National Defense Service Medal
The National Defense Service Medal is a service medal of the United States Armed Forces established by President Dwight D. Eisenhower in 1953. The medal was first intended to be a "blanket campaign medal" awarded to service members who served honorably during a designated time period of which a "national emergency" had been declared during a time of war or conflict. It may also be issued to active military members for any other period that the Secretary of Defense designates. Because of its blanket issuance, active service members sometimes dismissively refer to it as the "fire watch" medal (after a safety watch in living quarters which all take turns at doing).
|National Defense Service Medal|
National Defense Service Medal
|Awarded by the United States|
|Eligibility||Member of the United States Armed Forces during qualifying periods of national emergency|
|Awarded for||Military service during periods of national emergency or any other periods designated by the Secretary of Defense.|
|Campaign(s)||Korean War; Vietnam War; Persian Gulf War; Global War on Terrorism|
Obverse: Shows the American bald eagle, perched on a sword and palm. Above this, in a semicircle, is the inscription "National Defense".
|Clasps||Service star for subsequent awards|
|Established||Executive Order 10448, April 22, 1953 (as amended by E.O. 11265, January 11, 1966; E.O. 12776, October 8, 1991; E.O. 13293, March 28, 2003.|
|First awarded||Korean War era: June 27, 1950 – July 27, 1954|
|Last awarded||Global War on Terrorism: September 11, 2001 – present|
|Next (higher)||Army: Army of Occupation Medal
Air Force: Medal for Humane Action
Navy: Navy Occupation Service Medal
Marine Corps: Navy Occupation Service Medal
Coast Guard: Navy Occupation Service Medal
|Next (lower)||Korean Service Medal|
|Related||Global War on Terrorism Service Medal|
Service ribbon and Campaign streamer
The National Defense Service Medal is authorized for the following wars and time periods:
|Korean War||June 27, 1950||July 27, 1954|
|Vietnam War||January 1, 1961||August 14, 1974|
|Persian Gulf War||August 2, 1990||November 30, 1995|
|Global War on Terrorism||September 11, 2001||Present day|
The National Defense Service Medal (NDSM) is awarded to anyone who serves on active duty in the United States military during the above time periods. Reserve Component service during the Korean and Vietnam periods, other than those Reserve Component personnel in a full-time status or on active duty greater than 89 days, did not qualify for award of the NDSM.
For service in the Persian Gulf War, members of the Reserve Component (in good standing), to include the National Guard, were initially awarded the NDSM when called to active duty service, but this was later expanded to include all members of the Reserve or National Guard in good standing on the Reserve Active Status List (or equivalent) during the eligibility period.
For service in the Global War on Terrorism, Selected Reserve and National Guard members need only to have been in good standing to receive the NDSM and no active duty service is required. Inactive Ready Reserve and Retired Reserve are not eligible to be awarded the NDSM unless called to active duty.
The medal is authorized to Cadets and Midshipmen at the service academies after they are sworn into service, as well as pre-commission officer candidates/trainees at the Officer Candidate Schools or Officer Training Schools of the various U.S. services; but is not granted to discharged or retired military personnel who did not serve in one of the above time periods; nor is it authorized for Reserve Officer Training Corps (ROTC) Cadets and Midshipmen at colleges and universities who enlisted in the inactive reserve (i.e., Obligated Reserve Section or ORS) during qualifying periods.
The NDSM ranks eleventh out of twenty-nine in the order of precedence of service medals. There is no time requirement for the medal's issuance, meaning that someone who joins the military for simply a few days, and then receives an entry level discharge, would technically be entitled to the NDSM; in practice, however, military clerks will not add the NDSM on a DD Form 214 if the service member performed duty for less than 90 days from the completion of their initial entry training. This accounts for the medal's omission from a large number of "uncharacterized" and "entry level" separation documents. Veterans who have this medal so omitted may apply to the military service departments to have the NDSM added to records via a DD Form 215.
Additional awards of the National Defense Service Medal are authorized for members of the military who served in more than one of the eligible time periods. Each additional award is denoted by a 3⁄16-inch bronze service star attached to the suspension and service ribbon of the medal (a six award is indicated by one 3⁄16-inch silver star). A second award of the medal is not granted for reenlisting during the same time period or transferring between branches of service.
- NDSM ribbons with 3⁄16 inch bronze stars
|First award: service ribbon only|
|3⁄16-inch bronze starSecond award: one |
|3⁄16-inch bronze starsThird award: two |
|3⁄16-inch bronze starsFourth award: three |
- "Air Force Personnel Center - Awards and Decorations". Afpc.af.mil. Retrieved May 23, 2012.
- National Defense Service Medal (NDSM) – AUTHORIZED CONFLICTS Department of Defense, Office of the Under Secretary for Personnel and Readiness.
- "National Defense Service Medal". The Institute of Heraldry. Office of the Administrative Assistant to the Secretary of the Army. Retrieved 4 February 2015.
- Executive Order 12776
- Executive Order 13293
- SECNAVINST 1650.1H 2006 4-16 page 128
- 578.23 National Defense Service Medal
- Media related to National Defense Service Medal at Wikimedia Commons