Ivan Joseph Martin Osiier
Dr. Ivan Joseph Martin Osiier, (December 16, 1888 – December 23, 1965), was a Danish Olympic medalist, and world champion, fencer who fenced foil, épée, and saber. Osiier is one of very few athletes who have received the Olympic Diploma of Merit. He is also one of only four athletes who have competed in the Olympics over a span of 40 years.
|Olympic medal record|
|1912 Stockholm||Individual epée|
Osiier was born in Copenhagen, Denmark, and was Jewish. His parents were Martin Moses Meyer Osiier (1861-1933) and Hanne Henriette Ruben (1865-1922). He was married to Ellen Osiier, who became the first female Olympic fencing champion by winning the women's foil at the 1924 Summer Olympics.
He attended the secondary school Borgerdydskolen (The School of Civic Virtue) in Copenhagen, and later studied medicine. He was a surgeon at Garrison Hospital in Copenhagen in 1915-17. He later served as a physician. He was forced to flee Denmark during the Nazi occupation of Denmark due to his being Jewish, and went to Sweden where he worked at Saint Göran Hospital. Osiier began his athletic career as an oarsman, a sport in which he enjoyed considerable success.
Danish National ChampionshipsEdit
Osiier won a total of 25 Danish National Championships in all 3 fencing weapons — foil, épée, and sabre. He won the Danish foil championship in 1913, 1915, 1917–19, 1923–24, and 1927–29. He was also the national épée champion in 1915–17, 1927–28, and the sabre champion in 1913, 1916–20, 1922–23, 1928–29.
He first competed in the 1908 London Olympics, reaching the 2nd round in the individual épée competition (he finished 18th), while Denmark lost in the team competition to France and Great Britain.
Osiier competed in the Stockholm Olympiad in 1912 in all three fencing weapons (foil, épée, and sabre), and won the only medal of his Olympic career. In the individual épée, he finished in 2nd place to capture the silver medal by winning five of seven matches in the finals (Belgian fencer Paul Anspach won the gold medal). At Stockholm, Osiier also was eliminated in the 1st round of both the individual and team sabre competitions. In individual foil, he advanced to the semifinals before being eliminated, and finished 20th.
His next Olympic competition took place in 1920 at the Antwerp Games, because the Olympics were cancelled in 1916 due to World War I. There, he competed in three events, and made the finals in all three. He finished in 4th place in the team foil event, 6th place in team sabre, and 8th in the individual foil event.
At the 1924 Paris Olympics, Osiier competed reached the finals in individual foil by winning his pool in the first 4 rounds. In the finals, he was victorious in only one bout (out of six), and finished in 6th place. He also finished in 6th place in individual sabre after winning two of seven matches in the final pool (he again won all his earlier pools). In the team events, Denmark reached the semifinals in foil before losing to Italy and Belgium, and were eliminated in the quarterfinals in épée.
At the 1928 Amsterdam Olympics, Osiier competed in five fencing events (every event Denmark entered). In the individual sabre competition, he reached the semifinals. In individual foil, he won his elimination pool, but was again eliminated in the semifinals after finishing 5th in his pool. Denmark was eliminated in the quarterfinals in team foil, but not because of Osiier, who won 16 of 20 bouts in the competition. In épée he got no further than the semifinals. Denmark was eliminated in the first round of the team épée, although Osiier won five of his eight bouts.
Osiier competed in five events again at the 1932 Los Angeles Olympics. The Danish épée team reached the semifinals before they were eliminated by the United States, despite Osier winning all four of his bouts (the match ended 8–8, but the U.S. had fewer touches received and therefore won). He reached the finals in the team foil event, and placed 4th after Denmark lost to Italy (4–12), France (6–10), and the United States (7–9). Osier also competed in the individual foil and reached the semifinals before being eliminated. In the sabre events, Osier reached the final and placed 7th overall, while the Danish team lost to Hungary (1–11) in the first round (Osiier registered Denmark's only victory in the match).
At the age of 59, Osiier returned to Olympic competition once more, in 1948 at the London Games, 40 years after first participating in the Olympics. He fenced in only one event, the team épée, and Denmark was eliminated in the first round.
He served as the longtime head of the Denmark Fencing Federation.
Hall of FameEdit
- Taylor, Paul (2004). Jews and the Olympic Games: The Clash Between Sport and Politics – With a Complete Review of Jewish Olympic Medalists. Sussex Academic Press. p. 238 – via Google Books.
- Ivan Osiier Bio, Stats, and Results | Olympics at Sports-Reference.com
- The International Jewish Sports Hall of Fame - Joseph M. Siegman
- The Jewish Contribution to the 20th Century
- Encyclopedia of Jews in Sports - Bernard Postal, Jesse Silver, Roy Silver
- Ivan Osiier | Gyldendal - Den Store Danske
- Olympic History for Families
- Osiier, Ivan: Jews In Sports
- Ivan Osiier
- Taneja, Anil (2009). World of Sports Indoor. Gyan Publishing House. p. 123 – via Google Books.
- The Olympics at the Millennium: Power, Politics, and the Games
- The Extinguished Flame: Olympians Killed in The Great War - Nigel McCrery
- Ellen Osiier Bio, Stats, and Results | Olympics at Sports-Reference.com
- Glenday, Craig, ed. (2012). "Guinness World Records 2012". Bantam Books. p. 447.
- "Ivan Osiier". jewishsports.net.