Field hockey at the 1948 Summer Olympics

The field hockey tournament at the 1948 Summer Olympics was the sixth edition of the field hockey event at the Summer Olympics.[1]

Field hockey
at the Games of the XIV Olympiad
Field hockey pictogram.svg
Venues4
Dates31 July – 13 August
No. of events1
Competitors187 from 13 nations
Teams13
Medalists
1st place, gold medalist(s)  India
2nd place, silver medalist(s)  Great Britain
3rd place, bronze medalist(s)  Netherlands
← 1936
1952 →

In five Olympic hockey tournaments, there had only been two different winners, but Britain and India had never competed together at the Olympics. In fact, the two nations had never played each other, the British fearing embarrassment as their (former) colony was considered the better team. There was no question the UK would again be absent at their home Olympics, although there were some organizational difficulties. First of all, the four British nations were independently affiliated with the international federation FIH and were not very keen on cooperating. Also, there were no hockey grounds to train on, as these were used by cricketers during the summer. Still, they managed to put together a team, the first real British hockey team at the Olympics (the 1908 and 1920 champions had been composed entirely of English players). Their captain was the versatile Norman Borrett, a first-class cricketer and national squash champion who once qualified for Wimbledon but didn't have time to compete.

The fixtures were announced on 19 June 1948.[2] Revised fixtures were announced on 28 July.[3] Britain and India were seeded, along with Pakistan and the Netherlands. Pakistan had only separated from India the previous year and made their first Olympic appearance in London. One of the team members, Ali Iqtidar Shah Dara, had been on the golden Indian team of 1936. All four ranked teams made the semis, although the Brits were held to a goalless draw by Switzerland, and Pakistan crushed the Dutch 6-1 in their group match. The semi-finals were close, and British observers considered the Indians to be lucky to get away with a 2-1 win against the Dutch. With Britain beating Pakistan, the gold medal match would finally see India play the Britons. Completely focused on its defense, Britain was unable to keep up with the fast-paced Indians, and they lost it 4-0. The bronze went to the Netherlands, beating Pakistan 4-2 in a replay of the first 3rd place match, which had ended in a draw.[4]

Participating nationsEdit

(*) NOTE: There are only players counted, which participated in one game at least.
(H) Host

SquadsEdit

A total of 187(*) field hockey players from 13 nations competed at the London Games

ResultsEdit

Group stageEdit

The first of each group and also the second of Group C qualified for the Semi-finals.

 
Ticket for the 1948 Summer Olympics Hockey Match at the Empire Stadium Wembley

Group AEdit

Pos Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Qualification
1   India 3 3 0 0 19 1 +18 6 Semi-finals
2   Argentina 3 1 1 1 5 12 −7 3
3   Austria 3 0 2 1 2 10 −8 2
4   Spain 3 0 1 2 3 6 −3 1
31 July 1948
India   8–0   Austria
Babu   ?'?'
Jansen   ?'?'?'?'
Kishan   ?'
Rodrigues   ?'
Report
Lyons Sports Ground

2 August 1948
Spain   2–3   Argentina
Gasset   ?'
Pratsmasó   ?'
Report Márquez   17'30'31'

4 August 1948
Spain   1–1   Austria
4 August 1948
India   9–1   Argentina
Singh Sr.   11'?'?'?'
Jansen   ?'?'?'
Lal   ?'?'
Report Márquez  
Guinness Sports Ground
Umpires:
Domselaar (NED)
Chanu (FRA)

6 August 1948
India   2–0   Spain
T. Singh   ?'
Singh Sr.   ?'
Report
Polytechnic Ground
Umpires:
Domselaar (NED) and Whitelaw (GBR)
6 August 1948
Austria   1–1   Argentina

Group BEdit

Pos Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Qualification
1   Great Britain (H) 3 2 1 0 19 0 +19 5 Semi-finals
2    Switzerland 3 1 2 0 4 2 +2 4
3   Afghanistan 3 1 1 1 3 9 −6 3
4   United States 3 0 0 3 1 16 −15 0
Source:[citation needed]
(H) Host


31 July 1948
Great Britain   0–0    Switzerland

3 August 1948
Afghanistan   2–0   United States

5 August 1948
Great Britain   11–0   United States
5 August 1948
Afghanistan   1–1    Switzerland
Mangal   Report Grolimund   70'
Lyons Sports Ground
Umpires:
Ali Shaikh (PAK)
Husted (DEN)

7 August 1948
Switzerland    3–1   United States
7 August 1948
Great Britain   8–0   Afghanistan
Lyons Sports Ground
Umpires:
Basir Ali Shaikh (PAK)
Rogge (NED)

Group CEdit

Pos Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Qualification
1   Pakistan 4 4 0 0 20 3 +17 8 Semi-finals
2   Netherlands 4 3 0 1 11 8 +3 6
3   Belgium 4 2 0 2 6 8 −2 4
4   France 4 0 1 3 4 9 −5 1
5   Denmark 4 0 1 3 4 17 −13 1
31 July 1948
Denmark   2–2   France
31 July 1948
Netherlands   4–1   Belgium

2 August 1948
Netherlands   4–1   Denmark
2 August 1948
Pakistan   2–1   Belgium
Dara  
MA Khan  
Report H. Delaval   10'

3 August 1948
Pakistan   9–0   Denmark
Aziz   5'?'?'?'?'?'?'?'
Dara  
Report
3 August 1948
Netherlands   2–0   France

5 August 1948
Belgium   2–1   Denmark
5 August 1948
Pakistan   3–1   France
Malik   33'
Dara   38'53'
Report Lacroix   ?'
Lyons Sports Ground
Umpires:
Cowlishaw (GBR) and Allen (GBR)

7 August 1948
Pakistan   6–1   Netherlands
Dara   3'?'?'?'
Hamid   3'
Razzaq  
Report Kruize  
7 August 1948
Belgium   2–1   France

FinalsEdit

 
Final—India v. Great Britain at the Empire Stadium, Wembley, Thursday, August 12th. India scoring their third goal.
 
Semi-finalsGold medal match
 
      
 
9 August
 
 
  India2
 
12 August
 
  Netherlands1
 
  India4
 
9 August
 
  Great Britain0
 
  Great Britain2
 
 
  Pakistan0
 
Bronze medal match
 
 
12 August / 13 August
 
 
  Netherlands (replay)1 / 4
 
 
  Pakistan1 / 1

Semi-finalsEdit

9 August 1948
Great Britain   2–0   Pakistan
White   55'
Adlard   60'
Report
Wembley Stadium
Umpires:
Weymann (SUI)
Husted (DEN)

9 August 1948
India   2–1   Netherlands
Jansen   ?'
Babu   30'
Report Bromberg   ?'
Wembley Stadium
Umpires:
Allen (GBR)
Gyles (GBR)

Bronze medal matchEdit

12 August 1948
16:30
Netherlands   1–1 (a.e.t.)   Pakistan
Kruize   37' Report Hamid   12'
Wembley Stadium
Umpires:
Cowlishaw (GBR)
Allen (GBR)

13 August 1948
Netherlands   4–1   Pakistan
Boerstra   32'
Bromberg   38'
Kruize  
Esser  
Report MA Khan   31'
Lyons Sports Ground
Umpires:
Cowlishaw (GBR)
Allen (GBR)

Gold medal matchEdit

12 August 1948 (1948-08-12)
18:00
Great Britain   0–4   India
Report Singh Sr.   3'55'
Jansen   10'
T. Singh   66'
Wembley Stadium
Umpires:
Rogge (NED)
Lombaert (BEL)

Final StandingsEdit

Rank Team
    India
    Great Britain
    Netherlands
4   Pakistan
5   Argentina
   Switzerland
  Belgium
8   Austria
  Afghanistan
  France
11   Spain
  United States
  Denmark

Medal summaryEdit

Gold Silver Bronze
  India (IND)
Leslie Claudius
Keshav Dutt
Walter D'Souza
Lawrie Fernandes
Ranganathan Francis
Gerry Glackan
Akhtar Hussain
Patrick Jansen
Amir Kumar
Kishan Lal (c)
Leo Pinto
Jaswant Singh Rajput
Latif-ur-Rehman
Reginald Rodrigues
Balbir Singh Sr.
Randhir Singh Gentle
Grahanandan Singh
K. D. Singh (vc)
Trilochan Singh
Maxie Vaz
Jaswant Rai
  Great Britain (GBR)
Robert Adlard
Norman Borrett
David Brodie
Ronald Davis
W O Greene
William Griffiths
E J E Hitchman
Frederick Lindsay
William Lindsay
John Peake
Frank Reynolds
George Sime (c)
D B Thomas
Michael Walford
P Whitbread
William White
A H Young[5]
  Netherlands (NED)
André Boerstra
Henk Bouwman
Piet Bromberg
Harry Derckx
Han Drijver
Dick Esser
Roepie Kruize
Jenne Langhout
Dick Loggere
Ton Richter
Eddy Tiel
Wim van Heel

Note: The International Olympic Committee medal database shows also only these players as medalists. They all played at least one match during the tournament. The reserve players are not listed as medalists.

See alsoEdit

  • Gold (2018 film), about the Indian national hockey team at the 1948 Summer Olympics

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Evans, Hilary; Gjerde, Arild; Heijmans, Jeroen; Mallon, Bill; et al. "Hockey at the 1948 London Summer Games". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Archived from the original on 17 April 2020. Retrieved 13 September 2019.
  2. ^ "OLYMPIC HOCKEY FIXTURES". Malaya Tribune. 21 June 1948. p. 7.
  3. ^ "HOCKEY DRAW". Malaya Tribune. 29 July 1948. p. 8.
  4. ^ Mens Hockey at Sports Reference
  5. ^ "Our Hockey Correspondent. "Hockey." Times [London, England] 7 July 1948". The Times.


Coordinates: 51°33′20″N 0°16′47″W / 51.5556°N 0.2797°W / 51.5556; -0.2797