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World Rowing Championships

The World Rowing Championships is an international rowing regatta organized by FISA (the International Rowing Federation). It is a week-long event held at the end of the northern hemisphere summer and in non-Olympic years is the highlight of the international rowing calendar.

World Rowing Championships
Statusactive
GenreRowing World championship
Date(s)varying
Frequencyannual
Countryvarying
Inaugurated1962 (1962)
Most recent2019
Next event2020
Organised byFISA
Websitewww.worldrowing.com

HistoryEdit

The first event was held in Lucerne, Switzerland, in 1962.[1][2] The event then was held every four years until 1974, when it became an annual competition. Also in 1974, Men's lightweight and Women's open weight events were added to the championships.

Initially, Men's events were 2000 metres long and Women's events 1000 metres. At the 1984 World Championships in Montreal, Canada, Women's lightweight demonstration events were raced over a 2000-metre course for the first time. In 1985, Women's lightweight events were officially added to the schedule and all Men's and Women's events were contested over a 2000-metre course.

Since 1996, during (Summer) Olympic years, the World Rowing Junior Championships are held at the same time.

In 2002 adaptive rowing events were introduced for the following classes of disability: LTA (legs, trunk and arms), TA (trunk, arms), and A (arms-only). In 2009 the A category was replaced by AS (arms and shoulders), and an ID (intellectually disabled) category was added (but then removed after the 2011 Championships). From 2017 the designations AS, TA, and LTA have been changed to PR1, PR2, and PR3.[3]

BoatsEdit

Rowing takes place in 21 different boat classes, apart from during Olympic years when only non-Olympic boat classes race. National teams generally take less interest in the non-Olympic events, as the Olympic events are considered the "premier" events.

The table below shows the boat classes, "O" indicates the boat races at both the Olympics and World Championships. "WC" indicates this is only a World Championship event. After 2007, the coxed fours (4+) no longer runs as a world championship event. Similarly after 2011 the women's coxless four was no longer included, but it was reintroduced in 2013. Lightweight men's eight was removed after 2015.

As a result of the IOC's aim for gender parity, it has been agreed that for 2020 onwards the lightweight men's coxless four will be removed from the Olympics and replaced by women's coxless four.[4]

At the 2017 FISA Ordinary Congress there were further revisions, removing M2+ and LM4- from the World Championships, and reinstating LW2-.[5]

Boat Men Lwt Men Women Lwt Women
1x Single sculls O WC O WC
2x Double sculls O O O O
2- Coxless pairs O WC O WC
2+ Coxed pairs
4x Quad sculls O WC O WC
4- Coxless fours O O
4+ Coxed fours
8+ Eights O O

EditionsEdit

Edition Year Host City Country Events
1 1962 Lucerne    Switzerland 7
2 1966 Bled   Yugoslavia 7
3 1970 St. Catharines   Canada 7
4 1974 Lucerne    Switzerland 17
5 1975 Nottingham   Great Britain 17
6 1976 Villach   Austria 3
7 1977 Amsterdam   Netherlands 17
8 1978 Copenhagen   Denmark 4
8 1978 Cambridge   New Zealand 14
9 1979 Bled   Yugoslavia 18
10 1980 Hazewinkel   Belgium 4
11 1981 Munich   West Germany 18
12 1982 Lucerne    Switzerland 18
13 1983 Duisburg   West Germany 18
14 1984 Montreal   Canada 8
15 1985 Hazewinkel   Belgium 21
16 1986 Nottingham   Great Britain 21
17 1987 Copenhagen   Denmark 21
18 1988 Milan   Italy 7
19 1989 Bled   Yugoslavia 22
20 1990 Tasmania   Australia 22
21 1991 Vienna   Austria 22
22 1992 Montreal   Canada 8
23 1993 Račice   Czech Republic 23
24 1994 Indianapolis   United States 23
25 1995 Tampere   Finland 24
26 1996 Motherwell   Great Britain 10
27 1997 Aiguebelette   France 24
28 1998 Cologne   Germany 24
29 1999 St. Catharines   Canada 24
30 2000 Zagreb   Croatia 10
Edition Year Host City Country Events
31 2001 Lucerne    Switzerland 24
32 2002 Seville   Spain 24+2
33 2003 Milan   Italy 24+4
34 2004 Banyoles   Spain 9+3
35 2005 Kaizu   Japan 23+3
36 2006 Dorney   Great Britain 23+4
37 2007 Munich   Germany 23+4
38 2008 Ottensheim   Austria 8
39 2009 Poznań   Poland 22+5
40 2010 Cambridge   New Zealand 22+5
41 2011 Bled   Slovenia 22+5
42 2012 Plovdiv   Bulgaria 7
43 2013 Chungju   South Korea 22+5
44 2014 Amsterdam   Netherlands 22+5
45 2015 Aiguebelette   France 22+4
46 2016 Rotterdam   Netherlands 7+1
47 2017 Sarasota   United States 21+5
48 2018 Plovdiv   Bulgaria 20+9
49 2019 Ottensheim   Austria 20+9
50 2020 Bled   Slovenia
51 2021 Shanghai   China
52 2022 Račice   Czech Republic

Multiple editionsEdit

All-time medal tableEdit

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1  East Germany944525164
2  Italy856752204
3  Germany827270224
4  Great Britain667259197
5  United States657388226
6  New Zealand503126107
7  Australia474441132
8  Soviet Union354429108
9  Romania344344121
10  Denmark34273394
11  France304426100
12  Canada283444106
13  West Germany24232572
14  Netherlands184043101
15  China1692247
16   Switzerland15151545
17  Norway1471233
18  Poland12211548
19  Ireland128727
20  Belarus1161027
21  Bulgaria9121435
22  Austria861024
23  Czech Republic7151133
24  Greece7101027
25  Croatia75517
26  Spain671629
27  Slovenia45514
28  Hungary44614
29  Ukraine36514
30  Finland34411
31  Lithuania3227
32  Belgium27817
33  Sweden24612
34  South Africa2248
35  Russia18918
36  Chile1315
37  Japan1214
38  Argentina1157
39  Serbia and Montenegro1113
40  Brazil1023
41  Czechoslovakia0111122
42  Cuba0213
43  Estonia0167
44  Serbia0156
45  Yugoslavia0145
46  Slovakia0123
47  Turkey0022
48  Portugal0011
  Zimbabwe0011
Totals (49 nations)8458468442535

Multiple medallistsEdit

Athlete Nation Born       Tot.
Daniele Gilardoni   Italy 1976 11 1 1 13
Matthew Pinsent   Great Britain 1970 10 0 2 12
Steve Redgrave   Great Britain 1962 9 2 1 12
Franco Sancassani   Italy 1974 9 2 1 12
Francesco Esposito   Italy 1955 9 1 1 11
Giuseppe Di Capua   Italy 1958 8 3 1 12
Andrea Re   Italy 1963 8 1 2 11

Scull and Sweep medalistsEdit

incomplete list

  Scull and Sweep World Champions
Rower Total Scull Sweep Disciplines
# of
disciplines
    # of
disciplines
    # of
disciplines
    Scull Sweep
  Michiel Bartman 3 4 1 1 2 3 M4x M4+, M8+
  Karolien Florijn 2 2 1 1 1 1 W4x W4-
  Ronald Florijn 3 4 1 1 1 2 M2x M4-, M8+
  Daniele Gilardoni 2 13 1 12 1 1 LM4x LM8+
  Mario Gyr 2 2 1 1 1 1 LM2x LM4-
  Katherine Grainger 5 8 3 6 2 2 W1x, W2x, W4x W2-, W8+
  Kathleen Heddle 4 5 2 3 2 2 W2x, W4x W2-, W8+
  Elisabeta Lipă 5 13 3 9 2 4 W1x, W2x, W4x W2-, W8+
  Marnie McBean 5 7 2 3 3 4 W2x, W4x W2-, W4-, W8+
  Nico Rienks 2 4 1 2 1 2 M2x M8+
  Franco Sancassani 3 12 1 10 2 2 LM4x LM2-, LM8+
  Simon Schürch 2 2 1 1 1 1 LM2x LM4-
  Greg Searle 4 7 1 1 3 6 M1x M2+, M4-, M8+
  Diederik Simon 2 2 1 1 1 1 M4x M8+
  Martin Sinković 3 7 2 5 1 2 M2x, M4x M2-
  Valent Sinković 3 7 2 5 1 2 M2x, M4x M2-
  Olivia van Rooijen 2 3 1 3 1 1 W4x W8-
  Henk-Jan Zwolle 2 3 1 1 1 2 M2x M8+

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ The Origins of the Championships, Rowing History, Australia.
  2. ^ Previous Venues Archived 11 October 2010 at the Wayback Machine, 2010 World Rowing Championships, New Zealand.
  3. ^ "Summary of proposed changes to the FISA Rules of Racing, related Bye-Laws and Event Regulations" (PDF). FISA. Retrieved 13 February 2017.
  4. ^ "2017 FISA Extraordinary Congress concludes". FISA. 11 February 2017. Retrieved 13 February 2017.
  5. ^ "Rule 36 – World Rowing Championship Programmes" (PDF). FISA. 2 October 2017. Retrieved 2 October 2017.
  6. ^ Medal table

External linksEdit