1st 2nd 3rd 1st 5th 3rd 6th 4th 5th 8th 7th 16
  Poland 6th 12th 11th 4th 12th 5
  Scotland 3rd Part of Great Britain 1
  Singapore 8th 1
  South Africa 10th 10th 12th 11th Q 5
  South Korea 10th 5th 2nd 8th 6th 8th 6
  Soviet Union# 3rd 7th Defunct 2
  Spain 7th 11th 3rd 4th 6th 7th 6th 2nd 8th 9th 5th 2nd 9th 4th 2nd 6th 5th Q 18
   Switzerland 7th 5th 5th 7th 15th 5
  Tanzania 6th 1
  Uganda 15th 1
  United Team of Germany 3rd 7th 5th Defunct 3
  United States 3rd 11th 11th 12th 11th 12th 6
  Wales 3rd Part of Great Britain 1
  West Germany 4th 1st 5th 2nd 2nd Defunct 5
  Zimbabwe 11th 1
Total 6 4 9 3 11 13 12 12 16 15 16 16 11 6 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 270
# = states or teams that have since split into two or more independent nations

45 teams have competed in at least one Olympic Games.

WomenEdit

SummariesEdit

Year Host Final Bronze medal match
Gold medal Score Silver medal Bronze medal Score Fourth place
1980
Details
Moscow, Soviet Union  
Zimbabwe
[g]  
Czechoslovakia
 
Soviet Union
[g]  
India
1984
Details
Los Angeles, United States  
Netherlands
[h]  
West Germany
 
United States
(10–5)
Penalty strokes[i]
 
Australia
1988
Details
Seoul, South Korea  
Australia
2–0  
South Korea
 
Netherlands
3–1  
Great Britain
1992
Details
Barcelona, Spain  
Spain
2–1
after extra time
 
Germany
 
Great Britain
4–3  
South Korea
1996
Details
Atlanta, United States  
Australia
3–1  
South Korea
 
Netherlands
0–0
(4–3)
Penalty strokes
 
Great Britain
2000
Details
Sydney, Australia  
Australia
3–1  
Argentina
 
Netherlands
2–0  
Spain
2004
Details
Athens, Greece  
Germany
2–1  
Netherlands
 
Argentina
1–0  
China
2008
Details
Beijing, China  
Netherlands
2–0  
China
 
Argentina
3–1  
Germany
2012
Details
London, Great Britain  
Netherlands
2–0  
Argentina
 
Great Britain
3–1  
New Zealand
2016
Details
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil  
Great Britain
3–3
(2–0)
Penalty shootout
 
Netherlands
 
Germany
2–1  
New Zealand
2020
Details
Tokyo, Japan

Top four statisticsEdit

Team Winners Runners-up Third place Fourth place
  Netherlands 3 (1984, 2008, 2012) 2 (2004, 2016) 3 (1988, 1996, 2000)
  Australia 3 (1988, 1996, 2000*) 1 (1984)
  Germany[j] 1 (2004) 2 (1984, 1992) 1 (2016) 1 (2008)
  Great Britain 1 (2016) 2 (1992, 2012*) 2 (1988, 1996)
  Spain 1 (1992*) 1 (2000)
  Zimbabwe 1 (1980)
  Argentina 2 (2000, 2012) 2 (2004, 2008)
  South Korea 2 (1988*, 1996) 1 (1992)
  China 1 (2008*) 1 (2004)
  Czechoslovakia 1 (1980)
  Soviet Union 1 (1980*)
  United States 1 (1984*)
  New Zealand 2 (2012, 2016)
  India 1 (1980)
* = host nation

Debut of teamsEdit

Year Debutants Total
1980   Austria,   Czechoslovakia *,   India,   Poland,   Soviet Union *,   Zimbabwe 6
1984   Australia,   Canada,   Netherlands,   New Zealand,   United States,   West Germany * 6
1988   Argentina,   Great Britain,   South Korea 3
1992   Germany #,   Spain 1 (+1)
1996 No debuts 0
2000   China,   South Africa 2
2004 No debuts 0
2008   Japan 1
2012   Belgium 1
2016 No debuts 0
2020   Ireland 1
Total 21 (+1^)
* = Defunct Team
# = Germany is official successor of West Germany

Team appearancesEdit

Team  
1980
 
1984
 
1988
 
1992
 
1996
 
2000
 
2004
 
2008
 
2012
 
2016
 
2020
Total
  Argentina 7th 7th 2nd 3rd 3rd 2nd 7th Q 8
  Australia 4th 1st 5th 1st 1st 5th 5th 5th 6th Q 10
  Austria 5th 1
  Belgium 11th 1
  Canada 5th 6th 7th 3
  Czechoslovakia# 2nd Defunct 1
  China 5th 4th 2nd 6th 9th Q 6
  Germany 2nd 6th 7th 1st 4th 7th 3rd Q 8
  Great Britain 4th 3rd 4th 8th 6th 3rd 1st Q 8
  India 4th 12th Q 3
  Ireland Q 1
  Japan 8th 10th 9th 10th Q 5
  Netherlands 1st 3rd 6th 3rd 3rd 2nd 1st 1st 2nd Q 10
  New Zealand 6th 8th 6th 6th 12th 4th 4th Q 8
  Poland 6th 1
  South Africa 10th 9th 11th 10th Q 5
  South Korea 2nd 4th 2nd 9th 7th 9th 8th 11th 8
  Soviet Union# 3rd Defunct 1
  Spain 1st 8th 4th 10th 7th 8th Q 7
  United States 3rd 8th 5th 8th 12th 5th 6
  West Germany 2nd 5th Defunct 2
  Zimbabwe 1st 1
Total 6 6 8 8 8 10 10 12 12 12 12 104
# = states that have since split into two or more independent nations

Australia and the Netherlands are the only teams to have competed at almost every Olympic Games, except for only one edition; 21 teams have competed in at least one Olympic Games.

Medal tableEdit

 
The medal ceremony of the 1960 Summer Olympics in Rome

TotalEdit

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1  India (IND)[e]81211
2  Netherlands (NED)56617
3  Australia (AUS)43512
4  Great Britain (GBR)42612
5  Germany (GER)42410
6  Pakistan (PAK)3328
7  Spain (ESP)1315
8  West Germany (FRG)1304
9  Argentina (ARG)1225
10  New Zealand (NZL)1001
  Zimbabwe (ZIM)1001
12  South Korea (KOR)0303
13  Belgium (BEL)0112
14  China (CHN)0101
  Czechoslovakia (TCH)0101
  Denmark (DEN)0101
  Japan (JPN)0101
18  Soviet Union (URS)0022
  United States (USA)0022
20  United Team of Germany (EUA)0011
Totals (20 nations)333334100

MenEdit

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1  India[e]81211
2  Pakistan3328
3  Great Britain3249
4  Germany3137
5  Netherlands2439
6  Australia1359
7  West Germany1203
8  Argentina1001
  New Zealand1001
10  Spain0314
11  Belgium0112
12  Denmark0101
  Japan0101
  South Korea0101
15  Soviet Union0011
  United States0011
  United Team of Germany0011
Totals (17 nations)23232470

WomenEdit

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1  Netherlands3238
2  Australia3003
3  Germany1113
4  Great Britain1023
5  Spain1001
  Zimbabwe1001
7  Argentina0224
8  South Korea0202
9  China0101
  Czechoslovakia0101
  West Germany0101
12  Soviet Union0011
  United States0011
Totals (13 nations)10101030

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ There was no bronze medal match for the 1908 Games in London.
  2. ^ a b The 1920 tournament was played in a round-robin format, so there were no gold medal or bronze medal matches.
  3. ^ a b Three teams participated in the 1932 tournament, so they played a round-robin format.
  4. ^ The United Team of Germany was the combined team from West Germany and East Germany that competed together at the Olympic Games from 1956 to 1964. Then each country sent independent teams from 1968 to 1988.
  5. ^ a b c Includes three gold medals as British India
  6. ^ Includes results representing the United Team of Germany from 1956 to 1964 and West Germany from 1968 to 1988
  7. ^ a b Round-robin format play in 1980 for women's tournament
  8. ^ Round Robin format use in 1984 women's tournament
  9. ^ The final standings show both the United States and Australia were tied in points and had same margin in goal difference (both having scored 9 goals and conceded 7 goals), therefore a penalty stroke competition was played to decide the bronze medal winner, with the United States winning.
  10. ^ Includes representing West Germany from 1984 to 1988