1906 United States House of Representatives elections

The 1906 United States House of Representatives elections were held in the middle of President Theodore Roosevelt's second term.

1906 United States House of Representatives elections

← 1904 November 6, 1906[a] 1908 →

All 391 seats in the United States House of Representatives[b]
196 seats needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party
  JGCannon.jpg John Sharp Williams.jpg
Leader Joseph Cannon John Sharp Williams
Party Republican Democratic
Leader's seat Illinois 18th Mississippi 8th
Last election 251 seats 135 seats
Seats won 223[1][2] 167[1][2]
Seat change Decrease 28 Increase 32
Popular vote 5,695,735 4,866,899
Percentage 50.99% 43.57%
Swing Decrease 3.59% Increase 2.59%

  Third party
 
Party Independent
Last election 0 seats
Seats won 1 [c]
Seat change Increase 1
Popular vote 40,264
Percentage 0.36%
Swing Increase 0.20%

Speaker before election

Joseph Cannon
Republican

Elected Speaker

Joseph Cannon
Republican

As in many midterm elections, the President's Republican Party lost seats to the opposition Democratic Party, but retained a large overall majority. Dissatisfaction with working conditions and resentment toward union busting among industrial laborers in the Mid-Atlantic and Midwest caused these groups to turn out to the polls in large numbers in support of the Democratic Party. However, gains in these regions were not enough to remove the Republican majority or the firm support that the party held among the middle class.

Special electionsEdit

District Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party First elected
Alaska Territory at-large None New seat.
New delegate elected August 14, 1906 to finish the current term.
Democratic gain.
Successor would not run for election to the next term, see below.
California 1 James Gillett Republican [data unknown/missing] Incumbent resigned.
New member elected November 6, 1906.
Republican hold.
Georgia 1 Rufus E. Lester Democratic [data unknown/missing] Incumbent died.
New member elected November 6, 1906.
Democratic hold.
Illinois 13 Robert R. Hitt Republican [data unknown/missing] Incumbent died September 20, 1906.
New member elected November 6, 1906.
Republican hold.
Indiana 12 Newton W. Gilbert Republican [data unknown/missing] Incumbent resigned November 6, 1906, after being appointed judge of the court of first instance at Manila, Philippines.
New member elected November 6, 1906.
Republican hold.
New York 8 Timothy Sullivan Democratic [data unknown/missing] Incumbent resigned July 27, 1906.
New member elected November 6, 1906.
Republican hold.
Pennsylvania 2 Robert Adams Jr. Republican [data unknown/missing] Incumbent died June 1, 1906.
New member elected November 6, 1906.
Republican hold.
Pennsylvania 3 George A. Castor Republican [data unknown/missing] Incumbent died February 19, 1906.
New member elected November 6, 1906.
Republican hold.
Pennsylvania 12 George R. Patterson Republican [data unknown/missing] Incumbent died March 21, 1906.
New member elected November 6, 1906.
Republican hold.
Virginia 5 Claude A. Swanson Democratic [data unknown/missing] Incumbent resigned January 30, 1906, after being elected Governor of Virginia.
New member elected November 6, 1906.
Democratic hold.
Wisconsin 2 Henry C. Adams Republican [data unknown/missing] Incumbent died July 9, 1906.
New member elected September 4, 1906.
Republican hold.
Massachusetts 3 Rockwood Hoar Republican [data unknown/missing] Incumbent died November 1, 1906.
New member elected December 18, 1906.
Republican hold.

Election summariesEdit

167 1 223
Democratic [d] Republican
State Type Total
seats
Democratic Republican
Seats Change Seats Change
Alabama District 9 9   0  
Arkansas District 7 7   0  
California District 8 0   8  
Colorado District
+at-large
3 0   3  
Connecticut District
+at-large
5 0   5  
Delaware At-large 1 0   1  
Florida District 3 3   0  
Georgia District 11 11   0  
Idaho At-large 1 0   1  
Illinois District 25 5   4 20   4
Indiana District 13 4   2 9   2
Iowa District 11 1   1 10   1
Kansas District[e] 8 0   8  
Kentucky District 11 7   2 4   2
Louisiana District 7 7   0  
Maine[f] District 4 0   4  
Maryland District 6 3   3  
Massachusetts District 14 3   11  
Michigan District 12 0   12  
Minnesota District 9 1   1 8   1
Mississippi District 8 8   0  
Missouri District 16 12   5 4   5
Montana At-large 1 0   1  
Nebraska District 6 1   1 5   1
Nevada At-large 1 1   0  
New Hampshire District 2 0   2  
New Jersey District 10 4   3 6   3
New York District 37 11   26[c]  
North Carolina District 10 10   1 0   1
North Dakota District 2 0   2  
Ohio District 21 5   4 16   4
Oregon[f] District 2 0   2  
Pennsylvania District 32 7   6 25   6
Rhode Island District 2 1   1  
South Carolina District 7 7   0  
South Dakota At-large 2 0   2  
Tennessee District 10 8   2  
Texas District 16 16   0  
Utah At-large 1 0   1  
Vermont[f] District 2 0   2  
Virginia District 10 9   1  
Washington At-large 3 0   3  
West Virginia District 5 0   5  
Wisconsin District 11 2   1 9   1
Wyoming At-large 1 0   1  
Total[b] 386 167
42.2%
  27 223[c]
57.8%
  27
Popular vote
Republican
50.99%
Democratic
43.57%
Independent
0.36%
Others
5.08%
House seats
Republican
57.03%
Democratic
42.71%
Independent
0.26%
 
House seats by party holding plurality in state
Including Oklahoma, which was admitted in 1907.
  80+% Democratic
  80+% Republican
  60+% to 80% Democratic
  60+% to 80% Republican
  Up to 60% Democratic
  Up to 60% Republican
 
Net gain in party representation
Including Oklahoma, which was admitted in 1907.
  6+ Democratic gain
  6+ Republican gain
  3-5 Democratic gain
  3-5 Republican gain
  1-2 Democratic gain
  1-2 Republican gain
  no net change

Election datesEdit

In 1906, three states, with 8 seats among them, held elections early:

Oklahoma was admitted in 1907 and held its first congressional elections on September 17, 1907.

AlabamaEdit

ArkansasEdit

CaliforniaEdit

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
California 1 James Gillett Republican 1902 Incumbent retired to run for Governor of California.
New member elected.
Republican hold.
California 2 Duncan E. McKinlay Republican 1904 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Duncan E. McKinlay (Republican) 51.8%
  • W. A. Beard (Democratic) 44.8%
  • A. J. Gaylord (Socialist) 3.4%
California 3 Joseph R. Knowland Republican 1904 Incumbent re-elected.
California 4 Julius Kahn Republican 1898 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Julius Kahn (Republican) 62.4%
  • David S. Hirshberg (Democratic) 33.2%
  • Oliver Everett (Socialist) 4.4%
California 5 Everis A. Hayes Republican 1904 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Everis A. Hayes (Republican) 52.6%
  • Hiram G. Davis (Democratic) 41.9%
  • Joseph Lawrence (Socialist) 5.5%
California 6 James C. Needham Republican 1898 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y James C. Needham (Republican) 55.6%
  • Harry A. Greene (Democratic) 37.8%
  • Richard Kirk (Socialist) 3.8%
  • Herman E. Burbank (Prohibition) 2.8%
California 7 James McLachlan Republican 1900 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y James McLachlan (Republican) 56.8%
  • Robert G. Laucks (Democratic) 28.4%
  • Charles Ribble (Socialist) 9.3%
  • Levi D. Johnson (Prohibition) 5.6%
California 8 Sylvester C. Smith Republican 1904 Incumbent re-elected.

ColoradoEdit

ConnecticutEdit

DelawareEdit

FloridaEdit

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Florida 1 Stephen M. Sparkman Democratic 1894 Incumbent re-elected.
Florida 2 Frank Clark Democratic 1904 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Frank Clark (Democratic) 88.2%
  • J. F. McClelland (Republican) 11.8%
Florida 3 William B. Lamar Democratic 1902 Incumbent re-elected.

GeorgiaEdit

IdahoEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Idaho at-large Burton L. French Republican 1902 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Burton L. French (Republican) 58.59%
  • Murray R. Hattabaugh (Democratic) 33.12%
  • Edward L. Rigg (Socialist) 6.72%
  • Charles A. Montandon (Prohibition) 1.57%[3]

IllinoisEdit

IndianaEdit

IowaEdit

KansasEdit

KentuckyEdit

LouisianaEdit

MaineEdit

MarylandEdit

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Maryland 1 Thomas Alexander Smith Democratic 1904 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Republican gain.
Maryland 2 J. Frederick C. Talbott Democratic 1902 Incumbent re-elected.
Maryland 3 Frank C. Wachter Republican 1898 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
  •  Y Harry Benjamin Wolf (Democratic) 49.8%
  • William W. Johnson (Republican) 47.0%
  • Joseph P. Jarboe (Socialist) 2.0%
  • George R. Gorsuch (Prohibition) 1.2%
Maryland 4 John Gill Jr. Democratic 1904 Incumbent re-elected.
Maryland 5 Sydney Emanuel Mudd I Republican 1896 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Sydney Emanuel Mudd I (Republican) 53.7%
  • George M. Smith (Democratic) 42.8%
  • John S. Mathews (Socialist) 2.0%
  • William H. Silk (Prohibition) 1.6%
Maryland 6 George A. Pearre Republican 1898 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y George A. Pearre (Republican) 55.3%
  • Harvey R. Spessard (Democratic) 38.5%
  • Francis B. Sappington (Prohibition) 3.3%
  • Ira Culp (Socialist) 2.9%

MassachusettsEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Massachusetts 1 George P. Lawrence Republican 1897 (special) Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y George P. Lawrence (Republican) 59.7%
  • Frank J. Lawler (Democratic) 36.4%
  • Benjamin Clow (Socialist) 3.9%
Massachusetts 2 Frederick H. Gillett Republican 1892 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Frederick H. Gillett (Republican) 61.3%
  • Edward A. Hall (Democratic) 32.5%
  • George H. Wrenn (Socialist) 6.3%
Massachusetts 3 Vacant Incumbent died November 1, 1906.
New member elected.
Republican hold.
  •  Y Charles G. Washburn (Republican) 58.6%
  • William I. McLoughlin (Democratic) 38.9%
  • Louis F. Weiss (Socialist) 2.5%
Massachusetts 4 Charles Q. Tirrell Republican 1900 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Charles Q. Tirrell (Republican) 79.0%
  • Timothy Richardson (Socialist) 20.9%
  • Others 0.1%
Massachusetts 5 Butler Ames Republican 1902 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Butler Ames (Republican) 54.2%
  • Joseph J. Flynn (Democratic) 44.2%
  • Fred P. Folsom (Socialist) 1.6%
Massachusetts 6 Augustus Peabody Gardner Republican 1902 (special) Incumbent re-elected.
Massachusetts 7 Ernest W. Roberts Republican 1898 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Ernest W. Roberts (Republican) 66.4%
  • John A. O'Keefe (Democratic) 30.0%
  • Bernard W. Gidney (Socialist) 3.6%
Massachusetts 8 Samuel W. McCall Republican 1892 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Samuel W. McCall (Republican) 59.4%
  • Frederick S. Deitrick (Democratic) 38.7%
  • Orton D. Field (Socialist) 2.0%
Massachusetts 9 John A. Keliher Democratic 1902 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y John A. Keliher (Democratic) 68.1%
  • Edward C. Webb (Republican) 26.6%
  • George W. Galvin (Socialist) 5.3%
Massachusetts 10 William S. McNary Democratic 1902 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
  •  Y Joseph F. O'Connell (Democratic) 54.9%
  • Edward B. Callender (Republican) 42.3%
  • Ira E. Worcester (Socialist) 2.7%
Massachusetts 11 John Andrew Sullivan Democratic 1902 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
  •  Y Andrew James Peters (Democratic) 53.9%
  • Daniel W. Lane (Republican) 43.7%
  • George G. Cutting (Socialist) 2.3%
Massachusetts 12 John W. Weeks Republican 1904 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y John W. Weeks (Republican) 61.5%
  • David W. Murray (Democratic) 34.3%
  • Calvin C. Jordan (Socialist) 4.2%
Massachusetts 13 William S. Greene Republican 1898 (special) Incumbent re-elected.
Massachusetts 14 William C. Lovering Republican 1896 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y William C. Lovering (Republican) 61.8%
  • Thomas F. Loorem (Democratic) 23.4%
  • Dan White (Socialist) 14.8%

MichiganEdit

MinnesotaEdit

MississippiEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Mississippi 1 Ezekiel S. Candler Jr. Democratic 1900 Incumbent re-elected.
Mississippi 2 Thomas Spight Democratic 1898 (special) Incumbent re-elected.
Mississippi 3 Benjamin G. Humphreys II Democratic 1902 Incumbent re-elected.
Mississippi 4 Wilson S. Hill Democratic 1902 Incumbent re-elected.
Mississippi 5 Adam M. Byrd Democratic 1902 Incumbent re-elected.
Mississippi 6 Eaton J. Bowers Democratic 1902 Incumbent re-elected.
Mississippi 7 Frank A. McLain Democratic 1898 (special) Incumbent re-elected.
Mississippi 8 John S. Williams Democratic 1892 Incumbent re-elected.

MissouriEdit

MontanaEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Montana at-large Joseph M. Dixon Republican 1902 Incumbent retired to run for U.S. senator.
New member elected.
Republican hold.

NebraskaEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Nebraska 1 Ernest M. Pollard Republican 1905 (special) Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Ernest M. Pollard (Republican) 52.84%
  • T. J. Doyle (Democratic) 42.46%
  • Frank C. Taylor (Prohibition) 3.73%
  • E. I. Root (Socialist) 0.96%[13]
Nebraska 2 John L. Kennedy Republican 1904 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
Nebraska 3 John McCarthy Republican 1902 Incumbent lost renomination.
New member elected.
Republican hold.
  •  Y John F. Boyd (Republican) 48.99%
  • Guy T. Graves (Democratic) 48.23%
  • E. J. Flood (Prohibition) 2.01%
  • L. DeVore (Socialist) 0.77%[15]
Nebraska 4 Edmund H. Hinshaw Republican 1902 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Edmund H. Hinshaw (Republican) 55.02%
  • John J. Thomas (Democratic) 43.97%
  • J. C. Palmerton (Socialist) 1.01%[16]
Nebraska 5 George W. Norris Republican 1902 Incumbent re-elected.
Nebraska 6 Moses Kinkaid Republican 1902 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Moses Kinkaid (Republican) 57.08%
  • G. L. Shumway (Democratic) 40.18%
  • W. N. Parsel (Socialist) 2.74%[18]

NevadaEdit

New HampshireEdit

New JerseyEdit

New YorkEdit

North CarolinaEdit

North DakotaEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
North Dakota at-large
2 seats on a general ticket
Thomas F. Marshall Republican 1900 Incumbent re-elected.
Asle Gronna Republican 1904 Incumbent re-elected.

OhioEdit

OregonEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Oregon 1 Binger Hermann Republican 1903 (special) Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Republican hold.
  •  Y Willis C. Hawley (Republican) 49.13%
  • Charles V. Galloway (Democratic) 41.10%
  • W. W. Myers (Socialist) 5.94%
  • Edward F. Green (Prohibition) 3.83%[20]
Oregon 2 John N. Williamson Republican 1902 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Republican hold.
  •  Y William R. Ellis (Republican) 61.02%
  • James H. Graham (Democratic) 26.18%
  • A. M. Paul (Socialist) 7.61%
  • H. W. Stone (Prohibition) 5.19%[21]

PennsylvaniaEdit

Rhode IslandEdit

South CarolinaEdit

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
South Carolina 1 George Swinton Legaré Democratic 1902 Incumbent re-elected.
South Carolina 2 James O'H. Patterson Democratic 1904 Incumbent re-elected.
South Carolina 3 Wyatt Aiken Democratic 1902 Incumbent re-elected.
South Carolina 4 Joseph T. Johnson Democratic 1900 Incumbent re-elected.
South Carolina 5 David E. Finley Democratic 1898 Incumbent re-elected.
South Carolina 6 J. Edwin Ellerbe Democratic 1904 Incumbent re-elected.
South Carolina 7 Asbury F. Lever Democratic 1901 (special) Incumbent re-elected.

South DakotaEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
South Dakota at-large
(2 seats elected on a general ticket)
Charles H. Burke Republican 1898 Incumbent lost renomination.
New member elected.
Republican hold.
  •  Y Philo Hall (Republican) 32.61%
  •  Y William H. Parker (Republican) 32.59%
  • William S. Elder (Democratic) 13.57%
  • Samuel A. Ramsey (Democratic) 13.44%
  • C. V. Templeton (Prohibition) 2.30%
  • R. J. Day (Prohibition) 2.25%
  • James Kirwan (Socialist) 1.66%
  • Henry A. Berge (Socialist) 1.58%[22]
Eben Martin Republican 1900 Incumbent retired to run for U.S. senator.
New member elected.
Republican hold.

TennesseeEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Tennessee 1 Walter P. Brownlow Republican 1896 Incumbent re-elected.
Tennessee 2 Nathan W. Hale Republican 1904 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Nathan W. Hale (Republican) 71.49%
  • E. L. Foster (Democratic) 26.52%
  • J. A. Broughton (Socialist) 2.00%[24]
Tennessee 3 John A. Moon Democratic 1896 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y John A. Moon (Democratic) 56.85%
  • T. W. Peace (Republican) 42.15%
  • A. Ellyson (Socialist) 1.01%[25]
Tennessee 4 Mounce G. Butler Democratic 1904 Incumbent lost renomination.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
  •  Y Cordell Hull (Democratic) 53.60%
  • John E. Oliver (Republican) 46.25%
  • J. T. McColgan (Socialist) 0.14%[26]
Tennessee 5 William C. Houston Democratic 1904 Incumbent re-elected.
Tennessee 6 John W. Gaines Democratic 1896 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y John W. Gaines (Democratic) 79.82%
  • J. W. Johnson (Republican) 18.97%
  • H. G. Sneed (Socialist) 1.22%[28]
Tennessee 7 Lemuel P. Padgett Democratic 1900 Incumbent re-elected.
Tennessee 8 Thetus W. Sims Democratic 1896 Incumbent re-elected.
Tennessee 9 Finis J. Garrett Democratic 1904 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Finis J. Garrett (Democratic) 76.93%
  • Yandrell Haun (Republican) 22.92%
  • W. P. Outlaw (Socialist) 0.15%[31]
Tennessee 10 Malcolm R. Patterson Democratic 1900 Incumbent retired to run for Governor.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.

TexasEdit

UtahEdit

VermontEdit

VirginiaEdit

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Virginia 1
Virginia 2
Virginia 3
Virginia 4
Virginia 5
Virginia 6 Carter Glass Democratic 1902 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 7
Virginia 8
Virginia 9
Virginia 10

WashingtonEdit

West VirginiaEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
West Virginia 1 Blackburn B. Dovener Republican 1894 Incumbent lost renomination.
New member elected.
Republican hold.
  •  Y William P. Hubbard (Republican) 52.47%
  • T. S. Riley (Democratic) 41.50%
  • W. E. Pierce (Prohibition) 4.02%
  • E. B. Hibbs (Socialist) 2.00%[33]
West Virginia 2 Thomas B. Davis Democratic 1905 (special) Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Republican gain.
  •  Y George C. Sturgiss (Republican) 53.63%
  • M. H. Dent (Democratic) 44.00%
  • James H. Ward (Prohibition) 1.92%
  • W. T. Dadisman (Socialist) 0.45%[34]
West Virginia 3 Joseph H. Gaines Republican 1900 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Joseph H. Gaines (Republican) 52.78%
  • George Byrne (Democratic) 41.08%
  • Fred H. Montgomery (Prohibition) 3.55%
  • J. L. Beard (Socialist) 2.59%[35]
West Virginia 4 Harry C. Woodyard Republican 1902 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Harry C. Woodyard (Republican) 52.17%
  • George W. Hardman (Democratic) 43.89%
  • Dave D. Johnson (Prohibition) 2.29%
  • C. W. Kirkendall (Socialist) 1.65%[36]
West Virginia 5 James A. Hughes Republican 1900 Incumbent re-elected.

WisconsinEdit

WyomingEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Wyoming at-large Frank W. Mondell Republican 1898 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Frank W. Mondell (Republican) 62.16%
  • John C. Hamm (Democratic) 33.07%
  • William Brown (Socialist) 4.57%
  • C. H. Nicodemus (Prohibition) 0.21%[38]

Non-voting delegatesEdit

District of AlaskaEdit

District Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party First elected
Alaska Territory at-large Frank Hinman Waskey Independent 1906 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Independent gain.

New Mexico TerritoryEdit

New Mexico Territory elected its non-voting delegate November 6, 1906.

District Incumbent This race
Representative Party First elected Results Candidates
New Mexico Territory at-large William Henry Andrews Republican 1904 Incumbent re-elected.

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Three states held early elections between June 4 and September 10.
  2. ^ a b Including late elections
  3. ^ a b c 1 Independent Republican, Peter A. Porter, elected to NY-34.
  4. ^ There was 1 Independent Republican.
  5. ^ At-large district eliminated in redistricting.
  6. ^ a b c Elections held early.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Party Divisions of the House of Representatives* 1789–Present". Office of the Historian, United States House of Representatives. Retrieved May 18, 2015.
  2. ^ a b Martis, pp. 160–161.
  3. ^ "ID At Large". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 4 April 2021.
  4. ^ "MS - District 01". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 16 March 2021.
  5. ^ "MS - District 02". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 16 March 2021.
  6. ^ "MS - District 03". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 16 March 2021.
  7. ^ "MS - District 04". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 16 March 2021.
  8. ^ "MS - District 05". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 16 March 2021.
  9. ^ "MS - District 06". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 16 March 2021.
  10. ^ "MS - District 07". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 16 March 2021.
  11. ^ "MS - District 08". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 16 March 2021.
  12. ^ "MT At-Large". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 5 April 2021.
  13. ^ "Our Campaigns - NE - District 01 Race - Nov 6, 1906". www.ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved 4 October 2021.
  14. ^ "Our Campaigns - NE - District 02 Race - Nov 6, 1906". www.ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved 4 October 2021.
  15. ^ "Our Campaigns - NE - District 03 Race - Nov 6, 1906". www.ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved 4 October 2021.
  16. ^ "Our Campaigns - NE - District 04 Race - Nov 6, 1906". www.ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved 4 October 2021.
  17. ^ "Our Campaigns - NE - District 05 Race - Nov 6, 1906". www.ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved 4 October 2021.
  18. ^ "Our Campaigns - NE - District 06 Race - Nov 6, 1906". www.ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved 4 October 2021.
  19. ^ "ND At Large". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 6 April 2021.
  20. ^ "OR - District 01 Race - Jun 04, 1906". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 30 November 2021.
  21. ^ "OR - District 02 Race - Jun 04, 1906". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 30 November 2021.
  22. ^ "SD At Large". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 9 April 2021.
  23. ^ "TN - District 01". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 3 March 2021.
  24. ^ "TN - District 02". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 3 March 2021.
  25. ^ "TN - District 03". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 3 March 2021.
  26. ^ "TN - District 04". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 3 March 2021.
  27. ^ "TN - District 05". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 3 March 2021.
  28. ^ "TN - District 06". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 3 March 2021.
  29. ^ "TN - District 07". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 3 March 2021.
  30. ^ "TN - District 08". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 3 March 2021.
  31. ^ "TN - District 09". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 3 March 2021.
  32. ^ "TN - District 10". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 3 March 2021.
  33. ^ "WV District 01". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 22 April 2021.
  34. ^ "WV District 02". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 22 April 2021.
  35. ^ "WV District 03". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 22 April 2021.
  36. ^ "WV District 04". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 22 April 2021.
  37. ^ "WV District 05". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 22 April 2021.
  38. ^ "WY At-Large". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 12 April 2021.
  39. ^ "Our Campaigns - NM Territorial Delegate Race - Nov 06, 1906". www.ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved 2020-09-16.

BibliographyEdit

External linksEdit