Sir Steven Geoffrey Redgrave CBE DL (born 23 March 1962) is a retired British rower who won gold medals at five consecutive Olympic Games from 1984 to 2000. He has also won three Commonwealth Games gold medals and nine World Rowing Championships golds. He is the most successful male rower in Olympic history, and the only man to have won gold medals at five Olympic Games in an endurance sport.
Redgrave in 2011
|Full name||Steven Geoffrey Redgrave|
|Born||23 March 1962|
Marlow, Buckinghamshire, UK
|Education||Great Marlow School|
|Height||6 ft 4.75 in (1.95 m)|
|Weight||16 st 2 lb (103 kg) (2000)|
|Club||Marlow Rowing Club |
|Team||GB Rowing Team|
|Coached by||Mike Spracklen |
|Updated on 6 November 2016.|
Redgrave is regarded as one of Britain's greatest-ever Olympians. As of 2016 he was the fourth-most decorated British Olympian, after cyclists Sir Chris Hoy, Jason Kenny and Sir Bradley Wiggins. He has carried the British flag at the opening of the Olympic Games on two occasions. In 2002, he was ranked number 36 in the BBC poll of the 100 Greatest Britons. He received the BBC Sports Personality of the Year – Lifetime Achievement Award in 2011.
Early life and educationEdit
Redgrave was born in Marlow, Buckinghamshire, to Geoffrey Edward Redgrave, a submariner in the Second World War who became a builder, and Sheila Marion, daughter of Harold Stevenson, a local bus driver. His great-grandparents Harry and Susannah Redgrave moved to Marlow from Bramfield, Suffolk in 1887. He was educated at Great Marlow School.
From 1991, the crews in which he rowed became renowned for their consistent dominance, winning almost every time they raced.
Immediately after winning the 1996 Olympic Gold Medal, he stated that if anyone found him close to a rowing boat again, they could shoot him. However, he changed his mind shortly afterward, and resumed training after a four-month break.
In 2000, he won his fifth consecutive Olympic Gold Medal and retired from the sport. In August 2000, prior to his final Olympic Games, the BBC broadcast Gold Fever, a three-part BBC documentary which had followed the coxless four in the years leading up to the Olympics. It included video diaries recording the highs and lows in the quest for gold. At the medal ceremony after the 2000 Summer Olympics he was also presented with a gold Olympic pin by IOC President Juan Antonio Samaranch in recognition of his achievement.
At the World Rowing Championships he won nine gold medals, two silvers, and a bronze.
Henley Royal RegattaEdit
He competed at Henley Royal Regatta for more than two decades, winning: the Silver Goblets & Nickalls' Challenge Cup for coxless pairs seven times (twice with Andy Holmes, once with Simon Berrisford and four times with Matthew Pinsent); the Stewards' Challenge Cup for coxless fours five times; the Diamond Challenge Sculls twice; the Double Sculls Challenge Cup with Eric Sims then with Adam Clift; and the Queen Mother Challenge Cup for quadruple sculls.
He won the Wingfield Sculls for single scullers five times between 1985 and 1989.
Life after rowingEdit
He starred in Top Ground Gear Force for Sport Relief in 2008, where the Top Gear Team (Jeremy Clarkson, James May and Richard Hammond) took on Ground Force with predictable results, and trashed his garden.
In April 2008, Redgrave took part in the Olympic Torch relay for the games in Beijing, and he went on to be one of the final torch-bearers for the 2012 Summer Olympics in London, carrying the torch into the stadium, where seven young athletes shared the task of lighting the cauldron at the opening ceremony.
He was named a Patron of the Jaguar Academy of Sport in 2010.
In August 2014, Redgrave was one of 200 public figures who were signatories to a letter to The Guardian expressing their hope that Scotland would vote to remain part of the United Kingdom in September's referendum on that issue.
He married Ann Callaway (now Ann, Lady Redgrave) in 1988; an accomplished rower in her own right, she represented Great Britain in the women's eight at the Los Angeles Olympics in 1984 and was Chief Medical Officer to the GB rowing team from 1992 to 2001 and since 2009 their first full-time Medical Officer. He is the honorary president of British Rowing.
Steven and Ann Redgrave have three children, Natalie, Sophie and Zac. Natalie rowed with the Oxford University Women's Boat Club which won the women's boat race at Henley Boat Races in 2011.
The Redgrave Pinsent Rowing Lake was opened by him and Matthew Pinsent in 2006. The lake and boathouse provide training, medical and scientific facilities for the GB rowing squad.
He was awarded the BBC Sports – Lifetime Achievement Award in 2011.
He is commemorated at Burnham Grammar School, Redbridge Community School and Broadlands Science and Engineering School as one of the four houses there. At Linton Village College in Cambridgeshire and Woodcote High School in Croydon, there is a school faculty (house) named after him.
Styles and honoursEdit
- Mr Steven Redgrave (1962–1987)
- Mr Steven Redgrave MBE (1987–1997)
- Mr Steven Redgrave CBE (1997–2001)
- Sir Steven Redgrave CBE (2001–)
- Olympic medals: 5 gold, 1 bronze
- World Championship medals: 9 gold, 2 silver, 1 bronze
- Junior World Championship medals: 1 silver
- 2000 – Gold, Coxless Four (with Matthew Pinsent, Tim Foster, James Cracknell)
- 1996 – Gold, Coxless Pair (with Matthew Pinsent)
- 1992 – Gold, Coxless Pair (with Matthew Pinsent)
- 1988 – Gold, Coxless Pair (with Andy Holmes)
- 1988 – Bronze, Coxed Pair (with Andy Holmes and Patrick Sweeney)
- 1984 – Gold, Coxed Four (with Martin Cross, Adrian Ellison, Andy Holmes and Richard Budgett).
World Rowing ChampionshipsEdit
- 1999 – Gold, Coxless Four (with James Cracknell, Ed Coode, Matthew Pinsent)
- 1998 – Gold, Coxless Four (with James Cracknell, Tim Foster, Matthew Pinsent)
- 1997 – Gold, Coxless Four (with James Cracknell, Tim Foster, Matthew Pinsent)
- 1995 – Gold, Coxless Pair (with Matthew Pinsent)
- 1994 – Gold, Coxless Pair (with Matthew Pinsent)
- 1993 – Gold, Coxless Pair (with Matthew Pinsent)
- 1991 – Gold, Coxless Pair (with Matthew Pinsent)
- 1990 – Bronze, Coxless Pair (with Matthew Pinsent)
- 1989 – Silver, Coxless Pairs (with Simon Berrisford)
- 1989 – 5th, Coxed Pairs (with Simon Berrisford and Patrick Sweeney)
- 1987 – Gold, Coxless Pairs (with Andy Holmes)
- 1987 – Silver, Coxed Pairs (with Andy Holmes and Patrick Sweeney)
- 1986 – Gold, Coxed Pairs (with Andy Holmes and Patrick Sweeney)
- 1985 – 12th, Single Sculls
- 1983 – Single Sculls
- 1982 – 6th, Quadruple Scull
- 1981 – 8th, Quadruple Scull
Junior World Rowing ChampionshipsEdit
- 1980 – Silver, Double Sculls
- 1979 – Single Sculls
Henley Royal RegattaEdit
- 2001 – Queen Mother Challenge Cup
- 2000 – Stewards' Challenge Cup
- 1999 – Stewards' Challenge Cup
- 1998 – Stewards' Challenge Cup
- 1997 – Stewards' Challenge Cup
- 1995 – Silver Goblets & Nickalls' Challenge Cup
- 1994 – Silver Goblets & Nickalls' Challenge Cup
- 1993 – Stewards' Challenge Cup
- 1993 – Silver Goblets & Nickalls' Challenge Cup
- 1991 – Silver Goblets & Nickalls' Challenge Cup
- 1989 – Silver Goblets & Nickalls' Challenge Cup
- 1987 – Silver Goblets & Nickalls' Challenge Cup
- 1986 – Silver Goblets & Nickalls' Challenge Cup
- 1985 – Diamond Challenge Sculls
- 1983 – Diamond Challenge Sculls
- 1982 – Double Sculls Challenge Cup
- 1981 – Double Sculls Challenge Cup
- 1996 – Winner of UK Celebrity Gladiators
- 2000 – BBC Sports Personality of the Year
- 2001 – Collected a knighthood from Queen Elizabeth II
- 2001 – Received an Honorary Doctorate from Heriot-Watt University
- 2010 – Awarded the degree of Hon. LLD from the University of St Andrews
- 2011 – BBC Sports – Lifetime Achievement Award
- 2012 – Carried the London 2012 Olympic Torch into the Olympic Stadium
- 2013 – Awarded an honorary doctorate by the University of Edinburgh "in recognition of his outstanding sporting achievements and role as a sports ambassador".
- Steve Redgrave: A Golden age (2000) with Nick Townsend (ghostwriter). ISBN 0-563-55182-8
- Steve Redgrave's Complete Book of Rowing (1992). ISBN 1-85225-124-7
- You Can Win At Life! (2005) with Nick Townsend. ISBN 0-563-48776-3.
- Inspired (2009). ISBN 978-0755319640
- Foreword to Diabetes: The at Your Fingertips Guide 5th edition (2003) ISBN 1-85959-087-X
- Jack Beresford, rower, Britain's most successful Olympian prior to Redgrave's fourth gold medal, with three gold and two silver medals from 1920 to 1936
- List of multiple Olympic gold medalists in one event
- List of people diagnosed with ulcerative colitis
- "Redgrave to end golden rowing career". ABC. Retrieved 28 July 2012
- "Queen honours Redgrave". BBC News. 1 May 2001.
- "Sir Steve steps out for diabetes". BBC News. 10 June 2001.
- Hart, Simon (6 September 2003). "Olympics: London want Redgrave in driving seat". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 24 May 2010.
- "BBC – Great Britons – Top 100". Internet Archive. Archived from the original on 4 December 2002. Retrieved 19 July 2017.
- Ancestry.com Steve Redgrave
- "Sir Steve Redgrave". Crohns and Colitis UK. Archived from the original on 20 October 2017. Retrieved 20 October 2017.
- Gallen, Ian W.; Redgrave, Ann; Redgrave, Sir Steven (July 2003). "Olympic Diabetes". Clinical Medicine. Royal College of Physicians. 3 (4): 333–337. doi:10.7861/clinmedicine.3-4-333. PMC 5351948.
- Bagchi, Rob (7 December 2011). "50 stunning Olympic moments No4: Steve Redgrave's fifth gold medal". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 6 January 2012.
- "Redgrave's Golden Glory". BBC. 23 September 2000. Retrieved 17 August 2012.
- CRASH-B Sprints World Indoor Rowing Championships Historical Winners Archived 18 August 2007 at the Wayback Machine
- "Steve Redgrave website". Retrieved 18 January 2011.
- Redgrave, to help nurture rowing in India, The Hindu, 14 June 2010
- Jaguar Academy of Sport. "Homepage". Archived from the original on 28 February 2012.
- "Sir Steve Redgrave quits Devizes to London canoe race". BBC News. 8 April 2012.
- Redgrave part of Diamond Jubilee celebrations
- "Celebrities' open letter to Scotland – full text and list of signatories". The Guardian. London. 7 August 2014. Retrieved 26 August 2014.
- "GB Rowing's Coaching line-up". British Rowing. 1 October 2008. Retrieved 3 August 2012.
- "Structure". British Rowing. Archived from the original on 20 January 2013. Retrieved 3 August 2012.
- "Natalie Redgrave helps Oxford win Women's Boat Race". BBC News. 27 March 2011. Retrieved 3 August 2012.
- "Steve Redgrave: My Family Values". The Guardian. 26 September 2012. Retrieved 3 August 2014.
- Quarrell, Rachel (3 March 2011). "Natalie Redgrave ready to follow her father's footsteps and take the plunge for Oxford in varsity Boat Race". The Daily Telegraph. London.
- "No. 56070". The London Gazette (Supplement). 30 December 2000. pp. 1–2.
- "No. 56313". The London Gazette. 24 August 2001. p. 10049.
- "Heriot Watt Annual Review". 2001. Archived from the original on 5 March 2016.
- "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 17 November 2015. Retrieved 6 April 2016.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
- "100 Greatest Sporting Moments – Results". Channel 4. Retrieved 5 February 2015.
- Quote taken from the programme notes of the ceremony in McEwan Hall, Edinburgh 8 October 2013
- "A celebration of achievement". Ed.ac.uk. Retrieved 26 August 2014.
- "Heriot-Watt University". www1.hw.ac.uk. Archived from the original on 13 April 2016. Retrieved 30 March 2016.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Steve Redgrave.|
- Official website
- Virtual Library rowing information
- Marlow information
- Steve Redgrave at FISA WorldRowing.com
- Video 1988 Pair (2-) Olympic race
- Video Sir Steve Redgrave discusses the key to a winning team
- Sir Steve Redgrave: myplace ambassador – creating places for young people to go to(video)
- The Sonshine of Our Lives: Sheila Redgrave tells the broader story of her son Sir Steve Redgrave
- Motion in Action Inspirational Story on Steve Redgrave