1978 World Rowing Championships

The 1978 World Rowing Championships were World Rowing Championships that were held from 30 October to 5 November at Lake Karapiro near Cambridge, New Zealand.[1][2][3] Twenty-eight countries were represented at the regatta. In the history of the World Rowing Championships, 1978 was the only year when the lightweight rowing championships were not held in conjunction with the open men and women event; the lightweight events had already been held in Copenhagen, Denmark, in August.

1978 World Rowing Championships
Logo of the 1978 World Rowing Championships.jpg
Logo of the 1978 World Rowing Championships
VenueLake Karapiro
LocationCambridge, New Zealand
Dates30 October – 5 November
Nations28

BackgroundEdit

Lake Karapiro was formed in 1947 through a hydroelectric project on the Waikato River. It was soon recognised as the best rowing venue in New Zealand, and was used for the 1950 British Empire Games.[4] World rowing championships had been held since 1962 by FISA, the World Rowing Federation,[4] and in 1974 New Zealand was provisionally awarded the 1978 world event.[5] Don Rowlands, who had won rowing medals at British Empire and Commonwealth Games in the 1950s and would later become chairman of the 1978 World Rowing Championships organising committee, had lobbied for the event to come to New Zealand; prior to 1978, the event had always been held in the Northern Hemisphere. He found a supporter in Thomas Keller, the president of FISA. There was also some curiosity amongst the rowing fraternity how a small island nation from the South Pacific managed to win gold medals at the 1968 and 1972 Summer Olympics, in men's coxed four and men's eight, respectively.[4][5] But it was not until the 1976 Summer Olympics that 1978 event was confirmed, which left only two years to organise the event.[5]

The entire event was organised by volunteers; the organising committee had no people in employment.[5] Cyril Hilliard was the secretary of the organising committee.[6] Volunteer labour erected a grandstand; all built with scaffolding. As Rowlands was a marine engineer, he designed the starting pontoon himself[4] and the construction was carried out by James Hill, a former Olympic rower who was a joiner by trade. Hill also built the start and finish towers.[7] A company donated 13 kit houses, and these were used as offices.[5] Catering for the competitors was done by the New Zealand Army. It is estimated that in total, close to 100,000 spectators attended the four days of racing.[4] Keller called it afterwards "the greatest regatta in living memory".[4] Former British rower Dickie Burnell, who worked at Karapiro as a correspondent for The Times, labelled the event "the greatest show on water".[5]

Twenty-eight countries were represented by their rowers in 140 boats, and this was the largest international sports competition that the country had organised up to that time.[8][9] The event made a profit of NZ$155,000, which was used to fund a rowing foundation.[4]

Medal summaryEdit

Medallists at the 1978 World Rowing Championships were:

Men's eventsEdit

In the single sculls and coxless pair boat classes, the first three boats from each heat qualified for the semi-final, and three further semi-finalists were determined via a repechage. In all other boat classes, the first from each heat qualified for the final, with the other finalists determined via a repechage.[9]

Event: Gold: Time Silver: Time Bronze: Time
M1x[10]   West Germany
Peter-Michael Kolbe
7:06.01   East Germany
Rüdiger Reiche
7:08.35   Yugoslavia
Milorad Stanulov
7:09.82
M2-[11]   East Germany
Bernd Landvoigt (b)
Jörg Landvoigt (s)
7:00.92   Great Britain
John Roberts (b)
Jim Clark (s)
7:03.68   France
Dominique Lecointe (b)
Jean-Claude Roussel (s)
7:06.32
M2+[12]   East Germany
Jürgen Pfeiffer (b)
Gert Uebeler (s)
Olaf Beyer (cox)
7:27.43   Czechoslovakia
Karel Mejta Jr (b)
Karel Neffe (s)
Jiří Pták (cox)
7:30.49   Poland
Adam Tomasiak (b)
Grzegorz Nowak (s)
Ryszard Kubiak (cox)
7:33.73
M2x[13]   Norway
Frank Hansen (b)
Alf Hansen (s)
6:51.23   Great Britain
Chris Baillieu (b)
Michael Hart (s)
6:53.67    Switzerland
Bruno Saile (b)
Jürg Weitnauer (s)
6:58.43
M4-[14]   Soviet Union
Vladimir Predbradzensky (b)
Nikolay Kuznetsov (2)
Valeriy Dolinin (3)
Anatoly Nemtyryov (s)
6:19.25   East Germany
Siegfried Brietzke (b)
Andreas Decker (2)
Stefan Semmler (3)
Wolfgang Mager (s)
6:19.52   Great Britain
Martin Cross (b)
David Townsend (2)
Ian McNuff (3)
John Beattie (s)
6:26.28
M4+[15]   East Germany
Ullrich Dießner (b)
Gottfried Döhn (2)
Walter Dießner (3)
Dieter Wendisch (s)
Andreas Gregor (cox)
6:30.25   West Germany
Wolf-Dieter Oschlies (b)
Wolfram Thiem (2)
Frank Schütze (3)
Gabriel Konertz (s)
Helmut Sassenbach (cox)
6:31.56   Bulgaria
Rumen Khristov (b)
Tsvetan Petkov (2)
Nasko Markov (3)
Ivan Botev (s)
Nenko Dobrev (cox)
6:37.06
M4x[16]   East Germany
Joachim Dreifke (b)
Karl-Heinz Bußert (2)
Martin Winter (3)
Frank Dundr (s)
6:08.94   France
Christian Marquis (b)
Jean-Raymond Peltier (2)
Roland Thibaut (3)
Roland Weill (s)
6:11.05   West Germany
Dieter Wiedenmann (b)
Albert Hedderich (2)
Raimund Hörmann (3)
Michael Dürsch (s)
6:11.88
M8+[17]   East Germany
Matthias Schumann (b)
Ulrich Karnatz (2)
Gerd Sredzki (3)
Andreas Ebert (4)
Friedrich-Wilhelm Ulrich (5)
Harald Jährling (6)
Uwe Dühring (7)
Bernd Höing (s)
Bernd Kaiser (cox)
5:54.25   West Germany
Volker Sauer (b)
Klaus Roloff (2)
Fritz Schuster (3)
Heribert Karches (4)
Werner Hellwig (5)
Winfried Ringwald (6)
Thomas Scholl (7)
Diethelm Maxrath (s)
Hartmut Wenzel (cox)
5:55.17   New Zealand
Mark James (b)
Greg Johnston (2)
Dave Rodger (3)
Des Lock (4)
Ross Lindstrom (5)
David Lindstrom (6)
Ivan Sutherland (7)
Noel Mills (s)
Alan Cotter (cox)
5:57.16

Men's lightweight eventsEdit

In the history of the World Rowing Championships, 1978 was the only year when the lightweight rowing championships were not held in conjunction with the open men and women event. The 1978 FISA Lightweight Championships were held in Copenhagen, Denmark, during August.[18]

Women's eventsEdit

There were six boats nominated in the coxless pair and they went to the final without heats. In all other boat classes, the winner of each heat qualified for the final and all other finalists were determined via a repechage.[9]

Event: Gold: Time Silver: Time Bronze: Time
W1x[19]   East Germany
Christine Scheiblich
4:12.49   Soviet Union
Anna Kondrachina
4:14.43   Hungary
Mariann Ambrus
4:16.21
W2-[20]   East Germany
Cornelia Klier (b)
Ute Steindorf (s)
4:02.65   Canada
Elizabeth Craig (b)
Susan Antoft (s)
4:02.87   Netherlands
Joke Dierdorp (b)
Karin Abma (s)
4:05.38
W2x[21]   Bulgaria
Svetla Otsetova (b)
Zdravka Yordanova (s)
4:01.94   Soviet Union
Ludmila Parphjoonova (b)
Eleonora Kaminskaitė (s)
4:04.19   United States
Elizabeth Hills-O'Leary (b)
Lisa Hansen Stone (s)
4:04.77
W4+[22]   East Germany
Kersten Neisser (b)
Angelika Noack (2)
Ute Skorupski (3)
Marita Sandig (s)
Kirsten Wenzel (cox)
3:48.47   United States
Carol Brown (b)
Anita DeFrantz (2)
Cozema Crawford (3)
Nancy Storrs (s)
Hollis Hatton (cox)
3:52.42   Romania
Elena Oprea (b)
Florica Dospinescu (2)
Florica Silaghi (3)
Georgeta Militaru-Mașca (s)
Aneta Matei (cox)
3:53.92
W4x+[23]   Bulgaria
Anka Bakova (b)
Dolores Nakova (2)
Rositsa Spasova (3)
Rumelyana Boncheva (s)
Anka Georgieva (cox)
3:31.16   West Germany
Sabine Reuter (b)
Petra Finke (2)
Veronika Walterfang (3)
Anne Dickmann (s)
Kathrien Plückhahn (cox)
3:32.58   Soviet Union
Rejet Palm [de] (b)
Yelena Khloptseva (2)
Olga Vasilchenko (3)
Nadesjda Kozotshkina (s)
Nadezhda Chernyshyova (cox)
3:33.30
W8+[24]   Soviet Union
Valentina Zhulina (b)
Maria Paziun (2)
Nina Antoniuk (3)
Tatyana Bunjak (4)
Nadezhda Dergatchenko (5)
Nina Umanets (6)
Elena Tereshina (7)
Olga Pivovarova (s)
Nina Frolova (cox)
3:22.00   East Germany
Silvia Arndt (b)
Renate Neu (2)
Dagmar Bauer (3)
Gabriele Kühn (4)
Petra Köhler (5)
Henrietta Ebert (6)
Birgit Schütz (7)
Christiane Köpke (s)
Marina Wilke (cox)
3:26.12   Canada
Joy Fera (b)
Christine Neuland (2)
Gail Cort (3)
Monica Draeger (4)
Elizabeth Jacklin (5)
Kimberley Gordon (6)
Dolores Young (7)
Tricia Smith (s)
Trudy Flynn (cox)
3:28.34

Event codesEdit

New Zealand officials had expected their men to win three or four medals, and Rowlands stated that he expected the men's eight to win gold. In the end, the bronze won by New Zealand's eight was the host's only medal.[25] This table does not include the lightweight events.[26]

single sculls pair (coxless) coxed pair double sculls four (coxless) coxed four quad sculls quad sculls (coxed) eight (coxed)
Men's M1x[10] M2-[11] M2+[12] M2x[13] M4-[14] M4+[15] M4x[16] M8+[17]
Women's W1x[19] W2-[20] W2x[21] W4+[22] W4x+[23] W8+[24]

Medal tableEdit

The medal table excludes the lightweight events.

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1  East Germany (GDR)83011
2  Soviet Union (URS)2215
3  Bulgaria (BUL)2013
4  West Germany (FRG)1315
5  Norway (NOR)1001
6  Great Britain (GBR)0213
7  Canada (CAN)0112
  France (FRA)0112
  United States (USA)0112
10  Czechoslovakia (TCH)0101
11  Hungary (HUN)0011
  Netherlands (NED)0011
  New Zealand (NZL)0011
  Poland (POL)0011
  Romania (ROM)0011
   Switzerland (SUI)0011
  Yugoslavia (YUG)0011
Totals (17 nations)14141442

FinalsEdit

The Soviet Union were disqualified in the final of the women's coxed four.[27]

Event 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th
M1x   West Germany   East Germany   Yugoslavia   Soviet Union   Argentina   Finland
M2-   East Germany   Great Britain   France   Netherlands   Ireland   United States
M2+   East Germany   Czechoslovakia   Poland   West Germany   Bulgaria   Ireland
M2x   Norway   Great Britain    Switzerland   East Germany   United States   New Zealand
M4-   Soviet Union   East Germany   Great Britain   France   Czechoslovakia   West Germany
M4+   East Germany   West Germany   Bulgaria   United States   Australia   New Zealand
M4x   East Germany   France   West Germany   Czechoslovakia   Bulgaria   Spain
M8+   East Germany   West Germany   New Zealand   Australia   France   Bulgaria
W1x   East Germany   Soviet Union   Hungary   Bulgaria   United States   Romania
W2-   East Germany   Canada   Netherlands   Bulgaria   Romania   New Zealand
W2x   Bulgaria   Soviet Union   United States   Norway   Romania   East Germany
W4+   East Germany   United States   Romania   Bulgaria   Canada   Soviet Union (disqualified)
W4x+   Bulgaria   West Germany   Soviet Union   East Germany   Netherlands   Romania
W8+   Soviet Union   East Germany   Canada   United States   West Germany   Bulgaria

Great BritainEdit

Six men's teams and only one women's team from Great Britain competed at the championships.[28][29]

Event Notes
M1x Tim Crooks 5th in B final
M2- Jim Clark & John Roberts Silver medal
M2+ N/A no entry
M2x Chris Baillieu & Michael Hart Silver medal
M4- Martin Cross, David Townsend, Ian McNuff, John Beattie (London RC) Bronze medal
M4+ N/A no entry
M4x Allan Whitwell, Eric Sims, Charles Wiggin, Malcolm Carmichael 4th in B final
M8+ Lenny Robertson, Allan Whitwell, Henry Clay, Malcolm McGowan, Campbell,
Gordon Rankine, Robert Milligan, Colin Seymour, Robert Lee (cox)
eliminated in repechage
W1x N/A no entry
W2- N/A no entry
W2x Pauline Hart & Astrid Ayling 1st in B final
W4+ N/A no entry
W4x+ N/A no entry
W8+ N/A no entry

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "1978 World Rowing Championships". International Rowing Federation. Retrieved 18 March 2016.
  2. ^ "Rowing in New Zealand". Ministry for Culture and Heritage. 5 January 2016. Retrieved 22 March 2016.
  3. ^ "Eine überlange Saison im Rudern endet mit dem fernen WM-Treff" [An extra-long rowing season ends with the far-away World Cup venue]. Berliner Zeitung (in German). 34 (244). 16 October 1978. p. 6. Retrieved 30 September 2018.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g "The world comes to Karapiro". Ministry for Culture and Heritage. 17 September 2014. Retrieved 9 December 2016.
  5. ^ a b c d e f Kilgallon, Steve (18 July 2010). "World Rowing Champs: story of Kiwi can-do". The Sunday Star-Times. Retrieved 9 December 2016.
  6. ^ Guerin, Andrew; Foster, Margot. "1978 World Championships — Lake Karapiro New Zealand". Rowingmuseum. Retrieved 11 December 2016.
  7. ^ Goile, Aaron (17 May 2020). "Ironic send-off for former Hamilton undertaker Jim Hill". Stuff. Retrieved 24 August 2020.
  8. ^ "1978 World Rowing Championships logo". Ministry for Culture and Heritage. 20 December 2012. Retrieved 22 March 2016.
  9. ^ a b c "Im Frauenzweier ohne Vorläufe in das Finale" [In the women's coxless pair into the final without heats]. Neues Deutschland (in German). 33 (256). 30 October 1978. p. 7. Retrieved 6 October 2018.
  10. ^ a b "(M1x) Men's Single Sculls – Final". International Rowing Federation. Retrieved 20 March 2016.
  11. ^ a b "(M2-) Men's Pair – Final". International Rowing Federation. Retrieved 20 March 2016.
  12. ^ a b "(M2+) Men's Coxed Pair – Final". International Rowing Federation. Retrieved 20 March 2016.
  13. ^ a b "(M2x) Men's Double Sculls – Final". International Rowing Federation. Retrieved 20 March 2016.
  14. ^ a b "(M4-) Men's Four – Final". International Rowing Federation. Retrieved 20 March 2016.
  15. ^ a b "(M4+) Men's Coxed Four – Final". International Rowing Federation. Retrieved 20 March 2016.
  16. ^ a b "(M4x) Men's Quadruple Sculls – Final". International Rowing Federation. Retrieved 20 March 2016.
  17. ^ a b "(M8+) Men's Eight – Final". International Rowing Federation. Retrieved 20 March 2016.
  18. ^ "1978 World Rowing Lightweight Championships". International Rowing Federation. Retrieved 11 December 2016.
  19. ^ a b "(W1x) Women's Single Sculls – Final". International Rowing Federation. Retrieved 20 March 2016.
  20. ^ a b "(W2-) Women's Pair – Final". International Rowing Federation. Retrieved 20 March 2016.
  21. ^ a b "(W2x) Women's Double Sculls – Final". International Rowing Federation. Retrieved 20 March 2016.
  22. ^ a b "(W4+) Women's Coxed Four – Final". International Rowing Federation. Retrieved 20 March 2016.
  23. ^ a b "(W4x+) Women's Coxed Quadruple Sculls – Final". International Rowing Federation. Retrieved 20 March 2016.
  24. ^ a b "(W8+) Women's Eight – Final". International Rowing Federation. Retrieved 20 March 2016.
  25. ^ "Die Gastgeber der Ruder-WM hoffen nun auf neue Erfolge" [The hosts of the World Rowing Championship are hoping for new successes]. Berliner Zeitung (in German). 34 (258). 1 November 1978. p. 7. Retrieved 6 October 2018.
  26. ^ "Medal Table". International Rowing Federation. Retrieved 12 December 2016.
  27. ^ Burnell, Richard (6 November 1978). "Rowing". The Times. p. 10 – via Times Digital Archive.
  28. ^ Burnell, Richard (1 November 1978). "Rowing". The Times. p. 10 – via Times Digital Archives.
  29. ^ "1978 World Rowing Championships". Rowing Story. Retrieved 17 October 2020.

External linksEdit