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Chungju (Korean pronunciation: [tɕʰuŋ.dʑu]) is a city in North Chungcheong province, South Korea. Namsan is a mountain located within the outskirts of the city.

Chungju

충주시
Korean transcription(s)
 • Hangul
 • Hanja
 • Revised RomanizationChungju-si
 • McCune-ReischauerCh'ungju-si
Skyline of Chungju
Official logo of Chungju
Emblem of Chungju
Location in South Korea
Location in South Korea
Coordinates: 36°58′N 127°57′E / 36.967°N 127.950°E / 36.967; 127.950Coordinates: 36°58′N 127°57′E / 36.967°N 127.950°E / 36.967; 127.950
Country South Korea
RegionHoseo
Administrative divisions1 eup, 12 myeon, 12 dong
Area
 • Total153.45 km2 (59.25 sq mi)
Population
 (November 2010)
 • Total218,098
 • Dialect
Chungcheong

The city is famous for the annual martial arts festival held in October. Also of note, former UN Secretary-General, Ban Ki-moon grew up here.

Contents

SymbolEdit

  • City Flower : Chrysanthemum
  • City Bird : Mandarin duck
  • City Tree : Apple tree

HistoryEdit

During Hideyoshi's Invasions of Korea Chungju was the site of the Battle of Chungju, where the Korean general Shin Rip was defeated by the Japanese general Konishi Yukinaga. This defeat resulted in King Seonjo fleeing from Hanseong (Seoul) to Pyongyang.

Chungju LakeEdit

Chungju Dam is the country's biggest multi-purpose dam that links together Chungju and its neighborhoods. It creates a manmade lake with a vast body of water.

Woraksan Mt and Songnae valley are located nearby. Additionally, this area has cherished cave area/springs.[1]

2013 World Rowing ChampionshipsEdit

The 2013 World Rowing Championships were held at Tangeum Lake, Chungju between August 25 – September 1.[2]

ProductsEdit

Chungju is famous for its production of apples. The principal reasons being because of the large amount of daylight received and high difference of temperatures.[3] The growing of apples started 300 years ago from China and it was 1912 when the city officially began to plant trees.[4] As of 2009, apple cultivation area is 1,871 ㏊ and production amount is 41,592. The production of apple is 44.6% in Chungcheongbuk-do(as of 2009).[4] The scale is the greatest in Chungcheongbuk-do.[4]

EducationEdit

There are two universities in Chungju: Konkuk University (Chungju campus) and Korea National University of Transportation (formed by the 2012 merger of Chungju National University and Korea National Railroad College). As well as being the home to these two Universities, Chungju also has many primary, middle and high schools with excellent classroom facilities.

There is one international school, Chungju Chinese Elementary School.[5]

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Chungju (1981–2010, extremes 1971–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 13.8
(56.8)
20.2
(68.4)
25.1
(77.2)
33.5
(92.3)
34.7
(94.5)
35.6
(96.1)
37.9
(100.2)
40.0
(104.0)
33.7
(92.7)
29.0
(84.2)
25.5
(77.9)
16.5
(61.7)
40.0
(104.0)
Average high °C (°F) 1.9
(35.4)
5.1
(41.2)
11.4
(52.5)
19.4
(66.9)
24.0
(75.2)
27.6
(81.7)
29.6
(85.3)
30.2
(86.4)
25.8
(78.4)
20.0
(68.0)
12.1
(53.8)
5.0
(41.0)
17.7
(63.9)
Daily mean °C (°F) −4.2
(24.4)
−1.3
(29.7)
4.7
(40.5)
11.7
(53.1)
17.1
(62.8)
21.7
(71.1)
24.7
(76.5)
24.9
(76.8)
19.3
(66.7)
12.4
(54.3)
5.3
(41.5)
−1.0
(30.2)
11.2
(52.2)
Average low °C (°F) −9.5
(14.9)
−6.8
(19.8)
−1.2
(29.8)
4.4
(39.9)
10.7
(51.3)
16.4
(61.5)
20.7
(69.3)
20.8
(69.4)
14.6
(58.3)
6.8
(44.2)
−0.1
(31.8)
−6.0
(21.2)
5.9
(42.6)
Record low °C (°F) −28.5
(−19.3)
−23.0
(−9.4)
−13.9
(7.0)
−5.6
(21.9)
1.4
(34.5)
7.5
(45.5)
11.7
(53.1)
11.4
(52.5)
2.6
(36.7)
−5.9
(21.4)
−11.6
(11.1)
−21.9
(−7.4)
−28.5
(−19.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 21.2
(0.83)
23.2
(0.91)
44.9
(1.77)
63.1
(2.48)
88.7
(3.49)
134.7
(5.30)
293.5
(11.56)
268.6
(10.57)
148.9
(5.86)
57.5
(2.26)
47.2
(1.86)
21.1
(0.83)
1,212.7
(47.74)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 7.1 6.7 8.1 7.9 8.7 9.4 14.8 14.1 8.6 6.4 8.1 7.2 107.1
Average snowy days 6.6 5.0 2.2 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 1.2 5.2 20.4
Average relative humidity (%) 72.9 69.0 65.7 60.4 64.3 70.4 77.4 78.5 78.4 76.2 75.2 74.9 71.9
Mean monthly sunshine hours 168.7 175.6 203.0 233.0 242.9 219.9 178.7 197.2 188.7 193.5 152.7 156.5 2,310.3
Percent possible sunshine 54.8 57.5 54.8 59.1 55.4 50.0 39.9 46.9 50.6 55.5 49.8 52.3 51.9
Source: Korea Meteorological Administration[6][7][8] (percent sunshine and snowy days)[9]

Sister citiesEdit

City Division Country Year
Yugawara   Kanagawa Prefecture   Japan 1994
Taichung N/A   Taiwan 1969
Musashino   Tokyo   Japan 1997
Daqing Heilongjiang   People's Republic of China 2001

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ [출발!2박 2일] 충주호, Hankook Ilbo 2003-05-29
  2. ^ Venue: Tangeum Lake Archived 2011-07-24 at the Wayback Machine, 2013 Chungju, South Korea.
  3. ^ 충주사과가 좋은 이유 [Why Chungju Apple is Good?]. www.chungju.go.kr (in Korean). Retrieved 2018-05-19.
  4. ^ a b c 충주사과 재배역사 [Chungju apple cultivation history]. www.chungju.go.kr (in Korean). Retrieved 2018-05-19.
  5. ^ 忠州華僑小學校 (in Chinese). International School Information, Government of South Korea. Retrieved March 30, 2016. 9 Gaenggogae-ro, Chungju-si, Chungcheongbuk-do, 380-950, Korea
  6. ^ 평년값자료(1981–2010) 충주(127) (in Korean). Korea Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 15 December 2016.
  7. ^ 기후자료 극값(최대값) 전체년도 일최고기온 (℃) 최고순위, 충주(127) (in Korean). Korea Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 1 August 2018.
  8. ^ 기후자료 극값(최대값) 전체년도 일최저기온 (℃) 최고순위, 충주(127) (in Korean). Korea Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 1 August 2018.
  9. ^ "Climatological Normals of Korea" (PDF). Korea Meteorological Administration. 2011. p. 499 and 649. Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 December 2016. Retrieved 15 December 2016.

External linksEdit