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Michael S. Rogers (born October 31, 1959) is a former United States Navy admiral who served as the second commander of the U.S. Cyber Command (USCYBERCOM). He concurrently served as the 17th director of the National Security Agency (NSA) and as chief of the Central Security Service (CSS) from April 3, 2014. Prior to that, Rogers served as the Commander of the Tenth Fleet and Commander of the U.S. Fleet Cyber Command.[2] During his tenure, he helped transform and elevate U.S. Cyber Command into a unified combatant command. He was relieved from the NSA, CSS and USCYBERCOM positions on May 4, 2018, during USCYBERCOM's command elevation ceremony, as well as handing command over to his successor, Paul Nakasone.[3] He announced at that ceremony that he would officially retire from active duty in the United States Navy on June 1, 2018.

Michael S. Rogers
Rogers 2018.jpg
2nd Commander of United States Cyber Command
In office
April 3, 2014 – May 4, 2018[1]
President Barack Obama
Donald Trump
Preceded by Keith B. Alexander
Succeeded by Paul M. Nakasone
17th Director of the National Security Agency
In office
April 3, 2014 – May 4, 2018[1]
President Barack Obama
Donald Trump
Deputy George C. Barnes
Preceded by Keith B. Alexander
Succeeded by Paul M. Nakasone
Personal details
Born (1959-10-31) October 31, 1959 (age 58)
Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
Education Auburn University (BA)
Naval War College (MS)
Military service
Allegiance  United States
Service/branch  United States Navy
Years of service 1981–2018
Rank US Navy O10 infobox.svg Admiral
Commands U.S. Cyber Command,
National Security Agency,
Central Security Service
U.S. Fleet Cyber Command
U.S. Tenth Fleet
Battles/wars Invasion of Grenada
Multinational Force in Lebanon

Contents

Early life and educationEdit

Rogers was born on October 31, 1959[4] and is a native of Chicago, Illinois. He graduated from New Trier High School in 1977.[5] He is a graduate of Auburn University (1981) and the Naval War College.[6]

CareerEdit

 
Rogers speaking to a group of sailors at the Center for Information Dominance in January 2012.

1980sEdit

Rogers received his commission through the Naval Reserve Officers Training Corps (NROTC) program and has served in the United States Navy since graduating from Auburn University in 1981. He started his career as a Surface Warfare Officer working in naval gunfire support operations off Grenada, Beirut, and maritime surveillance operations off El Salvador.[7] In 1986, he was selected for transfer from Unrestricted Line Officer to Restricted Line Officer and re-designation as a cryptology officer.[8]

2000sEdit

During the 2003 U.S. invasion of Iraq, Rogers joined the military's Joint Staff, which works for the Joint Chiefs of Staff, where he specialized in computer network attacks. From 2007 onward he served as director of intelligence for the military's Pacific Command. In 2009, he became director of intelligence for the Joint Chiefs of Staff, and was subsequently named commander of U.S. Fleet Cyber Command and commander of the U.S. 10th Fleet, with responsibility for all of the Navy's cyberwarfare efforts.[7] As such, Rogers was the first restricted line officer to serve as a numbered fleet commander and the first Information Warfare Community (IWC) officer to achieve the rank of vice admiral.[9]

2010sEdit

In January 2014, the Obama Administration announced Rogers' nomination as director of the National Security Agency and the commander of the United States offensive cyberoperations unit in the Department of Defense. Rogers succeeded General Keith B. Alexander, who served as the NSA director for nine years,[10][11][12] and became the first IWC officer to achieve the rank of admiral. Although the NSA directorship does not require Senate approval, Rogers had to be confirmed by the Senate to head United States Cyber Command,[13] for which the Senate unanimously confirmed him.

In his first public remarks as NSA director, Rogers stated that he believed that NSA whistleblower Edward Snowden was "probably not" working for a foreign intelligence agency, despite frequent speculation and assertion by the NSA's allies to the contrary. Rogers added: "He clearly believes in what he's doing. I question that; I don't agree with it. I fundamentally disagree with what he did. I believe it was wrong; I believe it was illegal."[14]

The Washington Post reported on 19 November 2016 that Defense Secretary Ashton B. Carter and Director of National Intelligence (DNI) James R. Clapper, Jr. had sometime earlier in the year recommended to President Obama that Rogers be terminated as director of the National Security Agency.[15] Carter reportedly recommended he be terminated due to poor performance, whereas Clapper considered it wise that the position be held by a civilian.[15] Both Clapper and Carter had put Rogers on notice for poor performance in internal security and leadership style.[15] His termination was reportedly delayed due to stalled changes to the bureaucratic structure of the intelligence community.[15] Before the recommendation of firing was made, Rogers met with then President-elect Donald Trump without notifying his superiors.[16] Trump was reportedly considering replacing Clapper with Rogers as DNI, however that position went to former Senator Dan Coats, with Rogers remaining NSA director.[15]

In January 2018, Rogers announced he would be retiring from the NSA in the spring.[17][18][19]

Military decorationsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b U.S. Cyber Command Change of Command/Command Elevation Ceremony
  2. ^ "Navy cyber warfare chief is Obama's pick to lead NSA". Los Angeles Times. 27 January 2014. Retrieved 15 August 2015.
  3. ^ "Cyber Command Elevated to Combatant Command". Military.com. 2018-05-04. Retrieved 2018-05-05.
  4. ^ "Nominations Before the Senate Armed Services Committee, Second Session, 113th Congress" (PDF). Federation of American Scientists. Retrieved 24 January 2018.
  5. ^ "New Trier's Rogers talks about U.S. Fleet Cyber Command". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
  6. ^ Peterson, Andrea (October 16, 2013). "Meet the man who could be next in line to control the NSA's spying apparatus". Retrieved March 13, 2014.
  7. ^ a b Sanger, David; Shanker, Thom (30 January 2014). "N.S.A. Choice Is Navy Expert on Cyberwar". The New York Times. Retrieved 30 January 2014.
  8. ^ "U.S. Navy bio". U.S. Navy. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
  9. ^ Guimont, Nathan L. (2 June 2012). "10th Fleet Commander Visits Navy Linguists". Navy.mil. U.S. Navy. Retrieved 3 August 2014.
  10. ^ Nakashima, Ellen (25 January 2014). "Obama signs off on nomination of Rogers as NSA director". Washington Post. Retrieved 30 January 2014.
  11. ^ Sanger, David (30 January 2014). "Vice Admiral to Be Named N.S.A. Director". New York Times. Retrieved 30 January 2014.
  12. ^ Hattem, Julian (30 January 2014). "Obama to name new NSA director". The Hill. Retrieved 30 January 2014.
  13. ^ Ackerman, Spencer (30 January 2014). "Vice-admiral Michael Rogers to take command of embattled NSA". The Guardian. Retrieved 31 January 2014.
  14. ^ Ackerman, Spencer (3 June 2014). "NSA chief Michael Rogers: Edward Snowden 'probably not' a foreign spy". The Guardian. Retrieved 16 December 2015.
  15. ^ a b c d e "Pentagon and intelligence community chiefs have urged Obama to remove the head of the NSA". Washington Post. Retrieved 2016-11-19.
  16. ^ Shinkman, Paul (20 November 2016). "NSA Head Rogers on His Recommended Firing: 'I'm Accountable for My Actions'". US News. Retrieved 7 February 2018.
  17. ^ "NSA Chief Mike Rogers's Classified Retirement Memo Leaks". nymag. Retrieved 2018-02-17.
  18. ^ "NSA's Rogers to retire this spring". politico. Retrieved 2018-02-17.
  19. ^ "NSA Chief Adm. Mike Rogers Expected to Retire this Spring; Leaves Complicated Legacy". usni. Retrieved 2018-02-17.

External linksEdit

Government offices
Preceded by
Keith Alexander
Director of the National Security Agency
2014–2018
Succeeded by
Paul M. Nakasone
Military offices
Preceded by
Bernard J. McCullough, III
Commander of United States Tenth Fleet/Fleet Cyber Command
2011–2014
Succeeded by
Jan E. Tighe
Preceded by
Keith Alexander
Commander of the United States Cyber Command
2014–2018
Succeeded by
Paul M. Nakasone