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Timeline of Russian interference in the 2016 United States elections

This is a timeline of major events related to election interference that Russia conducted against the U.S. 2016 elections. It also includes major events related to investigations into suspected inappropriate links between associates of Donald Trump and Russian officials.[1] Those investigations continued in 2017, 2018, and 2019.


Relevant individuals and organizationsEdit



Before Donald Trump's candidacyEdit


  • In the new Trump Tower, Trump meets with David Bogatin, a Russian mobster and close ally of Semion Mogilevich. Bogatin buys five condos from Trump at that meeting that are later seized by the U.S. government for being used to launder money for the Russian mob.[4][5][6]



  • March: Three years after attending the closing with Trump, Bogatin pleads guilty to taking part in a massive gasoline-bootlegging scheme with Russian mobsters. After Bogatin flees the country, the government seizes his five condos at Trump Tower, saying that he had purchased them to "launder money, to shelter and hide assets."[9]
  • July: Trump and his Russian-speaking wife Ivana make his first visit to the Soviet Union (which included the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, now Russia).[10][11][12][13][14]
  • September 1: Trump spends $94,801 on full-page ads in the Boston Globe, Washington Post, and New York Times, calling on NATO countries and other allies to pay for their protection.[15][16][17]


  • Trump returns to Russia, registers his trademark, and makes connections with the development company Bayrock Group (which would result in Trump Soho) and Felix Sater, who became crucial to later Trump Moscow talks.[18][19]


  • 2004: Manafort begins his relationship with his patron, Deripaska.[20]


  • June: Paul Manafort proposes a plan to Deripaska under which Manafort would influence news coverage, business dealings, and politics in the former Soviet Union, Europe, and the United States "to benefit President Vladimir Putin's government." Manafort and Deripaska eventually signed a $10 million contract that started in 2006; they maintained a business relationship until at least 2009.[21]


  • Manafort founds Pericles Emerging Markets, an investment fund primarily backed by Deripaska.[22][23]
  • October 15: Trump praises Putin in an interview on CNN.[24]
  • 2007–2012: Manafort receives $12.7 million in undisclosed cash payments from Viktor Yanukovych's pro-Russian Ukrainian Party of Regions.[23]


  • Around 2008, Trump Jr. travels to Russia a half-dozen times in 18 months, looking for deals.[25]
  • Deripaska transfers $18.9 million to Pericles Emerging Markets to purchase Black Sea Cable. It is unclear what happened to the money: Deripaska demands an accounting of the funds in 2013, sues Pericles in 2014, and sues Manafort in 2018.[22][23][26]
  • July: Trump sells the Palm Beach estate Maison de L'Amitie to Russian oligarch Dmitry Rybolovlev for a record $95 million. Trump bought the property for $41.35 million three years earlier and made only minor improvements.[27]
  • September: Donald Trump Jr., then an executive vice president of The Trump Organization, states, "Russians make up a pretty disproportionate cross-section of a lot of our assets, say, in Dubai, and certainly with our project in SoHo and anywhere in New York. We see a lot of money pouring in from Russia."[28][29]






  • 2013: According to The Guardian, Paul Manafort meets with Julian Assange at the Ecuadorian Embassy in London.[44]
  • January: Carter Page, a petroleum industry consultant, passes documents about the oil market to Victor Podobnyy, a Russian intelligence agent. He later claims the documents were public information. Podobnyy is charged with being an unregistered foreign agent in 2015.[45]
  • March 13: The FBI interviews Manafort about his offshore business dealings.[46]
  • March 19: Manafort has dinner with Rohrabacher as part of his lobbying efforts for the government of Ukraine. Vin Weber, a partner at Mercury Affairs, is also in attendance.[47] Three days later, Manafort gives Rohrabacher a $1,000 campaign contribution.[48] Richard Gates, Manafort's deputy, pleads guilty in 2018 to lying about the meeting to the FBI.[47]
  • April 13: Two agents of the Russian Foreign Intelligence Service (SVR) discuss recruiting Page.[49][50]
  • May 3–5: Butina and Torshin attend the NRA convention in Houston, Texas.[51][52]
  • June 15–18: Attending the Miss USA 2013 pageant, Trump dines with Aras Agalarov, Emin Agalarov, and Rob Goldstone in Las Vegas.[53] The next day he announces that Miss Universe 2013 will be held in Moscow.[53] He sends Putin a letter inviting him to the pageant[54] and asks on Twitter whether the Russian president will be his "new best friend".[55]
  • August: Eric Trump tells author James Dodson, "We don't rely on American banks [...] We have all the funding we need out of Russia", and says, "We go there all the time". In May 2017, Eric Trump calls this "fabricated" and an example of why people distrust the media.[56][28][57][58][59]
  • August 25: Page sends a letter to an academic press in which he claims to be an adviser to the Kremlin.[60]
  • October 17: In an appearance on the Late Show with David Letterman, Donald Trump says he has conducted "a lot of business with the Russians" and that he has met President Vladimir Putin.[61][62]
  • Early November: Keene, Alan Gottlieb, Gottlieb's wife, and Paul Erickson attend the "Right to Bear Arms" conference in Moscow where they meet with Butina and Torshin.[63][34][64] Gottlieb and Keene are invited speakers at the event.[65][40][66] Gottlieb and his wife dine with Torshin and Butina, and receive "gifts that [display] research into their interests." In 2017, Gottlieb tells the Washington Post, "They wanted to keep communications open and form friendships."[34]
  • November 9: The Trump-owned Miss Universe pageant is held in Moscow, sponsored by VTB Bank.[56] According to various reports, the event's $20 million licensing fee is paid by a Moscow real estate development firm called the Crocus Group, whose president is Aras Agalarov and vice president is his son, pop singer Emin Agalarov.[67][68] While Putin does not attend, the event is attended by Vladimir Kozhin,[69] the head of the Kremlin's property department,[70] which is responsible for development projects.[71] After the event, Trump tells Real Estate Weekly, "the Russian market is attracted to me. I have a great relationship with many Russians".[28][72]
  • November 12: The Moscow Times reports that Trump is in talks with Russian companies to build a new Trump tower in Moscow.[73]
  • November 21: The Ukrainian crisis starts when President Yanukovych suspends preparations for the implementation of an association agreement with the European Union.
  • December 10: John Bolton promotes gun rights in Russia in a video made for Butina's "Right to Bear Arms" organization.[74][51]


  • 2014: Butina tells an American Facebook friend who complained about California's gun restrictions that he should "hold demonstrations" for gun rights.[75]
  • February 10: In a Fox and Friends phone interview, Trump says Putin contacted him while he was in Moscow for the Miss Universe pageant.[76]
  • March 6:
  • March 21: Trump posts two tweets praising Putin regarding "Russian Empire"[79][80] on the day the Russian Federal Assembly ratifies the Treaty on Accession of the "Republic of Crimea", formalizing the annexation of Crimea by the Russian Federation.
  • April: The Russian Internet Research Agency (IRA) creates a department called the "translator project". The department's focus is on interfering in the U.S. election.[81][82]
  • April 12: Asked about Putin by Eric Bolling on the Fox News show Cashin' In, Trump says Putin has taken the mantle from Obama. He continues, "Interestingly, I own the Miss Universe pageant, and we just left Moscow. He could not have been nicer. He was so nice and so everything. But you have to give him credit that what he's doing for that country in terms of their world prestige is very strong."[83]
  • April 25–27: Butina and Torshin attend the NRA annual conference in Indianapolis. Butina attends several meetings as a guest of Keene.[63][84]
  • May: The IRA begins its election interference campaign of "spread[ing] distrust towards the candidates and the political system in general."[81][82]
  • May 27: Speaking at a National Press Club luncheon, Trump again claims to have spoken to Putin. "I own the Miss Universe [pageant]. I was in Russia. I was in Moscow recently. And I spoke indirectly and directly with President Putin who could not have been nicer. And we had a tremendous success."[85]
  • June 4–26: Aleksandra Krylova and Anna Bogacheva, two IRA employees, travel to the U.S. to collect intelligence. Maria Bovda, a third employee, is denied a visa.[81] All three are indicted in February 2018 for their work on election interference.[82]
  • July 2: The FBI interviews Richard Gates about his international business dealings.[46]
  • July 22: Laurence Levy, a lawyer with the law firm Bracewell & Giuliani, advises Rebekah Mercer, Steve Bannon, and Alexander Nix on the legality of their company, Cambridge Analytica, being involved in U.S. elections. He advises that Nix and any foreign nationals without a green card working for the company not be involved in any decisions about work the company performs for any clients related to U.S. elections. He further advises Nix to recuse himself from any involvement with the company's U.S. election work because he is not a U.S. citizen.[86][87]
  • July 30: The FBI interviews Manafort about his international business dealings.[46]
  • Late 2014: Butina resigns from her position as the head of "Right to Bear Arms".[88]
  • September 11: The IRA spreads a hoax they created about a fictitious chemical plant fire in Centerville, St. Mary Parish, Louisiana, purportedly started by ISIS. The hoax includes tweets and YouTube videos showing a chemical plant fire. Centerville is home to many chemical plants, but the plant named in the tweets does not exist. Initial tweets are sent directly to politicians, journalists, and Centerville residents.[89]
  • September 21 – October 11: The Material Evidence art exhibition is displayed at the Art Beam gallery in the Chelsea neighborhood of New York City. It portrays the conflicts in Syria and Ukraine in a pro-Russian light. It is promoted by Twitter accounts that also spread the September 11 chemical plant fire hoax.[89] The exhibition is partly funded by the IRA.[90]
  • November 21: Bruce Ohr and Steele discuss cultivating Deripaska as a U.S. intelligence asset.[91]
  • November 26–30: An unnamed IRA employee travels to Atlanta.[81][82]
  • December 13:
    • The IRA uses Twitter to spread a hoax about an Ebola outbreak in Atlanta. Many of the Twitter accounts used in the September 11 chemical plant fire hoax also spread this hoax. The hoax includes a YouTube video of medical workers wearing hazmat suits.[89]
    • Using a different set of Twitter accounts, the IRA spreads a hoax about a purported police shooting of an unarmed black woman in Atlanta. The hoax includes a blurry video of the purported event.[89]


  • 2015
    • Russian oligarch Vladimir Potanin's investment fund AltPoint Capital Partners purchases ByteGrid LLC, which operates some of Maryland's election systems. Potanin is described as "very close" to Putin.[92] State officials are not informed of the purchase, and remain unaware until the FBI briefs them in July 2018.[93]
    • According to The Guardian, Paul Manafort meets with Julian Assange at the Ecuadorian Embassy in London.[44]
  • January 23: A court filing by the U.S. government contains a transcript of a recorded conversation between two members of a Russian SVR spy ring, Victor Podobnyy and Igor Sporyshev. Their conversation concerns efforts to recruit "Male-1", later confirmed as Carter Page. Podobnyy calls Page an "idiot" and tells Sporyshev, "You get the documents from him and tell him to go fuck himself".[49][45][94]
  • February: Dimitri Simes meets with Putin and other Russian officials in Moscow. Simes is the publisher of The National Interest and CEO of the think tank Center for the National Interest. The Center arranges meetings between Torshin, Butina, and U.S. government officials in April, and also arranges Trump's April 27, 2016, speech at the Mayflower Hotel.[95]
  • February 26–28: Butina attends CPAC.[96][97]
  • March 18: Trump announces he is forming a presidential exploratory committee.[98]
  • Spring: U.S. Intelligence intercepts conversations of Russian government officials discussing associates of Donald Trump.[99]
  • April: Flynn begins advising ACU Strategic Partners, a company seeking to build nuclear power plants in the Middle East involving a sanctioned Russian company.[100]
  • April 10: Butina, Torshin, and David Keene attend a fundraiser in Tennessee for Wisconsin Governor Scott Walker.[101][63]
  • April 11–12: Torshin and Butina attend the NRA convention in Nashville, Tennessee.[63] Torshin briefly converses with Trump. Torshin and the Trump family dispute how much was said.[102]
  • June: Flynn travels to the Middle East. In September 2017, members of Congress present evidence to Mueller that Flynn's purpose was to promote a Russian-backed plan for the building of 40 nuclear reactors, with "total regional security" to be provided by U.S.-sanctioned Russian weapons exporter Rosoboron.[103][104][105][106]

2016 presidential campaignEdit


  • June 16: Donald Trump announces his candidacy for president.[107]
  • June 17: In an interview on the Fox News show Hannity, Sean Hannity asks Trump if he has talked to Putin. Trump replies, "I don't want to say. But I got to meet all of the leaders. I got to meet all—I mean, everybody was there. It was a massive event. And let me tell you, it was tremendous."[108]
  • July:
  • July onward: Thousands of fake Twitter accounts run by the IRA begin to praise Trump over his political opponents by a wide margin, according to a later analysis by The Wall Street Journal.[111][112]
  • July 11: Butina attends FreedomFest in Las Vegas, where Trump is speaking and taking questions. She asks Trump his stance on continuing sanctions; he replies he knows Putin and doesn't think sanctions are needed.[32] Reviewing a video of the encounter, Bannon points out that "Trump had a fully developed answer".[113]
  • July 13: Butina is present at Wisconsin Governor Scott Walker's presidential candidacy announcement.[32]
  • July 24: Rob Goldstone emails Trump's assistant Rhona Graff, suggesting that Emin Agalarov could arrange a meeting between Putin and Trump.[114][115]
  • Summer: Hackers linked to the Russian Federal Security Service (FSB) gain access to the Democratic National Committee's computer network.[116] Dutch intelligence services alert their U.S. counterparts that a hacking group known as Cozy Bear has penetrated the Democratic National Committee (DNC) servers.[117]
  • August:
    • Papadopoulos emails Michael Glassner, the executive director of Trump's campaign committee, expressing further interest in joining the campaign as a policy advisor. He continues corresponding with Glassner and Lewandowski for months, but is repeatedly told no position is available for him.[110]
    • David Pecker, the chairman of American Media, Inc. (AMI), meets with Cohen and Trump.[118] He offers "to help deal with negative stories about that presidential candidate’s relationships with women by, among other things, assisting the campaign in identifying such stories so they [can] be purchased and their publication avoided." In September 2018, AMI enters into a non-prosecution agreement for cooperation with the investigation into such activities by the Southern District of New York.[119]
  • August 4–6: Rohrabacher and Behrends travel to Russia.[120] While there, Rohrabacher meets Butina and Torshin for breakfast.[121] In July 2018, Rohrabacher tells Politico he dined with Butina and another congressman accompanying him on the trip.[122]
  • August 5: AMI pays Karen McDougal $150,000 for the "limited life rights" for her story about her relationship with Trump. The payment is made with the understanding from Cohen that AMI will be "substantially reimbursed" by Trump. In August 2018, Cohen pleads guilty to a campaign finance violation for the payment. In September 2018, AMI enters into a non-prosecution agreement in which it admits the purpose of the payment was "to suppress the model’s story so as to prevent it from influencing the election."[119]
  • August 8: Roger Stone leaves the Trump campaign. The campaign says it fired Stone, but Stone insists he quit. He subsequently gives the press a resignation letter that the campaign says it never received.[123]
  • August 21: Sessions makes his first appearance at a Trump campaign rally.[124]
  • September:
    • An FBI special agent reports to the DNC that at least one of its computer systems has been hacked by an espionage team linked to the Russian government. The agent is transferred to a tech-support contractor at the help desk, who makes a cursory check of DNC server logs and does not reply to the agent's follow-up calls, allegedly because of a belief that the call might have been a prank.[125]
    • Jill Stein speaks briefly with Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov at a Russia Today gala in New York City.[126]
    • The FBI and Bruce Ohr try to recruit Deripaska as an informant on the Kremlin and Russian organized crime in exchange for a U.S. visa. Steele helped set up the meeting.[91]
  • September–October: The Washington Free Beacon, a conservative website primarily funded by billionaire Paul Singer, hires Fusion GPS to perform opposition research on Trump. Initially a Marco Rubio supporter, Singer continues to fund the research after Rubio withdraws from the race.[127][128]
  • September 11: Trump speaks at the Yalta European Strategy conference in Kiev via satellite. The organizer of the event, Victor Pinchuk, donates $150,000 to Trump's charity, the Trump Foundation.[129][130]
  • Late September: Felix Sater meets with Michael Cohen to discuss building a Trump Tower in Moscow. Sater agrees to find a developer and arrange for financing.[131][132]
  • September 21: On Hugh Hewitt's radio program, Trump says, "The oligarchs are under [Putin's] control, to a large extent. I mean, he can destroy them, and he has destroyed some of them... Two years ago, I was in Moscow... I was with the top-level people, both oligarchs and generals, and top-of-the-government people. I can't go further than that, but I will tell you that I met the top people, and the relationship was extraordinary."[133]
  • September 26–27: Andy Wigmore meets Alexander Udod during the UKIP annual conference at the Doncaster Racecourse. Udod is a Russian diplomat and suspected Russian intelligence officer who is expelled from the U.K. in 2018 in retaliation for the poisoning of Sergei and Yulia Skripal. In October, Udod arranges a November lunch for Wigmore, Arron Banks, and the Russian ambassador to London, Alexander Yakovenko.[134][135][136]
  • October: For his remarks during a cybersecurity forum in Washington, D.C., Flynn receives $11,250 from Kaspersky Government Security Solutions Inc., the American subsidiary of Kaspersky Lab, owned by Eugene Kaspersky.[137][138]
  • October 9: Sater emails Cohen about his plans to meet with and persuade Andrey Molchanov to provide the land for a Trump Tower in Moscow.[131][132]
  • October 12: Cohen has a series of email exchanges with Felix Sater about developing a Trump property in Moscow.[109] Sater tells Cohen that VTB Bank will fund the project, and that his associates will be meeting with Putin and a deputy on October 14.[131][132]
The letter of intent for the Trump World Tower Moscow project.
  • October 13: Sater sends Cohen a letter of intent signed by Andrey Rozov for Trump to sign in order to move the Moscow project forward.[139][132]
  • October 24: Arron Banks sends an email to Steve Bannon and others to request help from Cambridge Analytica, where Bannon is a VP, with fundraising in the U.S. for the Leave.EU campaign. Foreign contributions to British political campaigns are illegal. Banks comes under criminal investigation in 2018 in part over questions about Leave.EU's funding sources.[140]
  • October 28: Trump signs a letter of intent to construct a Trump-branded building in Moscow hours before the third Republican presidential debate, a fact made public in August 2017.[141][142][131][132]
  • November:
    • Trump associate Felix Sater emails Trump lawyer Michael Cohen: "Michael, I arranged for Ivanka to sit in Putin's private chair at his desk and office in the Kremlin [...] Our boy can become president of the USA and we can engineer it. I will get all of Putin's team to buy in on this".[143][67] Sater also tells Cohen that the Kremlin's VTB Bank is ready to finance a Trump Tower project in Moscow.[56]
    • Ivanka Trump tells Cohen to speak with former Russian Olympic weightlifter Dmitry Klokov about the proposed Trump tower in Moscow. Cohen and Klokov converse by phone and email. In one email, Klokov tells Cohen he can arrange a meeting between Trump and Putin. Cohen declines the offer.[144]
  • November 3: In an email to Cohen, Sater predicts that building a Trump Tower in Moscow will help Trump's presidential campaign. "I will get Putin on this program and we will get Donald elected."[109][132]
  • November 6: Wigmore and Banks have lunch with Yakovenko at the ambassador's residence in London; they brief him on Brexit. In a June 2018 interview, Wigmore tells The Washington Post his goal for the meeting was to discuss finding a buyer for a banana plantation in Belize.[134][135]
  • November 17
    • Wigmore, Banks, and Cambridge Analytica executive Brittany Kaiser launch the Leave.EU campaign.[145][146]
    • Yakovenko introduces Wigmore and Banks to Russian oligarch Siman Povarenkin. In 2018, The Guardian reports that documents related to the meeting suggest Banks was offered business deals.[145]
  • November 19:
    • The IRA creates the @TEN_GOP Twitter account. Purporting to be the "Unofficial Twitter account of Tennessee Republicans," it peaks at over 100,000 followers.[147]
    • Julian Assange privately tells a group of core WikiLeaks supporters that he prefers the GOP win the election because Clinton "is a bright, well connected, sadistic sociopath" who will have "greater freedom to start wars than the GOP and has the will to do so."[148]
  • December: Unable to find a position in the Trump campaign, Papadopoulos joins the Ben Carson campaign.[110]
  • December 2: Trump tells the Associated Press that he is "not that familiar with" Felix Sater and refers questions to his staff.[149][132]
  • December 8–13: Outspoken Trump supporter Milwaukee Sheriff David Clarke, former NRA President David Keene, future NRA President Pete Brownell, NRA Golden Ring of Freedom Chair Joe Gregory, major NRA donors Hilary[150] and Arnold Goldschlager, Outdoor Channel CEO Jim Liberatore,[151] and NRA member Paul Erickson travel to Moscow for the "Right to Bear Arms" convention. They meet Russian government officials, including Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Rogozin[152] and Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov. Rogozin is under U.S. sanctions. Butina accompanies the delegation on a tour of the gun manufacturer ORSIS, where they meet with the company's executives, including Svetlana Nikolaev, president of ORSIS's parent company and wife of billionaire Konstantin Nikolaev. They also meet with Torshin and Sergei Rudov, the head of the Saint Basil the Great Charitable Foundation. They attend a party at a Moscow hunting club hosted by Torshin and Pavel Gusev, the Chairman of the Public Council of the Russian Ministry of Defense. Clarke later files an ethics report showing that Butina's organization, "Right to Bear Arms", covered $6,000 of his expenses.[32][101][153][154][155][156][157] After the Lavrov meeting, Butina emails Torshin, writing, "We should let them express their gratitude now, and put pressure on them quietly later."[158] In May 2018, NRA spokeswoman Dana Loesch denies there was an NRA trip to Moscow, then clarifies in July 2018 that it wasn't an official trip.[159][160][161]
  • December 10:
    • Flynn gives a paid speech on world affairs in Moscow, at a gala dinner organized by RT News.[162] Flynn had appeared on RT as an analyst after retiring from the U.S. Army. Putin is the dinner's guest of honor.[163] Flynn is seated next to Putin; also seated at the head table are Green Party presidential candidate Jill Stein and members of Putin's inner circle, including Sergei Ivanov, Dmitry Peskov, Victor Vekselberg, and Alexey Gromov.[164][165] For his speech, Flynn nets $33,500 of the $45,000 paid to his speakers bureau.[166] For all of 2015, Flynn receives more than $65,000 from companies linked to Russia.[167]
    • ABC News reports that Trump denied knowing Sater under oath in a 2013 video deposition even though Sater was involved in several of his high-profile projects. Trump testified, "If he were sitting in the room right now, I really wouldn't know what he looked like." On December 30, Sater tells Cohen that he helped bury the story.[132][168][169]
  • December 19: In an email to Cohen, Sater talks about securing financing from a Russian bank under American sanctions.[109] Sater also asks for Cohen's and Trump's passport information so that VTB can facilitate obtaining visas. Cohen sends images of his own passport but not Trump's.[132][170]
  • December 21: Clinton campaign chairman John Podesta receives an email, which is later leaked by WikiLeaks, advising the Hillary Campaign on how to approach the issue of Trump, recommending that the "best approach is to slaughter Donald for his bromance with Putin".[171]
  • December 30: Cohen emails Sater complaining about the lack of progress on the Trump Tower Moscow project. Sater responds that he helped bury an ABC News story in which Trump denied knowing him.[132][168]
  • December 31: Sater tells Cohen that GenBank, recently put under U.S. sanctions, will be the new funder for the Trump Tower Moscow project.[132]
  • Late 2015–Early 2016: Trump Jr. and Ivanka Trump are included on emails about the Trump Tower Moscow project. Ivanka Trump recommends an architect.[132][172]

January–March 2016Edit

  • January:
    • Cohen attempts to contact Putin's spokesman Peskov to request assistance with construction of a Trump-branded building in Moscow. Cohen asks in an email what it will take to move the project forward because "the communication between our two sides has stalled".[173][174] Discussions about the Trump Tower Moscow project went on until at least June 2016.[175]
    • Flynn applies to renew his security clearance for five years. In an interview with security investigators, he claims U.S. companies paid for his trip to the RT dinner in Moscow. Documents subsequently obtained by the House Oversight Committee show that RT paid for the trip.[176]
  • January 14: Cohen emails Peskov seeking help to jump-start the apparently stalled Trump Moscow project.[109][132]
  • January 16: Cohen emails Peskov's office and asks to speak with someone who speaks English.[132]
  • January 19: Konstantin Sidorkov, executive at VKontakte (commonly called VK, Russia's equivalent of Facebook), emails Trump Jr. and social media director Dan Scavino offering to help promote Trump's campaign to its nearly 100 million users. Goldstone brokered the overture.[109] Sidorkov emails again on November 5, 2016.[177]
  • January 20:
    • A Russian social media company emails Trump Jr., Trump's personal assistant, and Scavino about setting up a page for Trump's campaign.[109]
    • Cohen and Peskov's assistant converse on the phone for 20 minutes. Cohen requests assistance with securing land and financing for the Trump Tower Moscow project. The conversation includes a discussion of giving Putin a $50 million penthouse in the tower as a gift.[132][178]
  • January 21: Sater emails Cohen asking for a call. He writes, "It's about Putin they called today."[132]
  • January 25: Cohen receives an invitation from a Russian businessman for a working visit to Moscow to move the Trump Tower Moscow project forward.[132]
  • January 26: Sater asks Cohen to take a call from Evgeny Shmykov, who is coordinating their project in Moscow. Cohen agrees.[132]
  • February–April: Papadopoulos works for the same company as Joseph Mifsud, the London Centre of International Law Practice.[39][179][180]
  • February 2: Trump comes in second in the Iowa caucuses. In 2017, Cohen asserts that all efforts on the Trump Tower Moscow project ended before this date.[132]
  • February 10: IRA instructs workers to "use any opportunity to criticize Hillary and the rest (except Sanders and Trump—we support them)." [109]
  • February 28: Sessions formally endorses Trump.[124]
  • February 29:
    • Manafort submits a five-page proposal to Trump outlining his qualifications to help Trump secure enough convention delegates and win the Republican presidential nomination. Manafort describes how he assisted several business and political leaders, notably in Russia and Ukraine.[181]
    • Trump receives a letter from Aras Agalarov expressing "great interest" in Trump's "bright electoral campaign."[109]
  • March
    • Page begins working for the Trump campaign as an unpaid foreign policy adviser.[182][183][184]
    • According to The Guardian, Manafort has a third meeting with Assange at the Ecuadorian Embassy in London. It is unclear whether the meeting occurred before or after Manafort formally joined the Trump campaign.[44]
  • Early March: Papadopoulos tells Glassner he is free again to join Trump's campaign. Glassner connects Papadopoulos with campaign co-chairman Sam Clovis. Clovis tells Papadopoulos that improving Russia relations is a top foreign policy goal for the campaign,[110] and recommends Page to the campaign.[185]
  • March 2: Assange consoles a core WikiLeaks supporter who is upset about Clinton's success in the primary elections the day before, writing, "Perhaps Hillary will have a stroke."[148]
  • March 3: Sessions is appointed to the Trump campaign's national security advisory committee.[124]
  • March 6: Papadopoulos learns he will be a foreign policy advisor for the Trump Campaign.[186][187][188] The campaign hires Papadopoulos on Ben Carson's recommendation.[189] Papadopoulos is told that a priority of the campaign is a better relationship with Russia.[109]
  • March 12: Russian-American Simon Kukes donates $2,700 to the Trump campaign. It is his first-ever political donation. In 2017, his 2016 political donations become a subject of the Mueller investigation.[190]
  • March 14: Papadopoulos first meets Maltese academic Joseph Mifsud while traveling in Italy.[186][191]
  • March 15:
    • Trump says he has become “the biggest political story anywhere in the world.”[192]
    • In Moscow, Russian military intelligence hacker Ivan Yermakov, working for Fancy Bear, begins probing the DNC computer network.[192]
    • In St. Petersburg, shift workers posing as Americans follow instructions to attack Clinton on Facebook and Twitter.[192]
  • March 16: The FBI releases its Report of Investigation on Flynn's security clearance renewal application.[176]
  • March 19: Podesta is asked to change his email password in an apparent phishing attempt, believed to be spearheaded by Russian hackers. They gain access to his account,[116] and proceed to steal the entire contents of his account, about 50,000 emails.[109]
  • March 21
    • In a Washington Post interview,[193][194] Trump names members of his foreign policy team, including Papadopoulos and Page.[109] Page had helped open the Moscow office of investment banking firm Merrill Lynch and advised Russian state-owned energy giant Gazprom, in which Page is an investor. He had blamed 2014 US sanctions relating to Russia's annexation of Crimea for driving down Gazprom's stock price.[195]
    • Hackers allegedly steal over 50,000 emails from Podesta's account.[196]
  • March 24:
    • In London, Papadopoulos meets Mifsud and Olga Polonskaya, who falsely claims to be Putin's niece.[197] Polonskaya is in regular email contact with Papadopoulos, in one message writing, "We are all very excited by the possibility of a good relationship with Mr. Trump".[191]
    • Papadopoulos emails Trump campaign officials about his new Russian contacts.[109]
  • March 28: Manafort is brought on to the campaign to lead the delegate-wrangling effort.[109]
  • March 29: On Stone's recommendation,[198] Manafort joins the Trump campaign as convention manager, tasked with lining up delegates.[199]
  • March 30: Alexandra Chalupa, who worked in the White House Office of Public Liaison during the Clinton administration, briefs the DNC's communications staff on Manafort's and Trump's ties to Russia.[200]
  • March 31: At the first meeting of Trump's foreign policy team, which includes Trump and Sessions, Papadopoulos speaks of his connections with Russia, and offers to negotiate a meeting between Trump and Putin.[109][201] Sessions later states he opposed the idea.[191][202][203][204] Papadopoulos's lawyers assert in a September 2018 court filing that Trump nodded in agreement to the offer, and that Sessions said the campaign should look into it.[205] The meeting is held at the yet-to-open Trump International Hotel Washington, D.C..[110]
  • Spring:
    • U.S. intelligence officials' suspicions of Russian meddling in the presidential election grow after their counterparts in Europe warn that Russian money might be flowing into the election.[99]
    • Stone tells associates he is in contact with Julian Assange.[206]

April–May 2016Edit

  • April:
    • Between April and November 2016, there are at least 18 further exchanges by telephone and email between Russian officials and the Trump team.[207][208]
    • Hackers linked to the GRU gain access to the DNC computer network.[116]
    • Russian social media company SocialPuncher releases an analysis showing that Trump has quoted or retweeted Twitter bots 150 times since the beginning of 2016.[209][210]
    • The IRA starts buying online ads on social media and other sites. The ads support Trump and attack Clinton.[81][82]
    • Marc Elias, a lawyer at Perkins Coie and general counsel for the Clinton campaign, takes over funding of the Fusion GPS Trump investigation. He uses discretionary funds at his disposal and does not inform the campaign about the research.[211][212][128]
    • The intelligence agency of a Baltic state shares a piece of intelligence with the director of the CIA regarding the Trump campaign. The intelligence is allegedly a recording of a conversation about Russian government money going to the Trump campaign.[213]
  • April 1: Carter Page is invited to deliver a commencement address at a prestigious economic school in Moscow.[109]
  • April 1–3:
    • Rohrabacher meets with Natalia Veselnitskaya in Moscow to discuss the Magnitsky Act. Vladimir Yakunin, under U.S. sanctions, is also present.[214][215] Rohrabacher later says he met Yakunin at the request of Kislyak.[216] He also meets with officials at the Russian Prosecutor General's office, where he receives a document full of accusations against Magnitsky. U.S. Embassy officials are worried Rohrabacher may be meeting with FSB agents. The meeting at the prosecutor's office is not on his itinerary.[214] The document is given to Rohrabacher by Deputy Prosecutor Viktor Grin, who is under U.S. sanctions authorized by the Magnitsky Act. Rohrabacher subsequently uses the document in efforts to undermine the Magnitsky Act.[216] His accepting the document from Grin, a sanctioned individual, and using it to influence U.S. government policy leads to a July 21, 2017, complaint being filed against Rohrabacher and his staff director, Paul Behrends, for violating Magnitsky Act sanctions.[217]
    • While in Moscow with Rohrabacher, Rohrabacher's aide Paul Behrends introduces Congressman French Hill to Veselnitskaya and Rinat Akhmetshin.[218][215] Veselnitskaya gives Hill a document nearly identical to the one Grin gave to Rohrabacher.[219]
  • April 4: A rally is held in Buffalo, New York, protesting the death of India Cummings. Cummings was a black woman who had recently died in police custody. The IRA's "Blacktivist" account on Facebook actively promotes the event, reaching out directly to local activists on Facebook Messenger asking them to circulate petitions and print posters for the event. Blacktivist supplies the petitions and poster artwork.[220]
  • April 6: Hackers allegedly spearphish the credentials of a Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee (DCCC) employee.[196]
  • April 11: Manafort and Konstantin Kilimnik exchange emails about whether recent press coverage of Manafort joining the Trump campaign can be used to make them "whole" with Deripaska. Manafort is in debt to Deripaska for millions of dollars at the time.[22] Kilimnik confirms to Manafort that Deripaska is aware Manafort is on Trump's campaign team.[109]
  • April 12: Russian hackers use stolen credentials to infiltrate the DCCC's computer network and install malware.[109]
  • April 16: A rally protesting the death of Freddie Gray attracts large crowds in Baltimore. The IRA's Blacktivist Facebook group promotes and organizes the event, including reaching out to local activists.[221]
  • April 18:
    • Mifsud introduces Papadopoulos to Ivan Timofeev, program director of the Kremlin-sponsored Valdai Discussion Club. Papadopoulos and Timofeev communicate for months about potential meetings between Russian government officials and members of the Trump campaign. Later records indicate that Timofeev discussed Papadopoulos with former Russian Foreign Minister Igor S. Ivanov.[197][191][188]
    • Russian hackers break into the DNC's computers.[109]
  • April 19: Russian hackers create a fictitious online persona, "Carrie Feehan", to register the domain, paid for in bitcoin, to release stolen documents.[196][109]
  • April 22: Ivan Timofeev thanks Papadopoulos "for an extensive talk" and proposes meeting in London or Moscow.[109]
  • April 23: A small group of white-power demonstrators hold a rally they call "Rock Stone Mountain" at Stone Mountain Park near Stone Mountain, Georgia. They are confronted by a large group of protesters, and some violent clashes ensue. The counterprotest was heavily promoted by IRA accounts on Tumblr, Twitter, and Facebook, and the IRA website The IRA uses its Blacktivist account on Facebook to reach out, to no avail, to activist and academic Barbara Williams Emerson, the daughter of Hosea Williams, to help promote the protests. Afterward, RT blames anti-racist protesters for violence and promotes two videos shot at the event.[220]
  • April 25: Papadopoulos tells Stephen Miller that Putin wants to meet Trump.[109]
  • April 26:
    • Before the second Mifsud meeting, Papadopoulos emails Stephen Miller, informing him that Putin has extended an "open invitation" to Trump.[197]
    • Papadopoulos meets Mifsud in London again. Mifsud claims that he has learned that Russians are in possession of thousands of stolen emails that may be politically damaging to Clinton.[222][191][197] This is the first of at least two times the Trump campaign is told Russia has “dirt” on Hillary Clinton. Two months later the Russian hacking is publicly revealed.[109]
  • April 27:
    • Trump, Sessions and Jared Kushner greet Russian Ambassador Sergey Kislyak at the Mayflower Hotel in Washington D.C. This contact is repeatedly omitted from testimony or denied.[194][223][224] Afterward, Kislyak reports the conversation with Sessions to Moscow.[225] Kushner is the first to publicly admit the Kislyak meeting took place in his prepared statement for Senate investigators on July 24, 2017.[226]
    • Trump speaks at the Mayflower Hotel at the invitation of The National Interest, the magazine of the Center for the National Interest.[95] He delivers a speech edited by Papadopoulos that calls for improved relations between the US and Russia. Papadopoulos brings the speech to the attention of Mifsud and Polonskaya, and tells Timofeev that it should be considered "the signal to meet".[191]
    • Papadopoulos emails Miller that he has "some interesting messages coming in from Moscow about a trip when the time is right."[197]
    • Papadopoulos tells Lewandowski via email that Putin wants to meet Trump.[188]
  • Late April: The DNC's IT department notices suspicious computer activity. Within 24 hours, the DNC contacts the FBI, and hires a private cybersecurity firm, CrowdStrike, to investigate.[227]
  • May:
    • CrowdStrike determines that sophisticated adversaries—denominated Cozy Bear and Fancy Bear—are responsible for the DNC hack. Fancy Bear, in particular, is suspected of affiliation with Russia's Main Intelligence Directorate (GRU).[228]
    • Erickson contacts Trump campaign advisor Rick Dearborn. In an email headed "Kremlin Connection", Erickson seeks the advice of Dearborn and Sessions about how to arrange a meeting between Trump and Putin. Erickson suggests making contact at the NRA's annual convention in Kentucky. The communication refers to Torshin, who is under instructions to contact the Trump campaign.[229][230]
    • At Butina's urging, Christian activist Rick Clay emails Dearborn with the subject "Russian backdoor overture and dinner invite"[231] offering a meeting between Trump and Torshin.[232] Dearborn, then Sessions's Chief of Staff, sends an email mentioning a person from West Virginia seeking to connect Trump campaign members with Putin. Dearborn appears "skeptical" of the meeting request.[233] Jared Kushner rejects the request. Torshin and Trump Jr. later meet and speak at the NRA convention.[232]
    • Papadopoulos travels to Greece and meets with Greece's president Prokopios Pavlopoulos, defense minister Panos Kammenos, foreign minister Nikos Kotzias, and a former prime minister. Putin makes an official visit to Athens during Papadopoulos's trip.[234]
    • Stone and Michael Caputo meet in Miami with Russian national who reportedly called himself "Henry Greenberg" and, according to Greenberg, a Ukrainian friend Greenberg later identifies as "Alexei". Greenberg and Alexei offer Caputo and Stone political dirt on Hillary Clinton. Stone repeatedly denies knowingly meeting with any Russian nationals in 2016 until The Washington Post asks him about this meeting in June 2018.[235]
    • A new American shell company, "Silver Valley Consulting", is set up by Russian-born accountant Ilya Bykov for Aras Agalarov.[236]
  • May 1: In London, during a night of heavy drinking, Papadopoulos tells the Australian ambassador Alexander Downer, that the Russians have politically damaging material on Clinton. After WikiLeaks releases the DNC emails two months later, Australian officials pass this information to American officials.[109] This provokes the FBI to open a counterintelligence investigation into the Trump campaign months before the presidential election.[109]
  • May 2: A second rally is held in Buffalo, New York, protesting the death of India Cummings. Like the rally on April 4, the event is heavily promoted by the IRA's Blacktivist Facebook account, including attempted outreach to local activists.[220]
  • May 4:
    • Timofeev tells Papadopoulos his colleagues from the ministry "are open for cooperation."[109] Papadopoulos forwards Lewandowski his contact at the Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA) Timofeev's email that offers a meeting between the MFA and Papadopoulos in Moscow.
    • Manafort meets with Kilimnik.[109]
    • Starting 4 May,[237] and continuing through September, a pair of servers owned by Alfa-Bank look up the Trump Organization's domain on a server housed by Listrak and administered by Cendyn more than 2,000 times. Alfa-Bank performed the most lookups during this period, followed by Spectrum Health, and then Heartland Payment Systems with 76 lookups; beyond that no other visible entity made more than two.[238]
    • Trump becomes the only remaining candidate for the Republican presidential nomination when John Kasich withdraws.[239]
  • May 4–6: Cohen and Sater plan a trip to Moscow after the Republican convention for Cohen to meet with Putin or Russian Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev at Peskov's invitation.[178][132]
  • May 5: Papadopoulos forwards Timofeev's email to Clovis,[109] who replies, "[t]here are legal issues we need to mitigate, meeting with foreign officials as a private citizen."[188]
  • May 8: Timofeev proposes connecting Papadopoulos with another Russian official.[109]
  • May 10: Dearborn receives an email about arranging a back-channel meeting between Trump and Putin with the subject line "Kremlin Connection." It is sent from a conservative operative who says Russia wants to use the NRA's convention to make "first contact."[109]
  • May 14: Papadopoulos tells Lewandowski the Russians are interested in hosting Trump.[109]
  • May 16:
    • Page floats the idea with the campaign team of Trump going to Russia in instead of Page "to raise the temperature a little bit.[109]
    • Dearborn receives a similar second proposal, which he forwards to Kushner, Manafort and Rick Gates. Both efforts (to arrange a back-channel meeting between Trump and Putin) appear to involve Alexander Torshin, who was instructed to make contact with the Trump campaign.[109] Kushner rebuffs the proposal.[109]
  • May 19: Manafort becomes Trump’s campaign chairman and chief strategist.[240]
  • May 19–22: The NRA annual conference is held in Louisville, Kentucky. Trump and Trump Jr. attend.[241][242][243][244] Trump Jr. meets briefly with Torshin and Butina on May 20.[109]
  • May 21:
    • Papadopoulos forwards a note from Timofeev to Manafort stressing the MFA's desire to meet with Trump. Manafort shoots down the idea in an email to Rick Gates,[110][188] with a note: "We need someone to communicate that DT is not doing these trips."[109]
    • Two competing rallies are held in Houston to alternately protest against and defend the recently opened Library of Islamic Knowledge at the Islamic Da'wah Center. The "Stop Islamization of Texas" rally is organized by the Facebook group "Heart of Texas". The Facebook posting for the event encourages participants to bring guns. A spokesman for the group converses with the Houston Press via email but declines to give a name. The other rally, "Save Islamic Knowledge", is organized by the Facebook group "United Muslims of America" for the same time and location. Both Facebook groups are later revealed to be IRA accounts.[245][246]
  • May 22: Politico reports on Trump's past associations and dealings with the American Mafia and other criminal figures, including Sater.[247][132]
  • May 25:
    • The Westboro Baptist Church holds its annual protest of Lawrence High School graduation ceremonies in Lawrence, Kansas. The "LGBT United" Facebook group organizes counterprotesters to confront the Westboro protest, including by placing an ad on Facebook and contacting local people. About a dozen people show up. Lawrence High School students do not participate because they are "skeptical" of the counterprotest organizers. LGBT United is an IRA account that appears to have been created specifically for this event.[248]
    • Thousands of DNC emails are stolen.[109]
  • May 26: The Associated Press reports that Trump has secured enough delegates to become the presumptive Republican nominee.[116]
  • May 27: At a rally, Trump calls Putin “a strong leader.”[109]
  • May 27–28: Putin makes an official visit to Greece and meets with government leaders. His visit overlaps with a trip to Greece by Papadopoulos.[234][249]
  • May 29: The IRA hires an American to pose in front of the White House holding a sign that says, "Happy 55th Birthday, Dear Boss." "Boss" is a reference to Russian oligarch Yevgeny Prigozhin.[81][82]

June 2016Edit

  • June:
    • Around this time, the conspirators charged in the July 2018 indictment stage and release tens of thousands of stolen emails and documents using fictitious online personas, including "DCLeaks" and "Guccifer 2.0".[250]
    • The FBI sends a warning to states about "bad actors" probing state voter-registration databases and systems to seek vulnerabilities; investigators believe Russia is responsible.[251]
    • Fusion GPS hires Christopher Steele to research Trump's activities in Russia. A resultant 35-page document, later known as the Trump–Russia dossier or Steele dossier, is published on January 10, 2017, by BuzzFeed News.[252]
    • A former GRU officer arranges for Felix Sater and Michael Cohen to attend the St. Petersburg International Economic Forum, which Putin regularly attends. Sater wants to use the trip to push forward the Moscow Trump Tower deal. Cohen cancels at the last minute. Sater does not attend the forum.[253]
  • Early June: At a closed-door gathering of foreign policy experts visiting with the Prime Minister of India, Page hails Putin as stronger and more reliable than Obama and touts the positive effect a Trump presidency would have on U.S.–Russia relations.[254]
  • June 1:
    • Based upon a referral from Lewandowski, Papadopoulos emails Clovis about more interest from the Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs to set up a Trump meeting in Russia.[109] He writes, "I have the Russian MFA asking me if Mr. Trump is interested in visiting Russia at some point."[255][256]
    • The IRA plans a Manhattan rally called "March for Trump" and buys Facebook ads promoting the event.[81][82]
  • June 1–2: Deripaska and Anton Inyutsyn, the Russian Deputy Minister of Energy, attend the Clean Energy Ministerial in San Francisco, California. Deripaska also visits UC Berkeley. The trip coincides with nearby Trump rallies in Sacramento and San Jose.[257]
  • June 3:
    • Aras Agalarov is told that the Russian government wants to give the Trump campaign damaging information about Clinton.[109]
    • Goldstone emails Trump Jr. offering, on behalf of Emin Agalarov, to meet an alleged Russian government official who "would incriminate Hillary and her dealings with Russia and would be very useful to your father", as "part of Russia and its government's support for Mr. Trump." Trump Jr. responded 17 minutes later:[258][259] "If it’s what you say I love it especially later in the summer," and schedules the meeting. Goldstone also offers to relay the information to Trump through his assistant.[260] This is the second time a Trump campaign official was told of "dirt" on Clinton.[109]
    • $3.3 million began moving between Aras Agalarov and Irakly “Ike” Kaveladze, a longtime Agalarov employee once investigated for money laundering.[258]
  • June 4: The IRA email account sends news releases about the "March for Trump" rally to New York City media outlets.[81][82]
  • June 5: The IRA contacts a Trump campaign volunteer to provide signs for the "March for Trump" rally.[81][82]
  • June 6:
    • Hillary Clinton becomes the presumptive Democratic nominee.
    • Trump Jr. calls a blocked number: at Trump Tower, the private residence has a blocked number.[261] At a primary night rally in New York, Trump promises a speech discussing information about Clinton. Trump says "I am going to give a major speech on probably Monday of next week [June 13], and we are going to be discussing all of the things that have taken place with the Clintons".[262]
    • Goldstone follows up with Trump Jr. about when Jr. can "talk with Emin by phone about this Hillary info." Trump Jr. calls Emin.[109] Phone records show Trump Jr. called a blocked number before and after calls to Emin.[109]
  • June 6–7: Trump Jr. and Emin Agalarov discuss setting up their June 9 meeting in three phone calls.[263]
  • June 8: The DCLeaks website comes online.[196]
  • June 9: Kushner, Manafort and Trump Jr. meet in Trump Tower with Goldstone, Russian attorney Natalia Veselnitskaya,[264] Russian-American lobbyist Rinat Akhmetshin,[265] Ike Kaveladze of Aras Agalarov's Crocus Group,[266] and translator Anatoli Samochornov.[267][268] Veselnitskaya is best known for lobbying against the Magnitsky Act, an American law that blacklists suspected Russian human rights abusers.[269] Trump Jr. later acknowledges that he asked Veselnitskaya for damaging information about the Clinton Foundation and says she had none.[270] Samochornov, Kaveladze, and Akhmetshin later tell the Senate Judiciary Committee that Trump Jr. told Veselnitskaya to come back after they won the election.[271][268] Trump Jr. calls a blocked number before (June 6) and after the meeting. Trump spends the day at Trump Tower, where the private residence has a blocked number, and holds no public events.[261]
  • June 9–14: Sater repeatedly tries to get Cohen to confirm his trip to Russia.[132]
  • June 11–12: The DNC expels Russian hackers from its servers. Some of the hackers had been accessing the DNC network for over a year.[272]
  • June 12: Julian Assange appears on the ITV television show Peston on Sunday. He tells Robert Peston that emails related to Clinton are "pending publication" and says, "WikiLeaks has a very good year ahead."[273][274]
  • June 14:
    • The DNC publicly alleges that they have been hacked by Russian state-backed hackers.[273][272] Following this news, a small group of politically diverse prominent computer scientists scattered across the US, including a member Dexter Filkins calls "Max" in his October 2018 New Yorker article, begin combing the Domain Name System (DNS).[238]
    • Sater meets Cohen in the Trump Tower lobby. Cohen tells him he will not be traveling to Russia (two days before planned departure).[132][275]
  • June 15:
    • "Guccifer 2.0" (GRU) claims credit for the DNC hacking and posts some of the stolen material to a website. CrowdStrike stands by its "findings identifying two separate Russian intelligence-affiliated adversaries present in the DNC network in May 2016."[276]
    • Gawker publishes an opposition research document on Trump that was stolen from the DNC. "Guccifer 2.0" sent the file to Gawker.[196][277]
    • House Majority Leader Kevin McCarthy and House Speaker Paul Ryan meet separately with Ukrainian Prime Minister Volodymyr Groysman at the Capitol. Groysman describes to them how the Kremlin is financing populist politicians in Eastern Europe to damage democratic institutions. McCarthy and Ryan have a private meeting afterwards with GOP leaders that is secretly recorded. Toward the end of their conversation, after laughing at the DNC hacking, McCarthy says, "there's two people, I think, Putin pays: Rohrabacher and Trump...[laughter]...swear to God." Ryan then tells everyone to keep this conversation secret. A transcript of the recording becomes public a year later.[278][279]
  • June 19: After communicating with the MFA via email and Skype, Papadopoulos tells Lewandowski by email that the MFA is interested in meeting with a "campaign rep" if Trump can't meet with them. Papadopoulos offers to go in an unofficial capacity.[255][256]
  • June 20:
    • Aras Agalarov wires more than $19.5 million to his account at a bank in New York.[271]
    • Trump fires Lewandowski.[280] Manafort becomes campaign manager.[281]
  • June 22: Wikileaks reaches out to "Guccifer 2.0" via Twitter. They ask "Guccifer 2.0" to send them material because it will have a bigger impact if they publish it. They also specifically ask for material on Clinton they can publish before the convention.[196]
  • June 23:
  • June 24: The IRA group "United Muslims of America" buys Facebook ads for the "Support Hillary, Save American Muslims" rally.[81][82]
  • June 25:
    • The IRA's "March for Trump" rally occurs.[81][82]
    • The IRA Facebook group LGBT United organizes a candlelight vigil for the Pulse nightclub shooting victims in Orlando, Florida.[282][283]
  • June 29: Goldstone emails Trump campaign social media director Dan Scavino about promoting Trump on VKontakte. He says the email is a follow-up to his recent conversation with Trump Jr. and Manafort.[177]
  • Summer:
    • Papadopoulos is approached via LinkedIn by American-Belarussian Sergei Millian of the Russian-American Chamber of Commerce. Papadopoulos and Millian meet repeatedly in Manhattan to discuss starting an energy business together, to be financed by Russian billionaires "who are not under sanctions". They also discuss the possibility of a Trump Tower in Moscow.[191]
    • IRA employees use the stolen identities of four Americans to open PayPal and bank accounts to act as conduits for funding their activities in the United States.[81][82]

July 2016Edit

  • July:
    • The IRA's translator project grows to over 80 employees.[81][82]
    • Page makes a five-day trip to Moscow.[284] The Steele dossier alleges that in July, Page secretly met Rosneft chairman Igor Sechin in Moscow, together with a "senior Kremlin Internal Affairs official, DIVYEKIN", that Sechin offered Trump a 19% stake in Rosneft (worth about $11 billion) in exchange for lifting the sanctions against Russia after his election,[285][286] and that Page confirmed, on Trump's "full authority", that he intended to lift the sanctions.[287][288][289]
  • July 5:
    • At Steele's London office, Steele reveals to an FBI agent from Rome some of his findings that indicate a wide-ranging Russian conspiracy to elect Trump.[191][290]
    • "United Muslims of America", an IRA group, orders posters with fake Clinton quotes promoting Sharia Law. The posters are ordered for the "Support Hillary, Save American Muslims" rally they are organizing.[81][82]
  • July 6: "Guccifer 2.0" releases another cache of DNC documents and sends copies to The Hill.[291][292]
  • July 6–10: The IRA's "Don't Shoot" Facebook group and affiliated "Don't Shoot Us" website try to organize a protest outside the St. Paul, Minnesota, police headquarters on July 10 in response to the July 6 fatal police shooting of Philando Castile. Some local activists become suspicious of the event because St. Paul police were not involved in the shooting: Castile was shot by a St. Anthony police officer in nearby Falcon Heights. Local activists contact Don't Shoot. After being pressed on who they are and who supports them, Don't Shoot agrees to move the protest to the St. Anthony police headquarters. The concerned local activists investigate further and urge protesters not to participate after deciding Don't Shoot is a "total troll job." Don't Shoot organizers eventually relinquish control of the event to local organizers, who subsequently decline to accept any money from Don't Shoot.[293][294]
  • July 7:
    • In a lecture at the New Economic School in Moscow,[295] Page criticizes American foreign policy, saying that many of the mistakes spoiling relations between the US and Russia "originated in my own country."[296] Page had received permission from the Trump campaign to make the trip.[297] Page also meets Russian Deputy Prime Minister Arkady Dvorkovich during the visit.[298]
    • In an email exchange using his official Trump campaign email address, Manafort asks Kilimnik to forward an offer to provide "private briefings" to Deripaska.[299][300]
  • July 8: Page emails Trump campaign officials about his presentation at the New Economic School in Moscow. He describes meeting Russian Deputy Prime Minister Arkady Dvorkovich. He says Dvorkovich "expressed strong support for Mr. Trump and a desire to work together toward devising better solutions in response to the vast range of current international problems."[301]
  • July 9:
  • July 10: A Black Lives Matter protest rally is held in Dallas. A "Blue Lives Matter" counterprotest is held across the street. The Blue Lives Matter protest is organized by the "Heart of Texas" Facebook group, controlled by the IRA.[303][282][246]
  • July 12: An IRA group buys ads on Facebook for the "Down with Hillary" rally in New York City.[81][82]
  • July 13:
    • A hacker or group calling themselves "Guccifer 2.0" releases over 10,000 names from the DNC in two spreadsheets and a list of objectionable quotes from Sarah Palin.[292]
    • Kukes donates $49,000 to the Trump Victory fund. In 2017, his 2016 political donations become a subject of the Mueller investigation.[190]
  • July 16: The IRA's Blacktivist group organizes a rally in Chicago to honor Sandra Bland on the first anniversary of her death. The rally is held in front of the Chicago Police Department's Homan Square building. Participants pass around petitions calling for a Civilian Police Accountability Council ordinance.[304][305]
  • July 18: "Guccifer 2.0" dumps a new batch of documents from the DNC servers, including personal information of 20,000 Republican donors and opposition research on Trump.[306]
  • July 18–21: Republican Convention in Cleveland[307]
    • Nigel Farage encounters Stone and Alex Jones at a restaurant. The next day, Stone contacts Manafort and suggests a meeting between Trump and Farage. Manafort responds that he will pass on the request.[134]
    • July 18:
      • Kislyak attends the convention, meeting Page and J. D. Gordon;[1] as Trump's foreign policy advisers, they stress that he would like to improve relations with Russia.[308] Sessions speaks with Kislyak at a Heritage Foundation event.[1][124]
      • Gordon lobbies to remove arms sales to Ukraine from the Republican platform, citing concerns over conflict escalation in Donbass.[309][310] In December 2017, Diana Denman, a Republican delegate who supported the weapons sale, says that Trump directed Gordon to weaken that position.[311]
    • July 21
      • Trump formally accepts the Republican nomination.[312]
      • Wigmore and Farage encounter staffers for Mississippi Governor Phil Bryant at the bar in the Hilton Hotel. A staffer invites Wigmore and Farage to Mississippi.[134]
  • July 22: WikiLeaks publishes 20,000 emails from seven key DNC officials. The emails show them disparaging Bernie Sanders and favoring Hillary Clinton in the 2016 presidential primaries.[313]
  • July 23: The IRA-organized "Down with Hillary" rally is held in New York City. The agency sends 30 news releases to media outlets using the email address[81][82]
  • July 24:
    • DNC Chairwoman Debbie Wasserman Schultz is forced to resign because of the WikiLeaks email publication.[314]
    • Appearing on This Week, Manafort denies there are any links between him, Trump, or the "campaign and Putin and his regime".[315]
  • July 25–28: Democratic Convention in Philadelphia.[316]
  • July 25:
    • Based on assessments from cybersecurity firms, the DNC and the Clinton campaign say that Russian intelligence operators have hacked their e-mails and forwarded them to WikiLeaks.[317]
    • Stone emails Corsi, "Get to (Assange) [a]t Ecuadorian Embassy in London and get the pending (WikiLeaks) emails".[318] Corsi later passes this along to Ted Malloch, a conservative author in London.[318]
  • July 26: Trump denies having any investments in Russia.[132][319]
  • July 27:
    • On or about this date "the Conspirators attempted after hours to spearphish for the first time email accounts at a domain hosted by a third-party provider and used by Clinton's personal office. At or around the same time, they also targeted seventy-six email addresses at the domain for the Clinton Campaign."[320][321]
    • Trump calls for Russia to give Clinton's missing emails to the FBI. His tweet is before his statements on the matter to the press.[322]
    • Trump tells a CBS affiliate in Miami, "I have nothing to do with Russia. Nothing to do. I never met Putin. I have nothing to do with Russia whatsoever." This contradicts his many claims since 2013 to have met Putin and done business in Russia.[54]
    • At a news conference, Trump says he "hopes" Russia can find Clinton's missing emails. The remark triggers a backlash from media and politicians who criticize Trump's "urging a foreign adversary to conduct cyberespionage" against his political opponent.[323][324] Trump responds that he was being "sarcastic".[325] A 2018 indictment alleges Russian intelligence officers began a spearphishing attack on Clinton campaign email accounts that night.[326]
  • July 28: Clinton formally accepts the Democratic nomination.[327]
  • July 29: Kilimnik sends Manafort an email requesting to meet in person so he can brief Manafort on a meeting he had "with the guy who gave you your biggest black caviar jar several years ago", saying he has important messages to deliver from this person.[22] In September 2017, The Washington Post reports that investigators believe Kilimnik and Manafort used the term "black caviar" in communications as a reference to expected payments from former clients.[328]
  • July 31:
    • The FBI starts a counter-intelligence investigation into Russian interference, including possible coordination between Trump associates and Russia.[329][330] The investigation is issued the code name "Crossfire Hurricane."[331]
    • In an interview on This Week, Trump tells George Stephanopoulos that people in his campaign were responsible for changing the GOP's platform stance on Ukraine, but that he was not personally involved.[332]
    • Kilimnik again emails Manafort to confirm their dinner meeting in New York, saying he needs two hours "because it is a long caviar story to tell."[22]
  • July 31 – August 2: The FBI sends two agents to London who interview Downer about his interactions with Papadopoulos.[331]
  • End July: CIA Director John Brennan, alarmed at intelligence that Russia is trying to "hack" the election, forms a working group of officials from the CIA, FBI, and NSA.[333]

August 2016Edit

  • August:
  • August 2:
    • Manafort and Kilimnik meet at the Grand Havana Room in New York City.[337]
    • Corsi wrote to Stone: "Word is friend in embassy plans 2 more dumps," referring to WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange; and "One shortly after I'm back. 2nd in Oct. Impact planned to be very damaging."[318]
  • August 2–3: The IRA's "Matt Skiber" persona contacts the real "Florida for Trump" Facebook account. The "T.W." persona contacts other grassroots groups.[81][82]
  • August 3
    • Trump Jr., George Nader, Erik Prince, Stephen Miller, and Joel Zamel meet at Trump Jr.'s office in Trump Tower. Nader relays an offer from the leaders of Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates (U.A.E.) to help get Trump elected. Zamel pitches his Israeli company's services for a multimillion-dollar campaign to manipulate social media. It is not known whether the social media campaign occurred.[338]
    • A private jet carrying Deripaska's family arrives at Newark Liberty International Airport near New York City a little after midnight New York time and returns to Moscow that afternoon. The trip's timing is considered suspicious because it is within hours of Manafort's meeting with Kilimnik. In 2018, a spokesperson for Deripaska confirms the flights and passengers.[339]
  • August 4:
    • Brennan calls his Russian counterpart Alexander Bortnikov, head of the FSB, to warn him against meddling in the presidential election.[333]
    • The IRA's Facebook account "Stop AI" accuses Clinton of voter fraud during the Iowa Caucuses. They buy ads promoting the post.[81][82]
    • IRA groups buy ads for the "Florida Goes Trump" rallies. The 8,300 people who click on the ads are sent to the Agency's "Being Patriotic" Facebook page.[81][82]
    • Stone tells Alex Jones in an interview on InfoWars that Julian Assange has proof of wrongdoing by the Clinton Foundation and is ready to release it.[340]
    • Stone sends Sam Nunberg an email in which he claims that he dined with Assange the night before.[340]
  • August 5:
    • Stone writes an article for Breitbart News in which he insists "Guccifer 2.0" hacked the DNC, using statements by "Guccifer 2.0" on Twitter and to The Hill as evidence for his claim. He tries to spin the DNC's Russia claim as a coverup for their supposed embarrassment over being penetrated by a single hacker.[341] The article leads to "Guccifer 2.0" reaching out to and conversing with Stone via Twitter.[342]
    • In response to questions about Page's July 7 speech in Moscow, Hope Hicks describes him as an "informal foreign policy adviser [who] does not speak for Mr. Trump or the campaign."[254]
    • The IRA Twitter account @March_For_Trump hires an actress to play Hillary Clinton in prison garb and someone to build a cage to hold the actress. The actress and cage are to appear at the "Florida Goes Trump" rally in West Palm Beach, Florida on August 20.[81][82]
  • August 6: By videolink, Assange addresses the Green Party National Convention in Houston about the hacked DNC documents published by WikiLeaks.[343] Green candidate Jill Stein later states she does not know why or how this address was arranged.[126]
  • August 8: Stone, speaking in Florida to the Southwest Broward Republican Organization, claims he is in contact with Assange, saying, "I actually have communicated with Assange. I believe his next tranche of his documents pertain to the Clinton Foundation."[344][341] Stone later claims the communications were through an intermediary.[345]
  • August 9:
    • WikiLeaks denies having communicated with Stone.[346] Privately, Assange tells a core group of WikiLeaks supporters that he is unaware of any communications with Stone.[148]
    • Bloomberg reports that the Spanish Civil Guard believes Torshin assisted the Taganskaya crime syndicate with money laundering through banks in Spain.[347]
  • August 11: The IRA Twitter account @TEN_GOP claims that voter fraud is being investigated in North Carolina.[81][82]
  • August 12:
    • In a #MAGA Podcast, Stone says Assange has all the emails deleted by Huma Abedin and Cheryl Mills.[348]
    • Journalist Emma Best has two simultaneous conversations by Twitter direct message with "Guccifer 2.0" and WikiLeaks. Best tries to negotiate the hosting of stolen DNC emails and documents on WikiLeaks wants Best to act as an intermediary to funnel the material from "Guccifer 2.0" to them. The conversation ends with "Guccifer 2.0" saying he will send the material directly to WikiLeaks.[349]
    • "Guccifer 2.0" releases a cache of documents stolen from the Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee.[350]
  • August 13
    • Twitter and Wordpress temporarily suspend Guccifer 2.0's accounts.[350] Stone calls "Guccifer 2.0" a hero.[351]
    • Russian-American Simon Kukes attends a $25,000-per-ticket Trump fundraising dinner at the home of Woody Johnson in New York. Kukes's 2016 political donations become a subject of the Mueller investigation.[352][353]
  • August 14: The New York Times reports that Manafort's name has been found in the Ukrainian "black ledger". The ledger, belonging to the Ukrainian Party of Regions, shows $12.7 million in undisclosed cash payments to Manafort from 2007 to 2012. Manafort's lawyer, Richard A. Hibey, says Manafort never received "any such cash payments".[23] The Associated Press later verifies some of the entries against financial records.[354]
  • August 15:
    • After several weeks of communications between Papadopoulos and his campaign superiors about an unofficial trip to Russia to meet with the MFA, Clovis tells Papadopoulos, "I would encourage you [and Walid Phares to] make the trip, if it is feasible." The trip never occurs.[255][256]
    • A Trump campaign county chair contacts the IRA through their phony email accounts to suggest locations for rallies.[81][82]
  • August 16:
    • Stone tells Alex Jones that he is in contact with Assange, claiming he has "political dynamite" on Clinton.[355]
    • The IRA buys ads on Instagram for the "Florida Goes Trump" rallies.[81][82]
    • Stone sends "Guccifer 2.0" an article[356] he wrote for The Hill on manipulating the vote count in voting machines.[357] "Guccifer 2.0" responds the next day, "@RogerJStoneJr paying u back".[351]
  • August 17:
    • Trump is warned in an FBI briefing that foreign adversaries including Russia would likely attempt to infiltrate his campaign. This is Trump's first classified briefing. Clinton receives a similar briefing in the same month.[358][359][360]
    • Bannon is named Trump campaign CEO.[361]
    • Kellyanne Conway is named Trump campaign manager.[361]
  • August 18:
    • The FBI issues a nationwide "flash alert" warning state election officials about foreign infiltration of election systems in two states, later reported to be Arizona and Illinois. The alert includes technical evidence suggesting Russian responsibility, and urges states to boost their cyberdefenses. Although labeled for distribution only to "NEED TO KNOW recipients," a copy is leaked to the media.[362]
    • The IRA uses its email account to contact a Trump campaign official in Florida. The email requests campaign support at the forthcoming "Florida Goes Trump" rallies. It is unknown whether the campaign official responded.[81][82]
    • The IRA pays the person they hired to build a cage for a "Florida Goes Trump" rally in West Palm Beach, Florida.[81][82]
  • August 19:
    • Manafort resigns as Trump's campaign manager.[363]
    • A Trump supporter suggests to the IRA Twitter account "March for Trump" that it contact a Trump campaign official. The official is emailed by the agency's account.[81]
    • The IRA's "Matt Skiber" persona contacts another Trump campaign official on Facebook.[81][82]
    • Banks and Wigmore meet with Yakovenko for lunch. They discuss their upcoming trip to Mississippi and the Trump campaign.[146][134]
    • Volodymyr Ariev, a member of the Ukrainian parliament, formally asks the Prosecutor General of Ukraine to investigate Kilimnik based on media reports of his connections to Viktor Yanukovych and Russian intelligence.[364]
  • August 20: 17 "Florida Goes Trump" rallies are held across Florida. The rallies are organized by Russian trolls from the IRA.[82][365]
  • August 22: Florida GOP campaign advisor Aaron Nevins contacts Guccifer 2.0 and asks for material. Nevins sets up a Dropbox account and "Guccifer 2.0" transfers 2.5 gigabytes of data into it. Nevins analyzes the data, posts the results on his blog,, and sends "Guccifer 2.0" a link. "Guccifer 2.0" forwards the link to Stone.[196][366]
  • August 23: The Smoking Gun reaches out to "Guccifer 2.0" for comment on its contacts with Stone. "Guccifer 2.0" accuses The Smoking Gun of working with the FBI.[351]
  • August 25
    • Trump names Clovis as a campaign national co-chairman.[367]
    • Banks, Wigmore, and Farage attend a Trump fundraising dinner and participate in a Trump rally in the Mississippi Coliseum. Wigmore and Farage meet Trump for the first time at the dinner. At the rally, Trump introduces Farage to the crowd as "Mr. Brexit."[146][368][134]
    • Assange tells Megyn Kelly in an interview for The Kelly File that he will not release any damaging information on Trump. He also tells her significant information will be released on Clinton before November.[369]
  • August 26: After Clinton claims that Russian intelligence was behind the leaks, Assange says she is causing "hysteria" about Russia, adding, "The Trump campaign has a lot of things wrong with it, but as far as we can see being Russian agents is not one of them."[370]
  • August 26–27: Frederick Intrater registers several Internet domain names that are variations on the term "alt-right." The domain names are registered using his name and the name and contact information of his employer, private equity firm Columbus Nova. Intrater is the brother of Columbus Nova CEO Andrew Intrater and a cousin of Russian oligarch Vekselberg. Columbus Nova is the American investment arm of Vekselberg's business empire.[371]
  • August 27:
    • The IRA Facebook group "SecuredBorders" organizes a "Citizens before refugees" protest rally at the City Council Chambers in Twin Falls, Idaho. Only a small number of people show up for the three-hour event, most likely because it is Saturday and the Chambers are closed.[372]
    • Through Assange's attorney Margaret Ratner Kunstler, the widow of William Kunstler, Randy Credico knows that Wikileaks will release information about the Clinton campaign in the near future and texts Roger Stone that "Julian Assange has kryptonite on Hillary." Credico continues to give Stone updates about the upcoming Wikileaks release of numerous emails stolen from Podesta and the Clinton campaign. The emails are released beginning on October 7.[373]
  • August 31:
  • Late August: Brennan gives individual briefings to the Gang of Eight on links between the Trump campaign and Russian interference in the election.[376]
  • Late August–Early September: Cohen tells David Pecker he wants to buy the rights to the suppressed story about McDougal's relationship with Trump.[119]

September 2016Edit

  • September
    • The Egyptian Embassy in Washington, D.C., reaches out to Papadopoulos expressing Egyptian President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi's interest in meeting Trump. With Bannon's approval, Papadopoulos arranges a meeting between Trump and el-Sisi at the Plaza Hotel in New York City.[110] While the meeting does not appear to relate to campaign contacts with Russia, it highlights that Papadopoulos was more than a "coffee boy", as Trump campaign officials later claim.[191]
    • The CIA gives a secret briefing to congressional leaders on Russian interference in the election. Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell voices doubts about the intelligence.[377]
    • Mifsud hires Mangiante to work for the London Centre of International Law Practice at the recommendation of Itallian MEP Gianni Pittella. Papadopoulos, a former employee of the Centre, notices on LinkedIn that Mangiante works there and contacts her because "he liked [her] picture." They begin dating in March 2017.[39]
    • Stone emails Randy Credico to ask Assange for Clinton emails from August 10–30, 2011.[378]
    • The FBI makes a second attempt to recruit Deripaska as an informant on Manafort, the Kremlin, and Russian organized crime in exchange for a U.S. visa.[91]
  • September 2: Lisa Page writes in a text message to Peter Strzok that a meeting at the FBI was set up "because Obama wanted 'to know everything we are doing'."[379] Lisa Page was referring to the FBI investigation into Russian interference in the 2016 election, not the Clinton emails investigation, which had concluded months earlier.[380][379]
  • September 3: The IRA Facebook group "United Muslims of America" organizes a "Safe Space for Muslim Neighborhood" rally outside the White House, attracting at least 57 people.[381]
  • September 3–5: Wealthy Republican donor Peter W. Smith gathers a team to try to acquire the 30,000 deleted Clinton emails from hackers. He believes Clinton's private email server was hacked and copies of the emails were stolen.[382] Among the people recruited are former GCHQ information-security specialist Matt Tait,[383] alt-right activist Charles C. Johnson, former Business Insider CTO and alt-right activist Pax Dickinson, "dark web expert" Royal O'Brien, and Jonathan Safron.[384] Tait quickly abandons the team after learning the true purpose of the endeavor.[384] The team creates "KLS Research", an LLC registered in Delaware, as a vehicle "to avoid campaign reporting."[385] Hackers contacted in the search include "Guccifer 2.0" and Andrew Auernheimer (a.k.a. "weev").[384] The team finds five groups of hackers claiming to have the emails. Two of the groups are Russian. Flynn is in email contact with the team. Smith commits suicide on May 14, 2017, about ten days after telling the story to The Wall Street Journal but before the story is published in June.[382]
  • September 4–5: At the 2016 G20 Hangzhou summit, Obama confronts Putin about Russian cyber attacks, telling him to stop. Putin explains Russia's stance on the issue.[386]
  • September 8:
    • Smith transfers $9,500 from KLS Research to his personal account, then withdraws $4,900 of it in cash and writes checks for the remaining amount. In August 2018, BuzzFeed News reports that the FBI suspects the money was used to pay hackers.[387]
    • Sessions meets with Kislyak a third time, in Sessions's office;[1] he later says they discussed Ukraine and terrorism.[388]
  • September 9
    • Papadopoulos contacts deputy communications director Bryan Lanza about a request from Interfax for an interview with Ksenia Baygarova. Lanza approves the interview.[110]
    • The IRA sends money to its American groups to fund the September 11 rally in Miami, and to pay the actress who portrayed Clinton at the West Palm Beach, Florida, rally.[81][82]
  • Mid-September: Papadopoulos approaches British government officials asking for a meeting with senior ministers. He is given a meeting with a mid-level Foreign Office official in London. Papadopoulos mentions he has senior contacts in the Russian government. British officials conclude he is not a major player and discontinue contact.[389]
  • September 20: Flynn meets with Rohrabacher. On November 10, 2017, the Mueller investigation is reported to have asked questions about this meeting.[390]
  • September 20–26: BlackMattersUS, an IRA website, recruits activists to participate in protests over the police shooting of Keith Lamont Scott in Charlotte, North Carolina. The IRA pays for expenses such as microphones and speakers.[391]
  • September 21: The New York Times delivers potential evidence of communications with Trump's domain with Alfa-Bank and other entities to BGR Group, a Washington lobbying firm that worked for Alfa-Bank, from a story Lichtblau was pursuing following findings "Max" and his lawyer decided to hand over to him.[238]
  • September 22:
    • Senator Dianne Feinstein and Representative Adam Schiff issue a statement warning that Russia is trying to undermine the election. Their warning is based on what they learned from intelligence briefings as members of the Gang of Eight.[392]
    • The IRA buys ads on Facebook for "Miners for Trump" rallies in Pennsylvania.[81][82]
  • September 23:
    • Yahoo News reports that U.S. intelligence officials are investigating whether Page has set up private communications between the Trump campaign and senior Russian officials, including talks on possibly lifting sanctions if Trump is elected.[393]
    • The "A record" of the Trump Organization's domain is deleted.[238]
  • September 25:
    • When asked by CNN about allegations linking Page to Russia, Conway denies that Page is part of the Trump campaign.[394][395]
    • Page sends Comey a letter asking that the FBI drop the reported investigation into his activities in Russia. He denies meeting with sanctioned Russian officials.[396]
  • September 26: Page tells Josh Rogin in an interview for The Washington Post that he is taking a leave of absence from the Trump campaign. He denies meeting with sanctioned individuals in Moscow.[397]
  • September 27: Ten minutes after Alfa-Bank servers made a last failed attempt to contact to Trump Organization's domain (which had its "A record" deleted September 23), one of the Alfa-Bank servers looks up the new domain name, which was routed to the same Trump server. The new domain does not appear to have been previously active and the PTR record did not include the new, alternate name. According to "Max"'s data, the Alfa-Bank server only looked up the new domain once.[238] Spectrum Health never succeeded in relocating the Trump server through the new route.[238]
  • September 28: Russian-American Simon Kukes donates $99,000 to the Trump Victory Committee, which distributes donations between Trump, the RNC, and state Republican parties. His 2016 political donations become a subject of the Mueller investigation.[352]
  • September 29:
    • Comey testifies before the House Judiciary Committee, confirming that federal investigators have detected suspicious activities in voter registration databases, as stated in the August 18 alert.[398]
    • Butina meets J.D. Gordon at a party at the Swiss ambassador's residence. Gordon was the Director of National Security for the Trump campaign from February to August. That night, Paul Erickson emails Butina and Gordon offering to "add an electronic bridge" to their meeting at the party. In his email to Butina, Erickson writes that Gordon is "playing a crucial role in the Trump transition effort and would be an excellent addition to any of the U.S./Russia friendship dinners to occasionally hold." He writes that all the "right" people listen to Gordon on international security. Erickson's email to Gordon describes Butina as a "special friend" of the NRA and the special assistant to the deputy governor of the Bank of Russia.[399]
  • September 30: Ksenia Baygarova interviews Papadopoulos for Interfax on Trump's foreign policy positions in relation to Russia.[400] The interview was approved by Trump campaign deputy communications director Bryan Lanza. Baygarova later tells The Washington Post that she had been tasked to interview a representative from each campaign. She says Papadopoulos was the only person from the Trump campaign to respond. She describes him as not very experienced.[110]
  • Late September: Lichtblau and his lawyer meet a roomful of officials at FBI HQ, and is told they are looking into potential Russian interference in the election. FBI officials ask Lichtblau to delay publishing his story.[238]

October–November 2016Edit

  • October: The FBI obtains a FISA warrant to monitor the communications of Page as well as two Russian banks suspected of being part of the Russian interference in the election.[50][401] The FISA Court finds there is probable cause to believe Page is a Russian agent.[402][403]
  • Early October: A team of FBI agents travel to Europe to speak with Steele about his dossier.[191] On or about the same date, Steele gives the FBI a dossier of allegations compiled by Cody Shearer, which corresponded "with what he had separately heard from his own independent sources." It includes the unverified allegation that Trump was sexually compromised by the Russian secret service at the Ritz-Carlton Hotel in Moscow in 2013.[404][405]
  • October 1: Stone tweets that something damaging to Clinton will happen soon.[406]
  • October 2
    • "Miners for Trump" rallies are held across Pennsylvania. The IRA uses the same techniques to organize the rallies as they used for the "Florida Goes Trump" rallies, including hiring a person to wear a Clinton mask and a prison uniform.[81][82]
    • Stone tells Alex Jones on InfoWars, "I'm assured the motherlode is coming Wednesday...I have reason to believe that it is devastating."[351]
  • October 3: Stone tweets that Assange will release something soon.[407]
  • October 4: Assange announces the pending release of a million documents about the U.S. presidential election. He denies any specific intent to harm Clinton.[408]
  • October 5: (Wednesday) Stone tweets that a payload from Assange is coming.[196]
  • October 6: Stone tweets, "Julian Assange will deliver a devastating expose on Hillary at a time of his choosing. I stand by my prediction."[196]
  • October 7:
    • At 12:40 PM EDT,[409] The DHS and the ODNI issue a joint statement[410] accusing the Russian government of breaking into the computer systems of several political organizations and releasing the obtained material via DCLeaks, WikiLeaks, and "Guccifer 2.0", with the intent "to interfere with the U.S. election process."[411]
    • At 4:03 PM EDT,[409] The Washington Post publishes a raw video tape from the television show Access Hollywood of Trump bragging about grabbing women by their genitals.[412] While the tape is not relevant to the Russian interference in the election, the distraction of its release lessens the public impact of the joint intelligence report released hours earlier and may have triggered WikiLeaks' Podesta emails release 30 minutes later.<[409][413][341]
    • Around 4:30 PM EDT,[409] WikiLeaks begins publishing thousands of Podesta emails, revealing excerpts from Clinton's paid speeches to Wall Street.[414][415]
  • October 8: Kushner's company receives $370 million in new loans, including $285 million from Deutsche Bank, to refinance his portion of the former New York Times building. The size and timing of the Deutsche Bank loan draws scrutiny from the House Financial Services Committee, the Justice Department, and, later, the Mueller investigation. The concern is that the transaction may be related to Russian money laundering through Deutsche Bank.[416][417]
  • October 9: Banks, Wigmore, and Farage attend the second presidential debate in St. Louis, Missouri.[134]
  • October 11:
    • Trump Jr. travels to Paris to give a paid speech at the Ritz Hotel. The dinner event is sponsored by the Center of Political and Foreign Affairs, a group founded by Fabien Baussart and his business partner. Baussart is openly linked to Russian government officials. Randa Kassis, one of the hosts, travels to Moscow after the election and reports the details of the event to Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Mikhail Bogdanov.[418]
    • Podesta says he thinks the Trump campaign had advance notice of WikiLeaks's release of his emails.[196]
  • October 12: WikiLeaks writes to Trump Jr., "Hey Donald, great to see you and your dad talking about our publications" and "Strongly suggest your dad tweets this link if he mentions us."[419] Fifteen minutes later, Donald Trump tweets, "Very little pick-up by the dishonest media of incredible information provided by WikiLeaks. So dishonest! Rigged system!"[420]
  • October 13: WikiLeaks again denies communicating with Stone.[421] Later that day, Stone and WikiLeaks communicate by private Twitter message.[196][422]
  • October 14:
    • Trump Jr. tweets a specific WikiLeaks link.[423]
    • Pence denies that the Trump campaign is working with WikiLeaks, stating that "nothing could be further from the truth".[424]
  • October 15
    • The Democratic Coalition Against Trump files a complaint with the FBI against Stone for colluding with Russia. They ask the FBI to look into connections between Stone, the Trump campaign, and the hacking of Podesta's emails.[425]
    • The National Security Division of the Justice Department acquires a FISA warrant to monitor the communications of two Russian banks as part of an investigation into whether they illegally transferred money to the Trump campaign.[213]
  • October 16: The IRA's Instagram account "Woke Blacks" makes a post aimed at suppressing black voter turnout.[81][82]
  • October 18: Butina and Gordon attend a Styx concert together.[399][426]
  • October 19:
    Senator Harry Reid Letter to FBI Director James B. Comey[427]
    • The FBI and the US Department of Justice (DoJ) apply for a FISA warrant to conduct surveillance on Page.[428]
    • During the third presidential debate, Clinton blames Russia for the DNC email leaks and accuses Trump of being a "puppet" of Putin.[429] Trump denies ever having met Putin and any connection to him.[430] Banks, Wigmore, and Farage are in attendance.[134]
    • A Financial Times probe finds evidence a Trump venture has links to alleged laundering network.[431]
    • Stone denies having advance knowledge of WikiLeaks' release of Podesta's emails.[432][341]
  • October 21: WikiLeaks sends Trump Jr. private tweets suggesting that the campaign give them Trump's tax returns to publish so that they seem less of a "'pro-Trump' 'pro-Russia'" source.[420]
  • October 22: A large rally is held in Charlotte, North Carolina, protesting the police shooting of Keith Lamont Scott. The IRA website BlackMattersUS recruits unwitting local activists to organize the rally.[433] BlackMattersUS provides an activist with a bank card to pay for rally expenses.[391]
  • October 24: Trump announces at a Florida campaign rally, "I have nothing to do with Russia, folks. I'll give you a written statement."[395]
  • October 27: At the Valdai Discussion Club yearly forum, Putin denounces American "hysteria" over accusations of Russian interference, saying "Does anyone seriously think that Russia can influence the choice of the American people?"[434]
  • October 28: The FBI reopens its Hillary Clinton email investigation after a monthlong delay during which it focused on investigating the Trump campaign's connections to Russia, according to the report of the Justice Department's inspector general.[435][436] A key influence on the decision was a probably fake Russian intelligence document discussing a purported email from Attorney General Loretta E. Lynch to Clinton campaign staffer Amanda Renteria in which she promises to go easy on Clinton.[409][437] Nine days after announcing he was reopening the probe, Comey said the FBI found nothing to change its July decision against bringing charges.[435][436]
  • October 30: Senate Minority Leader Harry Reid sends FBI Director James Comey a letter, asking him to reveal Trump's ties to the Russian Federation.[427]
  • October 31:
    • Through the "red phone", Obama tells Putin to stop interfering or face consequences.[438]
    • Mother Jones magazine's David Corn reports that a veteran spy, later publicly identified as Steele, gave the FBI information alleging a Russian operation to cultivate Trump, later known as the "Steele dossier".[439]
    • Slate publishes an article by Franklin Foer alleging that a Trump server was in suspicious contact with Alfa-Bank in Russia.[440] Snopes examined the story and rated it "Unproven". Several cyber security experts saw nothing nefarious, while the FBI was still investigating the matter: "One U.S. official said investigators find the server relationship 'odd' and are not ignoring it. But the official said there is still more work for the FBI to do. Investigators have not yet determined whether a connection would be significant."[441]
    • The New York Times publishes an article by Lichtblau and Steven Lee Myers with a headline that seems to exonerate the Trump campaign, but withholds some information.[442]
  • November:
    • Mangiante quits the London Centre of International Law Practice after complaining to Mifsud about not being paid her salary.[39]
    • Paul Manafort and Rick Gates falsely assert in writing to the Justice Department that their work for the Ukrainian government did not require registering as foreign agents in the United States. In September 2018, Manafort pleads guilty to lying to the Justice Department about the extent of his work for Ukraine.[443]
  • November 2: The IRA Twitter account @TEN_GOP alleges "#VoterFraud by counting tens of thousands of ineligible mail in Hillary votes being reported in Broward County, Florida."[citation needed] Trump Jr. retweets it.[81][82]
  • November 3: The IRA Instagram account "Blacktivist" suggests people vote for Stein instead of Clinton.[81][82]
  • November 5:
    • Konstantin Sidorkov again emails Trump Jr. and Trump campaign social media director Dan Scavino. He again offers to promote Trump to VK's 100 million users. His previous email was sent on January 19, 2016.[177]
    • Anti-Clinton "Texit" rallies are held across Texas. The IRA's "Heart of Texas" Facebook group organizes the rallies around the theme of Texas seceding from the United States if Clinton is elected. The group contacts the Texas Nationalist Movement, a secessionist organization, to help with organizing efforts, but they decline to help. Small rallies are held in Dallas, Fort Worth, Austin, and other cities. No one attends the Lubbock rally.[444][445][446]

Post-election transitionEdit

November–December 2016Edit

  • November 8:
    • Trump is elected President of the United States.[447]
    • Rospatent, the Russian government agency responsible for intellectual property, grants 10-year extensions on four of Trump's trademarks.[448]
    • Hours after the polls close, the hashtag #Calexit becomes one of the top trends on Twitter. Within a few hours of the initial tweet,[449] #Calexit is mentioned over 100,000 times, including thousands of retweets by IRA accounts.[446]
  • November–December
  • November–January:
    • During the transition period, the FBI warns Trump aide Hope Hicks at least twice that she may be approached by Russian government operatives using fake identities.[454][455]
    • The British Foreign Office holds a series of meetings with Cambridge Analytica executives in London, Washington, and New York to "better understand" how Trump won and acquire insights into the "political environment" following his win.[456]
  • November 10:
    • Kislyak states that Russia was not involved with U.S. election hacking.[457]
    • In a private Oval Office meeting, Obama warns Trump against hiring Flynn.[458]
    • Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Sergei Ryabkov tells the Interfax news agency "there were contacts" with the Trump team during the campaign.[459]
    • Russian Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Maria Zakharova tells Bloomberg News that it was "normal practice" for Russian Embassy staffers to meet with members of the Trump campaign. She says the Clinton campaign declined requests for meetings.[459]
    • Mark Zuckerberg describes the idea that "fake news" on Facebook could have influenced the election as "crazy."[460][461]
  • November 11:
  • November 12:
    • Butina holds a birthday party at Cafe Deluxe in Washington, D.C., attended by Erickson and Trump campaign aides.[336][151] Butina claims to be part of Russian communications with the Trump campaign, something she has bragged about for months.[336]
    • A Trump protest called "Trump is NOT my President" attracts 5,000–10,000 protestors in Manhattan who march from Union Square to Trump Tower. The protest is organized by the IRA using their BlackMattersUS Facebook account.[81][82][467]
    • Banks, Farage and Wigmore visit Trump Tower unannounced and are invited inside by Bannon. They have a long meeting with Trump. Wigmore asks Trump's receptionist for the Trump transition team's contact information.[468][134][135]
  • November 13: Zakharova jokingly comments on the Rossiya 1 show Sunday Evening with Vladimir Solovyov that "our people in Brighton Beach won the election for Donald Trump."[469]
  • November 15
    • Devin Nunes replaces former Representative Mike Rogers as a Trump transition team national security advisor.[470]
    • Banks and Wigmore meet with Yakovenko in London; they discuss their November 12 meeting with Trump and Jeff Sessions's role in the new administration. At Yakovenko's request, Banks provides Yakovenko with contact information for the Trump transition team.[468][135][471][472]
  • November 18:
  • November 19:
    • The IRA organizes the "Charlotte Against Trump" rally in Charlotte, North Carolina.[81][82]
    • Barack Obama has a private meeting with Mark Zuckerberg at a gathering of world leaders in Lima, Peru. Obama urges Zuckerberg to take the threats of political disinformation and "fake news" seriously. Obama warns Zuckerberg that doing nothing will cause problems in the next election. Zuckerberg responds that there were only a few messages and doing something about the problem would be difficult.[461]
  • November 21:
  • Late November: Senior members of Trump's transition team warn Flynn about the dangers of contacting Kislyak, including that Kislyak's conversations are probably being monitored by the FBI and the NSA. Flynn is recorded a month later discussing sanctions with Kislyak.[479]
  • November 23–28: Ike Kaveladze and Rob Goldstone attempt to set up a meeting between Natalia Veselnitskaya and the Trump transition team during Veselnitskaya's trip to the U.S.[271][115]
  • November 25: Trump announces K. T. McFarland will be the deputy national security advisor for his new administration after Paul Erickson lobbies former campaign officials and Trump donors to get her the position.[480][481]
  • November 30: On a recommendation from the GSA, Trump transition team members discuss installing Signal, an encrypted messaging app, on Flynn's phone to encrypt his communications.[482]
  • December: Concerned that the incoming Trump administration will suppress the information collected in the Russia investigation, the White House spreads it across government agencies to leave a trail for future investigators.[483]
  • December 1: According to an anonymous letter to The Washington Post citing leaked intercepts of Russian diplomatic communications, during a transition team meeting at Trump Tower, Kushner asks Kislyak about the potential to communicate directly with the Kremlin over a Russian-encrypted channel. Flynn also attends the meeting.[484][485]
  • Early December: In Russia, FSB cyber chief Sergei Mikhailov, senior Kaspersky Lab researcher Ruslan Stoyanov, and hacker Dmitry Dokuchayev (known as "Forb") are arrested for treason.[486][487]
  • December 9:
    • Republican Senator John McCain delivers the Steele dossier to Comey.[488]
    • The Trump transition team dismisses reported intelligence assessments finding Russian interference in the election. Their statement says, "These are the same people that said Saddam Hussein had weapons of mass destruction. The election ended a long time ago in one of the biggest Electoral College victories in history. It's now time to move on and 'Make America Great Again.'"[377]
  • December 10: Glenn R. Simpson tells Associate Deputy Attorney General Bruce Ohr that Michael Cohen was the "go-between from Russia to the Trump campaign." Simpson gives Ohr a memory stick containing evidence. Ohr memorializes the meeting in handwritten notes.[489]
  • December 12: Kislyak meets with Kushner's assistant, Avi Berkowitz, to arrange a meeting between Kushner and the FSB-connected Sergey Gorkov, head of sanctioned Russian bank Vnesheconombank.[56][490][491][492]
  • December 13:
    • Gorkov arrives from Moscow to secretly meet Kushner in New York, before flying to Japan, where Putin is holding a summit. The meeting is first reported in March 2017, and attracts the interest of federal and congressional investigators in May. Kushner later characterizes the meeting as brief and meaningless. The White House later describes the meeting as a diplomatic encounter. The bank later says they discussed Kushner's real estate business.[56][491][493]
    • Trump picks Rex Tillerson as Secretary of State; Russian officials praise the decision.[494]
  • December 15
  • December 18: Speaking to CBS News, Conway says it is "false" and "dangerous" to suggest that members of the Trump campaign spoke to any Russians during the campaign.[395][502]
  • December 22: At the direction of a "very senior member" of the transition team, Flynn asks Kislyak to delay or defeat a pending vote on a United Nations Security Council resolution. Flynn later pleads guilty to lying to the FBI about the effort to defeat the resolution.[503][504]
  • December 23: Kislyak calls Flynn and tells him Russia will not vote against the United Nations Security Council resolution they spoke about the day before.[504]
  • December 26: Oleg Erovinkin, a former KGB official, is found dead in the back seat of his car in Moscow. He was suspected of assisting Steele in compiling his dossier.[505]
  • December 29:
    • Following Executive Order 13757 signed the previous day, Obama's administration expels 35 Russian diplomats, locks down two Russian diplomatic compounds, and expands sanctions against Russia.[506][507][508][509] Flynn consults with the Trump transition team,[510][511] then speaks with Kislyak by telephone to request that Russia not escalate matters in response to Obama's actions.[512][513] Flynn later pleads guilty to lying to the FBI about his conversations with Kislyak regarding the new sanctions.[504]
    • Before Flynn's call to Kislyak, K. T. McFarland emails other Trump transition officials saying that Flynn will be speaking to Kislyak to try to prevent a cycle of retaliation over the newly imposed sanctions. The email is forwarded to Flynn, Reince Priebus, Bannon, and Sean Spicer.[514]
    • The NCCIC releases a joint analysis report titled "GRIZZLY STEPPE – Russian Malicious Cyber Activity" as a follow-up to the October 7, 2016, joint statement on election security. The report describes methods used by Russian intelligence groups APT29 and APT28 to penetrate election-related servers.[515]
  • December 30: Putin announces he will not retaliate against the U.S. expulsions, contrary to recommendations from Lavrov.[516] In reply, Trump tweets "Great move on delay (by V. Putin) – I always knew he was very smart!"[517] This action is widely interpreted as praising Putin's actions.
  • December 31: Kislyak calls Flynn to tell him that Russia has decided not to retaliate based upon Flynn's request. Afterward, Flynn tells senior members of the transition team about his conversations with Kislyak and Russia's decision not to escalate.[504]

January 2017Edit

  • January:
    • McGahn researches the Logan Act and federal laws related to lying to federal investigators. Records turned over to the Mueller investigation show McGahn believes Flynn violated one or more of those laws.[518]
    • The FBI obtains a new FISA warrant for Carter Page to replace the expired warrant from October 2016.[402][403]
  • Early January
  • January 4: The FBI begins investigating Flynn's December phone calls with Kislyak.[524]
  • January 5:
    Susan Rice's email to herself on January 20, 2017.
    • Obama is briefed on the intelligence community's findings.[525]
    • U.S. intelligence agencies release a report concluding that Putin ordered the cyber-campaign to influence the 2016 election. [109][526]
    • Flynn, Kushner and Bannon meet with the King of Jordan. According to BuzzFeed, they discuss a plan to deploy American nuclear power plants in Jordan with security support from a Russian company. "People close to the three Trump advisers" deny the allegations.[527][528]
    • R. James Woolsey Jr., who became a senior adviser to Trump in September 2016, resigns amid Congressional hearings into cyber attacks and public statements by Trump critical of the United States Intelligence Community.[529]
  • January 6:
  • January 8: Bloomberg reports that Ted Malloch was interviewed by the Trump transition team for the position of U.S. Ambassador to the European Union. Malloch was recommended for the position by Nigel Farage.[538] In 2018, Malloch is served a search warrant by the FBI and questioned by Mueller.[539][540]
  • January 9:
    • Cohen and Vekselberg meet at Trump Tower to discuss their mutual desire to improve Russia's relationship with the U.S. under the Trump administration.[541] After President Trump was inaugurated, Cohen received a $1 million consulting contract from Columbus Nova, headed by Andrew Intrater who also attended the Vekselberg meeting.[542]
    • Kushner is named Senior Advisor to the President.[543]
    • Profexer, a Ukrainian hacker who is the author of a hacking tool described in the December 29, 2016, NCCIC report on Russian cyber attacks, goes dark. He turns himself in to the Ukrainian police and becomes a cooperating witness for the FBI. The Ukrainian police say he was not placed under arrest.[544]
  • January 10:
  • January 11:
    • Trump tweets, "Russia has never tried to use leverage over me. I HAVE NOTHING TO DO WITH RUSSIA – NO DEALS, NO LOANS, NO NOTHING!".[548] USA Today says this is "not exactly true".[549]
    • BBC News's Paul Wood writes that the salacious information in Steele's dossier was also reported by "multiple intelligence sources" and "at least one East European intelligence service".[550][551]
    • Erik Prince, a Trump campaign donor and brother of forthcoming Education Secretary Betsy DeVos, meets in the Seychelles with Kirill Dmitriev, CEO of the Russian government's $10bn Russian Direct Investment Fund. Prince will claim in August that he scarcely remembers Dmitriev. Dmitriev's identity is revealed in November 2017, and Prince confirms the meeting in an interview with House investigators on November 30.[552][553] The meeting was organized by the U.A.E. and reportedly includes talks of a "back channel" with Moscow to try to influence Russian policy in the Middle East.[501][554] George Nader, an adviser to Crown Prince Mohammed bin Zayed Al Nahyan of the U.A.E., facilitates and attends.[555][523] In May 2018 Dmitriev suggests the meeting was more than a chance encounter.[556] The meeting occurs amid a series of meetings of politically connected individuals from Russia, France, Saudi Arabia, and South Africa that are part of a larger gathering hosted by the crown prince.[557]
    • Michael Cohen tells Sean Hannity on The Sean Hannity Show that there is no relationship between Russia and the people around Trump or the Trump campaign.[558][559]
  • January 12:
    • "Guccifer 2.0" denies having any relation to the Russian government.[196][560]
    • Deripaska's longtime American lobbyist Adam Waldman makes the first of nine visits with Julian Assange in 2017 at the Ecuadorian Embassy in London.[561]
  • January 13:
    • President-elect Trump nominates U.S. Attorney Rod J. Rosenstein as Deputy Attorney General.[562]
    • Sean Spicer claims in a press conference that Flynn had only one call with Kislyak, about setting up a call between Trump and Putin.[563] Emails from December show Spicer most likely knew Flynn discussed sanctions with Kislyak on December 29, 2016, and may have known about the purpose of the call in advance.[514]
    • Waldman visits Assange for the second time.[561]
    • K.T. McFarland insists to a reporter at The Washington Post that Flynn and Kislyak did not discuss sanctions and only spoke with each other prior to December 29. The statement contradicts emails between herself and Flynn.[564]
    • The Senate Intelligence Committee announces it will investigate Russian cyberattacks, meddling in the election, and "intelligence regarding links between Russia and individuals associated with political campaigns."[132][565][566]
  • January 15: Interviewed on CBS's Face the Nation and Fox News Sunday, Vice President-elect Pence repeatedly denies any connection between the Trump campaign team and Russians.[207] He also denies Flynn discussed sanctions with Kislyak.[563]
  • January 16: Anthony Scaramucci, then a member of the Trump transition team, meets Dmitriev at the World Economic Forum in Davos. They discuss possible joint investments with the Russian Direct Investment Fund, which is under U.S. sanctions.[554][567][568]
  • January 17
    • Sessions states in writing that he has not been "in contact with anyone connected to any part of the Russian government about the 2016 election."[569] Sessions had been accused of failing to disclose two meetings with Kislyak.[570]
    • Leonard Blavatnik, Alexander Shustorovich, and Sergei Kislyak attend the Chairman's Global Dinner, an invitation-only inaugural event. Other attendees include Michael Flynn, Manafort, Bannon, and Nix. Blavatnik and Shustorovich donated $1 million to the Trump inaugural fund. Nearly 20 years earlier, the Republican National Committee returned a six-figure donation to Shustorovich because of his past ties to the Russian government.[571][572]
  • January 18: Jared Kushner files his security clearance application without listing his meetings with Russians.[573]
  • January 18/19: McClatchy[574] and The New York Times report that Manafort, Page and Stone have been under investigation by the FBI, NSA, CIA, and FinCEN,[575] based on intercepted Russian communications and financial transactions.[576] Sources say "the investigators have accelerated their efforts in recent weeks but have found no conclusive evidence of wrongdoing."[575]
  • January 19
  • January 20: Barack Obama leaves office.[582] See Timeline of the presidency of Donald Trump


See alsoEdit


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