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The World Rowing Championships is an international rowing regatta organized by FISA (the International Rowing Federation). It is a week-long event held at the end of the northern hemisphere summer and in non-Olympic years is the highlight of the international rowing calendar.

World Rowing Championships
Statusactive
GenreRowing World championship
Date(s)varying
Frequencyannual
Countryvarying
Inaugurated1962 (1962)
Most recent2018
Next event2019
Organised byFISA
Websitewww.worldrowing.com

Contents

HistoryEdit

The first event was held in Lucerne, Switzerland, in 1962.[1][2] The event then was held every four years until 1974, when it became an annual competition. Also in 1974, Men's lightweight and Women's open weight events were added to the championships. In 1985 Women's lightweight events were added to the schedule.

Since 1996, during (Summer) Olympic years, the World Rowing Junior Championships are held at the same time.

In 2002 adaptive rowing events were introduced for the following classes of disability: LTA (legs, trunk and arms), TA (trunk, arms), and A (arms-only). In 2009 the A category was replaced by AS (arms and shoulders), and an ID (intellectually disabled) category was added (but then removed after the 2011 Championships). From 2017 the designations AS, TA, and LTA have been changed to PR1, PR2, and PR3.[3]

BoatsEdit

Rowing takes place in 21 different boat classes, apart from during Olympic years when only non-Olympic boat classes race. National teams generally take less interest in the non-Olympic events, as the Olympic events are considered the "premier" events.

The table below shows the boat classes, "O" indicates the boat races at both the Olympics and World Championships. "WC" indicates this is only a World Championship event. After 2007, the coxed fours (4+) no longer runs as a world championship event. Similarly after 2011 the women's coxless four was no longer included, but it was reintroduced in 2013. Lightweight men's eight was removed after 2015.

As a result of the IOC's aim for gender parity, it has been agreed that for 2020 onwards the lightweight men's coxless four will be removed from the Olympics and replaced by women's coxless four.[4]

At the 2017 FISA Ordinary Congress there were further revisions, removing M2+ and LM4- from the World Championships, and reinstating LW2-.[5]

Boat Men Lwt Men Women Lwt Women
1x Single sculls O WC O WC
2x Double sculls O O O O
2- Coxless pairs O WC O WC
2+ Coxed pairs
4x Quad sculls O WC O WC
4- Coxless fours O O
4+ Coxed fours
8+ Eights O O

VenuesEdit

Ed. Year City/Town Country Date
1. 1962 Lucerne
Rotsee
   Switzerland
2. 1966 Bled
Lake Bled
  Yugoslavia
3. 1970 St. Catharines
Royal Canadian Henley Rowing Course
  Canada
4. 1974 Lucerne
Rotsee
   Switzerland
5. 1975 Nottingham
Holme Pierrepont
  Great Britain
6. 1976 Villach
Lake Ossiach
  Austria
7. 1977 Amsterdam
Bosbaan
  Netherlands
8. 1978 Cambridge (openweight events)
Lake Karapiro
  New Zealand
Copenhagen (lightweight events)
Lake Bagsværd
  Denmark
9. 1979 Bled
Lake Bled
  Yugoslavia 3 – 9 September
10. 1980 Hazewinkel   Belgium
11. 1981 Munich
Oberschleißheim
  West Germany
12. 1982 Lucerne
Rotsee
   Switzerland
13. 1983 Duisburg   West Germany
14. 1984 Montreal
Notre Dame Island
  Canada
15. 1985 Hazewinkel   Belgium 26 August – 1 September
16. 1986 Nottingham
Holme Pierrepont
  Great Britain 16 – 24 August
17. 1987 Copenhagen   Denmark 29 – 30 August
18. 1988 Milan   Italy 6 August
19. 1989 Bled
Lake Bled
  Yugoslavia 3 – 10 September
20. 1990 Tasmania
Lake Barrington
  Australia 24 October – 4 November
21. 1991 Vienna   Austria 19 – 25 August
22. 1992 Montreal
Notre Dame Island
  Canada 13 – 16 August
23. 1993 Račice
Roudnice
  Czech Republic 8 – 9 May
24. 1994 Indianapolis
Eagle Creek Park
  United States 17 – 18 September
25. 1995 Tampere
Kaukajärvi
  Finland 25 – 27 August
26. 1996 Motherwell
Strathclyde Country Park
  Great Britain 5 – 11 August
27. 1997 Aiguebelette   France 31 August – 7 September
28. 1998 Cologne
Fühlingen
  Germany 6 – 13 September
29. 1999 St. Catharines
Royal Canadian Henley Rowing Course
  Canada 22 – 29 August
30. 2000 Zagreb
Jarun
  Croatia 1 – 6 August
31. 2001 Lucerne
Rotsee
   Switzerland 19 – 26 August
32. 2002 Seville
Guadalquivir
  Spain 15 – 22 September
33. 2003 Milan
Idroscalo
  Italy 24 – 31 August
34. 2004 Banyoles
Lake of Banyoles
  Spain 27 July – 1 August
35. 2005 Kaizu, Gifu
Nagaragawa International Regatta Course
  Japan 29 August – 4 September
36. 2006 Dorney
Dorney Lake
  Great Britain 20 – 27 August
37. 2007 Munich
Oberschleißheim
  Germany 26 August – 2 September
38. 2008 Ottensheim   Austria 20 – 27 July
39. 2009 Poznań
Lake Malta
  Poland 23 – 30 August
40. 2010 Cambridge
Lake Karapiro
  New Zealand 29 October – 7 November
41. 2011 Bled
Lake Bled
  Slovenia 28 August – 4 September
42. 2012 Plovdiv   Bulgaria 15 – 19 August
43. 2013 Chungju
Tangeum Lake
  South Korea 25 August – 1 September
44. 2014 Amsterdam
Bosbaan
  Netherlands 24 – 31 August
45. 2015 Aiguebelette
Lac d'Aiguebelette
  France 30 August – 6 September
46. 2016 Rotterdam
Willem-Alexander Baan
  Netherlands 21 – 28 August
47. 2017 Sarasota
Nathan Benderson Park
  United States

24 September – 1 October

48. 2018 Plovdiv   Bulgaria 9 – 16 September
49. 2019 Ottensheim   Austria 25 August – 1 September
50. 2020 Bled   Slovenia 16 – 23 August
51. 2021 Shanghai   China
52. 2022 Račice   Czech Republic

Multiple venuesEdit

Times hosted Host country
4   Switzerland,   Canada,   Great Britain,   Germany
3   Yugoslavia,   Austria,   Netherlands
2   New Zealand,   Belgium,   Italy,   Spain,   France,   Bulgaria,   United States
1   South Korea,   Denmark,   Australia,   Czech Republic,   Finland,   Croatia,   Japan,   Poland,   Slovenia

All-time medal tableEdit

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1  East Germany (East Germany)944525164
2  Italy (ITA)826453199
3  Germany (GER)807269221
4  Great Britain (GBR)687255195
5  United States (USA)647185220
6  Australia (AUS)474237126
7  New Zealand (NZL)462926101
8  Soviet Union (Soviet Union)354429108
9  Romania (ROU)344540119
10  Denmark (DEN)33263291
11  France (FRA)324528105
12  Canada (CAN)293541105
13  West Germany (West Germany)21232569
14  Netherlands (NED)20383997
15  Norway (NOR)1671134
16   Switzerland (SUI)15151545
17  China (CHN)1382243
18  Poland (POL)11201647
19  Belarus (BLR)1161027
20  Ireland (IRL)107724
21  Bulgaria (BUL)9121435
22  Austria (AUT)881026
23  Czech Republic (CZE)7151133
24  Greece (GRE)7101027
25  Spain (ESP)671629
26  Croatia (CRO)65516
27  Slovenia (SLO)45514
28  Hungary (HUN)43613
29  Ukraine (UKR)39618
30  Finland (FIN)34411
31  Lithuania (LTU)3227
32  Brazil (BRA)3014
33  Belgium (BEL)27817
34  Sweden (SWE)24612
35  South Africa (SAF)2248
36  Russia (RUS)171321
37  Chile (CHI)1315
38  Argentina (ARG)1157
39  Japan (JPN)1124
40  Serbia and Montenegro (Serbia and Montenegro)1113
41  Czechoslovakia (Czechoslovakia)0111122
42  Cuba (CUB)0213
43  Israel (ISR)0202
44  Estonia (EST)0167
45  Serbia (SRB)0156
46  Yugoslavia (Yugoslavia)0145
47  Slovakia (SVK)0123
48  Turkey (TUR)0022
49  Portugal (POR)0011
  Zimbabwe (ZIM)0011
Totals (50 nations)8358398282502


Multiple medallistsEdit

Athlete Nation Born       Tot.
Daniele Gilardoni   Italy 1976 11 1 1 13
Matthew Pinsent   Great Britain 1970 10 0 2 12
Steve Redgrave   Great Britain 1962 9 2 1 12
Franco Sancassani   Italy 1974 9 2 1 12
Francesco Esposito   Italy 1955 9 1 1 11
Giuseppe Di Capua   Italy 1958 8 3 1 12
Andrea Re   Italy 1963 8 1 2 11

Scull and Sweep medalistsEdit

incomplete list

  Scull and Sweep World Champions
Rower Total Scull Sweep Disciplines
# of
disciplines
    # of
disciplines
    # of
disciplines
    Scull Sweep
Daniele Gilardoni 2 13 1 12 1 1 LM4x LM8+
Katherine Grainger 5 8 3 6 2 2 W1x, W2x, W4x W2-, W8+
Elisabeta Lipă 5 13 3 9 2 4 W1x, W2x, W4x W2-, W8+
Franco Sancassani 3 12 1 10 2 2 LM4x LM2-, LM8+
Greg Searle 4 7 1 1 3 6 M1x M2+, M4-, M8+
Martin Sinković 3 7 2 5 1 2 M2x, M4x M2-
Valent Sinković 3 7 2 5 1 2 M2x, M4x M2-

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ The Origins of the Championships, Rowing History, Australia.
  2. ^ Previous Venues Archived 11 October 2010 at the Wayback Machine, 2010 World Rowing Championships, New Zealand.
  3. ^ "Summary of proposed changes to the FISA Rules of Racing, related Bye-Laws and Event Regulations" (PDF). FISA. Retrieved 13 February 2017.
  4. ^ "2017 FISA Extraordinary Congress concludes". FISA. 11 February 2017. Retrieved 13 February 2017.
  5. ^ "Rule 36 – World Rowing Championship Programmes" (PDF). FISA. 2 October 2017. Retrieved 2 October 2017.
  6. ^ Medal table

External linksEdit